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Yambol
Ямбол
The roofed market Bezisten
Yambol is located in Bulgaria
Yambol
Location of Yambol
Coordinates: 42°29′N 26°30′E / 42.483°N 26.5°E / 42.483; 26.5
Country  Bulgaria
Province
(Oblast)
Yambol
Government
 - Mayor Georgi Slavov (independent)
Elevation 114 m (374 ft)
Population (2006-01-10)
 - Total 85,966
Time zone EET (UTC+2)
 - Summer (DST) EEST (UTC+3)
Postal Code 8600
Area code(s) 046
License plate Y

Yambol (Bulgarian: Ямбол) is a city in southeastern Bulgaria, the administrative centre of Yambol Province. It lies on both banks of the Tundzha in the historical region of Thrace. Today, the town has 85,966 inhabitants as of 2006. It is occasionally spelt 'Jambol'.

The surrounding area has been inhabited since the Neolithic and was the location of the ancient Thracian royal city of Kabyle founded or refounded by Philip II of Macedon as an Ancient Greek polis.[1][2][3] Conquered by the Romans, but destroyed by the Avars in 583). Yambol was founded by Roman Emperor Diocletian in A.D. 293; though it was named Diospolis (Διόςπόλις in Greek 'city of Zeus'), the name also reflected the emperor's name. The name later evolved through Diampolis (Διάμπόλις), Hiambouli (Ηιάμβόυλι; in Byzantine chronicles), Dinibouli (دنبلي; Arabic chronicles), Dbilin (Дбилин; in Bulgarian inscriptions), and Diamboli (Диамбоюли) to become Yambol. Ottomans called the city as "Yanbolu" and was a kaza centre was bounded to successively Edirne Sanjak of Rumeli Eyalet (1364-1599), Silistre Sanjak of Silistre Eyalet (1599-1830) and finally İslimye Sanjak of Edirne Province[4] (1830-1878) before bounding to Principality of Bulgaria in 1878.

As the Slavs and Bulgars arrived in the Balkans in the Middle Ages, the fortress was contested by the Bulgarian Empire and the Eastern Roman Empire. It has been an important Bulgarian center ever since.

The predominant religion is Eastern Orthodoxy with a number of churches being present (among them one of the Holy Trinity, one of St George; the largest one is the cathedral of St Nicholas) consecrated in 1888; there also exist Eastern Rite Catholic and Protestant religious buildings.

The city was affected by the turmoils of the early 20th century. Its Greek population (around 20 families) left during the exchange of populations between Bulgaria and Greece and it received in return Bulgarians from Greece. It also hosted Bulgarian Macedonian refugees from the failed 1903 Ilinden Uprising. During World War I, Yambol hosted a base for Luftstreitkräfte (Imperial German Army Air Service) zeppelins used for missions in Romania, Russia, Sudan and Malta. The town was chosen by the Germans due to its favorable location and weather conditions.[1]

In the early 21st century, the city became the first one in Bulgaria to use natural gas for domestic purposes.

Yambol Peak on Livingston Island in the South Shetland Islands, Antarctica is named for Yambol.

Panoramic view of the city visible from Borovets

Contents

Notable natives

Twin cities

Gallery

References

  1. ^ An Inventory of Archaic and Classical Poleis: An Investigation Conducted by The Copenhagen Polis Centre for the Danish National Research Foundation by Mogens Herman Hansen,2005,Index - Founded by Phillip II
  2. ^ Fol, Aleksandar. The Thracian Royal city of Kabyle. - In: Settlement Life in Ancient Thrace. IIIrd International Symposium “Cabyle”, 17-21 May 1993 Jambol. Jambol, 53-55.
  3. ^ "The Thracian Royal City of Cabyle" in A. Poulter (ed.), Ancient Bulgaria: Papers presented to the International Symposium on the Ancient History and Archaeology of Bulgaria, University of Nottingham, 1983, pp. 233–238.
  4. ^ http://acikarsiv.ankara.edu.tr/fulltext/3066.pdf
  5. ^ http://www.yambol-edirne.org/main.php?lang=en

External links

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Travel guide

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From Wikitravel

Yambol is a city in the southeast Bulgaria.

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Wiktionary

Up to date as of January 15, 2010

Definition from Wiktionary, a free dictionary

Contents

English

Alternative forms

  • Jambol

Proper noun

Singular
Yambol

Plural
-

Yambol

  1. A town in southeastern Bulgaria.

Translations

  • Bulgarian: Ямбол

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