From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Yarra Ranges is a national park in Victoria, Australia, 92 km east of Melbourne. It covers the
headwaters of the Yarra
River in the ranges themselves and several water catchments for
Melbourne's domestic water supply.
Whilst the park was established only in 1995, the area has been
protected for a century to protect Melbourne's water. Almost all of
the park is closed-off to visitors for this reason, however the
park is one of the most popular day trip destinations for Melbourne
residents. However, logging occurs in much of the forest, including
some of the water catchment areas.
The park contains approximately 40 different mammal species,
including the endangered Leadbeater's Possum and 120 species
of birds. The bird species include the Sooty Owl, Powerful Owl, Barking Owl, Pink Robin, Yellow-tailed Black
Goshawk and Crimson Rosella.
As the forest is very dense the area was not particularly
favoured by the aboriginal people. The European
settlers also found it difficult to access the area. It was
eventually settled in 1860 and was seen as a valuable area for
timber. Soon after the area was recognised as a good place for
water catchments so the Maroondah and Upper Yarra catchments were