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Encyclopedia

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Xuân Thuỷ (c. 1912 – June 20, 1985) was a North Vietnamese political figure. He was the Foreign Minister of North Vietnam from 1963 to 1965 and then chief negotiator of the North Vietnamese at the Paris Peace talks, which ended the Vietnam War in 1973.

Thuỷ was born in the Ha Dong province in Northern Vietnam in 1912. His name means "spring water". He was educated at a French school in Hanoi. Becoming interested in nationalist politics in his early teens, the fourteen-year old Thuỷ entered the Revolutionary Youth League of the communist leader Ho Chi Minh.[1] At sixteen, he was arrested for the first time. When he was eighteen, he was sent to the penal colony on Con Son Island in the South China Sea.[1] Two further jail terms followed. In 1938, Thuỷ became a member of the Indochina Communist Party. After the outbreak of the Second World War in 1939, he was imprisoned in Sonla being held there for six years until the end of the war in 1945. However, he used his internment to edit the underground communist newspaper Suoi Reo.

After his release, Thuỷ became the editor and director of the newspaper Cuu Quoc, the official organ of the Viet Minh national liberation movement formed by Ho Chi Minh in 1941 in opposition to both French and Japanese control over the country. In 1946, he then became a member of the National Assembly of the just-proclaimed Democratic Republic of Vietnam. The Assembly was started by the Viet Minh as a vehicle of resistance against French colonial rule in what would become the First Indochina War. Speaking both French and Chinese fluently and known as an expert in agitprop, Thuỷ traveled both Asia and Europe visiting Vienna, Stockholm, Rangoon, Beijing, and Moscow in 1950 to gather support for the North Vietnamese cause. In 1961 and 1962, he attended the Geneva Conference on Laos as the deputy chairman of the Vietnamese delegation. An American diplomat at the meeting described him as "a top-drawer negotiator, a dreadful fellow to face across the table day after day." In 1963, he then became Foreign Minister of Vietnam. However, in 1965 he had to step down. Thuỷ's health was cited as the reason for his resignation, yet his losing a power struggle, in which he supported a pro-Soviet line, is the more likely cause. His successor was Nguyen Duy Trinh, an avowed supporter of China in the Sino-Soviet split. Thuỷ then fell out of favor with the ruling party, but he returned to the political scene in 1968, as North Vietnam's chief diplomat at the Paris peace talks. These meetings finally led to American withdrawal from the country and the end of the Vietnam War in 1973. He was known to use long tirades to test the American negotiators' endurance during the meetings. Thuỷ served briefly as one of the Vice Presidents of Council of State from 1981 to 1982. He was also made Vice-Chairman of North Vietnam's National Assembly, a position he retained until his death.

Xuân Thuỷ is known to have been married with children, but how many and whether they are still alive was kept secret.

Thuỷ died of heart failure in Hanoi on June 20, 1985.

Notes

References

  • "Xuan Thuy, Hanoi Envoy at Paris Talks, Dies". New York Times. June 20, 1985.
  • "Xuan Thuy: Abrasive Advocate". Time. May. 10, 1968.
  • "Xuan Thuy; Negotiator for Hanoi at Paris Peace Talks". Los Angeles Times. June 30, 1985.
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Travel guide

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From Wikitravel

The Xuan Thuy National Park is located in the north of Vietnam in the Giao Thuy District, Nam Dinh
Xuan Thuy National Park
Xuan Thuy National Park
province, about 150km south east of Hanoi.

History

Xuan Thuy was declared the country’s first Ramsar site by the Bureau of the Convention on Wetlands of International Importance in January 1989, it was upgraded from its status as a nature reserve and approved as a national park by the Prime Minister in 2003. Xuan Thuy was also included as part of the Red River Delta World Biosphere Heritage Site by UNESCO in October 2004.

Landscape

The national park has a total area of 15,000ha, of which 7,100ha is core zone and 8,000ha is a buffer zone with five communes including Giao Hai, Giao Xuan, Giao Lac, Giao An and Giao Thien.

Spoonbilled Sandpiper
Spoonbilled Sandpiper
The park is a rich, biodiverse coastal wetland environment that houses about 220 species of birds (including endangered species such as the Black-faced Spoonbill, Spotted Greenshank and Spoon-billed Sandpiper), 110 aquatic plant species, 500 species of benthos and zooplankton. Many aquatic species of high economic value, like shrimps, fish, crabs and oysters, are also found in the area. There are also some mammals such as the Fishing Cat, Eurasian Otter and Large Bandicoot-rat.

Climate

Xuan Thuy National Park is in the tropical monsoon area and has two distinct seasons. The hot and wet season is from April until October and the cold and dry season is from November until March.

Get in

The National Park is accessible from one of the five nearby Communes which can be accessed from Hanoi by bus. Accomodation can be found at the nearby Communes, most notably Giao Xuan which offers a Community-based Eco-Tourist product for those who wish to visit Xuan Thuy and the surrounding towns.

Get around

Transport (bicycle or motorbike rental) will need to be organised from one of the nearby towns. A boat trip which can be booked from Giao Xuan is highly reccomended.

See

The natural beauty of the park as well as that of the surrounding towns, particularly Giao Xuan. Also the amazing bio-diversity of the park which is expecially attractive to bird-watchers.

Lodging

There is limited accomodation to be found in the nearby towns but the home stay option in Giao Xuan is highly reccomended as it gives tourists the opportunity to experience every day life in rural Vietnam.


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