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Yale Bowl
Yale Bowl aerial.jpg
Location 81 Central Avenue, New Haven, CT 06515
Coordinates 41°18′47″N 72°57′38″W / 41.31306°N 72.96056°W / 41.31306; -72.96056Coordinates: 41°18′47″N 72°57′38″W / 41.31306°N 72.96056°W / 41.31306; -72.96056
Broke ground August, 1913
Opened November 21, 1914
Owner Yale University
Operator Yale University
Surface Grass
Construction cost US$750,000
Architect Charles A. Ferry (Class of 1871)
Capacity 64,246
Tenants
Yale Bulldogs (NCAA) (1914-present)
New York Giants (NFL) (1973-1974)
Connecticut Bicentennials (NASL) (1976-1977)
1995 Special Olympics World Summer Games
Yale Bowl
U.S. National Register of Historic Places
U.S. National Historic Landmark
Yale Bowl is located in Connecticut
Location: Chapel St. and Yale Ave., New Haven, Connecticut
Coordinates: 41°18′47″N 72°57′38″W / 41.31306°N 72.96056°W / 41.31306; -72.96056Coordinates: 41°18′47″N 72°57′38″W / 41.31306°N 72.96056°W / 41.31306; -72.96056
Built/Founded: 1914
Architect: Charles A. Ferry; Sperry Engineering Co.
Governing body: Private
Added to NRHP: February 27, 1987 [1]
Designated NHL: February 27, 1987 [2]
NRHP Reference#: 87000756

The Yale Bowl is a football stadium in New Haven, Connecticut on the border of West Haven, about 1-1/2 miles west of Yale's main campus. Completed in 1914, the stadium seats 61,446 - reduced by renovations from the original capacity of 70,869. It is the home to the Yale University football team (the Yale Bulldogs), and also hosted the New York Giants of the National Football League from 1973-1974 while the original Yankee Stadium was being renovated and Giants Stadium was under construction. It is currently the third-largest stadium by capacity in the second tier of college football, NCAA Division I FCS, and the largest actually owned by the school itself (Georgia State University and Tennessee State University rent larger stadiums used by NFL teams in their home cities).

Ground was broken on the stadium in August 1913. It was built by excavating the field area and then building up a berm around the perimeter with the excavated earth to create an elliptical bowl. It was the first bowl-shaped stadium in the country, and provided inspiration for the design of such stadiums as the Los Angeles Memorial Coliseum, the Rose Bowl, and Michigan Stadium. Through its inspiration of the Rose Bowl stadium, its name is also the origin of college football's bowl games. The current scoreboard (notable for the time clock being arranged vertically instead of horizontally) was added in 1958, and in 1986 the current press box was added. It was declared a National Historic Landmark in 1987.[2][3]

The facility was designed to partially echo the campus's neogothic design. As such, parts of the façade were treated with acid to imitate the effects of aging, a procedure that has instead required constant upkeep and renovation to prevent deterioration. As of summer, 2005, many of the outside retaining walls and portal entries were deteriorating as a result. However, in the spring and summer of 2006, the bowl underwent a partial renovation, which was finished just in time for the Yale home-opener on Saturday, September 16, 2006.

During the 1970s, the "Bowl" hosted several concerts. The Grateful Dead played a notable show here on July 31, 1971 which was released as Road Trips Volume 1 Number 3. The June 14, 1980 concert featuring the Eagles, Heart, and The Little River Band proved to be the final concert for the venue, as opposition from neighbors became increasingly vehement. A picture from this final show can be seen in packaging of the vinyl edition of the Eagles double live album, issued later that year, though no recordings from the event are included on the discs. A planned Paul McCartney concert was scheduled for June 1990, but because of neighborhood opposition the New Haven show was cancelled and the date was rescheduled for Chicago.

On Friday, October 5, 2001, the closing ceremony of the Yale Tercentennial was held at the Yale Bowl. Guests included Tom Wolfe '57, William F. Buckley '50, Sesame Street's Big Bird, Paul Simon '96, and Garry Trudeau '70.

The Cullman-Heyman Tennis Center, home to the annual ATP/WTA event (the Pilot Pen tournament), is located across Yale Avenue from the stadium.

References

  1. ^ "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 2007-01-23. http://www.nr.nps.gov/. 
  2. ^ a b "Yale Bowl". National Historic Landmark summary listing. National Park Service. http://tps.cr.nps.gov/nhl/detail.cfm?ResourceId=1972&ResourceType=Structure. Retrieved 2007-10-03. 
  3. ^ James H. Charleton (December, 1985) (PDF), National Register of Historic Places Inventory-Nomination: Yale Bowl, National Park Service, http://pdfhost.focus.nps.gov/docs/NHLS/Text/87000756.pdf 

Gallery

External links

Preceded by
Yankee Stadium
Home of the
New York Giants

1973 - 1974
Succeeded by
Shea Stadium
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