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Yanun
Yanun is located in the Palestinian territories
Yanun
Arabic يانون
Governorate Nablus
Government Village Council
Also spelled Yanoun (officially)
Coordinates 32°08′43.57″N 35°21′20.46″E / 32.1454361°N 35.3556833°E / 32.1454361; 35.3556833Coordinates: 32°08′43.57″N 35°21′20.46″E / 32.1454361°N 35.3556833°E / 32.1454361; 35.3556833
Population 102 (2007[1])
Jurisdiction

16,000  dunams (16.0 km²)

Founded in 18th century
Head of Municipality Abd al-Latif Bani Jaber

Yanun (Arabic: يانون, transliterated: Yânûn‎) is a Palestinian village in the Nablus Governorate in northern West Bank, located 12 kilometers (7 mi) southeast of Nablus. According to the Palestinian Central Bureau of Statistics (PCBS), the village had a population of 102 in 2007.[1] This was a decrease from 2004 when the PCBS recorded that Yanun had 145 inhabitants..[2] The residents of the village have to travel to Beit Furik for primary health care.[3]

Contents

History

Yanun or Khirbet Yanun—ruins on a nearby hill to the northeast of the village—is considered by Biblical scholars to occupy the site of the ancient town of Janohah which belonged to the Tribe of Ephraim.[4] Local farmers have lived in Yanun since the 18th century. They depended on animal husbandry and olive trees for their income.[5]

In the 19th century, Yanun was settled by Bosnian Muslim soldiers who were sent to reinforce Ottoman rule in Palestine. They later moved to nearby Nablus and leased their farmlands to villagers from Aqraba who gradually left their village to settle in Yanun themselves.[6] Edward Robinson visited Yanun in 1852. He wrote that the village was mostly in ruins and only a few houses were inhabited.[7]

According to a land and population survey by Sami Hadawi in 1945, Yanun had a population of 50 Arabs living in a built-up area of 34 dunams.[8] Today, the village is still leased by the residents of Aqraba and payment for leasing the land could be made in the form of wheat, olive oil or cash. About three-quarters of Yanun's 16,000 dunams of land is still leased.[6]

The village was temporarily abandoned in October 2004 when the harassment of the village by Avri Ran and his organization, the Hilltop Youth, became intolerable, leaving behind only two aged people who refused to accept the village decision to go.[9] The village was re-occupied with the aid of peace activists from Ta'ayush and the International Solidarity Movement. David Nir, an activist of Ta'ayush, was assaulted by Avri Ran in Yanun.[9]

References

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External links

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