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Yaoundé
Yaoundé, Cameroon
Yaoundé is located in Cameroon
Yaoundé
Map of Cameroon showing the location of Yaoundé.
Coordinates: 3°52′N 11°31′E / 3.867°N 11.517°E / 3.867; 11.517Coordinates: 3°52′N 11°31′E / 3.867°N 11.517°E / 3.867; 11.517
Province Centre Province
Department Mfoundi
Elevation 726 m (2,382 ft)
Population (2005)
 - City 1,430,000
 Metro Government Delegate = Gilbert Tsimi Evouna
  estimated
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 - Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+1)

Yaoundé (pronounced /ˌjɑː.uːnˈdeɪ/) is the capital of Cameroon and second largest city in the country after Douala. It lies in the centre of the nation at an elevation of about 750 metres (2,500 ft) above sea level.

Contents

History

Yaoundé was founded in 1888 by German traders as a base for the ivory trade and an agricultural research station. It was occupied by Belgian troops during World War I. After Germany's defeat, France became the colonial power in eastern Cameroon. Yaoundé became the capital of French Cameroon, and continues today as the capital of the Republic of Cameroon.

Economy

Major industries in Yaoundé include tobacco, dairy products, breweries, clay, glass goods, and lumber. It is also a regional distribution center for coffee, cocoa, copra, sugar cane, and rubber.

Places of interest

Yaoundé cathedral

The city centre houses government offices, some hotels, and the central market. The Bastos neighbourhood, with most homes owned by Cameroonians, is home to foreign embassies and the expatriate European community (drawn mainly from the diplomatic corps). The presidential palace and compound is in the Etoudi neighborhood.

Also found in Yaoundé are:

There is a small zoo in the Mvog-Betsi neighbourhood. Yaoundé has a small assortment of nightclubs and restaurants.

A view of Yaoundé

Transportation

Yaoundé Nsimalen International Airport is a major civilian hub, while nearby Yaoundé Airport is used by the military. Railway lines run west to the port city of Douala and north to N'Gaoundéré. Many bus companies operate from the city, particularly in the Nsam and Mvan neighborhoods. Frequent bus runs occur along the road between Yaoundé and Douala, which has witnessed several fatal accidents. Travel time by road between Douala and Yaounde is approximately 3 hours. Traffic in the city can be heavy during weekdays, but is very light during the weekends.Yaounde has made a great progress in infrastructure especially road construction.

Markets

Mfoundi market

Mokolo is among the biggest of the numerous markets in the city. Others include Mfoundi. There are also some supermarkets (e.g. "Casino") situated in the city centre.

Sports

The national football (soccer) team plays frequent matches in the Ahmadou Ahidjo (or Omnisport) stadium. Also, the Grand Prix Chantal Biya, which is a men's road bicycle racing event on the UCI Africa Tour starts and finishes in Yaoundé. The Milwaukee Bucks starting small forward, Luc Richard Mbah a Moute, was born in Yaoundé in September 1986 as well as Toronto FC striker Ali Gerba.

Education

Yaoundé is the site of several universities: the University of Yaoundé I, the University of Yaoundé II (on a campus outside of town), the Protestant University of Centrale Africa(UPAC) and the Catholic University for Central Africa (UCAC). Several of the nation's professional schools are also located in Yaounde (Ecole Normal Superieur for teachers, Ecole Militaire InterArmes du Cameroun) as well as various schools for engineers, nurses and diplomats).

The city from Mount Fébé

Climate

Yaoundé features a tropical wet and dry climate with constant temperatures throughout the year. Yaoundé features a lengthy wet season, covering a ten month span between February and November. However, there is a noticeable decrease in precipitation within the wet season, seen during the months of July and August, almost giving the city the appearance of having two separate rainy seasons. It’s primarily due to the relative lull in precipitation during these two months that Yaoundé features a tropical wet and dry climate, as opposed to a tropical monsoon climate.

Climate data for Yaoundé
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 33
(91)
33
(91)
33
(91)
36
(97)
34
(93)
32
(90)
31
(88)
34
(93)
31
(88)
33
(91)
32
(90)
32
(90)
36
(97)
Average high °C (°F) 29
(84)
29
(84)
29
(84)
29
(84)
28
(82)
27
(81)
27
(81)
27
(81)
27
(81)
27
(81)
28
(82)
28
(82)
28
(82)
Average low °C (°F) 19
(66)
19
(66)
19
(66)
19
(66)
19
(66)
19
(66)
19
(66)
18
(64)
19
(66)
18
(64)
19
(66)
19
(66)
19
(66)
Record low °C (°F) 14
(57)
15
(59)
16
(61)
15
(59)
16
(61)
15
(59)
16
(61)
16
(61)
15
(59)
15
(59)
17
(63)
16
(61)
14
(57)
Precipitation mm (inches) 23
(0.91)
66
(2.6)
147
(5.79)
170
(6.69)
196
(7.72)
152
(5.98)
74
(2.91)
79
(3.11)
213
(8.39)
295
(11.61)
117
(4.61)
23
(0.91)
1,555
(61.22)
Source: BBC Weather [3] 2009-08-16

References

External links

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Travel guide

Up to date as of January 14, 2010
(Redirected to Yaounde article)

From Wikitravel

Yaounde is the capital of Cameroon.

Get in

By plane

There are daily flights from most major European destinations, like Paris, London, Belgium, and Amsterdam. However, most flights descend in Douala, and one is then expected to get one of the numerous bus services to reach Yaounde (a 3-4 hour ride).

By train

Trains are usually used to move cargo from the southern provinces to the northern provinces. There are passenger services that run daily from Yaounde to the Adamawa province.

By bus

It's really worth getting the 'prestige' service if you're coming from Douala. If for no other reason than the seatbealts, it's worth the splurge, but take a jumper incase they crank the air-con.

Get around

City busses do exist, but shared taxis are the way to go. They will slow down for you to call your destination, and beep to say yes. The price is fixed at 200CFA, unless you're travelling a long way, or if you're not going far, you can try calling "cent francs" and your destination.

See

The city's not really set up for tourists, but some fun things to see are the Mvog Betsi zoo (primates and lions, with a kid's playground), the Mokolo market (very big and in-your-face), Mont Febe, or maybe the swimming pools of some of the hotels.

Work

If you're volunteering with an NGO, make sure that you've varified its credability with an independant source. A good way can be to look at the NGO's partner organisations; if it has any big ones (ie. UN etc.), they will probably have checked it out. It is sad to see eager and well intentioned volunteers have their time and money wasted (and their benevolent zeal diminished!).

Eat

Budget

Street stalls are everywhere, but a nice place to go is Nlongkak round about. Here there's a bit of a variety, and plenty of places to get a beer. A plate of beans should cost between 200-500CFA, an omlet around 500 (or 1000 if in a resturant with chips), and a plate of spagetti maybe 500CFA. Prices may vary considerably depending on the honesty of your vendor.

  • Cafe Yaoundé, Hippodrome. Pricey (3000-7000 ish) food. Seems to be catering to the expat crowd with a focus on European style cuisine. Nice ambiance with patio seating in a lush garden area. One of the best restaurants in Yaounde  edit

Sleep

Splurge

Hilton Yaounde, Boulevard du 20 Mai, Yaounde, Cameroon 11852, ☎ 237-2-223-3646 (fax: 237-2-222-3210),

  • United States, Avenue Rosa Parks P.O. Box 817 Yaounde Cameroon, (237) 2220-1500 (fax: (237) 2220-1500x4531), [2]. Monday to Thursday: 07:30 to 17:00 Friday: 07:30 to 12:30.  edit
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Wiktionary

Up to date as of January 15, 2010

Definition from Wiktionary, a free dictionary

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Wikipedia

English

Proper noun

Yaoundé

  1. The capital of Cameroon.

Translations


Simple English

Wikipedia does not yet have an article with this name.


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