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Yinchuan
银川
—  Prefecture-level city  —
银川市
A mosque in Yinchuan, China.
The territory of Yinchuan prefecture-level city (yellow) within Ningxia
Satellite image of Yinchuan
Yinchuan is located in China
Yinchuan
Location within China
Coordinates: 38°28′N 106°16′E / 38.467°N 106.267°E / 38.467; 106.267
Country China
Province Ningxia
County-level divisions
Township divisions
Government
 - CPC Yinchuan
 - Mayor Wang Rugui[1]
Area
 - Total 4,467 km2 (1,724.7 sq mi)
Elevation 1,100 m (3,608 ft)
Population
 - Total 1,654,300
 - Density 370.3/km2 (959.2/sq mi)
Time zone China Standard Time (UTC+8)
Postal code 750000
Area code(s) 951
License plate prefixes 宁A
Website www.yinchuan.gov.cn (Chinese)

Yinchuan (simplified Chinese: 银川traditional Chinese: 銀川pinyin: Yínchuān Shì) is the capital of Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region, People's Republic of China, and former capital of the Western Xia Empire of the Tanguts. It has an area of 4,467 km² and a total population of 1.65 million. The name literally means "silver river". (The character for "river" is the same as that in Sichuan, but not as those in Huang He (Yellow River) or Chang Jiang).

Contents

Administrative divisions

Subdivisions of Yinchuan

Geography

Yinchuan lies in the middle of the Yinchuan or Ningxia Plain. It is sheltered from the deserts of Mongolia by the high ranges of the Helan Mountain to its west. The Yellow River runs through Yinchuan from southwest to northeast. The average elevation of Yinchuan is 1,100 meters (about 3,608 feet). The urban center of Yinchuan lies about halfway between the Yellow River and the edge of Helan Mountain.

Climate

Yinchuan has a temperate continental climate with an annual average temperature of 8.5C, and has 158 frost-free days. Annual rainfall averages 200 millimeters.

History

Yinchuan originally was a xian (county) under the name of Fuping in the 1st century BC; its name was changed to Huaiyuan in the 6th century AD. After the fall of the Tang dynasty in 907, it was occupied by the Tangut Xi-Xia dynasty, of which it was the capital. After the destruction of the Xi-Xia dynasty by the Mongols in 1227, it came under the rule of the Mongol Yuan Dynasty. Under the Ming (1368–1644) and Qing (1644–1911) dynasties, it was the fu (prefecture) of Ningxia. In 1928, when the province of Ningxia was formed from parts of Gansu and Inner Mongolia, it became the capital city. In 1954, when Ningxia province was abolished, the city was put in Gansu province; but, with the establishment of the Ningxia Hui autonomous region in 1958, Yinchuan once again became the capital.

Traditionally, Yinchuan was an administrative and commercial center. In the 1950s it had many commercial enterprises, and there were some handicrafts but no modern industry. The city has since grown considerably. Extensive coal deposits discovered on the eastern bank of the Yellow River, near Shizuishan, 100 km to the north, have made Shizuishan a coal-mining center.

Yinchuan, however, remains largely nonindustrial. The immediate plains area, intensively irrigated by a system developed as long ago as the Han (206 BC–AD 220) and Tang (618–907) dynasties, is extremely productive. Yinchuan is the chief agricultural market and distribution center for this area and also deals in animal products from the herds tended by nomads in the surrounding grasslands. It is a market for grain and has flour mills, as well as rice-hulling and oil-extraction plants. The wool produced in the surrounding plains supplies a woolen-textile mill. Yinchuan is a center for the Muslim (Hui) minority peoples, who constitute a third of the population.

On July 23, 1993 an airliner that was attempting its second takeoff veered off the runway, crashed into a lake, and broke apart; at least 59 of the 113 persons aboard the craft were killed.[2]

Economy

The city's gross domestic product per capita was ¥31,436 (US$4,526) in 2008, ranking 197th of 659 Chinese cities. Its main industries are the production of Chinese wolfberry, wheat, apple, and rice.

Transportation

  • Yinchuan is located near the western bank of the upper course of the Yellow River, near the western end of the Great Wall of China in the south-central section of the Helan Shan and Ordos Desert.
  • It is served by Yinchuan Hedong Airport.
  • It is served by a river port at Hengcheng, about 15 km to the east. Until the 1950s the river, which is navigable downstream as far as Baotou in the Inner Mongolian autonomous region and upstream to Zhongwei and Zhongning, was the chief communication link.
  • Highways also link the city to Baotou along the river, to Lanzhou in Gansu province to the southwest, to Wuwei in Gansu to the west, and to Xi'an in Shaanxi province to the southeast.
  • Since 1958 the city has been on the railway from Lanzhou to Baotou and is thus linked to other parts of China by rail.
  • China National Highway 211
Yinchun Railroad station

Tourism

The city's attractions include the Sand-lake and the Western Xia tombs. There are two pagodas in Yinchuan that are part of the 'Eight Famous Scenery of Ningxia': one is the Haibao Pagoda in the northern suburb and the other is the Chengtiansi Pagoda in the west.

Since 2000, Yinchuan has hosted the annual Yinchuan International Car and Motorcycle Tourism Festival, which usually occurs in August. It is the largest event of its kind in China; approximately 3000 motorcycles attend annually.

It is also possible to see parts of the Great Wall which are located near the city.

A mosque in Yinchuan

Colleges and universities

  • Ningxia Polytechnical University
  • Ningxia University
  • Second Northwest Nationalities University
  • Ningxia Medical Institute
The West Movie Studio in suburb of Yinchuan

2006 Internet phenomenon

Yinchuan was subject to an Internet phenomenon after a user of Google Earth posted images of a People's Liberation Army military facility.[3] The facility, estimated at around 630,000 m² in size, is 35 km from Yinchuan and in the town of Huangyangtan. The purpose of the facility was speculated on the Internet following the original posting, although no official explanation for the site has been given. A subsequent posting of a photograph on the Chinese wforum.com claimed that it constituted a terrain model of the disputed Aksai Chin region of China;[4][5][6] the image includes a watermark of Xinhua News Agency, the official press agency of the government of the People's Republic of China.

Authorities in the Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region have been quoted as saying that the site is used as a tank training facility.[7]

References

  1. ^ Foreign Investment Administration, MOFCOM (2008-04-18). "Large Bearing Project of Schaeffler Group Started Construction in Yinchuan ETDZ". Press release. http://www.fdi.gov.cn/pub/FDI_EN/StateDevelopmentZone/NewsUpdate/NewsUpdateContent/t20080418_91755.htm. Retrieved 2008-07-17. "Wang Rugui, Mayor of Yinchuan on behalf of the CPC Committee of Yinchuan and the municipal government expressed the warm congratulation to [sic] the start of the project."  
  2. ^ July 23 Events in History
  3. ^ Google Earth Community (2006). China - Huangyangtan - Scale model of landscape?. Retrieved August 14, 2006.
  4. ^ Hutcheon, Stephen (14 August 2006). "The riddle of China's Area 51". The Age. http://www.theage.com.au/articles/2006/08/14/1155407679963.html.  
  5. ^ Aroor, Shiv (5 August 2006). "From sky, see how China builds model of Indian border 2400 km away". Indian Express. http://www.indianexpress.com/story/9972.html.  
  6. ^ Haines, Lester (19 July 2006). "Chinese black helicopters circle Google Earth". The Register. http://www.theregister.co.uk/2006/07/19/huangyangtan_mystery/.  
  7. ^ Hutcheon, Stephen (23 July 2006). "Chinese X-file not so mysterious after all". The Age. http://www.theage.com.au/news/web/chinese-xfile-not-so-mysterious-after-all/2006/07/23/1153593217781.html.  

External links

Coordinates: 38°28′N 106°16′E / 38.467°N 106.267°E / 38.467; 106.267

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Travel guide

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From Wikitravel

Yinchuan (银川; Yínchuān) is the capital of Ningxia Autonomous Region. Located on the Yellow River, it was once the capital of the Western Xia Empire. Currently the city has a population or around 750,000.

Understand

Nicknamed the Phoenix City, Yinchuan is a rising northwest Chinese industrial city and the capital of Ningxia Autonomous Region. Being one of a very few parts of China where an ethnic minority (Hui people) hold the power of governance, it is a treasure of Chinese-Muslim culture.

Yinchuan has two parts, the new city, with all of the industry, universities and colleges, is huddled around the main train station while the old city, the more livable of the two, lies 8 km to the east. Rapid growth over recent years has been quickly drawing these two distinct centers together as foreign investment grows.

Yinchuan historically served as a trade rout town made large for its convenient location between Western Chinese cities such as Urumqi and the Eastern ones such as Beijing and Harbin.

Get in

By plane

Yinchuan People's Airport (IATA: INN) is 25 km from Yinchuan and has flights to Beijing, Chengdu, Dunhuang, Guangzhou, Shanghai, Xian, and Zhengzhou.

By train

Yinchuan Railway Station (银川火车站; Yínchuān Huǒchēzhàn) is on Xingzhou Road in the New Town.

  • Baotou - takes about 8 hours
  • Beijing - takes about 19 hours
  • Hohhot - takes about 11 hours
  • Lanzhou - takes about 9 hours
  • Pingliang - takes about 11 hours
  • Shanghai - takes about 36 hours
  • Xian - takes about 15 hours
  • Xining - takes about 13 hours
  • Zhongwei - takes about 3-4 hours

By bus

Long-Distance Bus Station is across the square from South Gate.

  • Baotou - takes about 14 hours
  • Guyuan - takes about 5-7 hours
  • Lanzhou - takes about 7 hours
  • Taiyuan - takes about 15 hours
  • Xian - takes about 11-14 hours
  • Yanan - takes about 8-12 hours
  • Zhongwei - takes about 2-4 hours
  • West Pagoda (Xita), (In the middle of Old Town). A nice, medium sized garden area with classic Chinese buildings/architecture. The tower dominates the garden and the view from the top is one of the best you will get of Yinchuan. Currently closed until the H1N1 scare is past. ¥8 to go to the top of the pagoda.  edit
  • North Pagoda (Beita), (A bidt outside the Old Town you will have to take a taxi to get there).  edit
  • The Western Xia Tombs. These are 193 tombs of high officials of the Xia Kingdom.  edit
  • Ningxia Great Wall, (Approximately 60km southwest of the city, travel agencies offer tours, or you can take public transit from in front of Alashun Hotel, public buses going there do not have numbers but are white with blue lettering and travel between Yinchuan and Zuoqi, get off at Sanguankou (the wall is clearly visible from the highway)). This part of the wall is in various states of decay, but maintains some impressive examples ancient masonry. Sections of the Ningxia Great Wall originate primarily from the Ming Dynasty. It is about 1km in length. Well worth the trip, but be forwarned, brightly coloured clothes will attract butterflies! Travel agencies tour ¥300, public transit ¥8.  edit
  • Motorcycle Tourist Festival, [1]. Late June.  edit

Buy

Eight Treasures Tea is a muslim specialty and in good supply around Yinchuan. Wolfberries found in Yinchuan are said to be the best in the world.

  • Xinhua Street, (At the center of Old Town, along the walking mall and other large squares). The economic centre and shopping centre of Yinchuan with many large malls and department stores and all the large clothing chains (Nike, Disney, Jack Jones, etc). Do not expect to bargain here.  edit
  • Emanuelle's. A wonderful ESL school/Christian bookstore/library/teahouse/restaurant run by one of China's top entrepreneurs. It provides a retreat from the chaos of the city and serves a variety of foreign foods. Recommended platters are the chicken curry and the beef with rice soup (which is Chinese food directed at Western tongues).  edit
  • Robin's Pizza. The only real American style pizza in Yinchuan. Owned by Robin, a Korean-Chinese man, you can find authentic home pizza. The Meat Lovers, Vegetarian and Pepperoni pizzas are all full marks. The staff speak very good English here. It is also the only restaurant in town to find Dr. Pepper. They have two locations. One is in Old City off Beijing Lu, near the International Hotel. The other is in the New City (西夏区) between Ningxia University and the Northern University for Ethnics. They deliver in New Town and Old Town Areas. Pizza for about ¥50.  edit
  • Napoli Italian Cuisine. A curious blend of western dishes and chinese ingredients. Though it is well marketed the food in Napoli generally does not appeal to foreigners. If you are looking for something to remind you of home, you are better off finding and alternative.  edit
  • UBC Coffee House (Shangdao Kafeiting), 84 Zhongshan North Street, +86 13895316985. For when you need a Western food break thats consistant wherever you are.  edit
  • Lian Yuan Bar, (Located a couple blocks south of Xixia District commercial center (look for the KFC sign)). A well decorated bar, and the best in New Town. The staff is very relaxed and friendly, and there are unobtrusive musical performances every night starting 8PM-9PM. The drinks here are a little more expensive than some other places.  edit
  • Fall in Love Bar & Marry Bar, Hubin East Street (Near all the main hotels). Boasting comfortable seating and a younger crowd, you can sit back with any of the local beers and relax.  edit
  • The King Divine Luck Club (Kadilong). Popular club featuring dancers and a very impressive layout. Booths and box seats have a higher minimum purchase.  edit
  • Baby Face. Popular club featuring dancers and a very impressive layout. Booths and box seats have a higher minimum purchase.  edit
  • Come Back. Although traditional western coffee is hard to come by, this drink chain (which can be found almost everywhere in Yinchuan) sells their version of a coffee drink that can be served hot or cold. While it is still not western style coffee, it is quite good, somewhat similar to Starbucks' caramel macchiato.  edit
  • International Hotel, 25 Beihuan East Road, +86 951 6728688 (fax: +86 951 6711808).  edit
  • HelanShan Hotel Yinchuan, 1 Shoufang Road, Xinshi District, +86 951 2077301 (fax: +86 951 2077075).  edit
  • Kaida Hotel, +86 951 6021698.  edit
  • Ningxia Hotel, 3 Park Street, +86 951 5045131 (fax: +86 951 5044338).  edit
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Wiktionary

Up to date as of January 15, 2010

Definition from Wiktionary, a free dictionary

Contents

English

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Wikipedia has an article on:

Wikipedia

Proper noun

Singular
Yinchuan

Plural
-

Yinchuan

  1. the capital city of Ningxia Hui autonomous region in China.

Translations

See also


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