Yaroslavl Oblast: Wikis

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Yaroslavl Oblast (English)
Яросла́вская о́бласть (Russian)
Map of Russia - Yaroslavl Oblast (2008-03).svg
Coat of Arms Flag
Coat of arms of Yaroslavl Oblast.png
Coat of Arms of Yaroslavl Oblast
Flag of Yaroslavl Oblast.png
Flag of Yaroslavl Oblast
Anthem: n/a
Country Russia
Capital Yaroslavl
Established March 11, 1936
Political status
Federal district
Economic region
Oblast
Central
Central
Code 76
Area
- Rank within Russia
36,400 km²
60
Population ( 2002)
- Rank within Russia
- Density
- Urban
- Rural
1,367,398 inhabitants
39
37.6 inhab. / km²
n/a
n/a
Official language de jure: Russian de facto: Russian
Governor Sergey Vakhrukov
Legislative body State Duma of the Yaroslavl Region
Basic Law n/a
Official website http://www.adm.yar.ru

Yaroslavl Oblast (Russian: Яросла́вская о́бласть, Yaroslavskaya oblast) is a federal subject of Russia (an oblast), which is located in the Central Federal District, surrounded by Tver, Moscow, Ivanovo, Vladimir, Kostroma, and Vologda Oblasts. This geographic location affords the oblast the advantages of proximity to Moscow and St. Petersburg. Additionally, the administrative center of the oblast—the city of Yaroslavl—is an intersection of major highways, railroads, and waterways.

Contents

Overview

Yaroslavl Oblast was established on March 11, 1936.

  • Oblast territory: 36,400 km²
  • Population: 1,367,398 (2002 Census); 1,470,357 (1989 Census).
  • Governor: Sergey Vakhrukov
  • Administrative center: Yaroslavl
  • Distance from Yaroslavl to Moscow: 282 km
  • Urban population: over 80%
  • Number of historical and architectural monuments: over 5,000
  • Number of tourists (1997): 272,500
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Time zone

Map of Russia - Moscow time zone.svg

Yaroslavl Oblast is located in the Moscow Time Zone (MSK/MSD). UTC offset is +0300 (MSK)/+0400 (MSD).

Nature

The climate is moderate continental, with snowy winters and a short but rather hot summer. Formerly almost all territory was covered with thick conifer forest (fir, pine), but now a large portion of it has been replaced with birch-and-aspen secondary forests and crop fields. Swamps also take considerable areas.

Large animals have been much reduced in numbers, but there are still some bears, wolves, foxes, elks, and wild boars.

A great number of wild birds live and nest in the Oblast.

In cities, most common birds are pigeons, jackdaws, hooded crows, rooks, house sparrows, and great tits.

The Volga River flows through Yaroslavl Oblast, with two major dams constructed at Uglich and Rybinsk. The Rybinsk Reservoir, filled between 1941 and 1947, is one of the largest in Europe; its filling flooded the town of Mologa and several hundreds of villages, necessitating the relocation of some 150,000 in Yaroslavl, Vologda, and Kalinin (now Tver) Oblasts.

Mineral resources are limited to construction materials (such as sand, gravel, clay) and peat. There are also mineral water springs and wells.

Demographics

These are population figures according to the Census of 2002:

  • Total population: 1,367,398
  • Males: 617,889
  • Females: 749,509
  • Urban population: 1,106,805
  • Rural population: 260,593

Life expectancy:

  • Average: 63 years
  • Males: 57 years
  • Females: 71 years

98% of residents are citizens of Russia.

Economy

  • Total volume of output for 12 months of the year 1997: 15,933.1 billion rubles1)
  • Total balance profit of enterprises for 12 months of the year 1997: 1,227.4 billion roubles2)
  • Total tax collection for 12 month of the year 1997: 4,781.8 billion rubles (including Federal budget accruals in the amount of 1,999.3 billion roubles)
  • Unemployment level: 2.4% of total workforce

1) large and medium-sized enterprises.
2) including industry, agriculture, construction, transport.

Administrative divisions

The oldest town is Rostov.

The town of Mologa (known since the 13th century) has been engulfed by the Rybinsk artificial lake in 1940s.

References

External links


Travel guide

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From Wikitravel

Europe : Russia : Central Russia : Yaroslavl Oblast
Rostov's kremlin looking lovely in the snow
Rostov's kremlin looking lovely in the snow

Yaroslavl Oblast is a region in Central Russia, which borders Moscow Oblast to the southwest, Tver Oblast to the west, Vologda Oblast to the north, Kostroma Oblast to the east, Ivanovo Oblast to the southeast, and Vladimir Oblast to the south.

  • Yaroslavl — the capital is a UNESCO World Heritage Site, nearly 1,000 years old, full of major cultural monuments—you haven't seen the Golden Ring if you haven't seen Yaroslavl
  • Borisoglebsky — a small town near Rostov, which is often visited for its Monastery of Boris and Gleb
  • Myshkin — a small town on the river cruise route with a pretty Cathedral of the Assumption and other 19th century architecture
  • Pereslavl-Zalessky — a small city full of important monasteries, cathedrals, and even the church where Alexander Nevsky was baptized
  • Rostov Veliky — this town has way more than its fair share of Russian culture, with an inspired kremlin and several of Russia's most important monasteries
  • Rybinsk — the second largest regional city was formerly a major trade center on the Volga; Rybinsk is home to Rybinsk dam (which created one of the world's largest man-made lakes), a prominent cathedral, and a particularly impressive Roman Catholic cathedral (a testament to the city's historical trade importance)
  • Tutayev — a large town containing many old churches along the riverside of the Volga
  • Uglich — a 1,000 year old town with a kremlin and the Alexeyevsky and Resurrection Monasteries
  • Pereslavsky National Park

Understand

Yaroslavl Oblast is full of rather magnificent destinations for onion dome loving travelers on the Golden Ring circuit. The region has benefited from trade throughout Russia's history as it lies on the Volga River and is relatively close to both Moscow and Saint Petersburg. Under Stalin's rule, a massive dam was built at Rybinsk, creating the Rybinsk Reservoir, which is about the size of Brunei, and which flooded some of the region's most important religious sites, especially at the town of Mologda, where 300 residents refused to leave and drowned.

Talk

English and possibly other languages are often spoken at major tourist sites, but in the rest of the regions, Russian may be the only language that you encounter.

Get in

Trains arrive from both Saint Petersburg and Moscow (~4 hours) to Yaroslavl, and from Moscow to Rostov Veliky (3 hours).

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