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Xavier University
Xavier University (Cincinnati) seal.png
Latin: Universitas Xaveriana Cincinnatensis
Motto Vidit Mirabilia Magna
(He has seen great wonders)
Ad Majorem Dei Gloriam
(For the greater glory of God)
Established 1831[1]
Type Private Jesuit Catholic
Endowment $90 million[2]
President Rev. Michael J. Graham, S.J.[1]
Faculty 294 full time
Undergraduates 4,000[1]
Postgraduates 2,500[1]
Location Cincinnati, Ohio, United States
Campus 125 acres (0.51 km2)
Athletics 16 NCAA Division I teams
Colors Navy Blue and White         
Mascot D'Artagnan the captain of Musketeers of the Guard
The Blue Blob
Website www.xavier.edu
Xavier University (Cincinnati) logo.png

Xavier University (pronounced /ˈzeɪvi.ər/) is a private, Jesuit, co-educational university in the United States located in Cincinnati, Ohio. Xavier University is one of 28 member institutions of the Association of Jesuit Colleges and Universities.[1] The University is the sixth-oldest Catholic university in the nation. It has an undergraduate enrollment of about 4,000 students and graduate enrollment of 2,600 students. Xavier is primarily an undergraduate, liberal arts institution. Graduate programs include occupational therapy, education, counseling, nursing, English, theology, psychology, business, and many more. The Xavier University MBA Program is nationally ranked, according to the Association to Advance Collegiate Schools of Business and is currently ranked 14th for part-time programs by U.S. News and World Report.[1]

Xavier's mission statement states that it is "dedicated to engaging and forming students intellectually, morally and spiritually, with rigor and compassion, toward lives of solidarity, service, and success."[3]

Contents

History

Xavier University was the first Catholic institution of higher learning in the Northwest Territory, is the fourth oldest Jesuit University and sixth oldest Catholic university in the United States. The school was founded in 1831 as a men's college in downtown Cincinnati, adjacent to St. Francis Xavier Church (Cincinnati, Ohio) on Sycamore Street. The Athenaeum, as it was then called, was dedicated to the patronage of Saint Francis Xavier by Bishop Edward Fenwick. Upon Bishop John Baptist Purcell's request, the Society of Jesus took control of The Athenaeum in 1840, and the name was changed to St. Xavier College in honor of the 16th century Spanish Catholic. St. Xavier College moved in 1912 to its current North Avondale location, about 5 miles (8.0 km) north of downtown, after the purchase of 26 acres (0.11 km2) from the Avondale Athletic Club. St. Xavier College and St. Xavier High School (Cincinnati) officially split in 1919, though not financially independent until 1934. The name of the school was changed a second time to its current name, Xavier University, in 1930.

The Williams College of Business was established in 1961 and Xavier's first Doctoral Program in Psychology was initiated in 1997. Xavier fully admitted women in 1969, but women began attending the college in 1914 in the evening, weekend, and summer school divisions. Edgecliff College, another Catholic college in Cincinnati, merged with Xavier University in 1980 due to financial troubles.

In recent years, a number of building projects have been completed on campus including the Cintas Center and the Gallagher Student Center. Current projects include a new Williams College of Business and Learning Commons (open fall 2010), a new residence hall (open fall 2011), and a new classroom building (open summer 2012) as part of the James E. Hoff, S.J, Academic Quadrangle. Hoff was the University's 33rd President, 1991-2000. Fr. Michael J. Graham, S.J., Hoff's successor and 34th President, still serves Xavier today.

Campus

The Gallagher Student Center.

The campus covers approximately 160 acres (0.65 km2) in the city of Cincinnati (North Avondale and Evanston, OH) and the City of Norwood, OH and features both residential and academic malls, flanked by the older west campus and by the expanding east campus. At the heart of campus are two prominent structures: Gallagher Student Center and Bellarmine Chapel.

  • The Gallagher Student Center is a 24-hour gathering place for students and visitors with a grandiose clocktower. At night, the lit tower makes Gallagher the most distinguishable structure on campus. It is illuminated green and red for Christmas.
  • Bellarmine Chapel boasts a unique roof in the shape of a hyperbolic paraboloid, also known as a saddle roof, that will not collapse, even if the Chapel walls were removed. The Chapel is not only the place of worship for Catholics on campus but is also the home to the Bellarmine Catholic Parish in Cincinnati.
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Academic Mall

Six buildings with castle architecture sit elevated overlooking Victory Parkway to the west and resemble a single fortress. Adjacent to the Gallagher Student Center (north to south) is Science Row: Lindner Hall (Physics), Logan Hall (Chemistry) and Albers Hall (Biology). Hinkle Hall, the oldest standing building on campus (1919), sits in the middle of this impressive chain and is a three-story Tudor-Gothic structure whose turrets were modeled after the Xavier Family Castle in Navarre, Spain. It houses the departments of Math, English, History, Philosophy, and Theology. Schmidt Hall sits next as the University’s current Administration Building, followed by Edgecliff Hall. Originally Alumni Science Hall (1919), it was renamed after the former Edgecliff College and is home to the Department of Music.

On the opposite side of the mall to the east stands the tallest structure on campus, Schott Hall. It houses the Office of Admission and Office of Financial Aid in addition to the Departments of Modern Languages, Classics, Communication Arts, Political Science/Sociology, Accountancy, Finance, and Management and Entrepreneurship. Next (south to north) is McDonald Library followed by Alter Hall. Alter is the main classroom building and the home of the Office of the Registrar and the Bursar's Office. Finally, Hailstones Hall, which is the current home of the Williams College of Business, is adjoined behind Alter to the east, so is not truly on the mall. Alter and Hailstones are adjacent to Bellarmine Chapel.

Residential Mall

To the north of the Academic Mall and on the opposite side of the Gallagher Student Center and Bellarmine Chapel is the Residential Mall. All four underclassmen residence halls are here. Brockman Hall is due north of Gallagher and is an all-freshmen community-style residence where about 300 students have one or two roommates and share a bathroom with their wing. Diagonally north across the mall is Buenger Hall. Buenger accommodates over 200 freshmen and sophomore athletes and honors students in suites. Diagonally south across the mall from Brockman and due east of Gallagher are Kuhlman Hall and Husman Hall. Kuhlman and Husman together house about 1,000 freshmen and sophomore students and feature suite style, where students have one or two roommates and share a bathroom with another room. Between Kuhlman, Husman, and Gallagher is what is commonly referred to as "The Greenspace," a large open all-purpose area for students and events.

West Campus

On the opposite side of Victory Parkway from the Academic and Residential malls is west campus. It is home to most of the athletics and recreational sports with facilities including Hayden Baseball Field, Corcoran Soccer Field, Schmidt Fieldhouse, Corbett Physical Education Building, and the O'Connor Sports Center. St. Barbara Hall and the Armory are home to Xavier's ROTC. Joseph Hall and Elet Hall are home to the School of Education and Department of Psychology.

East Campus

The Cintas Center, where the Musketeers host their basketball games, home of the Hoff Student Dining Center and banquet/conference facility, is adjacent to the Residential Mall. Cintas is surrounded on all sides by several parking lots and, on the far east side, is the A. B. Cohen Center. Cohen is the home to the Art Department and Xavier Art Gallery, as well as the School of Nursing and departments of Criminal Justice, Social Work, Occupational Therapy, Health Services Administration, and some of the offices of the School of Education. South of Cohen and more parking is the McGrath Health and Counseling Center which marks the furthest east building on campus at Cleneay Avenue. Cleneay, which turns into Hearld Avenue, heads west toward the center of campus. South of Cintas is Flynn Hall which houses the Xavier Post Office and Campus Police. Across from Flynn Hall is The Commons, which is an upper-class apartment building. Apartments typically house four students with individual bedrooms, living room, two bathrooms, and full kitchen.

Police

Xavier's Campus Police Department is composed of 22 sworn personnel. Each police officer at Xavier is state-certified as a police officer and has full arrest powers in the state of Ohio. Campus Police are responsible for issuing parking tickets.

Academics and demographics

Xavier University offers 74 majors within the colleges of Arts and Sciences, Social Sciences, Health and Education, and the Williams College of Business.[4] A wide variety of minors and pre-professional programs, such as medicine, dentistry, law, pharmacy and veterinary medicine are also offered. All students must complete the core curriculum.

Undergraduate students attending Xavier must complete a significant number of distribution requirements that are more commonly known as the Core Curriculum. There are required courses in: Theology, Philosophy, Mathematics, Fine Arts, History, Physical Science, Literature, Foreign Language, and the Social Sciences. The Core Curriculum is a confluence of Jesuit ideals, and Great Books rigors, known as Ratio Studiorum. All graduates, upon completion of a Bachelor degree have read The Republic, Discourse on Method, and selections from the Bible among other original texts.

Major requirements

All undergraduate students are required to complete the Core Curriculum (see above) and comply with departmental requirements. Business majors (from the Williams College of Business) are also required to complete the Business Core, which consists of courses in Accounting, Business Law, Economics, Finance, Human Resources, Information Systems, Management, Marketing, and Statistics (the Business Core occupies 35 credit hours). Business majors, therefore, are only required to take 18–21 hours in their chosen field (providing many students with an incentive to declare second major within the Williams College of Business). Students in the other colleges (the College of Social Sciences and the College of Arts and Sciences) generally have to complete at least 60 credit hours of courses within the major and electives within the College. 120 credit hours must be obtained to graduate with a B.A. or B.S. degree, and all students must achieve a 2.0 GPA minimum in their major course of study.

Certain majors; such as Politics Philosophy and the Public (PPP), Honors Bachelor of Arts (HAB), and Philosophy require a written thesis and defense before a selected committee. Philosophy also requires a written comprehensive exam.

Grading scale

In 2005 Xavier switched to the plus/minus grading system, after using the simpler A,B,C,D,F scale since the University's inception. However, in addition to the standard letter grades, Xavier offers professors the option to assign various non-traditional grades, such as VF (Vanished Failure) for students who do not attend class regularly. The university also offers students the option to "Audit" courses; that is, to take the class, but have any passing grade not computed into the student's Grade Point Average.

Xavier has also switched to a "Quality-Point" conversion scale to compute Grade Point Averages. The Quality Points are assigned such that each 1/3 of a grade is the equivalent to 1/3 Quality Point per credit hour. For example, a grade of B would rate 3 Quality Points per credit hour (thus, for a 3-hr course, the student would gain 9 Quality points), while a score of B+ would rate 3 and 1/3 Quality Points per credit hour (so that same 3-hr class would yield 10 Quality Points). The total number of Quality Points earned is divided by the total number of credit hours attempted (excepting those officially Withdrawn from consideration – where a grade of W was assigned) to compute the student's Grade Point Average.

Rankings

  • Xavier has been recognized as one of the top ten universities in the Midwest for the last 14 years by U.S. News & World Report. For 2009, it ranked second.[1]
  • It has been named one of the best 366 colleges in the United States by The Princeton Review.[1]
  • Xavier was ranked 42nd among the "100 Best Values in Private Colleges" by Kiplinger's Personal Finance.[1]
  • It received the national 2006 Grand Award from the Professional Grounds Management Society, ranking first in the country for urban university landscaping.[1]
  • The MBA Program has been ranked as the 14th best Part-time MBA program in the country by U.S. News and World Report.

Student life

Student Government Association

The Xavier University Student Government Association is the recognized governing body of student body.

Athletics

Xavier Musketeers logo

Xavier competes at the NCAA Division I level in the Atlantic Ten Conference, and their mascot is D'Artagnan the Musketeer. Xavier sponsors eight intercollegiate sports for men, and eight sports for women.[1] The University's graduation rate of 94%[5] is the third highest graduation rate for athletes in the nation behind Duke University and Stanford University. Xavier sports teams have several traditional rivalries with local universities, including the University of Cincinnati and the University of Dayton.

Men's basketball

The Xavier men's basketball team is perhaps the best known of the sports sponsored at Xavier. The team has enjoyed considerable recent success, reaching the Elite Eight in the NCAA tournament in 2004 and 2008. The school has graduated every men's basketball player since 1985 and is one of only two non-BCS schools to be listed among the top 20 most valuable programs in college basketball (the other being UNLV) according to Forbes.[6].

Other NCAA sports

Xavier also competes in:

  • Women's Basketball
  • Women's Volleyball
  • Men's Baseball
  • Cross Country (Men's and Women's Teams)
  • Golf (Men's and Women's Teams)
  • Soccer (Men's and Women's Teams)
  • Swimming (Men's and Women's Teams)
  • Tennis (Men's and Women's Teams)
  • Track & Field, both Indoor and Outdoor (Men's and Women's Teams)

Xavier fielded an NCAA Division I football team until the 1973 season. The absence of the team led to the creation of the popular t-shirt "Xavier Football: Undefeated since 1973." However, the sport has made a comeback at the university. In 2006, a club football team was formed and was an immediate success despite losing every game in its inaugural season. In 2007, Xavier also led in the creation of the Midwestern Club Football Conference, formed out of club teams at Miami (OH), Marquette University, Xavier, and Southern Illinois University Edwardsville. On September 30, 2007 Xavier won their first football game in 34 years, defeating Miami's (OH) club team 13-7. On October 20, 2007, Xavier beat SIUE 13-6, winning the first Midwest Club Football Conference championship.

Club Sports

The club sports program is designed to serve the interests of Xavier University students, faculty, and staff in different sports and recreational activities. These interests may be competitive, recreational and/or instructional in nature. The clubs are meant to be a learning experience for the members through their involvement in the organization and administration of club activities as well as the development of sports skills. Clubs may vary in focus and programming since the members are active participants in the leadership and decision making precess of club activities. The success and image of the club sports program is dependent upon its membership. As a representative of Xavier University it is imperative that the club maintain a positive image during all university sponsored activities.

  • Baseball
  • Boxing
  • Crew
  • Dance Team
  • Equestrian
  • Field Hockey
  • Fencing
  • Football
  • Golf
  • Gymnastics
  • Ice Hockey
  • Men's Lacrosse
  • Women's Lacrosse
  • Martial Arts
  • Racquetball
  • Men's Rugby
  • Women's Rugby
  • Running
  • Men's Soccer
  • Women's Soccer
  • Women's Fast Pitch Softball
  • Tennis
  • Ultimate Frisbee
  • Men's Volleyball
  • Women's Volleyball
  • Water Polo

Mascots

Xavier is one of a handful of universities with two mascots.[7] D'Artagnan, the Musketeer, is the university's official mascot and is the origin of the school's nickname, The Xavier Musketeers. The Blue Blob, D'Artagnan's sidekick, is the fan favorite, fun loving mascot commissioned to excite the crowd and, from time to time, to play a practical joke on unsuspecting fans.

D'Artagnan - The History The Musketeer concept was suggested in 1925 by the late Reverend Francis J. Finn, S.J., in response to a directive by the Board of Trustees. Father Finn proposed the name 'Musketeers' and it has been a Xavier designation ever since.

In naming the Musketeers, Father Finn was not only giving rebirth to a concept of chivalry that is among France's most treasured traditions, but he was also providing permanent recognition to Xavier's strong ties with French origins and culture.

The first priest, and one of the first Europeans to navigate the Ohio River past the site that was to become Cincinnati, was a Jesuit from French Canada named the Rev. Joseph Pierre de Bonnecamps. He was a scientist and mathematician from the College of Quebec, who made the trip in 1749. It is said that to him Ohio owes the first map of her boundaries.

Among the first students at Xavier in the decade of the 1830s were French-speaking young men from Louisiana who were forbidden by the college regulations to use their family tongue during recreation lest they fail to learn the English language.

The first Jesuit Priest of Xavier, in 1840, was Father John Anthony Elet, a native of the French-speaking provinces of Belgium.

The great patron of the University, St. Francis Xavier, a native of Spain, received his university education at the College of St. Barbe at the University of Paris and he helped found the Jesuit Order in Paris in 1540.

So, as Father Finn reasoned, the Musketeer, a dedicated guard of the King of France, was a fine symbol of the qualities that should inspire the students and particularly the athletic teams at Xavier University.

D'Artagnan continues to serve as the official mascot for Xavier University. He is present at many University functions year round including Alumni gatherings, Pre-game events, student events, and volunteer functions.

During basketball season, D'Artagnan leads the Musketeers onto the court waving the giant 'X' flag. He also travels with the basketball team to post season appearances such as the Atlantic 10 and the NCAA Men's Basketball Tournament.

Blue Blob - The History

Two competing stories explain the birth of the Blue Blob into the Xavier family. The first, preferred by most fans because of its victorious nature, stems from the annual Crosstown Shootout between Xavier University and the University of Cincinnati. In the late 1980s, Skyline Chili, a Cincinnati based restaurant chain and official sponsor of the Crosstown Shootout, offered the winner of that year's game a new mascot. Xavier won the game and was the recipient of the short and furry creature. Its color, blue, was determined by Xavier's team colors, blue and white. Had the University of Cincinnati won the game, the 'red' or 'black' blob may have entered the spotlight instead.

The second and less grandiose creation stems from the need of a 'kid friendly' mascot to excite and interact with younger Musketeer fans. D'Artagnan, despite his stoic and chivalrous nature, was deemed frightening in some of his past character forms. The Athletic Department felt the need to cater to young children and developed the fun loving and goofy Blue Blob for the enjoyment of the Musketeer fans.

Nevertheless, the Blue Blob has provided much excitement to fans young and old. He has made several television and magazine appearances over the years, including a controversial PlayBoy[8] appearance. The Blue Blob has reached stardom on Xavier's campus having Bobble-Body dolls,[9] Plush replicas,[10] and T-shirts made in his likeness, and an annual Blue Blob Appreciation Night during the Musketeer's Basketball season. He most recently appeared on two ESPN Sports Center commercials with Pro Football Hall of Fame member Jim Kelly and Sports Center anchors Scott Van Pelt and John Anderson.[11] The Blue Blob continues to serve the Xavier family through guest appearances at fundraisers and community outreach events.

Media

Most Xavier games can be heard on WLW or WKRC-AM. WLW is also the flagship station of the University of Cincinnati Bearcats basketball games. When both teams play the same night, Xavier games are aired on WKRC. Joe Sunderman does the play-by-play and Byron Larkin does color commentary. Fox Sports Net Ohio holds the local television rights to the Musketeers basketball games. Brad Johansen does play-by-play and Steve Wolf is the analyst. Over the air stations, WCPO-TV and WSTR-TV, have held the rights to Xavier games in the past.

Notable Alumni

Xavier is the alma mater to several notable politicians, public servants and corporate executives.

Notable Faculty

See also

References

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k "About Xavier". Xavier University. http://www.xavier.edu/about/. 
  2. ^ http://www.nacubo.org/Documents/research/2009_NCSE_Public_Tables_Endowment_Market_Values.pdf
  3. ^ "University Mission Statement". Xavier University. 2008. http://www.xavier.edu/about/University-Mission-Statement.cfm. 
  4. ^ "Admission Office". Xavier University. http://www.xavier.edu/undergraduate-admission/academics/index.cfm. 
  5. ^ "FRESHMAN-COHORT GRADUATION RATES". NCAA. http://web1.ncaa.org/app_data/inst2007/812.pdf. 
  6. ^ "The Most Valuable College Basketball Teams - Forbes.com". http://www.forbes.com/sportsbusiness/2007/12/27/college-basketball-valuations-biz-sports_cz_js_0102basketball.html. 
  7. ^ http://goxavier.cstv.com/trads/xavi-mascots.html
  8. ^ http://www.playboy.com/on-campus/mascot/blob/
  9. ^ http://images.google.com/imgres?imgurl=http://graphics.fansonly.com/photos/schools/xavi/sports/genrel/auto_action/1492701.jpeg&imgrefurl=http://goxavier.cstv.com/sports/w-baskbl/spec-rel/102907aaa.html&usg=__l9b9GZnkCvYAi468IkBKrrgjGqY=&h=250&w=150&sz=38&hl=en&start=13&um=1&tbnid=2CjR2OLKtSVfHM:&tbnh=111&tbnw=67&prev=/images%3Fq%3Dxavier%2Bblue%2Bblob%26um%3D1%26hl%3Den%26rls%3Dorg.mozilla:en-US:official%26sa%3DN
  10. ^ http://images.google.com/imgres?imgurl=http://store.cstv.com/marketplace/store/Vendor250/fullscale/5650707K-c.jpg&imgrefurl=http://store.cstv.com/marketplace/store_contents.cfm%3Fproduct_id%3D113564%26cart_id%3D045410947111188971181052983120083011%26store_id%3D250%26dept_id%3D4647&usg=__pgqRkVIUBK7HwcHZaHpj9d5YA6o=&h=350&w=350&sz=116&hl=en&start=10&um=1&tbnid=qHBB-UgM4sJCRM:&tbnh=120&tbnw=120&prev=/images%3Fq%3Dxavier%2Bblue%2Bblob%26um%3D1%26hl%3Den%26rls%3Dorg.mozilla:en-US:official%26sa%3DN
  11. ^ http://www.xavier.edu/newswire/editions/071017/front.cfm

External links

Coordinates: 39°08′55″N 84°28′41″W / 39.14868°N 84.47799°W / 39.14868; -84.47799



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