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Yaroslavl (English)
Ярославль (Russian)
—  Inhabited locality  —
Tolga monastery 776.jpg
Tolga monastery
Map of Russia - Yaroslavl Oblast (2008-03).svg
Location of Yaroslavl Oblast on the map of Russia
Yaroslavl is located in Yaroslavl Oblast
Location of Yaroslavl on the map of Yaroslavl Oblast
Coordinates: 57°37′N 39°51′E / 57.617°N 39.85°E / 57.617; 39.85Coordinates: 57°37′N 39°51′E / 57.617°N 39.85°E / 57.617; 39.85
Coat of Arms of Yaroslavl (1995).png
Coat of arms
Flag of Yaroslavl.png
Flag
Administrative status
Country Russia
Federal subject Yaroslavl Oblast
Municipal status
Municipal Status Urban okrug
Mayor[citation needed] Viktor Vladimirovich Volunchunas[citation needed]
Representative body City Duma[citation needed]
Statistics
Area 205.37 km2 (79.3 sq mi)[citation needed]
Population (2002 Census) 605,200 inhabitants[1]
Rank 21
- Density 2,947 /km2 (7,600/sq mi)[2]
Time zone MSK/MSD (UTC+3/+4)
Founded 1010[citation needed]
Postal code(s) 150000—150066[citation needed]
Dialing code(s) +7 +7 4852[citation needed]
Official website http://www.city-yar.ru/
Historical Centre of the City of Yaroslavl*
UNESCO World Heritage Site

Yaroslavl.svg
State Party Flag of Russia.svg Russian Federation
Type Cultural
Criteria ii, iv
Reference 1170
Region** Europe and North America
Inscription history
Inscription 2005  (29th Session)
* Name as inscribed on World Heritage List.
** Region as classified by UNESCO.

Yaroslavl (Russian: Яросла́вль) is a city in Russia, the administrative center of Yaroslavl Oblast, located 250 kilometers (155 mi) north-east of Moscow. The historical part of the city, a World Heritage Site, is located at the confluence of the Volga and the Kotorosl Rivers. Population: 613,088 (2002 Census);[3] 632,991 (1989 Census).[4]

Contents

History

Yaroslavl lies at the intersection of several major highways, railways, and waterways. Preceded by Viking sites such as Timerevo from the 8th or 9th centuries, the city is said to have been founded in 1010 as an outpost of the Principality of Rostov Veliky, and was first mentioned in 1071. Capital of an independent Principality of Yaroslavl from 1218, it was incorporated into Muscovy in 1463. In the 17th century it was Russia's second largest city, and for a time (during the Polish occupation of Moscow in 1612), the country's de facto capital. Today, Yaroslavl is an important industrial center (petrochemical plant, tire manufacturing plant, diesel engines plant and many others).

Location

Location

Yaroslavl is located 155 miles (249 km) from Moscow. Many of the roads connecting these cities are two-lane highways.

Main sights

Many Orthodox shrines and monasteries lie along the banks of the Volga.

The most ancient building in the city is the Spaso-Preobrazhensky ("Transfiguration of the Saviour") Cathedral of the Spassky (St Saviour) Monastery constructed in 1506—1516 on the foundations of the original edifice dating back to 1216—1224. In the 16th century, the first stone wall is built around the monastery. It is from this monastery that an army of volunteers led by Minin and Prince Pozharsky set out to liberate Moscow from Polish invaders. In 1787, the monastery was closed and converted into a residence of the Yaroslavl and Rostov bishops. At that time, monastery buildings began to be reconstructed. New cells and the prior's chambers were built.

Apart from the Spaso-Preobrazhensky ("Transfiguration of the Saviour") Monastery, the oldest churches in the city date back to the 17th Century and belong to the so-called Yaroslavl type (built of red brick, with bright tiled exteriors). Those of St. Nicholas Nadein and Elijah the Prophet have some of the Golden Ring's most impressive frescoes.

Yaroslavl is the site of the Volkov Theatre (built 1750), the oldest theater in Russia, and the Demidovsky Pillar.

The city has many Russian Orthodox churches, one Russian Old Believers church, one Baptist church, one Lutheran church, one mosque and one synagogue.

Education

Yaroslavl has many institutions for higher education, including Demidov University, Polytechnical University, Ushinskiy Pedagogical University, Medical Academy, Agricultural Academy, International Academy of Business and New Technologies (MUBiNT). Military institutions include the High Military Financial School and the High Anti-Aircraft Missile School.

Transportation

The city has a well-developed network of public transportation, including buses, trolley-buses and tram lines. It is home to the Tunoshna airport, which was a former Cold War airbase, and the Yaroslavl Levtsovo air base.

There is one railway bridge across the Volga and two road bridges; the second road bridge across the Volga was ready for use in October 2006.

There are two major passenger railway stations: Yaroslavl-Glavny and Yaroslavl-Moskovsky. Electric shuttle trains go to Danilov, Rostov, Alexandrov, Nerekhta, and Kostroma. Diesel shuttle trains go to Rybinsk and Ivanovo. Also, many long-distance passenger trains go through Yaroslavl.

Sport

FC Shinnik Yaroslavl is a football club based in Yaroslavl. It plays in the Russian Premier League. The city also hosts the Lokomotiv Yaroslavl ice hockey team, which became the champion of Russia in 1996–1997, 2001–2002, and 2002–2003.

Districts

Saviour Monastery Cathedral in Yaroslavl, built 1505-1515

Yaroslavl is divided into six city districts. The center is located on the northern bank of the Kotorosl River, where it converges with the Volga on the Volga's western bank. The center is the economic and political hub of the city. It is also the oldest district in the city and where it was first settled. The center contains the majority of landmarks and attractions in the city, including the Volkov Theater, the Church of Elijah the Prophet, the football stadium,and the Volga embankment and the monastery, which is often mistakenly called the kremlin. Pyatyorka is located north of the center but is still under its administrative jurisdiction. Pyatyorka is largely a residential region with very few notable sites, aside from a few houses of culture.

Across the Kotorosl lie the Frunzensky and Krasnoperekopsky city districts, which are divided by Moskovsky Prospect. Frunzensky is a relatively new district, constructed in the post-war era. It offers little of interest. Perhaps Frunzensky District's greatest attraction is the Yarpivo brewery. Most of the buildings are of typical grey Soviet construction. Frunzensky District is divided into three microdistricts: Suzdalka, Dyadkovo, and Lipovaya Gora.

Church of St. John the Baptist in Yaroslavl is on the 1000 ruble banknote.

Krasnoperekopsky city district is one of the oldest parts in Yaroslavl. During pre-revolution days, it was home to the bulk of Yaroslavl's industry, and a good deal of industry remains today. Krasnoperekopsky district is divided into two microdistricts, one of which is Neftestroy, an up-and-coming region, named for its proximity to Yaroslavl's oil refinery. Neftestroy is home to the newly built hockey arena, and there are plans to build an indoor football stadium there by the millennial anniversary of Yaroslavl's founding in 2010. On the other side of the railway tracks that run through Krasnopereposk district lies the Perekop proper. Today, the Perekop is known as one of the most dangerous areas of Yaroslavl. It consists largely of run-down, pre-Soviet izbas and decaying factory buildings. There are plans to pump life into this depressed district, but at the time of writing, it remains extremely impoverished and dangerous. Much of Yaroslavl's mafia grew out of the Perekop. However, the Perekop offers some of Yaroslavl's most beautiful parks and churches, most notably the Church of Saint John the Baptist, which is located next to a paint factory on the Kotorosl embankment; and Peter and Paul's Cathedral, a Protestant-style Orthodox church.

Yaroslavl town hall (18th century).

North of the center there is a small industrial region, which is home to the tire factory, the engine plant, as well as many other smaller factories. Further north on the Western bank lies Dzerzhinsky city district, named after "Iron" Felix Dzerzhinsky, founder of the Cheka, the Soviet secret police. Dzerzhinsky District's core microdistrict is Bragino, named after a small village that was eventually consumed by Yaroslavl's post-war expansion. Bragino is the largest area in Yaroslavl in terms of population, but like Frunzensky District, it is largely a residential region, mostly consisting of middle- to lower-middle income families.

On the other bank of the Volga lies Zavolzhsky city district (lit. one behind the Volga). Zavolzhsky District was Yaroslavl's quietest and most rural area, but now this district is one of the moust dynamic parts or the city with expansive new buildings with big hypermarkets, such as "Globus" and "Real." Beautiful birch and evergreen forests separate apartment blocks.

Notable residents

International relations

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Twin towns — Sister cities

Yaroslavl has twin town ties with:

References

  1. ^ Федеральная служба государственной статистики (Federal State Statistics Service) (2004-05-21). "Численность населения России, субъектов Российской Федерации в составе федеральных округов, районов, городских поселений, сельских населённых пунктов – районных центров и сельских населённых пунктов с населением 3 тысячи и более человек (Population of Russia, its federal districts, federal subjects, districts, urban localities, rural localities—administrative centers, and rural localities with population of over 3,000)" (in Russian). Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года (All-Russia Population Census of 2002). Federal State Statistics Service. http://perepis2002.ru/ct/html/TOM_01_04_1.htm. Retrieved 2009-08-19. 
  2. ^ The value of density was calculated automatically by dividing the 2002 Census population by the area specified in the infobox. Please note that this value may not be accurate as the area specified in the infobox does not necessarily correspond to the area of the entity proper or is reported for the same year as the Census (2002).
  3. ^ Федеральная служба государственной статистики (Federal State Statistics Service) (2004-05-21). "Численность населения России, субъектов Российской Федерации в составе федеральных округов, районов, городских поселений, сельских населённых пунктов – районных центров и сельских населённых пунктов с населением 3 тысячи и более человек (Population of Russia, its federal districts, federal subjects, districts, urban localities, rural localities—administrative centers, and rural localities with population of over 3,000)" (in Russian). Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года (All-Russia Population Census of 2002). Federal State Statistics Service. http://www.perepis2002.ru/ct/doc/1_TOM_01_04.xls. Retrieved 2008-07-25. 
  4. ^ "Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 г. Численность наличного населения союзных и автономных республик, автономных областей и округов, краёв, областей, районов, городских поселений и сёл-райцентров. (All Union Population Census of 1989. Present population of union and autonomous republics, autonomous oblasts and okrugs, krais, oblasts, districts, urban settlements, and villages serving as district administrative centers.)" (in Russian). Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 года (All-Union Population Census of 1989). Demoscope Weekly (website of the Institute of Demographics of the State University—Higher School of Economics. 1989. http://demoscope.ru/weekly/ssp/rus89_reg2.php. Retrieved 2007-12-13. 
  5. ^ "Acordos de Geminação" (in Portuguese). © 2009 Câmara Municipal de Coimbra - Praça 8 de Maio - 3000-300 Coimbra. http://www.cm-coimbra.pt/index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=62&Itemid=128. Retrieved 2009-06-25. 

External links


Travel guide

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From Wikitravel

Contents

Yaroslavl (Ярославль, [1]) is the capital city of Yaroslavl Oblast in Russia.

Yaroslavl station
Yaroslavl station

Yaroslavl' is well served by rail, with a three hour electrichka to Moscow leaving twice daily, and a 12 hour overnight sleeper to St. Petersburg leaving every night. Both of these trains are cheap, and the 12 hour sleeper is a convivial place where it is possible to meet interesting characters

Get around

Getting around in Yaroslavl' is incredibly cheap, with trolleybuses running incredibly frequently, costing 10r each journey, and carrying on well into the night. The buses are the same price, although much less frequent. Marshrutki are a different proposition altogether, and although costing a shade more at 15r per journey, are incredibly efficient. You can tell the driver where and when to stop, by shouting out "Ostanaveetye pazhalusta", or, if you want to get off at the next stop, "na ostanovkye". Sometimes, at the back of the marshrutki, there is a button above the rear doors, which will ask the driver to stop at the next available place.

Transport is incredibly busy between 8 and 9 in the morning and between 4 and 6 in the evening. You may find you have to push to get on and off. A useful phrase here is "Vykhoditye na sledooyushi?", which means "Are you getting off at the next stop?". Regardless of the answer, it will indicate your intention to get off.

That said, the centre of Yaroslavl' is a very small place, and you will probably only need one trolleybus - the number 1, which starts at the train station, and goes all the way down Svobody, through Volkovo to Yaroslavl's own Red Square.

Saint John the Baptist Church
Saint John the Baptist Church
Tolga monastery
Tolga monastery

Drink

For a dark, smoky atmosphere, you could do worse than Bar Beer, which is on the main street, just off Ploshad Volkovo, heading towards the monastry. Be warned though, they ONLY sell beer. If you're looking for anything other than beer, you would be better off heading to Ars Café (yes, it was funny the first few times I heard it as well), which is located inside a theatre next to the Bear's Corner hotel. There are three main sections to Ars Café, an upstairs, with comfortable sofas, which is often busy, a downstairs section, with dance floor and a big long table for larger groups, and a back room, which you have to pay to get into, but is very comfortable, and is primarily supposed to be used to smoke Kalyan (Shisha). Across the road from Ars Café is Tarzan, a higher end establishment, which is a restaurant by day. Dark inside, with a jungle theme. Relatively recently, the new bar "Silver" opened on Ulitsa Svobody, near the Ulitsa Pobedy junction. Pleasant inside, with a very silver theme. They also serve food. Bristol, on Kirova, is nice, but pricey. As you walk past, be sure to listen out for the George Michael blaring from the speakers on the outside of the building.

Aktor, a studenty bar a few years ago, has now become a seedy, unpleasant place, and Cocktail Bar, next door, threaten to serve you "Cancer" (a mis-translation of Crab), but that's the least of your worries - bad vodka, appalling service, and a joke of a toilet means it's better avoided.

Routes through Yaroslavl
MoscowVladimir  W noframe E  KostromaYekaterinburg
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1911 encyclopedia

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From LoveToKnow 1911

There is more than one meaning of Yaroslavl discussed in the 1911 Encyclopedia. We are planning to let all links go to the correct meaning directly, but for now you will have to search it out from the list below by yourself. If you want to change the link that led you here yourself, it would be appreciated.


Wiktionary

Up to date as of January 15, 2010

Definition from Wiktionary, a free dictionary

Contents

English

Wikipedia-logo.png
Wikipedia has an article on:

Wikipedia

Etymology

From Russian Яросла́вль.

Proper noun

Singular
Yaroslavl

Plural
-

Yaroslavl

  1. A city in Russia.
  2. A Russian oblast.

Translations


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