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Yahweh and Allah are the personal names of the Gods of the Bible and Qur’an, respectively. They share many similarities and many dissimilarities.

Contents

Transcendental similarities

Yahweh and Allah are both the creator god. Both are believed to be omnipotent, omni-benevolent and omnipresent, among other things.

Dogmatic differences

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Allah and Holy Trinity

In the declaration Nostra Aetate, the Second Vatican Council declares that Yahweh and Allah can in fact be the same God, but only when it is understood as the Holy Trinity. Arab Christians will commonly use the term Allah to speak of the Holy Trinity.

However, Islam does not accept the dogma of the Holy Trinity, per the Qur'an. The Christian beliefs regarding incarnation and the crucifixion are also not shared by Muslims.

Differences in immanence

Unlike Yahweh, in whose image human have been created, according to Genesis 5:1-2, Allah didn't create humans in his own image.[1]

Furthermore, whereas Yahweh in the Old Testament has chosen the people of Israel over other nations ("We are the chosen nation"[2]), Allah doesn't show any priority of importance towards any individual or nation.[3]

According to the Qur'an, Allah does not have any sons [4], while according to the Bible, Jesus Christ is not only the Son of God[5] and orthodox Christians also believe that Jesus is Yahweh[6] who relinquished the form of Yahweh[7] and became man.

In contrast, Albeit the Greek New Testament does not use the word "Yahweh,"[8] the Old Testament titles for Yahweh like "redeemer" are applied in the New Testament to Jesus.[9] Moreover, the terms kurios and theos, which are substituted for Yahweh in the Septuagint, are used in reference to Jesus in the Greek New Testament.

Disputes

Some Christian evangelical leaders have denounced Allah as a false god.[10] Allah has even been compared to Baal.[11]

Prominent Christian theologians have also stated that Allah is not the same being as Yahweh; they include James White[12], Pat Robertson[13], Albert Mohler[14]John F. MacArthur[15]

In his critique of Allah, Pat Robertson has focused on the soteriology of Islam,

First of all, the God of the Bible is a God of love and redemption, who sent His Son into the world to die for our sins. Allah tells people to die for him in order to get salvation, but there is no understanding of salvation.[13]

John Piper has stated that Allah doesn't call on his followers "to suffer and die and spend themselves in sacrifice for the lost." Although this is contradictory to the Qur'an (Qur'an 9:111/112) [16]

On the other hand, the Catechism of the Catholic Church states that Muslims along with Roman Catholics adore the same "one, merciful god."[17][18] Pope Benedict XVI did not differentiate between God and Allah in the course of his Islam controversy in 2006. George W. Bush has likewise stated,"I believe we [Christians and Muslims] worship the same god."[19]

Allah as the name for the Islamic God has led to violence in Malaysia[20]. This is mainly because "Allah" denotes the strict monotheistic belief whereas the word "God" refers to the Trinitarian monotheistic Christian Godhead.

See also

References

  1. ^ "Clip Transcript" (available to subscribers only). Middle East Media Research Institute. August 9-24, 2008. http://www.memritv.org/clip_transcript/en/1849.htm.  
  2. ^ "Apologetics and Outreach, Lecture 23" (PDF). Jerram Barrs & Covenant Theological Seminary, reproduced by World Wide Free Resources. 2006. http://worldwidefreeresources.com/upload/CC310_T_23.pdf.  
  3. ^ "Religious Texts". University of Southern California, Center for Muslim-Jewish Engagement. http://www.usc.edu/dept/MSA/fundamentals/tawheed/.  
  4. ^ [Qur'an 23:91]
  5. ^ "Excerpts from Tertullian's Prescription Against Heretics". http://history.hanover.edu/courses/excerpts/344tert.html.  
  6. ^ "Jesus Is Jehovah" (PDF). Limestone Church of Christ. http://www.lookinguntojesus.net/PDFs/JesusIsJehovah.pdf.  
  7. ^ Kenosis
  8. ^ "All Things to All People: Principles of Communication, Lecture 21" (PDF). Jerram Barrs & Covenant Theological Seminary, reproduced by World Wide Free Resources. 2006. http://worldwidefreeresources.com/upload/CC310_SG_21.pdf.  
  9. ^ "Is the deity of Christ biblical". GotQuestion.org. http://www.gotquestions.org/deity-of-Christ.html.  
  10. ^ "Top evangelicals praise Christian-Muslim talks". Reuters. July 31, 2008. http://www.reuters.com/article/worldNews/idUSL13754020080731?pageNumber=1&virtualBrandChannel=0.  
  11. ^ Spykerman, Stephen. "The Roots of Isla Are Pagan". Brit-Am Web-Site. http://britam.org/StephenSpykermanIslam.html.  
  12. ^ White, James R.. "The Mindset of Militant Islam: Kill the 'Cross-Worshippers'". Alpha and Omega Ministries. http://www.aomin.org/aoblog/index.php?blogid=1&archive=2007-04&catid=11.  
  13. ^ a b "Bring It On: The Occult and False Religions". The 700 Club. http://www.cbn.com/700club/features/bringiton/falsereligions-index.aspx.  
  14. ^ Mohler, first=R. Albert. "What does God care what we call him?". AlbertMohler.com. http://www.albertmohler.com/?cat=Blog&cid=991.  
  15. ^ MacArthur, John F.. "Deliverance: From Error To Truth". Deliverance: The Neglected Doctrine. On Doctrine Writings & Sermons. http://www.ondoctrine.com/2mac0007.htm.  
  16. ^ How are Yahweh and Allah different?, Desiring God Christian Resource Library.
  17. ^ Akin, Akin (July-August 2002)). "The Catechism on Islam". This Rock. Catholic Answers. http://www.catholic.com/thisrock/2002/0207bt.asp.  
  18. ^ "Catechism of the Catholic Church". Vatican.va. http://www.vatican.va/archive/ENG0015/__P29.HTM#-149.  
  19. ^ Pipes, Daniel. "Is Allah God?". Front Page Magazine. http://www.frontpagemag.com/Articles/Read.aspx?GUID=7760C51D-4041-4FAD-BBA9-20DCE8D96D54.  
  20. ^ Mydans, Seth (January 9, 2010). "Churches Attacked in Malaysian ‘Allah’ Dispute". The New York Times. http://www.nytimes.com/2010/01/09/world/asia/09malaysia.html.  

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