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La Graunde Abridgement was a collection of cases compiled out of the Year Books by Sir Anthony Fitzherbert; this printed edition appeared in 1577.

The Year Books are the modern English name that is now typically given to the earliest law reports of England. These books contain the earliest legal precedents of the common law tradition. They are extant in a continuous series from 1268 to 1535, covering the reigns of King Edward I to Henry VIII. The language of the original manuscripts and editions was either Latin or Law French.[1]

Originally, the Year Books were compiled by the prothonotaries, or chief scribes, of the English courts, and circulated in manuscript form. Later editions were produced by printing; the best known printed version is the so-called "Vulgate" edition, which appeared in a series of volumes between 1678 and 1680, and which became the standard edition consulted by practising lawyers. More recent editions for the use of lawyers and historians have been made by the Selden Society.[2] Traditionally, they have been divided into eleven separate series:

  1. Maynard's Reports, temp. Edw. II.; also divers Memoranda of the Exchequer, temp. Edward I.
  2. Reports in the first ten years of Edw. III.
  3. Reports from l7 to 39 Edward III.
  4. Reports from 40 to 50 Edward III.
  5. Liber Assisarum; or Pleas of the Crown, temp. Edw. III.
  6. Reports temp. Hen. IV. and Hen. V.
  7. Annals, or Reports of Hen. VI. during his reign, v. 1
  8. Annals, or Reports of Hen. VI. during his reign, v. 2
  9. Annals of Edward IV.
  10. Long Quinto; or Reports in 5 Edward IV.
  11. Cases in the reigns of Edward V, Richard III, Henry VII, and Henry VIII.[3]

A number of abridgements of the Year Books were compiled and circulated by various editors, who sought to excerpt leading cases and categorise them by subject. The first abridgment was made by Nicholas Statham, Baron of the Exchequer under Edward IV, in around 1470.[4]

In 1535, the Year Books were superseded by officially bound and published editions now known as the English Reports.[5] The earliest such reports are called the nominate reports; their original publications were named after the court reporter who compiled and edited them. Sir Edward Coke was one important early jurist who published a series of court reports during his tenure as chief justice of the Court of Common Pleas.[6]

See also

References

  1. ^ Black's Law Dictionary, 5th Edition. (West, 1979) ISBN 0-8299-2045-5
  2. ^ Legal History: The Year Books (Boston University School of Law)
  3. ^ Bouvier's Law Dictionary, 1856
  4. ^ The Cambridge History of English and American Literature, Volume VIII. The Age of Dryden, chap. XIII: Legal Literature
  5. ^ A Uniform System of Citation, Harvard Law Review Association
  6. ^ UK Case Law Guide, University of Texas

External links

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