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Yakima County, Washington
Map of Washington highlighting Yakima County
Location in the state of Washington
Map of the U.S. highlighting Washington
Washington's location in the U.S.
Seat Yakima
 - Total
 - Land
 - Water

4,312 sq mi (11,168 km²)
4,296 sq mi (11,127 km²)
15 sq mi (39 km²), 0.63%
 - (2008)
 - Density

52/sq mi (20/km²)
Founded January 21, 1865

Yakima County is the second largest county in the U.S. state of Washington. It is named after the Yakama tribe of Native Americans. In 2008, its population was 234,564. The county seat is Yakima, which is also its largest city.

The Yakama Indian Reservation, 15th largest reservation in America, covers 1,573 mi² (4,074 km²)[1] comprising 36% of the county's total area. Its population was 31,799 in 2000, and its largest city is Toppenish.

Yakima County was formed out of Ferguson County on January 21, 1865. Ferguson County, no longer in existence, had been created from Walla Walla County on January 23, 1863.[2]



Orchards near Selah

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 4,312 square miles (11,167 km²), of which, 4,296 square miles (11,127 km²) of it is land and 15 square miles (40 km²) of it (0.36%) is water. Yakima County is the second largest county in Washington by area.[3] The total area covered by the the county is larger than the states of Delaware and Rhode Island combined.[4] The highest point in the county is Mount Adams, which is the second tallest peak in Washington and the third tallest in the entire Cascade Range.


Geographic features

Mount Adams, highest point in Yakima County

Major rivers

National protected areas

Major roads

Adjacent counties

Wines regions

Washington ranks second in the United States in the production of wine, behind only California.[5] The Yakima Valley AVA was established in 1983 in the state's oldest agricultural region. It is Washington's third largest officially designated American Viticultural Area (AVA), and is responsible for more than 40% of the state's entire wine production.

Located within the larger Columbia Valley AVA, the Yakima Valley AVA is sub-divided into the three smaller wine regions, each with its own distinctive growing conditions. They are known as Red Mountain AVA, Snipes Mountain AVA, and Rattlesnake Hills AVA.[6] Of the viticultural region's 665,000 acres (269,000 ha), nearly 11,120 acres (4,500 ha) were planted in 2008.[5]


Historical populations
Census Pop.  %±
1870 432
1880 2,811 550.7%
1890 4,429 57.6%
1900 13,462 204.0%
1910 41,709 209.8%
1920 63,710 52.7%
1930 77,402 21.5%
1940 99,019 27.9%
1950 135,723 37.1%
1960 145,112 6.9%
1970 144,971 −0.1%
1980 172,508 19.0%
1990 188,823 9.5%
2000 222,581 17.9%
Est. 2008 234,564 5.4%

As of the census[7] of 2000, there were 222,581 people, 73,993 households, and 54,606 families residing in the county. The population density was 52 people per square mile (20/km²). There were 79,174 housing units at an average density of 18 per square mile (7/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 65.60% White, 0.97% Black or African American, 4.48% Native American, 0.95% Asian, 0.09% Pacific Islander, 24.43% from other races, and 3.48% from two or more races. 35.90% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 13.2% were of German, 6.4% United States or American, 5.9% English and 5.4% Irish ancestry according to Census 2000.

There were 73,993 households out of which 39.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 55.8% were married couples living together, 12.5% had a female householder with no husband present, and 26.2% were non-families. 21.5% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.96 and the average family size was 3.44.

In the county, the population was spread out with 31.8% under the age of 18, 9.8% from 18 to 24, 27.5% from 25 to 44, 19.7% from 45 to 64, and 11.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 31 years. For every 100 females there were 99.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 97.1 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $34,828, and the median income for a family was $39,746. Males had a median income of $31,620 versus $24,541 for females. The per capita income for the county was $15,606. About 14.8% of families and 19.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 27.2% of those under age 18 and 11.3% of those age 65 or over.

Census-recognized communities

Other communities

Historical communities

Sources: [8][9]

Further reading


External links

Coordinates: 46°28′N 120°44′W / 46.46°N 120.74°W / 46.46; -120.74


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