Xi'an Jiaotong University: Wikis

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Xi'an Jiaotong University
西安交通大学
The logo of Xi'an Jiaotong University 西安交通大学
Motto 精勤求学、敦笃励志、果毅力行、忠恕任事
Established 1896
Type Public Coeducational
President Zheng Nanning 郑南宁
Faculty 5583
Students 32,000
Location Xi'an, Shaanxi, People's Republic of China
Campus Urban
Website Xi'an Jiaotong University

Xi'an Jiaotong University (simplified Chinese: 西安交通大学traditional Chinese: 西安交通大學pinyin: Xī'ān Jiāotōng Dàxué; abbreviated Xi Jiao Da (西交大),"Jiao Da"(交大) or XJTU), also known as Xi'an Chiao Tung University, is a Chinese university located in Xi'an, Shaanxi province, People's Republic of China. Xi'an Jiaotong University is located in Xi'an, the ancient capital of China.

Contents

History

The predecessor of Xi'an Jiaotong University is Nanyang Public University that was founded in Shanghai in 1896; in 1905, it was transferred to the commercial department and was renamed High Industrial School; in 1906, it was under the command of postal transmission department. It was renamed Shanghai High Industrial School of Postal Transmission Department. Gate of Shanghai Special Industrial School of Traffic Department from 1912 to 1921.

In 1911, Xinhai Revolution broke out. The school was renamed Grand Naiyang University; after Republic of China was founded in 1912, it was managed by traffic department and was renamed Shanghai Special Industrial School of Traffic Department; in 1921, Jiaotong university was set up by merging Shanghai Special Industrial School, Tangshan Special Industrial School, Beiping Railway Management School and Beiping Post Telecommunication School. So our university was called Shanghai School of Jiaotong University; in 1922,Jiaotong University had three schools. The original Shanghai School was renamed Nanyang University of Traffic Department. in 1927, it was renamed the First Jiaotong University of the Traffic Department; In 1928, the Guomin Government issued "Organizational Outline of Jiaotong University". The three schools in Shanghai, Tangshan and Beiping were all called Jiaotong University. The headquarter was in Shanghai. In the same year, it was transferred to railway department.

During the period of Anti -Japanese War, our university was moved to French Concession and in 1940 State-run Branch of Jiaotong university was set up in Chongqing; in 1941, in order to prevent Wang Puppet Government angst taking over the university, our university was run continually in the name of Private Nanyang University; In 1942, Wang Puppet Government took over Shanghai School.So the Education Department of Guomin Government chose Chongqing Branch as the headquarter of Jiaotong university.After Anti -Japanese War was won, Chongqing headquarter went back to Shanghai and merged with Shanghai School. In 1946, the name of State-run Jiaotong University was recovered.

In 1955, the State Council decided to move Jiaotong University to Xi'an. In May of 1956, it began to move. In September of 1957, Jiaotong University has two parts, one was in Xi'an. The other was in Shanghai. Later, most departments, specialties, books, equipment and instruments and teachers, students and staffs moved to Xi'an; on July 31, 1959, No, 212 Guoerluzi document of State Council approved and agreed education department's decision that the Xi'an part and Shanghai part of Jiaotong university become independent and set up two universities, Xi'an Jiaotong University and Shanghai University. The president of former Jiaotong University acted as the president of Xi'an Jiaotong University. In the same year, Xi'an Jiaotong University was listed as the key university in China. Later, it became one of a few universities built according to the "Seventh Five- Year Plan" and "Eighth Five- Year Plan" of China. It was also one of the universities that entered the construction of "211 project" of China. In September, it was determined to be one of a few universities that had the target to build world famous high level University. In April of 2000, approved by the State Council, Xi'an Medical University, Shaanxi Institute of Finance and Economics and Xi'an Jiaotong University were merged and formed the new Xi'an Jiaotong University.

Chart of Jiaotong University History (Chinese version)

Present

As one of the oldest universities in China, Xi'an Jiaotong University is one of the nine universities in the elite C9 League of Chinese premier universities (China's 'Ivy Leauge'). Today, XJTU has an enrollment of around 32,000 students and offers 199 Master's and 114 Ph.D. programs in Science, Engineering, Medicine, Economics, Management, Arts, Language and Law.

In 2006, in partnership with the University of Liverpool, XTJU opened a joint University in Suzhou, the Xi’an Jiaotong-Liverpool University (XJTLU). This is an independent University in its own right, and as such is the first Sino-British University to be approved by the Chinese Ministry of Education. XJTLU currently offers degree courses in Electronics, Communications, Computer Science, and Management (including Financial Mathematics and E-commerce). When fully operational, this independent University will have a student population of up to ten thousand.

Based on the Ministry of Education's academic assessment ranking, XJTU is currently top-ranked in the disciplines of management science, business administration, and power engineering.[1] Its School of Management is consistently regarded as one of the top Chinese business schools.

Recognition by Pakistan Medical & Dental Council

Xi'an Jiaotong university has been recognized by PMDC on July 22, 2009 under the effect of a meeting of the special task force on China which was chaired by President of Pakistan Asif Ali Zardari. Masood Khan, ambassador to China by Pakistan was a key personality in this meetings. Xi'an Jiaotong university is being given recognition for two years after which they will be reinspected for extension.[2]

Campus and Student life

XJTU property totals 410 acres, comprised of the main campus(xingqing campus) and the medical campus. Recently, XJTU is developing another new campus named Qujiang southeast to the main campus.

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Facilities of students' houses

Four undergraduates share one furnished dorm room. Each room has a set of combined furniture. The upper is bed, under the bed there are computer desks, wardrobes, cabinets of sundry articles and small bookshelves; there is a full bathroom inside each dorm room. Inside the room, there are heat radiators, electric fan and telephone; the apartment has IC card washing machines. The students can buy cards and wash clothes. The university has public natural hot spring which opens from 15:00 to 20:00 daily.

Network television and telephone

The students' dorms all have cable TV and internet. If the students have computers, they can apply for an IP address in the university network center at the price of 100 Yuan.

Faculty and Staff

Teachers and Staffs

Total:15278
Subtotal of the number in the statements: 5662
The number of teachers and staffs here: 4041
Professional teachers: 2104
Ancillary teaching personnel: 283
Administrative personnel:791
Rear-service personnel: 863
Personnel of scientific research institutions: 629
Staff of the School-run enterprises: 509
Personnel of subsidiary bodies: 483

The subtotal of other personnel: 4948
Personnel of three attached hospitals: 3476
Personnel of the attached middle schools, primary schools and kindergartens: 353
Personnel of collective ownership: 231
Teachers invited outside: 888

Left and retired personnel: 4668
Among which: the left and retired personnel of the three attached hospitals: 1260

Staffs Titles:

Total: 4041
Senior: 514
Vice-senior: 914
Medium: 1114
Junior: 511
Among which professional teachers: 2104
Senior: 500
Vice-senior: 742
Medium: 653
Junior: 209 [3]

Medical School

The School of Medicine of Xi'an Jiaotong University, which used to be the School of Medicine of National Peking University, founded in 1937. It was renamed Xi'an Medical University in 1985. After the affiliation of the Xian Medical University with Xian Jiaotong University in April, 2000, it was given the name of “The School of Medicine” of Xi'an Jiaotong University. Famous for the Unity, Diligence, Preciseness and Innovation as its tradition, the school is like a cradle which has cultivated advanced medical experts in the Northwest region of China. It is the only top medical science school directly attached to the Ministry of Health in the Northwest region, as well as a branch of Academy of Medical Science in China. About 40,000 advanced medical experts have been cultivated in 70 years since its founding.

Through the pain taking efforts and hard work of many generations, the college has developed a collective ability for administration. At present, students on campus are over 4500, including 400 doctoral students, 900 post graduates and 3500 undergraduates. The school has excellent and experienced faculty as well as working staff, and the number has been over 4000 (staff in the affiliated hospitals also included). It has more than 620 professors and associate professors, 81 doctoral mentors, 13 experts who have made outstanding contributions on the state and provincial level and besides, 35 domestic and overseas visiting professors (3 are members of Chinese Academy of Science). There are 28 departments (18 clinical departments included); 3 Clinical Teaching Hospitals: The First Affiliated Hospital, The Second Affiliated Hospital and The Affiliated Dental Hospital; 6 centers (Biological Medicine R&E Center, Long-Distance Medicine Center, All-Division Medicine Center, Medical Information Center, Animal Experimentation Center and Medical Testing and Training Center); 27 Graduate Schools; 1 keystone lab belonging to Ministry of Education, 2 keystone labs belonging to Ministry of Health and 3 keystone labs at Provincial level; 2 keystone subjects as Physiology and Medical Jurisprudence at State level and another 7 keystone subjects at Provincial level. Meanwhile the School of Medicine has 2 first-level research stations for the Post doctorates, Fundamental Medicine and Clinical Medicine.

It has gradually established a complete administrative system for educating and training both undergraduate and graduate students. For undergraduates, at present, there are subjects as Clinical Medicine (5-year duration and 7-year duration), Dental Medicine, Nursing, Medical Jurisprudence, Preventive Medicine, Pharmacology, Medical Engineering and so on. There are 10 authorized places for awarding doctorates and 29 places for master's degrees. The authorized places for awarding these degrees cover all medical specialities and most of the related medical specialities. For undergraduate student education the emphasis is on practice with basic knowledge and extensive education. The school has built up a training mode of “Broad Entrance, Strong Foundation and Emphasis on Practice”, and under this training mode, the graduates have got high praises from their employers. For postgraduate student education, the emphasis is on training on innovative thoughts and abilities. Besides, the school has actively developed recruitment and training for the students with bachelor’s degree of Clinical Medicine and MPH.

International Students
In 1995, former Xi'an Medical University established the Program of Clinical Medicine for International Students, began to enroll qualified international students, aiming to produce clinicians and doctors served in clinics and hospitals. Currently, nearly 500 international students from Pakistan, Nepal, India, Canada, Iran, Sudan and other countries are studying in [4].

Cooperation with American University of Texas at Arlington

Xi'an Jiaotong University and the American University of Texas at Arlington (UTA) currently operate a program leading to the Executive Master of Business Administration (EMBA) degree. XJTU is the only university in the northwest to offer such a program, and only the third university in China to undertake such cooperation with UTA.
The program is open to those with a Bachelor's Degree, and at least 5 years of work experience and at least two years of management experience. All those enrolled in the program participate in one and a half years of on-the-job training. Instruction will be primary jointly taught in English by American Teachers in Xi'an with the additional classes in Chinese. Besides accounting, financial management, finance and other courses, the two cooperative parties also lay out some frontier topics like supply Chain management, restructuring and innovation of enterprises, WTO, capital market and project management, making it possible to introduce the newest conceptions on operation and management in the world from all kinds of business. The course layout fully displays the main stream of MBA education in American business schools and tries to be responsive to current area of interest in China. Those who finish the required credits will get the EMBA certificate granted by Xi'an Jiaotong University and the EMBA certificate granted by American UTA at the same time.[5]

Internet Education

As the rapid development and the fast growth of requirement of E-Learning, Internet Education School of Xi'an Jiaotong University was founded in March 2001 as one of the first 15 experimental universities approved by Education Ministry of P. R. China. As one of the important projects of "Action Plan", more than RMB 5 million has been invested to E-Learning project since 1999, now a hybrid international standard distance-learning system based on satellite and CERRNET was built up and more than 100 multimedia coursewares had been developed.

With the strong support of excellent XJTU educational resources and management experience, IES is striving for establishing a multi-level and multi-form distance education. With the basic maxim of "Basing on the western, Orienting towards the whole country, Connecting overseas", XJTU's E-Learning emphasizes at after-school education to meet the increasingly growth of continue education.

So far there are 51 distance learning sites scattered in all of China and about 2,800 students, majoring in Computer, Nursing, Management, Law, and Economics. The goal before 2005 is to build up 80 distance learning sites, and recruit about 8000 students.

With the satellite and the internet, XJTU has some cooperations with WAS of Japan and Taiwan Jiaotong University. We have already made some live teaching and resources transmission experiments. Since Sept. 2002, XJTU has begun to cooperate with Shanghai Jiaotong University and Zhejiang University, these three universities take the cooperative teaching method such as sharing some optional courses and admitting the corresponding credits. Now there are more than 6700 students taking such elective courses from 37 shared courses provided by three universities.

University also earnestly pay attention to the study of E-Learning theory, technology and application. Since 1998, we have undertaken 12 very important national projects, such as Action Plan project "Multi-media Distance Education System and Project"; Education Ministry approved large project "the Demonstrate Project of Internet Education Based on Satellite and Terrestrial Networks", Tenth Five-year plan key project "real-time teaching system", National Science Fund project "Study of Individual and Interactive Virtual Collaborative Learning Environment" and "Study and Application of Personality Mining in E-Learning". By research, we have already applied 3 invention Patents of P. R. China. The achievement of "the distance learning system over satellite and internet" was awarded as second prize for scientific and technology development of state education ministry. Another achievement was awarded as the first prize by Shaanxi Province. XJTU also get an IBM SUR project, which provides us two IBM H85 Servers. Now, we have 7 servers, more than 80 PCs, and own an advanced network infrastructure. XJTU have now established a set of supporting platform based on the combinative utilization of satellite and terrestrial networks. In general, Internet Education School is progressing at an unprecedented speed.[6]

Notable alumni

Alumni include Qian Xuesen, Wu Wenjun, Zhang Guangdou, Jiang Zhenghua, Jiang Zemin, and Han Qide. Engineers at Xi'an Jiaotong University have, over the years, produced several technological breakthroughs in China, including the country's first dynamo, the first radio-station, the first diesel engine and the first Chinese typewriter in China.[7]

安芷生 蔡金涛 蔡睿贤 曹春晓 曹建猷 陈桂林 陈国良 陈俊亮 陈学俊 陈永龄
程孝刚 褚应璜 丁舜年 方守贤 高小霞 葛守仁 顾翼东 顾诵芬 韩启德 He Zuoxiu
侯 洵 胡和生 胡仁宇 胡 英 胡聿贤 黄宏嘉 匡定波 李大潜 李济生 李乐民
李文采 李正武 刘高联 罗沛霖 马寅初 Mao Yisheng 钱保功 钱崇澍 Qian Xuesen 钱钟韩
邵象华 沈珠江 苏元复 孙 钧 谈镐生 唐九华 陶文铨 汪 耕 汪菊潜 王方定
王景唐 王希季 王之卓 吴承康 吴杭生 吴文俊 吴学周 吴有训 夏培肃 熊有伦
徐光宪 徐如人 徐晓白 徐芝纶 徐祖耀 许学彦 杨嘉墀 杨 槱 姚 熹 张大煜
张德庆 Zhang Guangdou 张 煦 Zhang Zhongjun 周惠久 周 仁 周同庆 周志宏 朱物华 朱 夏
诸福棠 庄逢辰 庄逢甘

陈敬熊 陈俊亮 陈明致 陈士橹 陈太一 陈先霖 陈 新 陈志恺 董石麟 杜庆华
冯叔瑜 高鼎三 顾懋祥 顾夏声 顾诵芬 关兴亚 侯德原 胡光镇 黄旭华 季国标
蒋新松 雷清泉 李伯虎 李鹤林 李佩成 李天和 林宗虎 刘建航 刘友梅 柳百成
龙乐豪 卢秉恒 罗沛霖 毛用泽 潘健生 钱皋韵 钱学森 秦裕琨 邱爱慈 屈梁生
阮雪榆 沙庆林 邵象华 沈闻孙 苏君红 孙九林 孙俊人 唐任远 童志鹏 屠基达
屠善澄 涂铭旌 汪应洛 Weng Shilie 吴祖垲 谢友柏 徐秉汉 许国志 姚福生 叶尚福
章基嘉 Zhang Guangdou 赵国藩 赵梓森 郑南宁 周 镜 周炯磐 周永茂 朱伯芳 朱英浩

  • Outstanding Politicians (Ranked by Birth of Date)

盛宣怀 唐文治 张元济 蔡元培 黄炎培 李叔同
邵力子 叶恭绰 蔡 锷 黎照寰 凌鸿勋 邹韬奋
茅以升 吴保丰 侯宗濂 彭 康 陆定一 钱学森
张光斗 汪道涵 吴文俊 王 安 江泽民 丁关根
蒋新松 江其务 蒋正华 韩启德 刘鹏 Sun Laiyan

See also

References

External links


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