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Coordinates: 40°58′0″N 28°50′0″E / 40.966667°N 28.833333°E / 40.966667; 28.833333

The Treaty of San Stefano was signed in this house of the Simeonoglou family

Yeşilköy (prior to 1926 known as San Stefano or Santo Stefano from the Greek: Άγιος Στέφανος pronounced Ayos Stefanos, rendered in Turkish as Ayastefanos, Bulgarian: Сан Стефано) is a part of the Bakırköy district of Istanbul, Turkey.

It is located along the Marmara Sea about 11 kilometres west of Istanbul's historic city centre. Before the rapid increase of Istanbul's population in the 1970s, Yeşilköy was merely a village and a sea resort.

Contents

History

Its original name (Άγιος Στέφανος, pronounced Aghios Stephanos, Greek for Saint Stephen) derives from a legend: in Byzantine times, the ship carrying the bones of the saint from Constantinople to Rome was forced to stop here because of a storm. The bones were taken to a church until the sea calmed down, and this gave the name to the church and to the place.

The Marina of Yeşilköy

In 1203, the beach of Agios Stefanos was the site of disembarkation of the Latin army of the Fourth Crusade, which would conquer Constantinople the following year.

In the 19th century, the whole village was owned by the powerful Armenian Dadyan family, which got it as a gift from the Sultan after they refused to emigrate abroad.

During the Crimean War, the French forces were stationed here, and built one of the three historic lighthouses of Istanbul still in use. Yeşilköy is also where the Russian forces stopped at the end of the Russo-Turkish War (1877-1878) and was the location where the Treaty of San Stefano was signed between Russia and the Ottoman Empire. In 1909, the decision to send Sultan Abdülhamid II in exile to Thessaloniki was taken by the members of the Committee of Union and Progress in Yeşilköy.

In 1912, during the Balkan Wars, thousands of soldiers sick because of cholera were brought here, and about 3,000 of them died and were buried near the train station.

In the nineteenth and early twentieth centuries, Yeşilköy was a favourite coastal resort and hunting place for Istanbul's upper class, and had a mixed population, made of Turks, Greeks, (now almost completely emigrated), Armenians (who still live there in numbers) and Levantines (Italian and French people of Istanbul - now almost completely emigrated). As a legacy of the district's cosmopolitan character, an Italian mission, an Italian Catholic church and cemetery, Armenian churches and Greek churches still exist in the area. All the churches are dedicated to St. Stephen.

The village got its present name (Yeşilköy: "Green Village" in Turkish) in 1926, because of the legislation which imposed to give a Turkish name to each community. The name was given by the writer Halit Ziya Uşakligil, who lived here.

Yeşilköy today

Turkish Airlines headquarters

Yeşilköy – whose population is mainly affluent - retains some notable examples of wooden Art Nouveau houses built between the end of the nineteenth and the beginning of the twentieth centuries. It has a Marina and beautiful sandy beaches.

Istanbul Atatürk International Airport, formerly known as the Yeşilköy Airport, is located in this district. The headquarters of Turkish Airlines are in Yeşilköy.[1]

Turkish Air Force Academy and Aviation Museum are also in Yeşilköy, where the first air base of the Ottoman Air Force was established in 1909-1911.

Yeşilköy has a station for the suburban railway line between Sirkeci and Halkalı. The first station was built in 1871, and contributed to neighbourhood's boom as a popular resort.

Yeşilköy borders the neighbourhoods of Yeşilyurt to the northeast, and Florya to the southwest.

Images of Yeşilköy

References

  1. ^ "Contact Us." Turkish Airlines. Retrieved on 24 June 2009.
  • Turga, Tuna (2004). Ayastefanos'tan Yeşilköy'e.  
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