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Y-DNA haplogroups by ethnic groups: Wikis

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Listed here are notable ethnic groups by Y-DNA haplogroups based on relevant studies. The data is presented in two columns for each haplogroup with the first being the sample size (n) and the second the percentage in the haplogroup designated by the column header. The samples are taken from individuals identified with the ethnic and linguistic designations in the first two columns.

Population Language[1] n[2] R1b[3] n A n B n DE* n D* n D1 n D2 n D3 n E* n E1a n E1b n R1a n I n E1b1b n E1b1a n J n G n N n T n L n O* n O1 n O2 n O2a n O2b n O3 n O3e n O3d n K* n K1 n K2 n K3 n K4 n C* n C1 n C2 n C3 n C4 n Q* n Q1a1 n Q1a2 n Q1a3 n Q1a4
Abazinians Caucasian (Northwest) — — 14 &0000000000000014.00000014[4]
Abkhaz Caucasian (Northwest) — 12 &0000000000000008.0000008[4] 12 &0000000000000033.00000033.0[4] 12 &0000000000000033.30000033.3[4] - &0000000000000025.00000025 12 &-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1.0000000.0[4]
Albanians IE (Albanian) — 51 &0000000000000017.60000017.6[5] 51 &0000000000000009.8000009.8[5] 51 &0000000000000019.60000019.6[5] 51 &0000000000000021.60000021.6[5] 51 &0000000000000002.0000002.0[5] 51 &-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1.0000000.0[5] 51 &-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1.0000000.0[5] 51 &-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1.0000000.0[5]
Albanians (Kosovar) — IE (Albanian) — 114 &0000000000000021.10000021.1[6] 114 &0000000000000004.4000004.4[6] 114 &0000000000000007.9000007.9[6] 114 &0000000000000047.40000047.4[6] 114 &0000000000000016.70000016.7[6]
Albanians (Tirana) — IE (Albanian) — 30 &0000000000000013.30000013.3[7] 30 &0000000000000013.30000013.3[7] 30 &0000000000000016.70000016.7[7] 30 &0000000000000023.30000023.3[7] 30 &-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1.0000000.0[7] 30 &0000000000000020.00000020.0[7] 30 &0000000000000003.3000003.3[7]
Albanians IE (Albanian) — 55 &0000000000000018.20000018.2[8] 55 &0000000000000009.1000009.1[8] 55 &0000000000000021.80000021.8[8] 55 &0000000000000025.50000025.5[8] 55 &-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1.0000000.0[8] 55 &0000000000000023.60000023.6[8] 55 &0000000000000001.8000001.8[8] 55 &-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1.0000000.0[8] 55 &-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1.0000000.0[8] 55 &-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1.0000000.0[8]
Albanians (Macedonia) — IE (Albanian) — 64 &0000000000000018.80000018.8[8] 64 &0000000000000001.6000001.6[8] 64 &0000000000000017.20000017.2[8] 64 &0000000000000039.10000039.1[8] 64 &-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1.0000000.0[8] 64 &0000000000000021.90000021.9[8] 64 &0000000000000001.6000001.6[8] 64 &-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1.0000000.0[8] 64 &-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1.0000000.0[8] 64 &-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1.0000000.0[8]
Albanians IE (Albanian) — — 106 &0000000000000023.60000023.6[9]
Albanians IE (Albanian) — — 44 &0000000000000025.00000025.0[10] 56 &0000000000000023.20000023.2[10]
Altaians Altaic (Turkic) — — 142 &0000000000000009.2000009.2[11]
Altaians (Northern) — Altaic (Turkic) — 50 &0000000000000006.0000006.0[12] 50 &0000000000000038.00000038.0 50 &-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1.0000000.0 50 &-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1.0000000.0 50 &0000000000000002.0000002.0 50 &-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1.0000000.0 50 &0000000000000010.00000010.0
Altaians (Southern) — Altaic (Turkic) — 96 &0000000000000001.0000001.0[12] 96 &0000000000000053.10000053.1 96 &0000000000000002.1000002.1 96 &0000000000000001.0000001.0 96 &0000000000000004.2000004.2 96 &0000000000000011.50000011.5
Ambalakarar Dravidian (Southern) — 29 &-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1.0000000.0[13] 29 &0000000000000013.80000013.8[13] 29 &-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1.0000000.0[13] 29 &-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1.0000000.0[13] 29 &-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1.0000000.0[13] 29 &0000000000000006.9000006.9[13] 29 &0000000000000003.4000003.4[13] 29 &-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1.0000000.0[13] 29 &-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1.0000000.0[13] 29 &0000000000000020.70000020.7[13]
Amhara Afro-Asiatic (Semitic) — 48 &-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1.0000000.0[14] 48 &-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1.0000000.0[14] 48 &-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1.0000000.0[14] 48 &0000000000000045.80000045.8[14] 48 &0000000000000033.30000033.3[14] 48 &-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1.0000000.0[14] 48 &-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1.0000000.0[14] 48 &0000000000000004.2000004.2[14] 48 &-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1.0000000.0[14]
Andalusians IE (Italic) — 29 &0000000000000065.50000065.5[5] 29 &-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1.0000000.0[5] 103 &0000000000000003.9000003.9[9] 76 &0000000000000009.2000009.2[10] 93 &0000000000000001.1000001.1[10] 29 &-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1.0000000.0[5] 29 &-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1.0000000.0[5] 29 &0000000000000006.9000006.9[5] 29 &0000000000000003.4000003.4[5]
Andis Caucasian (Northeast) — 49 &0000000000000006.1000006.1[15] 49 &0000000000000002.0000002.0[15] 49 &0000000000000026.50000026.5[15] 49 &0000000000000002.0000002.0[15] 49 &0000000000000055.10000055.1[15] 49 &0000000000000006.1000006.1[15] 49 &-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1.0000000.0[15] 49 &0000000000000002.0000002.0[15] 49 &-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1.0000000.0[15]
Arabs (Algeria) — Afro-Asiatic (Semitic) — 35 &-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1.0000000.0[16] 35 &-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1.0000000.0[16] 32 &0000000000000065.60000065.6[10] 35 &0000000000000028.60000028.6[16]
Arabs (Algeria - Oran) — Afro-Asiatic (Semitic) — 102 &0000000000000010.80000010.8[17] 102 &0000000000000001.0000001[17] 102 &0000000000000050.90000050.9[17] 102 &0000000000000007.8000007.8[17] 102 &0000000000000027.40000027.4[17]
Arabs (Bedouin) — Afro-Asiatic (Semitic) — 32 &-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1.0000000.0[18] 32 &0000000000000009.4000009.4[18] 32 &0000000000000006.3000006.3[18] 32 &0000000000000018.70000018.7[18] 32 &0000000000000065.60000065.6[18] 32 &-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1.0000000.0[18]
Arabs (Egyptians) — Afro-Asiatic (Semitic) — 147 &0000000000000004.1000004.1[19] 147 &0000000000000002.7000002.7[19] 147 &0000000000000000.7000000.7[19] 147 &0000000000000036.70000036.7[19] 147 &0000000000000002.8000002.8[19] 147 &0000000000000032.00000032.0[19] 147 &0000000000000008.8000008.8[19] 147 &-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1.0000000.0[19] 147 &0000000000000008.2000008.2[19]
Arabs (Iraq) — Afro-Asiatic (Semitic) — — 218 &0000000000000008.3000008.3[10] 218 &0000000000000000.9000000.9[10] 156 &0000000000000050.60000050.6[10]
Arabs (Morocco) — Afro-Asiatic (Semitic) — 44 &0000000000000006.8000006.8[6] 44 &-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1.0000000.0[6] 44 &-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1.0000000.0[6] 49 &0000000000000075.50000075.5[10] 49 &0000000000000020.40000020.4[10]
Arabs (Oman) — Afro-Asiatic (Semitic) — 121 &0000000000000001.7000001.7[19] 121 &0000000000000009.1000009.1[19] 121 &-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1.0000000.0[19] 121 &0000000000000015.70000015.7[19] 121 &0000000000000007.4000007.4[19] 121 &0000000000000047.90000047.9[19] 121 &0000000000000001.7000001.7[19] 121 &0000000000000008.3000008.3[19] 121 &0000000000000000.8000000.8[19]
Arabs (Qatar) — Afro-Asiatic (Semitic) — 72 &0000000000000001.4000001.4[20] 72 &0000000000000006.9000006.9[20] 72 &-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1.0000000.0[20] 72 &0000000000000005.6000005.6[20] 72 &0000000000000002.8000002.8[20] 72 &0000000000000066.70000066.7[20] 72 &0000000000000002.8000002.8[20] 72 &-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1.0000000.0[20] 72 &-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1.0000000.0[20] 72 &0000000000000002.8000002.8[20]
Arabs (Saudi Arabia) — Afro-Asiatic (Semitic) — 157 &0000000000000001.9000001.9[21] 157 &0000000000000005.1000005.1[21] 157 &-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1.0000000.0[21] 157 &0000000000000007.6000007.6[21] 157 &0000000000000007.6000007.6[21] 157 &0000000000000058.00000058.0[21] 157 &0000000000000003.2000003.2[21] 157 &-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1.0000000.0[21] 157 &0000000000000005.1000005.1[21] 157 &0000000000000001.9000001.9[21]
Arabs (UAE) — Afro-Asiatic (Semitic) — 164 &0000000000000004.3000004.3[20] 164 &0000000000000007.3000007.3[20] 164 &0000000000000011.60000011.6[20] 164 &0000000000000005.5000005.5[20] 164 &0000000000000045.10000045.1[20] 164 &0000000000000004.3000004.3[20] 164 &-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1.0000000.0[20] 164 &0000000000000004.9000004.9[20] 164 &0000000000000003.0000003.0[20]
Arabs (Yemen) — Afro-Asiatic (Semitic) — 62 &-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1.0000000.0[20] 62 &-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1.0000000.0[20] 62 &-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1.0000000.0[20] 62 &0000000000000012.90000012.9[20] 62 &0000000000000003.2000003.2[20] 62 &0000000000000082.30000082.3[20] 62 &0000000000000001.6000001.6[20] 62 &-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1.0000000.0[20] 62 &-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1.0000000.0[20] 62 &-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1.0000000.0[20]
Arabs (Palestine) — Afro-Asiatic (Semitic) — 143 &0000000000000008.4000008.4[18] 143 &0000000000000001.4000001.4[18] 143 &0000000000000006.3000006.3[18] 143 &0000000000000020.30000020.3[18] 143 &0000000000000055.20000055.2[18] 143 &-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1.0000000.0[18]
Arabs (Syria) — Afro-Asiatic (Semitic) — 20 &0000000000000015.00000015.0[5] 20 &0000000000000010.00000010.0[5] 20 &0000000000000005.0000005.0[5] 20 &0000000000000010.00000010.0[5] 20 &0000000000000045.00000045.0[5] 20 &-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1.0000000.0[5] 20 &-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1.0000000.0[5] 20 &-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1.0000000.0[5] 20 &-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1.0000000.0[5]
Arabs (Lebanon) — Afro-Asiatic (Semitic) — 31 &0000000000000006.4000006.4[5] 31 &0000000000000009.7000009.7[5] 31 &0000000000000003.2000003.2[5] 31 &0000000000000025.80000025.8[5] 31 &0000000000000045.20000045.2[5] 31 &0000000000000003.2000003.2[5] 31 &-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1.0000000.0[5] 31 &-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1.0000000.0[5] 31 &0000000000000003.2000003.2[5]
Arabs (Sudan) — Afro-Asiatic (Semitic) — 102 &0000000000000015.70000015.7[22] 102 &0000000000000003.9000003.9[22] 102 &0000000000000016.70000016.7[22] 102 &0000000000000047.10000047.1[22]
Arabs (Tunisia) — Afro-Asiatic (Semitic) — 148 &0000000000000006.8000006.8[16] 148 &-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1.0000000.0[16] 148 &-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1.0000000.0[16] 148 &0000000000000049.30000049.3[16] 148 &0000000000000001.4000001.4[16] 148 &0000000000000035.80000035.8[16] 148 &-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1.0000000.0[16] 148 &0000000000000000.7000000.7[16] 148 &-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1.0000000.0[16]
Arabs (Tunisia) — Afro-Asiatic (Semitic) — 28 &0000000000000003.6000003.6[23] 28 &-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1.0000000.0[23] 28 &-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1.0000000.0[23] 28 &0000000000000050.00000050.0[23] 28 &-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1.0000000.0[23] 28 &0000000000000046.40000046.4[23] 28 &-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1.0000000.0[23] 28 &-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1.0000000.0[23] 28 &-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1.0000000.0[23] 28 &-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1.0000000.0[23]
Arabs (Libya) — Afro-Asiatic (Semitic) — 63 &0000000000000003.0000003[24] 63 &0000000000000001.5000001.5[24] 63 &0000000000000001.5000001.5[24] 63 &0000000000000052.00000052.0[24] 63 &-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1.0000000.0[24] 63 &0000000000000024.00000024.0[24] 63 &0000000000000008.0000008.0[24] 63 &0000000000000005.0000005.0[24] 63 &0000000000000001.5000001.5[24]
Armenians IE (Armenian) — 89 &0000000000000024.70000024.7[25] 89 &0000000000000005.6000005.6[25] 100 &0000000000000005.0000005.0[4] 89 &0000000000000003.4000003.4[25] 89 &0000000000000029.20000029.2[25] 100 &0000000000000011.00000011.0[4] 89 &0000000000000003.4000003.4[25]
Armenians IE (Armenian) — 734 &0000000000000032.40000032.4[26] 734 &0000000000000005.3000005.3[26] 734 &0000000000000005.4000005.4[26] 734 &0000000000000001.6000001.6[26]
Aromuns (Dukasi, Albania) — IE (Italic) — 39 &0000000000000002.6000002.6[7] 39 &0000000000000002.6000002.6[7] 39 &0000000000000017.90000017.9[7] 39 &0000000000000017.90000017.9[7] 39 &-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1.0000000.0[7] 39 &0000000000000048.70000048.7[7] 39 &0000000000000010.30000010.3[7] 39 &-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1.0000000.0[7] 39 &-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1.0000000.0[7] 39 &-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1.0000000.0[7]
Aromuns (Andon Poci, Albania) — IE (Italic) — 19 &0000000000000036.80000036.8[7] 19 &-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1.0000000.0[7] 19 &0000000000000042.10000042.1[7] 19 &0000000000000015.80000015.8[7] 19 &-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1.0000000.0[7] 19 &0000000000000005.3000005.3[7] 19 &-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1.0000000.0[7] 19 &-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1.0000000.0[7] 19 &-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1.0000000.0[7] 19 &-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1.0000000.0[7]
Aromuns (Kruševo, Macedonia) — IE (Italic) — 43 &0000000000000027.90000027.9[7] 43 &0000000000000011.60000011.6[7] 43 &0000000000000020.90000020.9[7] 43 &0000000000000020.90000020.9[7] 43 &-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1.0000000.0[7] 43 &0000000000000011.60000011.6[7] 43 &0000000000000007.0000007.0[7] 43 &-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1.0000000.0[7] 43 &-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1.0000000.0[7] 43 &-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1.0000000.0[7]
Aromuns (Štip, Macedonia) — IE (Italic) — 65 &0000000000000023.10000023.1[7] 65 &0000000000000021.50000021.5[7] 65 &0000000000000016.90000016.9[7] 65 &0000000000000018.50000018.5[7] 65 &-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1.0000000.0[7] 65 &0000000000000020.00000020.0[7] 65 &-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1.0000000.0[7] 65 &-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1.0000000.0[7] 65 &-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1.0000000.0[7] 65 &-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1.0000000.0[7]
Aromuns (Romania) — IE (Italic) — 42 &0000000000000023.80000023.8[7] 42 &0000000000000002.4000002.4[7] 42 &0000000000000019.00000019.0[7] 42 &0000000000000007.1000007.1[7] 42 &-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1.0000000.0[7] 42 &0000000000000033.30000033.3[7] 42 &-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1.0000000.0[7]
Ashkenazi Jews IE (Germanic, West) — — 79 &0000000000000012.70000012.7[18] 79 &0000000000000022.80000022.8[18] 79 &0000000000000043.00000043.0[18] 79 &-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1.0000000.0[18]
Ashkenazi Jews IE (Germanic, West) — — 442 &0000000000000004.1000004.1[27] 442 &0000000000000019.70000019.7[27] 442 &0000000000000000.2000000.2[27] 442 &0000000000000038.00000038.0[27] 442 &0000000000000009.7000009.7[27] 442 &0000000000000000.2000000.2[27] 442 &0000000000000000.2000000.2[27]
Assyrians Afro-Asiatic (Semitic) — 78 &0000000000000023.10000023.1[28] 78 &0000000000000007.7000007.7[28] 78 &-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1.0000000.0[28] 78 &-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1.0000000.0[28] 78 &0000000000000055.10000055.1[28] 78 &0000000000000009.0000009.0[28] 78 &0000000000000003.8000003.8[28] 78 &0000000000000001.3000001.3[28]
Austrians IE (Germanic, West) — 219 &0000000000000032.00000032 219 &0000000000000014.00000014
Avars Caucasian (Northeast) — 42 &0000000000000002.4000002.4[15] 42 &0000000000000002.4000002.4[15] 42 &-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1.0000000.0[15] 42 &0000000000000007.1000007.1[15] 42 &0000000000000071.40000071.4[15] 42 &-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1.0000000.0[15] 42 &-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1.0000000.0[15] 42 &0000000000000004.8000004.8[15] 42 &0000000000000009.5000009.5[15]
Azerbaijanis Altaic (Turkic) — 72 &0000000000000011.10000011.1[29] 72 &0000000000000006.9000006.9[29] 97 &0000000000000004.1000004.1[30]
Bagvalins Caucasian (Northeast) — 28 &0000000000000067.90000067.9[15] 28 &0000000000000003.6000003.6[15] 28 &0000000000000007.1000007.1[15] 28 &-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1.0000000.0[15] 28 &0000000000000021.40000021.4[15] 28 &-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1.0000000.0[15] 28 &-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1.0000000.0[15] 28 &-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1.0000000.0[15] 28 &-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1.0000000.0[15]
Balkarian Altaic (Turkic) — — 39 &0000000000000002.6000002.6[10] 16 &0000000000000025.00000025.0[10]
Balkarians Altaic (Turkic) — 38 &0000000000000013.20000013.2[8] 38 &0000000000000013.20000013.2[8] 38 &0000000000000002.6000002.6[8] 38 &0000000000000002.6000002.6[8] 38 &-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1.0000000.0[8] 38 &0000000000000023.70000023.7[8] 38 &0000000000000028.90000028.9[8] 38 &-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1.0000000.0[8] 38 &-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1.0000000.0[8] 38 &0000000000000005.3000005.3[8]
Baloch IE (Iranic, NW) — 25 &0000000000000008.0000008.0[13] 25 &0000000000000028.00000028.0[13] 25 &-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1.0000000.0[13] 25 &0000000000000008.0000008.0[13] 25 &-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1.0000000.0[13] 25 &0000000000000016.00000016.0[13] 25 &-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1.0000000.0[13] 25 &-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1.0000000.0[13] 25 &-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1.0000000.0[13] 25 &0000000000000024.00000024.0[13]
Bashkirs (Perm) — Altaic (Turkic) — 43 &0000000000000086.00000086.0[31] 43 &0000000000000009.3000009.3 43 &-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1.0000000.0 43 &-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1.0000000.0 43 &-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1.0000000.0 43 &-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1.0000000.0 43 &0000000000000002.3000002.3 43 &0000000000000002.3000002.3 43 &-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1.0000000.0 43 &-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1.0000000.0
Basque (French, Spanish) — Basque (Basque) — 67 &0000000000000088.10000088.1[5] 67 &-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1.0000000.0[5] 67 &0000000000000007.5000007.5[5] 67 &0000000000000002.2000002.2[5] 67 &0000000000000003.0000003.0[5] 67 &-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1.0000000.0[5] 67 &-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1.0000000.0[5] 67 &-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1.0000000.0[5] 67 &-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1.0000000.0[5]
Bavarians IE (Germanic, West) — 80 &0000000000000050.00000050.0[25] 80 &0000000000000015.00000015.0[25] 80 &0000000000000008.0000008.0[25] 80 &0000000000000005.0000005.0[25] 80 &-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1.0000000.0[25] 80 &-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1.0000000.0[25]
Belgians IE (Germanic/Italic) — 92 &0000000000000063.00000063.0[25] 92 &0000000000000004.0000004.0[25] 92 &0000000000000002.0000002.0[25]
Belorussians IE (Slavic, East) — 41 &-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1.0000000.0[25] 41 &0000000000000039.00000039.0[25] 147 &0000000000000019.00000019.0[9] 41 &0000000000000010.00000010.0[25] 41 &0000000000000002.4000002.4[25]
Belorussians IE (Slavic, East) — 68 &0000000000000004.4000004.4[32] 68 &0000000000000045.60000045.6[32] 68 &0000000000000025.00000025.0[32] 68 &0000000000000004.4000004.4[32] 68 &0000000000000001.5000001.5[32] 68 &0000000000000008.8000008.8[32]
Belarusians IE (Slavic, East) — 306 &0000000000000004.2000004.2[33] 306 &0000000000000051.00000051.0[33] 306 &0000000000000004.6000004.6[33] 306 &0000000000000003.3000003.3[33] 306 &0000000000000010.50000010.5[33]
Bearnais IE (Italic) — — 26 &0000000000000007.7000007.7[9] 43 &0000000000000003.7000003.7[10] 26 &0000000000000003.8000003.8[10]
Beja Afro-Asiatic (Cushitic?) — 42 &0000000000000004.8000004.8[22] 42 &-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1.0000000.0[22] 42 &-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1.0000000.0[22] 42 &0000000000000052.40000052.4[22] 42 &-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1.0000000.0[22] 42 &0000000000000038.10000038.1[22] 42 &-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1.0000000.0[22] 42 &-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1.0000000.0[22] 42 &-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1.0000000.0[22] 42 &-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1.0000000.0[22]
Berbers (Moyen Atlas) — Afro-Asiatic (Berber) — — 69 &0000000000000081.10000081.1[30]
Berbers (Marrakesh) — Afro-Asiatic (Berber) — — 29 &0000000000000086.10000086.1[30]
Berbers (Mozabite) — Afro-Asiatic (Berber) — — 20 &0000000000000080.00000080.0[30]
Berbers (Morocco) — Afro-Asiatic (Berber) — — 64 &0000000000000081.20000081.2[10] 64 &0000000000000004.7000004.7[10] 103 &0000000000000010.70000010.7[10]
Berbers (north-central Morocco) — Afro-Asiatic (Berber) — — 63 &0000000000000077.80000077.8[10] 63 &0000000000000009.5000009.5[10]
Berbers (southern Morocco) — Afro-Asiatic (Berber) — — 40 &0000000000000085.00000085[10] 40 &0000000000000002.5000002.5[10]
Bijagós Niger-Congo (Atlantic-Congo) — 21 &0000000000000004.8000004.8[34] 21 &-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1.0000000.0[34] 21 &-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1.0000000.0[34] 21 &0000000000000014.30000014.3[34] 21 &0000000000000076.20000076.2[34] 21 &-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1.0000000.0[34] 21 &-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1.0000000.0[34] 21 &-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1.0000000.0[34] 21 &-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1.0000000.0[34] 21 &-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1.0000000.0[34]
Borgu (Sudan) — Nilo-Saharan (Maban) — 26 &0000000000000011.50000011.5[22] 26 &-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1.0000000.0[22] 26 &-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1.0000000.0[22] 26 &0000000000000053.80000053.8[22] 26 &-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1.0000000.0[22] 26 &-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1.0000000.0[22] 26 &-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1.0000000.0[22] 26 &-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1.0000000.0[22] 26 &-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1.0000000.0[22] 26 &-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1.0000000.0[22]
Bosnians IE (Slavic, South) — 69 &0000000000000001.4000001.4[6] 69 &0000000000000024.60000024.6[6] 69 &0000000000000042.00000042.0[6] 69 &0000000000000010.10000010.1[6] 69 &-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1.0000000.0[6]
Brahmins (Konkanastha) IE (Indic) — 25 &-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1.0000000.0[13] 25 &0000000000000048.00000048.0[13] 25 &-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1.0000000.0[13] 25 &-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1.0000000.0[13] 25 &-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1.0000000.0[13] 25 &0000000000000016.00000016.0[13] 25 &-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1.0000000.0[13] 25 &-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1.0000000.0[13] 25 &-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1.0000000.0[13] 25 &0000000000000004.0000004.0[13]
Brahui Dravidian (Northern) — — 110 &0000000000000039.10000039.1[35] 110 &-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1.0000000.0[35] 110 &0000000000000002.7000002.7[35] 110 &0000000000000028.20000028.2[35] 110 &0000000000000000.9000000.9[35] 110 &0000000000000007.3000007.3[35]
Brahui Dravidian (Northern) — 25 &-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1.0000000.0[13] 25 &0000000000000024.00000024.0[13] 25 &-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1.0000000.0[13] 25 &-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1.0000000.0[13] 25 &-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1.0000000.0[13] 25 &0000000000000028.00000028.0[13] 25 &0000000000000016.00000016.0[13] 25 &-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1.0000000.0[13] 25 &-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1.0000000.0[13] 25 &0000000000000008.0000008.0[13]
British IE (Germanic, West) — 32 &0000000000000068.80000068.8[36] 32 &0000000000000009.4000009.4[36]
Bulgarians IE (Slavic, South) — 24 &0000000000000017.00000017.0[25] 34 &0000000000000014.70000014.7[37] 116 &0000000000000020.70000020.7[30]
Burusho Burushaski (isolate) — 97 &0000000000000001.0000001.0[38] 97 &0000000000000027.80000027.8[38] 97 &-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1.0000000.0[38] 97 &-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1.0000000.0[38] 97 &0000000000000008.2000008.2[38] 97 &0000000000000001.0000001.0[38] 97 &-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1.0000000.0[38] 97 &-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1.0000000.0[38] 97 &0000000000000016.50000016.5[38]
Catalans IE (Italic) — 24 &0000000000000079.20000079.2[5] 24 &-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1.0000000.0[39] 32 &0000000000000004.2000004.2[39] 33 &0000000000000006.1000006.1[10] 28 &0000000000000003.6000003.6[10] 24 &0000000000000008.0000008.0[39]
Cantabrians (Pasiegos) — IE (Italic) — — 56 &0000000000000042.90000042.9[30]
Chamalins Caucasian (Northeast) — 27 &-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1.0000000.0[15] 27 &0000000000000007.4000007.4[15] 27 &-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1.0000000.0[15] 27 &-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1.0000000.0[15] 27 &0000000000000070.40000070.4[15] 27 &0000000000000018.50000018.5[15] 27 &-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1.0000000.0[15] 27 &-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1.0000000.0[15] 27 &0000000000000003.7000003.7[15]
Chechen Caucasian (Northeast) — — 19 &0000000000000005.0000005.0[4] 19 &0000000000000005.0000005.0[4]
Chuvashes Altaic (Turkic) — 79 &0000000000000003.8000003.8 79 &0000000000000031.60000031.6[40] 79 &0000000000000011.40000011.4 79 &0000000000000027.80000027.8
Copts (Sudan) — Afro-Asiatic (Ancient Egyptian) — 33 &0000000000000015.20000015.2[22] 33 &0000000000000021.20000021.2[22] 33 &0000000000000045.50000045.5[22]
Croats (mainland) — IE (Slavic, South) — 108 &0000000000000015.70000015.7[6] 108 &0000000000000034.30000034.3[6] 108 &0000000000000037.00000037.0[6][41] 108 &0000000000000005.6000005.6[6] 108 &-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1.0000000.0[6] 108 &0000000000000001.9000001.9[6] 108 &0000000000000000.9000000.9[6]
Croat (mainland) — IE (Slavic, South) — — 189 &0000000000000038.10000038.1[9]
Cypriots IE (Greek) — 45 &0000000000000009.0000009.0[25] 45 &0000000000000002.0000002.0[25] 45 &0000000000000027.00000027.0[25]
Czechs IE (Slavic, West) — — 257 &0000000000000034.20000034.2[42] 257 &0000000000000018.30000018.3[42] 257 &0000000000000005.8000005.8[42] 257 &0000000000000004.7000004.7[42] 257 &0000000000000005.1000005.1[42] 257 &0000000000000001.6000001.6[42]
Czechs and Slovaks IE (Slavic, West) — 45 &0000000000000035.60000035.6[5] 45 &0000000000000026.70000026.7[5] 198 &0000000000000013.60000013.6[9] 45 &0000000000000002.2000002.2[5] 45 &-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1.0000000.0[5] 45 &0000000000000008.9000008.9[5] 45 &0000000000000004.4000004.4[5] 45 &0000000000000002.2000002.2[5] 45 &-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1.0000000.0[5]
Danes IE (Germanic, North) — 12 &0000000000000041.70000041.7[36] 12 &0000000000000016.70000016.7[36] 194 &0000000000000038.70000038.7[9] 35 &0000000000000002.9000002.9[30]
Darginians Caucasian (Northeast) — 68 &0000000000000002.9000002.9[15] 68 &-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1.0000000.0[15] 26 &0000000000000058.00000058.0[4] 26 &0000000000000004.0000004.0[4] 68 &0000000000000094.10000094.1[15] 68 &0000000000000002.9000002.9[15] 68 &-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1.0000000.0[15] 68 &-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1.0000000.0[15] 68 &-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1.0000000.0[15]
Dolgans Altaic (Turkic) — 67 &0000000000000001.5000001.5[40] 67 &0000000000000016.40000016.4[40] 67 &0000000000000001.5000001.5[40] 67 &0000000000000034.30000034.3[40]
Druze (Arabs) — Afro-Asiatic (Semitic) — — 28 &0000000000000014.30000014.3[30]
Dutch IE (Germanic, West) — 27 &0000000000000070.40000070.4[5] 27 &0000000000000003.7000003.7[5] 30 &0000000000000026.70000026.7[9] 84 &0000000000000008.0000008.0[25] 34 &-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1.0000000[10]
Egyptians Afro-Asiatic (Semitic) — 92 &0000000000000005.4000005.4[23] 92 &-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1.0000000.0[23] 92 &0000000000000001.1000001.1[23] 92 &0000000000000043.50000043.5[23] 92 &0000000000000003.3000003.3[23] 92 &0000000000000022.80000022.8[23] 92 &0000000000000002.2000002.2[23] 92 &-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1.0000000.0[23] 92 &0000000000000007.6000007.6[23] 92 &-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1.0000000.0[23]
Egyptians (North) — Afro-Asiatic (Semitic) — 43 &0000000000000009.3000009.3[43] 43 &0000000000000002.3000002.3[43] 43 &-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1.0000000.0[43] 43 &0000000000000053.50000053.5[43] 44 &0000000000000018.20000018.2[16] 43 &0000000000000007.0000007.0[43] 43 &0000000000000002.3000002.3[43] 43 &-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1.0000000.0[43]
Egyptians (South) — Afro-Asiatic (Semitic) — 29 &0000000000000013.80000013.8[43] 29 &-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1.0000000.0[43] 29 &0000000000000003.4000003.4[43] 29 &0000000000000031.00000031.0[43] 29 &0000000000000024.10000024.1[16] 29 &0000000000000017.20000017.2[43] 29 &0000000000000010.30000010.3[43] 29 &-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1.0000000.0[43]
English (Central) — IE (Germanic, West) — 215 &0000000000000061.90000061.9[44] 215 &0000000000000003.3000003.3[44]
Estonians Uralic (Finnic) — 207 &0000000000000009.0000009.0[25] 118 &0000000000000037.30000037.3[45] 210 &0000000000000018.60000018.6[9] 207 &0000000000000003.0000003.0[25] 207 &0000000000000001.0000001.0[25] 207 &0000000000000040.60000040.6[25]
Finns Uralic (Finnic) — 57 &0000000000000002.0000002.0[25] 57 &0000000000000010.50000010.5[25] 57 &0000000000000002.0000002.0[25] 57 &0000000000000063.20000063.2[25]
Finns Uralic (Finnic) — 38 &-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1.0000000.0[40] 38 &0000000000000007.9000007.9[40] 38 &0000000000000028.90000028.9[40] 38 &0000000000000063.20000063.2[40]
French IE (Italic) — 23 &0000000000000052.20000052.2[5] 23 &-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1.0000000[5] 23 &0000000000000017.40000017.4[9] 40 &0000000000000008.0000008.0[25]
Frisians IE (Germanic, West) — 94 &0000000000000056.00000056.0[46] 94 &0000000000000007.0000007.0[46] 94 &0000000000000029.00000029.0[46] 94 &0000000000000002.0000002.0[46] 94 &0000000000000006.0000006.0[46]
Frisians IE (Germanic, West) — 94 &0000000000000055.30000055.3[47] 94 &0000000000000007.4000007.4[47] 94 &0000000000000034.00000034.0[47] 94 &0000000000000002.1000002.1[47] 94 &0000000000000001.4000001.4[47]
Fulbe (Guinea-Bissau) — Niger-Congo (Atlantic) — 59 &0000000000000001.7000001.7[34] 59 &-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1.0000000.0[34] 59 &-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1.0000000.0[34] 59 &0000000000000013.60000013.6[34] 59 &0000000000000074.60000074.6[34] 59 &-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1.0000000.0[34] 59 &-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1.0000000.0[34] 59 &-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1.0000000.0[34] 59 &-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1.0000000.0[34] 59 &-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1.0000000.0[34]
Fur Nilo-Saharan (Fur) — 32 &-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1.0000000.0[22] 32 &-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1.0000000.0[22] 32 &-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1.0000000.0[22] 32 &0000000000000059.40000059.4[22] 32 &-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1.0000000.0[22] 32 &0000000000000006.3000006.3[22] 32 &-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1.0000000.0[22] 32 &-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1.0000000.0[22] 32 &-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1.0000000.0[22] 32 &-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1.0000000.0[22]
Gagauz (Kongaz) — Altaic (Turkic) — 48 &0000000000000010.40000010.4[48] 48 &0000000000000012.50000012.5[48] 48 &0000000000000031.30000031.3[48] 48 &0000000000000016.70000016.7[48] 48 &0000000000000008.3000008.3[48] 48 &0000000000000010.40000010.4[48] 48 &0000000000000004.2000004.2[48] 48 &0000000000000006.3000006.3[48]
Gagauz (Etulia) — Altaic (Turkic) — 41 &0000000000000014.60000014.6[48] 41 &0000000000000026.80000026.8[48] 41 &0000000000000024.40000024.4[48] 41 &0000000000000009.8000009.8[48] 41 &0000000000000007.3000007.3[48] 41 &0000000000000017.10000017.1[48] 41 &-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1.0000000.0[48] 41 &-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1.0000000.0[48]
Germans IE (Germanic, West) — 48 &0000000000000047.90000047.9[5][36] 48 &0000000000000008.1000008.1[5][36] 16 &-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1.0000000[9] 16 &0000000000000006.2000006.2[5]
Georgians Caucasian (South) — 63 &0000000000000014.30000014.3[5] 63 &0000000000000007.9000007.9[5] 63 &-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1.0000000.0[5] 64 &0000000000000002.0000002.0[25] 63 &0000000000000036.50000036.5[5] 63 &0000000000000030.10000030.1[5] 63 &0000000000000001.6000001.6[5] 63 &0000000000000001.6000001.6[5]
Georgians Caucasian (South) — 66 &0000000000000009.1000009.1[8] 66 &0000000000000010.60000010.6[8] 66 &0000000000000001.5000001.5[8] 66 &0000000000000003.0000003.0[8] 66 &-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1.0000000.0[8] 66 &0000000000000036.40000036.4[8] 66 &0000000000000031.80000031.8[8] 66 &-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1.0000000.0[8] 66 &0000000000000001.5000001.5[8] 66 &0000000000000001.5000001.5[8]
Greeks IE (Greek) — 77 &0000000000000011.70000011.7[38] 77 &0000000000000015.60000015.6[38] 77 &0000000000000019.50000019.5[38] 77 &0000000000000020.80000020.8[38] 77 &0000000000000016.90000016.9[38] 77 &0000000000000009.1000009.1[38] 77 &-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1.0000000.0[38] 77 &0000000000000002.6000002.6[38]
Greeks IE (Greek) — 76 &0000000000000027.60000027.6[5] 76 &0000000000000011.80000011.8[5] 261 &0000000000000013.80000013.8[9] 76 &0000000000000022.40000022.4[5] 76 &0000000000000022.40000022.4[5] 76 &0000000000000002.6000002.6[5] 76 &-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1.0000000.0[5] 76 &0000000000000001.3000001.3[5] 76 &0000000000000001.3000001.3[5]
Greeks IE (Greek) — — 84 &0000000000000023.80000023.8[10] 92 &0000000000000022.80000022.8[10]
Greeks IE (Greek) — 171 &0000000000000013.50000013.5[49] 171 &0000000000000011.10000011.1 171 &0000000000000015.80000015.8 171 &0000000000000031.60000031.6 171 &0000000000000019.90000019.9 171 &0000000000000004.7000004.7 171 &0000000000000001.8000001.8
Greeks (Crete) — IE (Greek) — 193 &0000000000000017.00000017.0[49] 193 &0000000000000008.8000008.8 193 &0000000000000013.00000013.0 193 &0000000000000008.8000008.8 193 &0000000000000038.90000038.9 193 &0000000000000010.90000010.9 193 &0000000000000002.1000002.1
Greeks (Macedonia) — IE (Greek) — — 59 &0000000000000020.30000020.3[10] 56 &0000000000000014.30000014.3[10]
Greeks (Thrace) — IE (Greek) — 41 &0000000000000012.20000012.2[7] 41 &0000000000000022.00000022.0[7] 41 &0000000000000019.50000019.5[7] 41 &0000000000000019.50000019.5[7] 41 &-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1.0000000.0[7] 41 &0000000000000019.50000019.5[7] 41 &0000000000000004.9000004.9[7]
Greeks (North) — IE (Greek) — 96 &0000000000000014.60000014.6[43] 96 &0000000000000018.80000018.8[43] 96 &0000000000000012.50000012.5[43] 96 &0000000000000035.40000035.4[43] 96 &0000000000000005.2000005.2[43] 96 &0000000000000002.1000002.1[43] 96 &0000000000000001.0000001.0[43]
Greeks (South) — IE (Greek) — 46 &0000000000000019.60000019.6[43] 46 &0000000000000002.2000002.2[43] 46 &0000000000000023.90000023.9[43] 46 &0000000000000043.50000043.5[43] 46 &0000000000000006.5000006.5[43] 46 &0000000000000002.2000002.2[43] 46 &-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1.0000000.0[43]
Hausa (Sudan) — Afro-Asiatic (Chadic) — 32 &0000000000000040.60000040.6[22] 32 &-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1.0000000.0[22] 32 &-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1.0000000.0[22] 32 &0000000000000003.1000003.1[22] 32 &0000000000000012.50000012.5[22] 32 &-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1.0000000.0[22] 32 &-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1.0000000.0[22] 32 &-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1.0000000.0[22] 32 &-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1.0000000.0[22] 32 &-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1.0000000.0[22]
Herero Niger-Congo (Bantu, Central) — 24 &0000000000000012.50000012.5[23] 24 &0000000000000004.2000004.2[23] 24 &0000000000000004.2000004.2[23] 24 &-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1.0000000.0[23] 24 &0000000000000070.80000070.8[23] 24 &0000000000000004.2000004.2[23] 24 &-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1.0000000.0[23] 24 &-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1.0000000.0[23] 24 &-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1.0000000.0[23] 24 &-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1.0000000.0[23]
Herzegovinians IE (Slavic, South) — 141 &0000000000000003.6000003.6[6] 141 &0000000000000012.10000012.1[6] 141 &0000000000000063.80000063.8[6] 141 &0000000000000008.5000008.5[6] 141 &0000000000000000.7000000.7[6]
Hui (Ningxia) — Sino-Tibetan (Sinitic) — 54 &0000000000000003.7000003.7[50] 54 &0000000000000011.10000011.1[50] 54 &-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1.0000000.0[50] 54 &-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1.0000000.0[50] 54 &0000000000000009.3000009.3[50] 54 &0000000000000001.9000001.9[50] 54 &-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1.0000000.0[50] 54 &0000000000000001.9000001.9[50]
Hungarians Uralic (Ugric) — 45 &0000000000000013.30000013.3[5] 113 &0000000000000020.40000020.4[40] 162 &0000000000000022.80000022.8[9] 53 &0000000000000009.4000009.4[10] 49 &0000000000000002.0000002.0[10] 103 &0000000000000008.0000008.0[51] 103 &0000000000000001.0000001.0
Icelanders IE (Germanic, North) — 181 &0000000000000041.40000041.4[36] 181 &0000000000000023.80000023.8[36] 181 &0000000000000034.20000034.2[36]
Ingush Caucasian (Northeast) — — 27 &0000000000000032.00000032[4] 27 &0000000000000005.0000005.0[4]
Iranians (North Iran) — IE (Iranic, West) — 33 &0000000000000015.20000015.2[52] 33 &0000000000000006.1000006.1[52] 33 &-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1.0000000.0[52] 33 &-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1.0000000.0[52] 33 &-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1.0000000.0[52] 33 &0000000000000033.30000033.3[52] 33 &0000000000000015.20000015.2[52] 33 &0000000000000006.1000006.1[52] 33 &-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1.0000000.0[52] 33 &0000000000000003.0000003.0[52]
Iranians (South Iran) — IE (Iranic, West) — 117 &0000000000000006.0000006.0[52] 117 &0000000000000016.20000016.2[52] 117 &-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1.0000000.0[52] 117 &0000000000000005.1000005.1[52] 117 &0000000000000001.7000001.7[52] 117 &0000000000000035.00000035.0[52] 117 &0000000000000012.80000012.8[52] 117 &0000000000000000.9000000.9[52] 117 &0000000000000003.4000003.4[52] 117 &0000000000000006.0000006.0[52]
Iranians (Tehran) — IE (Iranic, West) — 80 &0000000000000008.0000008.0[4] 80 &0000000000000020.00000020.0[4] 80 &0000000000000034.00000034.0[4] 80 &0000000000000010.00000010.0[4] 80 &0000000000000005.0000005.0[4]
Iranians (Isfahan) — IE (Iranic, West) — 50 &-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1.0000000.0[4] 50 &0000000000000018.00000018.0[4] 50 &0000000000000010.00000010.0[4] 50 &0000000000000020.00000020.0[4] 50 &0000000000000006.0000006.0[4]
Irish IE (Celtic) — 222 &0000000000000081.50000081.5[36] 222 &0000000000000000.5000000.5[36] 257 &0000000000000002.0000002.0[25]
Italians IE (Italic) — 50 &0000000000000062.00000062.0[39] 332 &0000000000000002.7000002.7[36] 50 &0000000000000008.0000008.0[39] 99 &0000000000000013.00000013.0[25] 50 &0000000000000010.00000010.0[39]
Italians (Calabria) — IE (Italic) — 37 &0000000000000032.40000032.4[5] 148 &0000000000000005.4000005.4[9] 80 &0000000000000016.30000016.3[6] 57 &0000000000000001.8000001.8[10]
Italians (Apulia) — IE (Italic) — — 78 &0000000000000002.6000002.6[9] 86 &0000000000000013.90000013.9[10] 86 &0000000000000003.5000003.5[10]
Italians (Sardinia) — IE (Italic) — 77 &0000000000000022.10000022.1[5] 142 &0000000000000042.30000042.3[9] 139 &0000000000000005.0000005.0[10] 144 &0000000000000012.50000012.5[10]
Italians (Northern Sardinia) — IE (Italic) — 86 &0000000000000020.00000020.0[43] 86 &-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1.0000000.0[43] 86 &0000000000000028.00000028.0[43] 86 &0000000000000013.00000013.0[43] 86 &0000000000000021.00000021.0[43] 86 &-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1.0000000.0[43] 86 &-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1.0000000.0[43]
Italians (Southern Sardinia) — IE (Italic) — 187 &0000000000000019.00000019.0[43] 187 &0000000000000001.0000001.0[43] 187 &0000000000000035.00000035.0[43] 187 &0000000000000011.00000011.0[43] 187 &0000000000000014.00000014.0[43] 187 &-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1.0000000.0[43] 187 &-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1.0000000.0[43]
Italians (North-central) — IE (Italic) — 50 &0000000000000062.00000062.0[5] 390 &0000000000000000.5000000.5[9] 212 &0000000000000010.40000010.4[6] 52 &0000000000000009.6000009.6[10]
Italians (South) — IE (Italic) — 68 &0000000000000020.00000020.0[43] 68 &0000000000000003.0000003.0[43] 68 &0000000000000006.0000006.0[43] 68 &0000000000000026.00000026.0[43] 68 &0000000000000015.00000015.0[43] 68 &0000000000000003.0000003.0[43] 68 &-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1.0000000.0[43]
Italians (Sicily) — IE (Italic) — — 51 &0000000000000008.8000008.8 55 &0000000000000027.30000027.3[10] 42 &-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1.0000000[10]
Italians (East Sicily) — IE (Italic) — 87 &0000000000000020.00000020.0[43] 87 &0000000000000002.3000002.3[43] 87 &0000000000000005.0000005.0[43] 87 &0000000000000029.00000029.0[43] 87 &0000000000000005.0000005.0[43] 87 &0000000000000005.0000005.0[43] 87 &-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1.0000000.0[43]
Italians (West Sicily) — IE (Italic) — 125 &0000000000000027.00000027.0[43] 125 &0000000000000002.4000002.4[43] 125 &0000000000000011.00000011.0[43] 125 &0000000000000019.00000019.0[43] 125 &0000000000000013.00000013.0[43] 125 &0000000000000003.0000003.0[43] 125 &-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1.0000000.0[43]
Iyengar Dravidian (Southern) — 30 &-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1.0000000.0[13] 30 &0000000000000030.00000030.0[13] 30 &-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1.0000000.0[13] 30 &-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1.0000000.0[13] 30 &-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1.0000000.0[13] 30 &0000000000000020.00000020.0[13] 30 &0000000000000013.30000013.3[13] 30 &-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1.0000000.0[13] 30 &-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1.0000000.0[13] 30 &0000000000000016.70000016.7[13]
Iyer Dravidian (Southern) — 29 &-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1.0000000.0[13] 29 &0000000000000027.60000027.6[13] 29 &-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1.0000000.0[13] 29 &-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1.0000000.0[13] 29 &-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1.0000000.0[13] 29 &0000000000000017.20000017.2[13] 29 &0000000000000010.30000010.3[13] 29 &-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1.0000000.0[13] 29 &-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1.0000000.0[13] 29 &0000000000000017.20000017.2[13]
Kabardinian Caucasian (Northwest) — — &0000000000000029.00000029.0[4]
Kalash (Pakistan) — IE (Dardic) — — 44 &0000000000000018.20000018.2[38] 44 &-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1.0000000.0[38] 44 &-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1.0000000.0[38] 44 &0000000000000009.1000009.1[38] 44 &0000000000000018.20000018.2[38] 44 &-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1.0000000.0[38] 44 &-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1.0000000.0[38] 44 &0000000000000025.00000025.0[38]
Karakalpaks Altaic (Turkic) — 44 &0000000000000009.1000009.1[53] 44 &0000000000000018.20000018.2[53] 44 &-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1.0000000.0[53] 44 &-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1.0000000.0[53] 44 &0000000000000004.5000004.5[53]
Kazakhs Altaic (Turkic) — 54 &0000000000000005.6000005.6[53] 54 &0000000000000003.7000003.7[53] 54 &-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1.0000000.0[53] 54 &-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1.0000000.0[53] 38 &-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1.0000000.0 54 &0000000000000001.9000001.9[53] 54 &-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1.0000000.0[53]
Khants Uralic (Ugric) — 47 &0000000000000019.10000019.1[40] 47 &0000000000000004.3000004.3[40] 47 &-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1.0000000.0[40] 47 &0000000000000076.60000076.6[40]
Komi Uralic (Finnic) — 94 &0000000000000016.00000016.0[40] 94 &0000000000000033.00000033.0 94 &0000000000000005.3000005.3 94 &0000000000000035.10000035.1
Komi (Izhemsky) — Uralic (Finnic) — 54 &-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1.0000000.0[54] 54 &0000000000000029.60000029.6[54] 54 &0000000000000001.9000001.9[54] 54 &-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1.0000000.0[54] 54 &-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1.0000000.0[54] 54 &-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1.0000000.0[54] 54 &-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1.0000000.0[54] 54 &0000000000000068.50000068.5[54] 54 &-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1.0000000.0[54] 54 &-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1.0000000.0[54]
Komi (Priluzsky) — Uralic (Finnic) — 49 &0000000000000002.0000002.0[54] 49 &0000000000000032.70000032.7[54] 49 &0000000000000004.1000004.1[54] 49 &-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1.0000000.0[54] 49 &-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1.0000000.0[54] 49 &-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1.0000000.0[54] 49 &-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1.0000000.0[54] 49 &0000000000000061.20000061.2[54] 49 &-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1.0000000.0[54] 49 &-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1.0000000.0[54]
Kumyks Altaic (Turkic) — 76 &0000000000000019.70000019.7[15] 76 &0000000000000013.20000013.2[15] 76 &-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1.0000000.0[15] 76 &0000000000000002.6000002.6[15] 76 &0000000000000046.10000046.1[15] 76 &0000000000000011.80000011.8[15] 76 &-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1.0000000.0[15] 76 &0000000000000001.3000001.3[15] 76 &-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1.0000000.0[15]
Iraqi Kurds (Jews) — IE (Iranic, NW) — 95 &0000000000000020.20000020.2[18] 95 &0000000000000004.0000004.0[18] 95 &0000000000000012.10000012.1[18] 95 &0000000000000037.40000037.4[18] 95 &0000000000000001.0000001.0[18]
Iraqi Kurds (Muslim) — IE (Iranic, NW) — 95 &0000000000000016.80000016.8[18] 95 &0000000000000011.60000011.6[18] 95 &0000000000000007.4000007.4[18] 95 &0000000000000040.00000040.0[18] 95 &0000000000000003.2000003.2[18]
Kyrgyz Altaic (Turkic) — 52 &0000000000000001.9000001.9[53] 52 &0000000000000063.50000063.5[53] 52 &0000000000000001.9000001.9[53] 52 &-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1.0000000.0[53] 41 &0000000000000004.9000004.9 41 &0000000000000002.4000002.4 52 &-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1.0000000.0[53]
Lezgins Caucasian (Northeast) — 31 &0000000000000016.10000016.1[15] 31 &-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1.0000000.0[15] 31 &0000000000000009.7000009.7[15] 31 &0000000000000006.5000006.5[15] 31 &0000000000000058.10000058.1[15] 31 &0000000000000009.7000009.7[15] 31 &-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1.0000000.0[15] 31 &-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1.0000000.0[15] 31 &-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1.0000000.0[15]
Lithuanians IE (Baltic) — 38 &0000000000000005.0000005.0[25] 114 &0000000000000036.00000036.0[45] 114 &0000000000000000.9000000.9[45] 114 &0000000000000043.00000043.0[45]
Latvians IE (Baltic) — 34 &0000000000000015.00000015.0[25] 114 &0000000000000039.50000039.5[25] 86 &0000000000000007.0000007.0[9] 114 &0000000000000000.9000000.9[45] 114 &0000000000000042.10000042.1[45]
Maasai Nilo-Saharan (E. Sudanic, Nilotic) — 26 &-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1.0000000.0[23] 26 &-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1.0000000.0[23] 26 &-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1.0000000.0[23] 26 &0000000000000050.00000050.0[23] 26 &0000000000000015.40000015.4[23] 26 &-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1.0000000.0[23] 26 &-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1.0000000.0[23] 26 &-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1.0000000.0[23] 26 &-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1.0000000.0[23] 26 &-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1.0000000.0[23]
ethnic Macedonians IE (Slavic, South) — 79 &0000000000000005.1000005.1[6] 79 &0000000000000015.20000015.2[6] 79 &0000000000000034.20000034.2[6] 79 &0000000000000024.10000024.1[6] 79 &0000000000000012.70000012.7[6][10][5] 79 &0000000000000005.1000005.1[6]
Macedonians (Skopje) — IE (Slavic, South) — 52 &0000000000000013.50000013.5[7] 52 &0000000000000013.50000013.5[7] 52 &0000000000000028.80000028.8[7] 52 &0000000000000023.10000023.1[7] 52 &0000000000000011.50000011.5[7] 52 &0000000000000003.8000003.8[7]
Macedonian Romani IE (Indic) — 57 &0000000000000001.8000001.8[6] 57 &0000000000000001.8000001.8[6] 57 &0000000000000003.5000003.5[6] 57 &0000000000000029.80000029.8[6] 57 &0000000000000001.8000001.8[6]
Maltese Afro-Asiatic (Semitic) — 187 &0000000000000022.00000022.0[43] 187 &0000000000000005.0000005.0[43] 187 &0000000000000009.0000009.0[43] 187 &0000000000000006.0000006.0[43] 187 &0000000000000009.0000009.0[43] 187 &-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1.0000000.0[43] 187 &-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1.0000000.0[43]
Mandara Afro-Asiatic (Chadic) — 28 &0000000000000060.70000060.7[23] 28 &-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1.0000000.0[23] 28 &-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1.0000000.0[23] 28 &-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1.0000000.0[23] 28 &0000000000000014.30000014.3[23] 28 &-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1.0000000.0[23] 28 &-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1.0000000.0[23] 28 &-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1.0000000.0[23] 28 &-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1.0000000.0[23] 28 &-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1.0000000.0[23]
Mandenka (Guinea-Bissau) — Niger-Congo? (Mande) — 45 &-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1.0000000.0[34] 45 &-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1.0000000.0[34] 45 &-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1.0000000.0[34] 45 &0000000000000004.4000004.4[34] 45 &0000000000000086.70000086.7[34] 45 &-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1.0000000.0[34] 45 &-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1.0000000.0[34] 45 &-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1.0000000.0[34] 45 &-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1.0000000.0[34] 45 &-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1.0000000.0[34]
Mandinka (Gambia/Senegal) — Niger-Congo? (Mande) — 39 &-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1.0000000.0[23] 39 &-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1.0000000.0[23] 39 &-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1.0000000.0[23] 39 &0000000000000007.7000007.7[23] 39 &0000000000000079.50000079.5[23] 39 &-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1.0000000.0[23] 39 &-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1.0000000.0[23] 39 &-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1.0000000.0[23] 39 &-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1.0000000.0[23] 39 &-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1.0000000.0[23]
Maratha IE (Indic) — 20 &-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1.0000000.0[13] 20 &0000000000000010.00000010.0[13] 20 &-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1.0000000.0[13] 20 &-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1.0000000.0[13] 20 &0000000000000015.00000015.0[13] 20 &0000000000000015.00000015.0[13]
Mari Uralic (Finnic) — 111 &0000000000000002.7000002.7[40] 111 &0000000000000047.70000047.7 111 &0000000000000008.1000008.1 111 &0000000000000041.40000041.4
Mari Uralic (Finnic) — 48 &0000000000000010.40000010.4[25] 48 &0000000000000029.20000029.2 48 &-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1.0000000.0 48 &0000000000000006.3000006.3 48 &0000000000000050.00000050.0
Masalit Nilo-Saharan (Maban) — 32 &-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1.0000000.0[22] 32 &-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1.0000000.0[22] 32 &-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1.0000000.0[22] 32 &0000000000000071.90000071.9[22] 32 &-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1.0000000.0[22] 32 &0000000000000006.3000006.3[22] 32 &-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1.0000000.0[22] 32 &-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1.0000000.0[22] 32 &-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1.0000000.0[22] 32 &-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1.0000000.0[22]
Moldavians (Karahasani) — IE (Italic) — 72 &0000000000000016.70000016.7[48] 72 &0000000000000034.70000034.7[48] 72 &0000000000000025.00000025.0[48] 72 &0000000000000012.50000012.5[48] 72 &0000000000000009.7000009.7[48] 72 &-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1.0000000.0[48] 72 &0000000000000001.4000001.4[48] 72 &-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1.0000000.0[48]
Moldavians (Sofia) — IE (Italic) — 54 &0000000000000016.70000016.7[48] 54 &0000000000000020.40000020.4[48] 54 &0000000000000035.20000035.2[48] 54 &0000000000000013.00000013.0[48] 54 &0000000000000005.6000005.6[48] 54 &0000000000000001.9000001.9[48] 54 &0000000000000003.7000003.7[48] 54 &0000000000000001.9000001.9[48]
Mongolians Altaic (Mongolic) — — 65 &0000000000000009.2000009.2[55] 149 &-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1.0000000.0[56] 149 &0000000000000002.7000002.7[56] 149 &0000000000000000.7000000.7[56] 149 &0000000000000008.1000008.1[56] 149 &-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1.0000000.0[56] 149 &-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1.0000000.0[56]
Mordvins (Erzya) — Uralic (Finnic) — — 46 &0000000000000039.10000039.1[37]
Mordvins (Moksha) — Uralic (Finnic) — — 46 &0000000000000021.70000021.7[37]
Mordvins Uralic (Finnic) — 83 &0000000000000013.30000013.3[40] 83 &0000000000000026.50000026.5 83 &0000000000000019.30000019.3 83 &0000000000000019.30000019.3
Norwegians IE (Germanic, North) — 112 &0000000000000025.90000025.9[36] 112 &0000000000000017.90000017.9[36] 72 &0000000000000040.30000040.3[9]
Norwegians IE (Germanic, North) — — 52 &0000000000000030.80000030.8[25] 52 &0000000000000001.9000001.9[25] 52 &0000000000000001.9000001.9[25] 52 &0000000000000003.8000003.8[25] 52 &-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1.0000000.0[25] 52 &-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1.0000000.0[25]
Nubians (Sudan) — Nilo-Saharan (E. Sudanic, Nubian) — 39 &0000000000000010.30000010.3[22] 39 &-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1.0000000.0[22] 39 &0000000000000005.1000005.1[22] 39 &0000000000000023.10000023.1[22] 39 &-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1.0000000.0[22] 39 &0000000000000043.60000043.6[22] 39 &-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1.0000000.0[22] 39 &-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1.0000000.0[22] 39 &-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1.0000000.0[22]
Orcadians IE (Germanic, West) — 71 &0000000000000066.00000066.0[46] 71 &0000000000000019.70000019.7[46]
Oromo Afro-Asiatic (Cushitic) — 78 &-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1.0000000.0[14] 78 &-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1.0000000.0[14] 78 &-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1.0000000.0[14] 78 &0000000000000079.50000079.5[14] 78 &0000000000000003.8000003.8[14] 78 &-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1.0000000.0[14] 78 &-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1.0000000.0[14] 78 &0000000000000005.1000005.1[14] 78 &-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1.0000000.0[14]
Ossetians IE (Iranic, NE) — 47 &0000000000000042.60000042.6[25] 47 &0000000000000002.1000002.1[25] 47 &0000000000000006.0000006.0[25] 47 &0000000000000034.00000034.0[25] &0000000000000060.00000060.0
Pallan Dravidian (Southern) — 29 &0000000000000003.4000003.4[13] 29 &0000000000000024.10000024.1[13] 29 &-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1.0000000.0[13] 29 &-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1.0000000.0[13] 29 &-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1.0000000.0[13] 29 &0000000000000013.80000013.8[13] 29 &-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1.0000000.0[13] 29 &-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1.0000000.0[13] 29 &-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1.0000000.0[13] 29 &0000000000000017.20000017.2[13]
Pashtuns IE (Iranic, SE) — 96 &0000000000000004.2000004.2[38] 96 &0000000000000044.80000044.8[38] 96 &-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1.0000000.0[38] 96 &0000000000000002.1000002.1[38] 96 &0000000000000006.3000006.3[38] 96 &0000000000000011.50000011.5[38] 96 &-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1.0000000.0[38] 96 &0000000000000001.0000001.0[38] 96 &0000000000000012.50000012.5[38]
Poles IE (Slavic, West) — 55 &0000000000000016.40000016.4[5] 55 &0000000000000056.40000056.4[5] 191 &0000000000000017.80000017.8[9] 99 &0000000000000004.0000004.0[10] 97 &0000000000000001.0000001.0[10]
Poles IE (Slavic, West) — 93 &0000000000000013.40000013.4[40] 93 &0000000000000055.90000055.9[40] 93 &0000000000000016.10000016.1[40] 93 &0000000000000003.2000003.2[40]
Portuguese IE (Italic) — — 303 &0000000000000005.3000005.3[9]
Portuguese (South) — IE (Italic) — 57 &0000000000000056.00000056.0[25] 57 &0000000000000002.0000002.0[25] 57 &0000000000000017.00000017.0[25]
Portuguese (North) — IE (Italic) — 328 &0000000000000062.00000062.0[25] 328 &-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1.0000000[25] 328 &0000000000000011.00000011.0[25]
Rajputs IE (Indic) — 29 &-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1.0000000.0[13] 29 &0000000000000031.00000031.0[13] 29 &-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1.0000000.0[13] 29 &-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1.0000000.0[13] 29 &0000000000000017.20000017.2[13] 29 &0000000000000006.9000006.9[13]
Romanians IE (Italic) — 54 &0000000000000013.00000013.0[48] 54 &0000000000000020.40000020.4[48] 54 &0000000000000048.10000048.1[48] 54 &0000000000000007.4000007.4[48] 54 &0000000000000005.6000005.6[48] 54 &0000000000000005.6000005.6[48] 54 &-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1.0000000.0[48] 54 &-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1.0000000.0[48]
Romanians IE (Italic) — — 361 &0000000000000022.20000022.2[9]
Romanians (Constanta) — IE (Italic) — 31 &0000000000000016.10000016.1[7] 31 &0000000000000009.7000009.7[7] 31 &0000000000000041.90000041.9[7] 31 &0000000000000009.7000009.7[7] 31 &-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1.0000000.0[7] 31 &0000000000000006.5000006.5[7] 31 &0000000000000012.90000012.9[7] 31 &-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1.0000000.0[7] 31 &-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1.0000000.0[7] 31 &-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1.0000000.0[7]
Romanians (Ploiesti) — IE (Italic) — 36 &0000000000000008.3000008.3[7] 36 &0000000000000005.6000005.6[7] 36 &0000000000000038.90000038.9[7] 36 &0000000000000016.70000016.7[7] 36 &-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1.0000000.0[7] 36 &0000000000000019.40000019.4[7] 36 &0000000000000008.3000008.3[7] 36 &-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1.0000000.0[7] 36 &-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1.0000000.0[7] 36 &-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1.0000000.0[7]
Russians IE (Slavic, East) — 122 &0000000000000006.6000006.6[25] 122 &0000000000000046.70000046.7[25] 122 &0000000000000006.6000006.6[25] 122 &0000000000000004.1000004.1[25] 122 &0000000000000018.00000018.0[25]
Russians IE (Slavic, East) — 61 &0000000000000021.30000021.3[40] 61 &0000000000000042.60000042.6[40] 61 &0000000000000013.10000013.1[40] 61 &0000000000000016.40000016.4[40]
Russians (Northern) — IE (Slavic, East) — 380 &0000000000000006.1000006.1[57] 380 &0000000000000033.40000033.4[57] 380 &0000000000000014.50000014.5[57] 380 &0000000000000000.3000000.3[57] 380 &-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1.0000000.0[57] 380 &0000000000000001.8000001.8[57] 380 &0000000000000001.3000001.3[57] 380 &0000000000000041.30000041.3[57] 380 &-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1.0000000.0[57] 380 &-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1.0000000.0[57]
Russians (Central) — IE (Slavic, East) — 364 &0000000000000007.7000007.7[57] 364 &0000000000000047.00000047.0[57] 364 &0000000000000016.50000016.5[57] 364 &0000000000000005.2000005.2[57] 364 &-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1.0000000.0[57] 364 &0000000000000003.3000003.3[57] 364 &-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1.0000000.0[57] 364 &0000000000000017.00000017.0[57] 364 &0000000000000000.8000000.8[57]
Russians (Adygea) — IE (Slavic, East) — — 78 &0000000000000024.40000024.4[9]
Russians (Bashkortostan) — IE (Slavic, East) — — 50 &0000000000000006.0000006.0[9]
Russians (Belgorod region) — IE (Slavic, East) — 143 &0000000000000002.8000002.8[58] 143 &0000000000000059.40000059.4[58] 144 &0000000000000016.70000016.7[9]
Russians (Cossacks) — IE (Slavic, East) — — 97 &0000000000000022.70000022.7[9]
Russians (Kostroma region) — IE (Slavic, East) — — 53 &0000000000000018.90000018.9[9]
Russians (North, Pinega) — IE (Slavic, East) — — 127 &0000000000000004.7000004.7[9]
Russians (Smolensk region) — IE (Slavic, East) — — 120 &0000000000000010.80000010.8[9]
Saami (Sweden) — Uralic (Finnic) — 38 &0000000000000007.9000007.9[59] 38 &0000000000000015.80000015.8[59] 38 &0000000000000031.60000031.6[59] 38 &-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1.0000000.0[59] 38 &-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1.0000000.0[59] 38 &-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1.0000000.0[59] 38 &-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1.0000000.0[59] 38 &0000000000000044.70000044.7[59] 38 &-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1.0000000.0[59] 38 &-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1.0000000.0[59]
Saami Uralic (Finnic) — 127 &0000000000000003.9000003.9[40] 127 &0000000000000011.00000011.0[40] 35 &0000000000000031.40000031.4[9] &0000000000000014.00000014[60] 127 &0000000000000047.20000047.2[40]
Saharawish (Morocco) — Afro-Asiatic (Semitic) — — 29 &0000000000000079.30000079.3[10] 29 &0000000000000003.4000003.4[10] 29 &0000000000000017.20000017.2[10]
Scots IE (Celtic) — 61 &0000000000000077.10000077.1[36] 61 &0000000000000006.6000006.6[36] 178 &0000000000000011.20000011.2[9]
Sephardic Jews Afro-Asiatic (Semitic) — 78 &0000000000000029.50000029.5[18] 78 &0000000000000003.9000003.9[18] 78 &0000000000000011.50000011.5[18] 78 &0000000000000019.20000019.2[18] 78 &0000000000000028.20000028.2[18] 78 &-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1.0000000.0[18]
Serbs IE (Slavic, South) — 113 &0000000000000010.60000010.6[6] 113 &0000000000000015.90000015.9[6] 113 &0000000000000029.20000029.2[6] 113 &0000000000000020.40000020.4[6] 113 &0000000000000005.3000005.3[6]
Serbs (Bosnia) — IE (Slavic, South) — 81 &0000000000000006.2000006.2[8] 81 &0000000000000013.60000013.6[8] 81 &0000000000000040.70000040.7[8] 81 &0000000000000022.20000022.2[8] 81 &-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1.0000000.0[8] 81 &0000000000000009.9000009.9[8] 81 &0000000000000001.2000001.2[8] 81 &0000000000000006.2000006.2[8] 81 &-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1.0000000.0[8] 81 &-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1.0000000.0[8]
Slovenians IE (Slavic, South) — 75 &0000000000000021.30000021.3[8] 75 &0000000000000038.70000038.7[8] 75 &0000000000000030.70000030.7[8] 75 &0000000000000002.7000002.7[8] 75 &-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1.0000000.0[8] 75 &0000000000000004.0000004.0[8] 75 &0000000000000002.7000002.7[8] 75 &-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1.0000000.0[8] 75 &-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1.0000000.0[8] 75 &-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1.0000000.0[8]
Slovenian IE (Slavic, South) — — 70 &0000000000000037.10000037.1[25] 70 &0000000000000007.1000007.1[25] 70 &0000000000000005.7000005.7[25] 70 &-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1.0000000.0[25] 70 &-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1.0000000.0[25] 70 &-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1.0000000.0[25]
Slovenian IE (Slavic, South) — — 55 &0000000000000038.20000038.2[9]
Somalis Afro-Asiatic (Cushitic) — 201 &-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1.0000000.0[61] 201 &0000000000000001.0000001.0[61] 201 &-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1.0000000.0[61] 201 &0000000000000081.10000081.1[61] 201 &0000000000000001.5000001.5[61] 201 &0000000000000003.0000003.0[61] 201 &0000000000000000.5000000.5[61] 201 &-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1.0000000.0[61] 201 &0000000000000010.40000010.4[61] 201 &-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1.0000000.0[61]
Spanish IE (Italic) — 126 &0000000000000068.00000068.0[25] 126 &0000000000000002.0000002.0[25] 126 &0000000000000010.00000010.0[25]
Spanish (Ibiza) — IE (Italic) — 54 &0000000000000057.40000057.4[43] 54 &-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1.0000000.0[43] 54 &0000000000000001.9000001.9[43] 54 &0000000000000007.4000007.4[43] 54 &0000000000000013.00000013.0[43] 54 &0000000000000016.70000016.7[43] 54 &-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1.0000000.0[43]
Spanish (Majorca) — IE (Italic) — 62 &0000000000000066.10000066.1[43] 62 &-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1.0000000.0[43] 62 &0000000000000008.1000008.1[43] 62 &0000000000000006.2000006.2[43] 62 &0000000000000006.2000006.2[43] 62 &0000000000000001.6000001.6[43] 62 &-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1.0000000.0[43]
Spanish (Minorca) — IE (Italic) — 37 &0000000000000073.00000073.0[43] 37 &0000000000000002.7000002.7[43] 37 &0000000000000002.7000002.7[43] 37 &0000000000000018.90000018.9[43] 37 &-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1.0000000.0[43] 37 &-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1.0000000.0[43] 37 &-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1.0000000.0[43]
Spanish (South) — IE (Italic) — 162 &0000000000000065.00000065.0[43] 162 &0000000000000002.0000002.0[43] 162 &0000000000000006.0000006.0[43] 162 &0000000000000009.0000009.0[43] 162 &0000000000000004.0000004.0[43] 162 &-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1.0000000.0[43] 162 &-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1.0000000.0[43]
Spanish (Valencia) — IE (Italic) — 73 &0000000000000064.00000064.0[43] 73 &0000000000000003.0000003.0[43] 73 &0000000000000010.00000010.0[43] 73 &0000000000000011.00000011.0[43] 73 &0000000000000001.0000001.0[43] 73 &0000000000000001.0000001.0[43] 73 &-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1.0000000.0[43]
Swedes (Northern) — IE (Germanic, North) — 48 &0000000000000022.90000022.9[25] 48 &0000000000000018.80000018.8[25] 57 &0000000000000026.30000026.3[9] 48 &0000000000000002.1000002.1[25] 48 &0000000000000002.1000002.1[25] 48 &0000000000000008.3000008.3[25]
Swedes (Southern) — IE (Germanic, North) — — 168 &0000000000000040.50000040.5[9]
Swedes IE (Germanic, North) — 110 &0000000000000020.00000020.0[36] 110 &0000000000000017.30000017.3[36]
Swedes IE (Germanic, North) — 160 &0000000000000013.10000013.1[62] 160 &0000000000000024.40000024.4[62] 160 &0000000000000037.50000037.5[62] 160 &0000000000000001.3000001.3[62] 160 &-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1.0000000.0[62] 160 &0000000000000014.40000014.4[62]
Swedes IE (Germanic, North) — — 305 &0000000000000012.80000012.8[59] 305 &0000000000000042.00000042.0[59] 305 &0000000000000001.3000001.3[59] 305 &-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1.0000000.0[59] 305 &0000000000000003.6000003.6[59] 305 &0000000000000001.6000001.6[59]
Swiss IE (German/Italic) — — 144 &0000000000000007.6000007.6[9]
Tabassarans Caucasian (Northeast) — 43 &0000000000000039.50000039.5[15] 43 &0000000000000002.3000002.3[15] 43 &-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1.0000000.0[15] 43 &-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1.0000000.0[15] 43 &0000000000000051.20000051.2[15] 43 &-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1.0000000.0[15] 43 &-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1.0000000.0[15] 43 &-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1.0000000.0[15] 43 &-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1.0000000.0[15]
Tatars Altaic (Turkic) — 126 &0000000000000008.7000008.7[40] 126 &0000000000000034.10000034.1[40] 126 &0000000000000004.0000004.0 126 &0000000000000023.00000023.0
Turkmens Altaic (Turkic) — 30 &0000000000000036.70000036.7[53] 30 &0000000000000006.7000006.7[53] 30 &-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1.0000000.0[53] 30 &-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1.0000000.0[53] 21 &0000000000000023.80000023.8 21 &0000000000000009.5000009.5 30 &-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1.0000000.0[53]
Turks Altaic (Turkic) — 523 &0000000000000016.10000016.1[63] 523 &0000000000000006.9000006.9[63] 741 &0000000000000005.1000005.1[9] 523 &0000000000000011.30000011.3[63] 523 &0000000000000033.50000033.5[63] 523 &0000000000000010.90000010.9[63] 523 &0000000000000003.8000003.8[63] 523 &0000000000000002.5000002.5[63] 523 &0000000000000004.2000004.2[63]
Turks Altaic (Turkic) — 167 &0000000000000020.40000020.4[25] 167 &0000000000000004.8000004.8[25] 167 &0000000000000010.20000010.2[25] 167 &0000000000000032.90000032.9[25] 167 &0000000000000002.4000002.4[25]
Turks Altaic (Turkic) — 59 &0000000000000020.30000020.3[61] 59 &0000000000000011.90000011.9[61] 59 &0000000000000006.8000006.8[61] 59 &0000000000000013.60000013.6[61] 59 &0000000000000030.50000030.5[61] 59 &0000000000000008.5000008.5[61] 59 &0000000000000001.7000001.7[61] 59 &-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1.0000000.0[61]
Turks (Central Anatolia) — Altaic (Turkic) — — 61 &0000000000000006.6000006.6[6]
Turks (Istanbul) — Altaic (Turkic) — — 46 &0000000000000013.00000013.0[10] 73 &0000000000000024.70000024.7[10]
Turks (Konya) — Altaic (Turkic) — — 117 &0000000000000014.50000014.5[10] 129 &0000000000000031.80000031.8[10]
Turks (Cypriot) — Altaic (Turkic) — — 46 &0000000000000013.00000013.0[30]
Turks (Southeastern) — Altaic (Turkic) — — 24 &0000000000000004.2000004.2[30]
Turks (Erzurum) — Altaic (Turkic) — — 25 &0000000000000004.0000004.0[30]
Udmurt Uralic (Finnic) — 87 &0000000000000002.3000002.3[40] 87 &0000000000000010.30000010.3[40] 87 &0000000000000001.1000001.1[40] 87 &0000000000000085.10000085.1[40]
Ukrainians IE (Slavic, East) — 50 &0000000000000002.0000002.0[5] 50 &0000000000000054.00000054.0[5] 585 &0000000000000021.90000021.9[9] 93 &0000000000000008.6000008.6[10] 82 &0000000000000007.3000007.3[10] 50 &0000000000000004.0000004.0[39] 50 &0000000000000006.0000006.0[5] 50 &0000000000000002.0000002.0[5] 50 &-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1.0000000.0[5]
Ukrainians IE (Slavic, East) — 53 &0000000000000018.90000018.9[48] 53 &0000000000000041.50000041.5[48] 53 &0000000000000024.50000024.5[48] 93 &0000000000000007.5000007.5[6] 53 &0000000000000009.4000009.4[48] 53 &-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1.0000000.0[48] 53 &0000000000000005.7000005.7[48] 53 &-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1.0000000.0[48]
Uyghurs (Kazakhstan) — Altaic (Turkic) — 41 &-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1.0000000.0[53] 41 &0000000000000022.00000022.0[53] 41 &0000000000000002.4000002.4[53] 41 &-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1.0000000.0[53] 41 &-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1.0000000.0[53] 33 &0000000000000027.30000027.3[64] 41 &0000000000000002.4000002.4[53] 41 &-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1.0000000.0[53] 41 &0000000000000002.4000002.4[53]
Uyghurs (Xinjiang) — Altaic (Turkic) — 68 &0000000000000017.60000017.6[50] 68 &0000000000000022.10000022.1[50] 68 &-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1.0000000.0[50] 68 &-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1.0000000.0[50] 68 &-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1.0000000.0[50] 68 &0000000000000010.30000010.3[50] 68 &0000000000000004.4000004.4[50] 67 &0000000000000006.0000006.0[56] 67 &-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1.0000000.0[56] 68 &0000000000000004.4000004.4[50]
Uyghurs (Urumqi) — Altaic (Turkic) — 49 &0000000000000008.2000008.2[65] 49 &0000000000000028.60000028.6[65] 49 &-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1.0000000.0[65] 49 &-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1.0000000.0[65] 49 &0000000000000018.40000018.4[65]
Uyghurs (Urumqi) — Altaic (Turkic) — 31 &0000000000000019.40000019.4[55] 31 &0000000000000022.60000022.6[55] 31 &0000000000000006.5000006.5[55] 31 &0000000000000025.80000025.8[55] 31 &0000000000000009.7000009.7[55] 31 &-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1.0000000.0[55] 31 &-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1.0000000.0[55]
Uyghurs (Yili) — Altaic (Turkic) — 39 &0000000000000015.40000015.4[55] 39 &0000000000000015.40000015.4[55] 39 &-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1.0000000.0[55] 39 &-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1.0000000.0[55] 39 &0000000000000007.7000007.7[55]
Uzbeks Altaic (Turkic) — 366 &0000000000000009.8000009.8[53] 366 &0000000000000025.10000025.1[53] 366 &0000000000000002.2000002.2[53] 366 &0000000000000002.5000002.5[53] 28 &0000000000000021.40000021.4[64] 28 &-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1.0000000.0[64] 366 &0000000000000003.0000003.0[53]
Vanniyar Dravidian (Southern) — 25 &-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1.0000000.0[13] 25 &0000000000000008.0000008.0[13] 25 &-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1.0000000.0[13] 25 &-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1.0000000.0[13] 25 &0000000000000016.00000016.0[13] 25 &0000000000000020.00000020.0[13]
Vellalar Dravidian (Southern) — 31 &-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1.0000000.0[13] 31 &0000000000000012.90000012.9[13] 31 &-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1.0000000.0[13] 31 &-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1.0000000.0[13] 31 &-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1.0000000.0[13] 31 &0000000000000038.70000038.7[13] 31 &-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1.0000000.0[13] 31 &-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1.0000000.0[13] 31 &-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1.0000000.0[13] 31 &0000000000000016.10000016.1[13]
Welsh (Anglesey) — IE (Celtic) — 88 &0000000000000089.00000089.0[46] 88 &0000000000000001.0000001.0[46] 196 &0000000000000008.1000008.1[9] 88 &0000000000000003.0000003.0[46]
Wolof Niger-Congo (Atlantic) — 34 &-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1.0000000.0[23] 34 &-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1.0000000.0[23] 34 &-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1.0000000.0[23] 34 &0000000000000011.80000011.8[23] 34 &0000000000000067.60000067.6[23] 34 &-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1.0000000.0[23] 34 &-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1.0000000.0[23] 34 &-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1.0000000.0[23]
Yagnobis IE (Iranic, NE) — 31 &0000000000000032.30000032.3[53] 31 &0000000000000016.10000016.1[53] 31 &-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1.0000000.0[53] 31 &-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1.0000000.0[53] 31 &0000000000000032.30000032.3[53] 31 &-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1.0000000.0[53] 31 &0000000000000009.7000009.7[53]
Yakuts Altaic (Turkic) — 155 &0000000000000001.9000001.9[40] 155 &0000000000000001.9000001.9[40] 155 &0000000000000001.3000001.3[40] 155 &0000000000000088.40000088.4[40]
Yakuts Altaic (Turkic) — — 10 &0000000000000080.00000080.0[11]

The tree below shows the descent of the major Y Chromosomal groups from the so-called Y-Chromosomal Adam.

Human Y-chromosome DNA (Y-DNA) haplogroups (by ethnic groups · famous haplotypes)

most recent common Y-ancestor
|
A BT
|
B CT
|
CF DE
| |
C F D E
|
G H IJK
|
IJ K
| |
I J L MNOPS T
|
M NO P S
| |
N O Q R

See also

References

  1. ^ IE = Indo-European
  2. ^ First column gives the amount of total Sample Size studied
  3. ^ Second column gives the Percentage of the particular haplogroup among the Sample Size
  4. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x Nasidze et al., (2004)Mitochondrial DNA and Y-Chromosome Variation in the Caucasus
  5. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai aj ak al am an ao ap aq ar as at au av aw ax ay az ba bb bc bd be bf bg bh bi bj bk bl bm bn bo bp bq br bs bt bu bv bw bx by bz ca cb cc cd ce cf Semino, A; Passarino G, Oefner PJ, Lin AA, Arbuzova S, Beckman LE, De Benedictis G, Francalacci P, Kouvatsi A, Limborska S, Marcikiae M, Mika A, Mika B, Primorac D, Santachiara-Benerecetti AS, Cavalli-Sforza LL, Underhill PA (2000). "The Genetic Legacy of Paleolithic *** sapiens sapiens in Extant Europeans: A Y Chromosome Perspective" (PDF). Science 290: 1155–59. doi:10.1126/science.290.5494.1155. PMID 11073453. http://hpgl.stanford.edu/publications/Science_2000_v290_p1155.pdf.  
  6. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai aj ak al am an ao ap aq ar as Pericic, M; Lauc LB, Klaric IM, Rootsi S, Janicijevic B, Rudan I, Terzic R, Colak I, Kvesic A, Popovic D, Sijacki A, Behluli I, Dordevic D, Efremovska L, Bajec DD, Stefanovic BD, Villems R, Rudan P (2005). "High-resolution phylogenetic analysis of southeastern Europe traces major episodes of paternal gene flow among Slavic populations". Mol. Biol. Evol. 22 (10): 1964–75. doi:10.1093/molbev/msi185. PMID 15944443. http://mbe.oxfordjournals.org/cgi/content/full/22/10/1964.   Haplogroup frequency data in table 1
  7. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai aj ak al am an ao ap aq ar as at au av aw ax ay az ba bb bc bd be bf bg bh bi bj bk bl bm bn bo bp bq br bs bt bu bv bw bx by bz ca cb cc cd ce cf cg ch ci E. Bosch, F. Calafell, A. González-Neira et al., "Paternal and maternal lineages in the Balkans show a homogeneous landscape over linguistic barriers, except for the isolated Aromuns," Annals of Human Genetics (2006) 70,459–487.
  8. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai aj ak al am an ao ap aq ar as at au av aw ax ay az ba bb bc bd be bf bg bh Vincenza Battaglia et al., "Y-chromosomal evidence of the cultural diffusion of agriculture in southeast Europe," European Journal of Human Genetics advance online publication 24 December 2008; doi: 10.1038/ejhg.2008.249.
  9. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai aj ak al Rootsi et al. (2004).
  10. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai aj ak al am an ao ap aq ar as at au av aw ax Semino et al. (2004).
  11. ^ a b Y-chromosome haplogroup N dispersals from south Siberia to Europe. Derenko et al.
  12. ^ a b V. N. Kharkov, V. A. Stepanov, O. F. Medvedeva, M. G. Spiridonova, M. I. Voevoda, V. N. Tadinova and V. P. Puzyrev, "Gene pool differences between Northern and Southern Altaians inferred from the data on Y-chromosomal haplogroups," Russian Journal of Genetics, Volume 43, Number 5 / May, 2007.
  13. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai aj ak al am an ao ap aq ar as at au av aw ax ay az ba bb bc bd be bf bg bh bi bj bk bl bm bn bo bp bq br bs bt bu bv bw bx by bz ca cb cc cd ce cf cg ch ci cj ck cl cm cn co cp cq cr cs ct S. Sengupta et al.: "Polarity and Temporality of High-Resolution Y-Chromosome Distributions in India Identify Both Indigenous and Exogenous Expansions and Reveal Minor Genetic Influence of Central Asian Pastoralists." American Journal of Human Genetics, 2006, pp. 202-221.
  14. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r Ornella Semino, A. Silvana Santachiara-Benerecetti, Francesco Falaschi, L. Luca Cavalli-Sforza and Peter A. Underhill, "Ethiopians and Khoisan Share the Deepest Clades of the Human Y-Chromosome Phylogeny," The American Journal of Human Genetics, Volume 70, Issue 1, 265-268, 1 January 2002.
  15. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai aj ak al am an ao ap aq ar as at au av aw ax ay az ba bb bc bd be bf bg bh bi bj bk bl bm bn bo bp bq br Yunusbaev 2006
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