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Xubuntu
Xubuntu Logo.svg
Xubuntu-karmic.png
Xubuntu 9.10
Company / developer Canonical Ltd. / Ubuntu Foundation
OS family Unix-like
Working state Current
Source model Free and open source software
Initial release 1 June 2006
Latest stable release 9.10 (Karmic Koala) / October 29, 2009; 4 month(s) ago (2009-10-29)
Kernel type Monolithic Linux kernel
Userland GNU
Default user interface Xfce
License Mainly the GNU GPL / various others
Official Website www.xubuntu.org

Xubuntu (pronounced /zuːˈbuːntuː/ "zoo-BOON-too") is a Canonical Ltd. recognized, community maintained derivative of the Ubuntu operating system, using the Xfce desktop environment.[1][2][3]

Because the Xfce desktop environment is intended to use fewer system resources than the default GNOME,[4] Xubuntu is often used on older computers, systems with limited resources, laptops, netbooks and high-efficiency workstations.[1][5]

Contents

Nomenclature

The name Xubuntu is a combination of Xfce and Ubuntu. Xfce originally was an abbreviation for XForms Common Environment, while Ubuntu means "humanity towards others" in the Zulu and Xhosa languages. Combined as Xubuntu it does not have any specific new meaning.[5]

Goals

Xubuntu's goals are to:

provide an easy to use distribution, based on Ubuntu, using Xfce as the graphical desktop, with a focus on integration, usability and performance, with a particular focus on low memory footprint. The integration in Xubuntu is at a configuration level, a toolkit level, and matching the underlying technology beneath the desktop in Ubuntu. Xubuntu will be built and developed autonomously as part of the wider Ubuntu community, based around the ideals and values of Ubuntu.[6]

History

Xubuntu was originally intended to have been released at the same time as Ubuntu 5.10 Breezy Badger, 13 October 2005, but the work was not complete by that date. Instead the Xubuntu name was used for the xubuntu-desktop metapackage available through the Synaptic Package Manager which installed the Xfce desktop.

The first official Xubuntu release, led by Jani Monoses, appeared on 1 June 2006, as part of the Ubuntu 6.06 Dapper Drake line, which also included Kubuntu and Edubuntu.[5]

In October 2007, Jani Monoses announced that he would be stepping down as the project lead and handing the reins over to Lionel Le Folgoc. Le Folgoc led the project until March 2008 at which time Cody A.W. Somerville was appointed by the Xubuntu community.[citation needed] Somerville developed a comprehensive strategy for the Xubuntu project named the Xubuntu Strategy Document. As of early 2009 the document is currently awaiting a second reading by the Ubuntu Community Council.[6]

In February 2009 Mark Shuttleworth agreed that an official LXDE version of Ubuntu, to be named Lubuntu, will be developed. The LXDE desktop uses the Openbox window manager and, like Xubuntu, is intended to be a low system requirement, low RAM environment for netbooks, mobile devices and older PCs and will compete with Xubuntu in that market.[7][8]

Releases

Xubuntu versions are released twice a year, coinciding with Ubuntu releases. Xubuntu uses the same version numbers and code names as Ubuntu, using the year and month of the release as the version number. The first Xubuntu release, for example, was 6.06, indicating June 2006.[9]

Xubuntu releases are also given code names, using an adjective and an animal with the same first letter e.g: "Dapper Drake" and "Intrepid Ibex". These are the same as the respective Ubuntu code names. Xubuntu code names are in alphabetical order, allowing a quick determination of which release is newer, although there were no releases with the letters "A" or "C". Commonly, Xubuntu releases are referred to by developers and users by only the adjective portion of the code name, for example Intrepid Ibex is often called just Intrepid.[10]

Colour Meaning
Red Release no longer supported
Green Release still supported
Blue Future release
Version Code Name Release date Supported Until Remarks
5.10 Breezy Badger 13 October 2005 13 April 2007 xubuntu-desktop package only available
6.06 LTS Dapper Drake 1 June 2006 June 2009 First official Xubuntu release - Long term support
6.10 Edgy Eft 26 October 2006 25 April 2008
7.04 Feisty Fawn 19 April 2007 19 October 2008
7.10 Gutsy Gibbon 18 October 2007 18 April 2009
8.04 LTS Hardy Heron 24 April 2008 April 2011 Long term support
8.10 Intrepid Ibex 30 October 2008 April 2010
9.04 Jaunty Jackalope 23 April 2009 October 2010 PowerPC images made available [11][12]
9.10 Karmic Koala 29 October 2009 April 2011
10.04 LTS Lucid Lynx April 2010 April 2013 Long term support

Applications

The Xubuntu CD includes application software for the average user including:[13][14]

Xubuntu includes Synaptic Package Manager which allows users to download additional applications from the Xubuntu repositories.

System requirements

Xubuntu can be installed with one of 2 CDs, both of which require at least 1.5 GB of hard drive space. Installing with the Desktop CD requires 192 MB of RAM, while the Alternate CD, which uses a text-based installer, requires 64 MB of RAM, and also allows access to additional options for the installation.[15][16]

Once installed, Xubuntu can run with 192 MB RAM, but 256 MB RAM is strongly recommended.[15]

Derivatives

As is common with open source software, Xubuntu has been developed into several specialized new versions by third-party developers:

eeeXubuntu
A variant of Xubuntu for the storage-constrained Asus Eee PC.[17][18]
OzOS
An e17-from-SVN Linux distro based on a severely stripped down version of Xubuntu. Focused on Enlightenment, e17, compiled directly from SVN source. Easy update of e17 is made from SVN updates, by a click on an icon or from CLI using morlenxus script.[19][20]
PC/OS
A derivative of Xubuntu whose interface is made to look like BeOS.[21] a 64 bit version was released in May 2009.[22]
UserOS Ultra
A minimal Xubuntu variant was produced for Australia's PC User magazine.[23]

See also

References

  1. ^ a b Canonical Ltd. (2008). "What is Xubuntu?". http://www.xubuntu.org/about. Retrieved 2009-02-10. 
  2. ^ Canonical Ltd. (2008). "Glossary". http://www.xubuntu.org/glossary. Retrieved 2009-02-10. 
  3. ^ Canonical Ltd. (2009). "Products". http://www.ubuntu.com/products/whatisubuntu/derivatives. Retrieved 2009-10-15. 
  4. ^ This claim has been challenged, especially for the Xubuntu implementation of XFCE, e.g. by a benchmark test showing Xubuntu's RAM usage as greater than Ubuntu with GNOME: "Lubuntu: Floats Like a Butterfly, Stings Like a Bee". Linux Magazine. 9 September 2009.. http://www.linux-mag.com/cache/7520/1.html. Retrieved 2009-10-19. 
  5. ^ a b c Canonical Ltd. (2006). "Xubuntu Documentation Chapter 1. Introduction". http://web.archive.org/web/20060617202944/http://help.ubuntu.com/xubuntu/desktopguide/C/introduction-chap.html. Retrieved 2009-02-10. 
  6. ^ a b Somerville, Cody (2008). "Xubuntu/Specifications/Intrepid/StrategyDocument". https://wiki.ubuntu.com/Xubuntu/Specifications/Intrepid/StrategyDocument#Mission%20Statement. Retrieved 2009-02-10. 
  7. ^ Smart, Chris (May 2009). "Another day, another Ubuntu derivative.". http://distrowatch.com/weekly.php?issue=20090511#news. Retrieved 2009-05-21. 
  8. ^ LXDE (February 2009). "Lubuntu? LXDE Meet up with Mark Shuttleworth in Berlin". http://blog.lxde.org/?p=208. Retrieved 2009-05-21. 
  9. ^ Shuttleworth, Mark (2004-10-20). "Ubuntu 4.10 announcement". ubuntu-announce mailing list. https://lists.ubuntu.com/archives/ubuntu-announce/2004-October/000003.html. Retrieved 2008-08-19. 
  10. ^ "DevelopmentCodeNames - Ubuntu Wiki". Wiki.ubuntu.com. https://wiki.ubuntu.com/DevelopmentCodeNames. Retrieved 2008-10-19. 
  11. ^ Xubuntu 9.04 Release Notes - Other Section on Ports https://wiki.ubuntu.com/Xubuntu/JauntyJackalope/Final
  12. ^ Get Xubuntu 9.04 - http://xubuntu.org/get
  13. ^ DistroWatch (October 2008). "Xubuntu". http://distrowatch.com/table.php?distribution=xubuntu. Retrieved 2009-02-10. 
  14. ^ Canonical Ltd. (2008). "Glossary". http://www.xubuntu.org/tour. Retrieved 2009-02-10. 
  15. ^ a b Canonical Ltd. (2008). "Minimum system requirements". http://www.xubuntu.org/get#requirements. Retrieved 2009-02-10. 
  16. ^ Canonical Ltd. (October 2008). "Low-spec computers (Xubuntu)". https://help.ubuntu.com/community/Installation/SystemRequirements#Low-spec%20computers%20(Xubuntu). Retrieved 2009-02-10. 
  17. ^ Eeeuser.com (December 2008). "eeeXubuntu". http://wiki.eeeuser.com/ubuntu:eeexubuntu:home. Retrieved 2009-02-10. 
  18. ^ Pirate Bay (January 2008). "eeeXubuntu 7.10 r3". http://thepiratebay.org/torrent/3991052/eeeXubuntu_7.10_r3l. Retrieved 2009-07-21. 
  19. ^ Distrowatch (June 2009). "OzOS". http://distrowatch.com/table.php?distribution=OzOS. Retrieved 2009-07-21. 
  20. ^ CafeLinux.org (July 2007). "OzOS". http://www.cafelinux.org/OzOs/. Retrieved 2009-07-21. 
  21. ^ PC/OS (February 2009). "Welcome to PC/OS". http://www.pc-os.org/. Retrieved 2009-02-10. 
  22. ^ DistroWatch (May 2009). "Distribution Release: PC/OS 10 "Open64 Workstation"". http://distrowatch.com/?newsid=05494. Retrieved 2009-07-21. 
  23. ^ PC User (March 2008). "March 2008 : Notebook Mega Test". http://www.pcuser.com.au/pcuser/hs2.nsf/dir/LatestEdition. Retrieved 2009-02-10. 

External links


Simple English

Xubuntu
[[File:|175px]]
A screenshot of Xubuntu
Company / developer Canonical Ltd.
OS family Linux
Working state Current
Source model Open-source
Latest stable release

8.10

/ October 30, 2008
Kernel type Monolithic kernel
Default user interface Xfce
License Various
Website http://www.xubuntu.org

Xubuntu is a free Linux distribution based on Ubuntu. It uses the Xfce desktop environment.

See Also

List of Linux distributions

Other websites

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