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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

—  Prefecture-level city  —
Chinese transcription(s)
 - Chinese 徐州
 - Pinyin Xúzhōu
Xuzhou is highlighted on this map
Xuzhou is located in China
Location in China
Coordinates: 34°16′N 117°10′E / 34.267°N 117.167°E / 34.267; 117.167
Country China
Province Jiangsu
 - Mayor Cao Xinping (曹新平)
 - Prefecture-level city 11,258 km2 (4,346.7 sq mi)
Population (2007)
 - Prefecture-level city 9,409,500
 Urban 1,829,300
Time zone China Standard (UTC+8)
Postal code 221000(Urban center), 221000, 221000, 221000(Other areas)
Area code(s) 516
GDP ¥200.7 billion (2008)
GDP per capita ¥23,069 (2008)
Major Nationalities Han
County-level divisions 11
Township-level divisions 157
License Plate Prefix 苏C

Xuzhou (Chinese: 徐州pinyin: Xúzhōu), known as Pengcheng (Chinese: 彭城pinyin: Péngchéng) in ancient times, is the fourth largest prefecture-level city in Jiangsu province, People's Republic of China. It is known for its convenient location as a transportation hub in northern Jiangsu, as it has expressways and railway links connecting directly to the provinces of Henan and Shandong, the neighbouring city of Lianyungang, as well as the economic hub Shanghai.

Before the adoption of Hanyu Pinyin, the name of this city has been Romanized as Hsu-chou (Wade-Giles), Hsuchow (Chinese Postal Map Romanization), or even (rather confusingly) Suchow.[1][2]



The prefecture-level city of Xuzhou administers eleven county-level divisions, including five districts, two county-level cities and four counties.

These are further divided into 157 township-level divisions.

Geography and climate

Xuzhou is located in the southeast of North China Plain. The area of Xuzhou usually experiences short springs and autumns, and the summers are very long and sun scorching hot, with relatively cold winters, and there is a lower than average level of precipitation.


Universities and colleges


  • Xuzhou No.1 Middle School (徐州市第一中学)
  • Xuzhou No.3 Middle School (徐州市第三中学)
  • Xuzhou No.5 Middle School (徐州市第五中学)


Chinese civilians, massacred by the Imperial Japanese Army, at ditch in Xuzhou during the Second Sino-Japanese War [3]

In the Xia and Shang Dynasties, Xuzhou was in the land inhabited by the Dongyi or Huaiyi peoples who constantly warred with the Shang and Zhou Dynasties. During the Spring and Autumn Period, Xuzhou was a collection of small farming/fishing villages and towns, part of the border region between the Chu (state), Wu (state) and Qi (state). It was originally a capital of the Dongyi State of Xu but was exterminated by the the State of Wu in 512 BC. In turn, Wu was conquered by the State of Yue a few decades later. Chu gradually expanded its influence around Xuzhou after absorbing the nearby State of Cai in 447 BC and the conquest of the State of Yue in 334 BC. By the Warring States Period, it was firmly in cultural and administrative sphere of Chu. Liu Bang was born in one of Xuzhou's counties, Pei County. The Xuzhou region was called Huaiyang during the Zhou Dynasty since the Huai River crosses the area. The state of Chu moved to this area after the Qin army captured the old capital, Ying, in modern Jingzhou, Hubei.

At the beginning of the Han Dynasty, Xuzhou became part of the Kingdom of Chu, a principality ruled by relatives of the royal Liu family. Initially, Liu Bang allowed his relatives to rule parts of the country since they were assumed to be the most trustworthy. However, the Kingdom of Chu under third generation ruler Liu Wu rebelled against the central authority during the Rebellion of the Seven Princes and was defeated. His tomb was recently excavated near Xuzhou.

After the Yellow River started to change course in the Song Dynasty, when heavy silting at the Yellow River mouth forced the river to channel its flow to the lower Huai River tributary, the region has since become barren due to persistent flooding, nutrient depletion and salination of the once fertile soil.

The area was the site of the final critical battle in the Chinese Civil War, the Huaihai Campaign in 1948-49. The disastrous capitulation of Chiang Kai-shek at Xuzhou (Hsüchow, or Suchow[1]) led eventually to the fall of Nanking.


Xuzhou cuisine is closely related to Shandong cuisine's Jinan-style. Xuzhou's most well known foods include bǎzi ròu (pork belly, and other items stewed in a thick broth), sha tang (饣它汤), and various dog meat dishes.

Another one of Xuzhou's famous dishes is di guo (地锅)style cooking which places ingredients with a spicy sauce in a deep black skillet and cooks little pieces of flatbread on the side or top. Common staples of 地锅 style cooking include: chicken, fish, and eggplant.

Scenic spots

Tourist attractions in Xuzhou include Cloud Dragon Mountain (Yúnlóng Shān) and the nearby Cloud Dragon Lake (Yúnlóng Hú).


Xuzhou Airport serves the area with scheduled passenger flights to major airports in China including Beijing and Shanghai.

Sister Cities

See also


External links

Travel guide

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From Wikitravel

Asia : East Asia : China : East : Jiangsu : Xuzhou

Xuzhou (徐州) is a city in Jiangsu Province, People's Republic of China. It is located at the northern tip of the province, bordering Anhui.

Get in

Major rail hub, very easy to get to by train. Also, is located on the Shanghai to Beijing train route. It is three hours from Nanjing on an express train, and ten from Beijing.

Get around

The city is small enough to explore on foot. But the buses are cheap, regular, and easy to figure out within the city. There are also minibuses that travel outside of the city to neighboring rural towns.


Walk the city and explore the old downtown neighborhoods. Narrow alleys and old 小区 (xiao qu) give access to hundred year old wet markets neighboring temporary encampments of migrant workers and traveling farmers, one room restaurants without menus (don't worry, they'll tell you what they've got, or you can glance at other tables), dog meat butchers, public toilets, backstreet whorehouses with eerie blue lights, arcades in scavenged brick huts with corrugated tin roofs.

Then, walk along the New Yellow River, a diverted portion of the river created by the floods of 1938, when Nationalist forces bombed dykes to stymie the Japanese (instead, they succeeded only in killing millions of their own country's farmers). You can have your fortune told, buy erection pills and raw tobacco, get something good to eat, and catch small traveling musicians performing on traditional instruments.

After that, stroll into the downtown, identical in every Chinese city of this size, home to a KFC, department stores, and massive, empty squares.


Xuzhou is home to its own miniature version of Xi'an's Terracotta Warriors. The site features three pavillions featuring the warriors (three foot tall statues) in various states of excavation. Replicas are also sold. (Most people in the city have never seen the site and are only vaguely familiar with it).


Dog meat tacos on Heqing Lu, between Pengcheng Lu and Jie Fang Lu. There are two alleys leading off from Heqing Lu and you want the one closest to Pengcheng Lu. Quite easy to find. Look for a collection of skinned dog carcasses hung up on the corner, usually having the last bits of fur cleaned from them with a propane torch. The bread is amazing, cooked in a stone oven, a bit salty, a bit sweet, coated in sesame seeds. The dog meat is tender and flavorful and stringy, torn from a pile of bones in a big metal tray (you can't dog meat with a knife).

Sha tang. Everyone in Xuzhou knows the cute little story about the Emperor tasting this soup and asking what the name was. The chef thought the emperor was calling it "What? soup," so he changed the name to that. It's a thick, mucus-y soup full of eel, chicken meat (originally pheasant or other game meat), beans, and a ton of black pepper. The best place to cop it is Ma Shi Jie (马市接), a joint on Jie Fang Lu that's the city's recognized favorite sha tang place (there's also a branch on Heping Lu, near the church but popular opinion says it's just not as good). The soup here comes from a massive pot, as tall as the man ladeling it out. Outside, you buy your dipping items: fried dumplings, salty fried dough, etc. The clientele is mainly ancient men that have been eating it for breakfast every day for fifty years and come equipped with their own bowls and spoons.


In this city, the people that go to nightclubs are crewcut corrupt businessmen and massage parlor owners that hotbox the joint with fake Marlboros and drink Chivas by the gallon, while a pretty little prostitute perches on either side of them.

Armani is the classiest, the closest thing to a genuine nightclub. Beer for 30 RMB (fake Corona for the same price), then bottles of Chivas whiskey. You've got the usual provincial Chinese city nightclub fare. Dance mixes of Mando-pop songs, men dirty dancing with each other, a few boys that dance in a glass cube behind the bar, lots of smoke, lots of fun. You will be encouraged to dance on top of things, remove your shirt, and allow yourself to be grinded by shirtless pimps with dragon tattoos on their backs. Watch out for prostitutes and gangsters. (Really, just the prostitutes of gangsters. You don't want to get a bottle of Heineken in the back of the head for being too friendly with a member of the Black Society's pride and joy, man).

All other clubs are near Armani. Check out Red Bar, S.O.S., Catwoman Bar and Virgin Bar. Those five are reasonably safe and alright and legit.

Taiwan Bar is near the downtown, at the intersection of Huai Hai Lu and Jie Fang Lu. It's dirty as hell and the most ideal place in the city to be offered drugs with your fruit platter. (Really, you are offered drugs from the moment you enter to the moment you leave). The clientele is sweaty, shirtless kids with a ton of tattoos and facial scars. You can sing karaoke in front of a crowd and buy cheap vodka, though. And the boss is always happy to see new people and the waitresses are effective in discouraging local thugs from offering you the powder-encrusted straw too many times.


After a night at Taiwan Bar, you can check out the 24 hour ATM room of many local banks. Or just crash out in a city park. Cheap hotels are everywhere. Even the classiest joints in the city only run about 200 RMB but they don't offer much more than the 80 RMB joints near the train station. Remember, ask to look at the room before you agree to stay. Please, just say, "kan kan" and smile and check to see that you can really live there.

If you really, really care about comfortable living, there's Golden Kue downtown at the intersection of Huai Hai Lu and Jie Fang Lu. Ask your taxi driver and give him a price and he'll take you somewhere decent, as a rule.

Routes through Xuzhou
BeijingTaishan  N noframe S  SuzhouShanghai
ZhengzhouKaifeng  W noframe E  Lianyungang
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Up to date as of January 15, 2010

Definition from Wiktionary, a free dictionary


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  1. A prefecture-level city in Jiangsu province, China.


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