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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Yam or YAM may refer to:


1911 encyclopedia

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From LoveToKnow 1911

YAM, a term usually applied to the tubers of various species of Dioscorea. These are plants with thick tubers (generally a development of the base of the stem), from which protrude long, slender, annual climbing stems, bearing alternate or opposite, entire or lobed leaves and unisexual flowers in long clusters. The flowers are generally small and individually inconspicuous, though collectively showy. Each consists of a greenish bell-shaped or flat perianth of six pieces, enclosing six or fewer stamens in the male flowers, and surmounting a three-celled, threewinged ovary in the female flowers. The ovary ripens into a membranous capsule, bursting by three valves to liberate numerous flattish or globose seeds. The species are natives of the warmer regions of both hemispheres.

According to Professor Church's analysis of the Chinese yam, it contains more nitrogenous matter, but less starch, than potatoes: in I oo parts there are of water 82.6, starch 13-1, albumen 2.4, fat 0.2, woody fibre 0.4 and mineral matter 1.3 parts.

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D. sativa and D. alata are the species most widely diffused in tropical and subtropical countries. D. aculeata, grown ' in India, Cochin China and the South Sea Islands, is one of the best varieties. D. Batatas, the Chinese yam, is hardy in Great Britain, but the great depth to which its enormous tubers descend renders its cultivation unprofitable. It has deeply penetrating, thick, club-shaped, fleshy roots, full of starch, which when cooked acquire a mild taste like that of a potato; they grow 3 ft. or upwards in length, and sometimes Yam (Dioscorea Batatas). Branch about 2 nat. size. Root much reduced.

weigh more than 12 lb. The plant grows freely in deep sandy soil, moderately enriched. The sets, consisting of pieces of the roots, may be planted in March or April, and require no other culture than the staking of the climbing stems. They should not be dug up before November, the chief increase in their size `taking place in autumn. They sometimes strike downwards 2 or 3 ft. into the soil, and must be carefully dug out, the upper slender part being reserved for propagation, and the lower fleshy portion eaten after having been allowed a few days to dry. The tubers of D. alata sometimes weigh 100 lb. Most of the yams contain an acrid principle, which is dissipated in cooking.

The only European Dioscorea is that known as D. pyrenaica, a native of the Pyrenees, a remarkable instance of a species growing at a long distance from all its congeners. True yams must not be confounded with the sweet potato, Ipomoea Batatas, as they sometimes are in London markets. The common black bryony (Tamus communis) of hedges in England is closely allied to the yams of the tropics, and has a similar root-stock, which is reputed to be poisonous.

For the history of the yam, and its cultivation and uses in India, see G. Watt, Dictionary of the Economic Products of India, iii. (1890).


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Wiktionary

Up to date as of January 15, 2010
(Redirected to yam article)

Definition from Wiktionary, a free dictionary

Yams.

Contents

English

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Wikipedia

Pronunciation

Etymology 1

From Portuguese inhame and Spanish ñame, possibly from the Fula nyami (to eat). The term was coined in 1657.

Noun

Singular
yam

Plural
yams

yam (plural yams)

  1. (botany) Any climbing vine of the genus Dioscorea in the Eastern and Western hemispheres, usually cultivated
  2. The edible, starchy, tuberous root of that plant, a tropical staple food.
  3. (Southern US) A sweet potato.
  4. (Scottish) Potato.
Usage notes

Careful use distinguishes yams (genus Dioscorea) from sweet potatoes (Ipomoea batatas), while casual American use conflates these.

Derived terms
Translations

Etymology 2

EB1911A-pict1.png This entry lacks etymological information. If you are familiar with the origin of this word, please add it to the page as described here.

Noun

Singular
yam

Plural
yams

yam (plural yams)

  1. (West Cumbria) home.

Anagrams


Dutch

Pronunciation

Noun

yam m. (plural yams, diminutive yammetje)

  1. yam, a tropical vine
  2. its edible root

Synonyms


Wikispecies

Up to date as of January 23, 2010
(Redirected to Dioscorea article)

From Wikispecies

Dioscorea

Taxonavigation

Classification System: APG II (down to family level)

Main Page
Cladus: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiospermae
Cladus: Monocots
Ordo: Dioscoreales
Familia: Dioscoreaceae
Species: Dioscorea
Subspecies: D. alata - D. catatas - D. bulbifera - D. cayenensis - D. convolvulacea - D. dumetorum - D. esculenta - D. hispida - D. japonica - D. nummularia - D. oppositifolia - D. pentaphylla - D. rotundata - D. trifida

Name

Dioscorea (Linnaeus, 1758)

References

Vernacular name

Català: Nyam
Dansk: Yams / Jams
Deutsch: Yams / Yam
Ελληνικά: Γιαμ
English: Yam
Español: Ñame / Yam
Français: Igname
한국어: 마
Italiano: Igname / Yam
Nederlands: Yam
日本語: ヤム (tororo / yam)
‪Norsk (bokmål)‬: Yams
Polski: Pochrzyn / Yam / Iganm
Português: Inhame
Русский: Диоскорея
Suomi: Jamssit
Svenska: Jams
Wolof: Nyam
中文: 山藥
Wikimedia Commons For more multimedia, look at Dioscorea on Wikimedia Commons.







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