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Yellow Springs, Ohio
—  Village  —
Location of Yellow Springs, Ohio
Coordinates: 39°48′6″N 83°53′34″W / 39.80167°N 83.89278°W / 39.80167; -83.89278Coordinates: 39°48′6″N 83°53′34″W / 39.80167°N 83.89278°W / 39.80167; -83.89278
Country United States
State Ohio
County Greene
Area
 - Total 1.9 sq mi (4.9 km2)
 - Land 1.9 sq mi (4.9 km2)
 - Water 0.0 sq mi (0.0 km2)
Population (2000)
 - Total 3,761
 Density 1,981.3/sq mi (764.3/km2)
Time zone Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 - Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
ZIP code 45387
Area code(s) 937
Website http://www.yso.com

Yellow Springs is a village in Greene County, Ohio, United States, and is the location of Antioch College and Antioch University McGregor. The population was 3,761 at the 2000 census. It is part of the Dayton Metropolitan Statistical Area.

Yellow Springs is served by a branch of the Greene County Public Library.

Contents

History

The village was founded in 1825 by approximately 100 families, followers of Robert Owen, who wanted to emulate the utopian community at New Harmony, Indiana. The communitarian efforts dissolved due to internal conflicts. The Little Miami Railroad was completed in 1846 and brought increased commerce, inhabitants, and tourism.

Yellow Springs was one of the final stops on the Underground Railroad and the village was known for its racial tolerance. Wheeling Gaunt, a former slave who purchased his own freedom, came to Yellow Springs in the 1860s and owned a substantial amount of land upon his death in 1894. Gaunt bequeathed to the village a large piece of land on its western side, requesting that the rent be used to buy flour for the "poor and worthy widows" of Yellow Springs. Although the land was used to create Gaunt Park, and thus does not generate rent, the village expanded the bequest to include sugar and still delivers flour and sugar to the village's widows at Christmas time, a tradition that generates annual media coverage.[1]

Antioch College was founded in 1852 by the Christian Connection, and began operating in 1853 with the distinguished scholar Horace Mann as its first president. Arthur E. Morgan was the innovative president of Antioch College who implemented a much-imitated work-study program for students. An engineer by training, Morgan became head of the Tennessee Valley Authority in Franklin D. Roosevelt's Administration. Upon his return to Yellow Springs, Morgan was a key leader of Quaker intentional community developments in Ohio and North Carolina. Antioch College closed in 2008, unable to maintain enrollment and payroll. However, Antioch University - McGregor continues the traditions of Antioch College in Yellow Springs.

In 1979, Yellow Springs held the distinction of being the smallest municipality to pass an ordinance prohibiting discrimination based on sexual orientation.[2][3]

Geography

Yellow Springs is located at 39°48′6″N 83°53′34″W / 39.80167°N 83.89278°W / 39.80167; -83.89278 (39.801723, -83.892662)[4].

According to the United States Census Bureau, the village has a total area of 1.9 square miles (4.9 km²), all of it land.

The village takes its name from a natural spring located in nearby Glen Helen Preserve which is rich in iron ore, leaving a yellowish-orange coloring on the rocks. The spring was thought to have curative properties and spas and hotels were built nearby.

Demographics

As of the census[5] of 2000, there were 3,761 people, 1,587 households, and 896 families residing in the village. The population density was 1,981.3 people per square mile (764.3/km²). There were 1,676 housing units at an average density of 882.9/sq mi (340.6/km²). The racial makeup of the village was 76.58% White, 14.97% African American, 0.51% Native American, 1.49% Asian, 0.72% from other races, and 5.74% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.94% of the population.

There were 1,587 households out of which 24.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 40.4% were married couples living together, 13.2% had a female householder with no husband present, and 43.5% were non-families. 35.9% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.11 and the average family size was 2.73.

In the village the population was spread out with 18.4% under the age of 18, 14.1% from 18 to 24, 23.5% from 25 to 44, 27.2% from 45 to 64, and 16.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 41 years. For every 100 females there were 80.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 73.1 males.

The median income for a household in the village was $51,984, and the median income for a family was $67,857. Males had a median income of $41,875 versus $37,744 for females. The per capita income for the village was $27,062. About 7.3% of families and 7.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 11.2% of those under age 18 and 3.4% of those age 65 or over.

Media

Yellow Springs is the home of public radio station WYSO, which is a member station of National Public Radio and is licensed to the Board of Trustees of Antioch University.

Local news and events are covered by an independent weekly newspaper, the Yellow Springs News.

Arts and culture

Relative to its size, Yellow Springs has a large arts community. Local organizations include:

Notable natives and residents

Antioch faculty and students

Attractions

References

  1. ^ "Flour, sugar and tradition of caring". Yellow Springs News. December 11, 2003. http://www.ysnews.com/stories/2003/december/121103_flour.html. Retrieved September 26, 2006. 
  2. ^ Johnson, Gregory A.. "Workplace Discrimination". glbtq.com. http://www.glbtq.com/social-sciences/workplace_discrimination.html. Retrieved 2007-08-11. 
  3. ^ "Gay, Lesbian, Bisexual & Transgender Civil Rights Laws In the U.S." (PDF). The Policy Institute of the National Gay and Lesbian Task Force. August 1998. http://www.thataway.org/exchange/files/docs/glbt_civil_rights_laws.PDF. Retrieved 2007-08-11. 
  4. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2000 and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2005-05-03. http://www.census.gov/geo/www/gazetteer/gazette.html. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  5. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. http://factfinder.census.gov. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  6. ^ Laura Dempsey (2008-12-08). "WYSO picks NPR veteran as new GM". Dayton Daily News. http://www.daytondailynews.com/n/content/oh/story/news/local/2008/12/08/ddn120808wysoweb.html. Retrieved 2009-01-14. 
  7. ^ John Bryan State Park Ohio Department of Natural Resources

External links








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