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This article is the City in the Palestinian territories. For the pop song, see Yatta. For the anime programming tool, see YATTA.
Yatta
Yatta Logo.jpg
Municipal Seal of Yatta
Yatta is located in the Palestinian territories
Yatta
Arabic يطّا
Governorate Hebron
Government City
Also spelled Yattah (officially)
Coordinates 31°26′52.00″N 35°05′24.00″E / 31.44778°N 35.09°E / 31.44778; 35.09Coordinates: 31°26′52.00″N 35°05′24.00″E / 31.44778°N 35.09°E / 31.44778; 35.09
Population 48,672 (2007)
Jurisdiction

133,080  dunams (133.0 km²)

Head of Municipality Khalil Younis
Website www.yatta-munc.org

Yatta or Yattah (Arabic: يطّا‎; Hebrew: יטה‎) is a Palestinian city located in the Hebron Governorate on a high approximately 8 km south of the city of Hebron in the West Bank.[1] According to the Palestinian Central Bureau of Statistics it had a population of 48,672 in 2007.[2][3]

Contents

History

Yatta is located on the site of the Biblical town of Juttah.[1] Yatta is believed to be home to the al-Makhamrah clan, who hold a tradition of originating from one of the original Jewish tribes of Arabia.[citation needed]

In 1596 it was recorded as having a population of 127 Muslim families, and paid taxes on wheat, barley, olives, goats and bee-hives.[4] In 1931 the population was counted as 4034 Muslims.[5]

The Survey of Western Palestine described the village in the 1870s:

A large village standing high on a ridge. It is built of stone, but some of the inhabitants live in tents. The water supply is from cisterns. On the south there are rock-cut tombs, and rock wine-presses are found all round the village. The neighbourhood is extremely stony; south of the village are scattered olives, which are conspicuous objects; on the west, a little lower under a cliff, is a small olive yard in which the camp of the Survey party was pitched in 1874; to the south-west of camp were a few figs. The inhabitants are very rich in flocks; the village owned, it was said, 17,000 sheep, beside goats, cows, camels, horses, and donkeys. The Sheikh alone had 250 sheep. ... South of the village are several tombs; one has a shallow semicircular arch cut above a small square entrance. West of the village and of el Muturrif is a very fine rock-cut wine-press. A second occurs north of the village.[6]

Seven Palestinians were killed in Yatta during the Second Intifada in different incidents from 2002-04.[7]

Culture

A Jillayeh dress from Yatta from around 1910 is part of the Museum of International Folk Art (MOIFA) at Museum of New Mexico at Santa Fe.[8]

References

  1. ^ a b Columbia Encyclopedia: Juttah
  2. ^ 2007 PCBS Census Palestinian Central Bureau of Statistics. p.118.
  3. ^ MongaBay: Palestine City Populations
  4. ^ *Hütteroth, Wolf-Dieter; Abdulfattah, Kamal (1977), Historical Geography of Palestine, Transjordan and Southern Syria in the Late 16th Century, Erlanger Geographische Arbeiten, Sonderband 5. Erlangen, Germany: Vorstand der Fränkischen Geographischen Gesellschaft, p. 123 
  5. ^ Census of Palestine 1931. Population of Villages, Towns and Administrative Areas. Jerusalem, 1932, p34.
  6. ^ The Survey of Western Palestine, Vol III, 1883, pp310,380.
  7. ^ Palestinians killed by Israeli security forces in the Occupied Territories B'Tselem
  8. ^ Stillman, 1979, p. 59, 60

Bibliography

  • Stillman, Yedida Kalfon (1979), Palestinian costume and jewelry, Albuquerque: University of New Mexico Press, ISBN 0-8263-0490-7 
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