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Yokosuka
横須賀
—  Core city  —
横須賀市 · Yokosuka
A view of Yokosuka from Verny Park.

Flag
Location of Yokosuka in Kanagawa Prefecture
Yokosuka is located in Japan
Yokosuka
Coordinates: 35°15′N 139°40′E / 35.25°N 139.667°E / 35.25; 139.667
Country Japan
Region Kantō
Prefecture Kanagawa Prefecture
Area
 - Total 100.68 km2 (38.9 sq mi)
Population
(2007)
422,737
 - Density 4,199/km2 (10,875.4/sq mi)
Website City of Yokosuka

Yokosuka (横須賀市 Yokosuka-shi?) is a city located in Kanagawa, Japan.

It is located at the mouth of Tokyo Bay in the Miura Peninsula, and the city stretches across the peninsula to Sagami Bay. Its neighbors are Yokohama, Miura, Hayama, and Zushi.

Contents

History

Heian period

In 1063, Muraoka Tamemichi established Kinugasa Castle in what is now Yokosuka. He took the surname Miura. The castle fell during the Battle of Kinugasa in 1187. Miura Oosuke Yoshiaki died at that time.

Kamakura period

Hōjō Tokiyori defeated the Miura in 1247, but members of the Sawara family took the Miura surname, allying themselves with the Hōjō.

In 1253, Nichiren began teaching in the region.

Sengoku period

The Miura perished at Arai Castle in a 1518 attack by Hōjō Sōun.

Tokugawa Ieyasu took control over the Kantō region, including Yokosuka, when Toyotomi Hideyoshi transferred him in 1590.

Edo period

William Adams (1564–1620)

The adventurer William Adams (inspiration for a character in the novel Shōgun), the first Briton to set foot in Japan, arrived at Uraga aboard the Liefde in 1600. In 1612, he was granted the title of samurai and a fief in Hemi within the boundaries of present-day Yokosuka, due to his services to the Shogun. There he founded a family with Oyuki, the daughter of Magome Kageyu, a noble samurai and official of Edo Castle. William and Oyuki had a son called Joseph, and a daughter, Susanna. A monument to William Adams (called Miura Anjin in Japanese) is still visible in Yokosuka.

The Tokugawa shogunate established the post of Uraga Bugyō in 1720. To defend Edo Bay, they established an outpost at Ōtsu in 1842.

In 1853, United States naval officer Matthew Perry arrived in Tokyo Bay with his fleet of Black Ships and came ashore near present day Yokosuka, leading to the opening of diplomatic and trade relations between Japan and the United States.

The Yokosuka Iron Foundry was established on the site in the city in 1865, and the French engineer Léonce Verny spent the next ten years supervising the development of shipbuilding facilities.

Yokosuka became the first modern arsenal to be created in Japan. The construction of the arsenal was the central point of a global modern infrastructure, that was to prove an important first step for the modernization of Japan's industry. Modern buildings, the Hashirimizu waterway, foundries, brick factories, and technical schools to train Japanese technicians were established.

Construction of the Yokosuka arsenal c.1870


Meiji period and later

The city itself was incorporated in 1907.

The U.S. Navy base at Yokosuka.
U.S. Navy sailors based at Yokosuka carry a traditional portable shrine through the city during an annual parade.

Yokosuka was to become one of the main arsenals of the Imperial Japanese Navy into the 20th century, in which were built battleships such as Yamashiro, and aircraft carriers such as Hiryū and Shōkaku. Major naval aircraft were also designed at the Yokosuka Naval Air Technical Arsenal.

Between 1938 and 1945 more than 260 caves in more than 20 separate tunnel/cave networks were built throughout the base. There are 27 kilometers of known tunnels on the base. Many more tunnels are scattered throughout Yokosuka and the surrounding areas. During the war, these tunnels and caves provided areas in which work could be done in secrecy, safe from air attacks. A 500 bed hospital, a large electrical power generating facility, and a midget submarine factory and warehouse were among the many facilities in caves around the base. During the war, more than 800 personnel actually lived in these caves. Each naval base department was ordered to dig its own caves, which accounts for the lack of an overall organization to the cave and tunnel system. In 1992, a complete survey of all known caves was conducted, and all the caves except for three still in use were sealed up for safety reasons. The cave that is currently used as a command bunker by the US military was used for several years after the war to grow mushrooms, which were sold in the commissary for three yen per box.

On April 18th, 1942, Yokosuka was bombed by American B-25 bombers as a retaliation to the attack on Pearl Harbor.

The base has been used by the US Navy since 1945, and is the largest naval facility in Japan.

The battleship Mikasa, flagship of Admiral Togo at the Battle of Tsushima, built in Britain by Vickers, is preserved on dry land at Yokosuka. It is a museum, complete with actors dressed like members of the original crew, and can be visited for an entrance fee of 500 yen.

Yokosuka today

Yokosuka Museum of Art, design by Riken Yamamoto in 2007

As of 2007, the city has an estimated population of 423,576 and a density of 4,286.74 people per km². It covers an area of 100.62 km². It is the 11th most populous city in Greater Tokyo, 12th in the Kantō region.

Yokosuka now is home to Japan's largest military seaport, shared by the United States Navy and the Maritime Self-Defense Force of Japan. The US Navy nuclear powered USS George Washington is currently in its home port at Yokosuka Naval Base. On October 28, 2005, the US Navy announced that in 2008 the USS Kitty Hawk will be replaced by the USS George Washington, a nuclear powered Nimitz class carrier. [1] A US Navy spokesman said the decision was a mutual agreement between the United States and Japan. Hiroyuki Hosoda, a top spokesman for Japan's government, said, "We believe that the change (of the carriers) will lead to maintaining the solid presence of the U.S. Navy and contribute to keeping Japan's security and international peace into the future." This would be the first time a U.S. nuclear powered ship would be permanently based in Japan. [2] In an attempt to explain the carrier's mission to the Japanese public, the U.S. Navy has printed a manga about life aboard USS George Washington, titled "CVN-73". [1] The JS Hyūga, which was commissioned Wednesday, March 18, 2009, will be stationed in Yokosuka port.[2]

The Club Alliance enlisted club, which lies just inside the main gate of Yokosuka Naval Base, opened in 1983. It replaced the old Club Alliance which was demolished to make way for the Prince Hotel. The old Club Alliance is where Ryudo Uzaki got his start playing rock and roll.

The Honch, a mecca for shopping and nightlife and located just outside the Yokosuka Naval Base's main gates, is a popular attraction for tourists and sailors stationed nearby, as well as local Japanese residents.

The former prime minister of Japan, Junichiro Koizumi, was born in Yokosuka and attended the Yokosuka High School.

Oppama

Many Nissan and Infiniti automobiles, such as the Nissan Maxima and Infiniti G20, were assembled in the 520,000 square metre Oppama plant (追浜工場) in Yokosuka. The plant has been said to have played a significant role in Nissan’s revival with its one car per minute output and quick four day reconfiguration between assembly of various autos. The plant is adjacent to Nissan's Research and Development Center, the Oppama Proving Ground and the Oppama Wharf, from which Nissan ships vehicles made at Oppama and Nissan’s other two Japanese vehicle assembly plants to other regions of Japan and overseas to other global markets.

Yokosuka in popular culture

Yokosuka is the birthplace of Hideto Matsumoto (1964-1998), who performed under the name "hide", the lead guitarist of the rock band X Japan. Yokosuka is also the birthplace of Jpop singer Rika Ishikawa, actors Yosuke Kubozuka and Yusuke Kamiji, and NFL Defensive Tackle Marcus Thomas. Yokosuka is also well-known as the setting of the Sega video game Shenmue, and the first major catastrophe in Front Mission 3. Imamura Shohei's 1961 New Wave film Pigs and Battleships takes place in Yokosuka.

Additionally, Yokosuka is the location of the climactic battle in the Godzilla film. Terror of Mechagodzilla.

Education

Yokosuka's public elementary and junior high schools are operated by the Yokosuka Education System, a department of the Yokosuka City Department of Education [3]. Many of Yokosuka's public high schools, including Yokosuka High School, are operated by the Kanagawa Prefectural Board of Education [4].

The city operates one municipal high school, Yokosuka Sogo High School.

Twin towns

Yokosuka has twin-town relationships with four other cities.[3] They are (in chronological order)

  1. United States Corpus Christi, Texas, United States (since 1962)
  2. France Brest, Finistère, France (since 1970)
  3. Australia City of Fremantle, Western Australia (since 1979)
  4. England Medway, Kent, United Kingdom (since 1998)

Yokosuka has a friendship-city relationship with one city:

See also

References

  1. ^ "U.S. Navy Manga Set To Invade Japan". Animekon. http://www.animekon.com/news-517-US-Navy-Manga-Set-To-Invade-Japan.html. Retrieved 2008-05-08. 
  2. ^ "Japan gets helicopter carrier". StraitsTimes.com. March 19, 2009. http://www.straitstimes.com/Breaking%2BNews/Asia/Story/STIStory_351718.html. 
  3. ^ 横須賀市行政サービス情報 - 「姉妹都市、友好都市」 (企画調整部 国際交流課) ("Yokosuka Administrative Service Information– Sister Cities, Friendship Cities") Yokosuka City official web site retrieved on January 11, 2009

External links


Travel guide

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From Wikitravel

Asia : East Asia : Japan : Kanto : Kanagawa : Yokosuka
Anechoic room, Yokosuka Research Park
Anechoic room, Yokosuka Research Park

Yokosuka (横須賀) [1] is a major city in Kanagawa prefecture, Japan.

Understand

Yokosuka has long played a part in Japan's naval history. Commodore Matthew Perry's landing in the area in the 1850s initiated the country's modernization, and today it is the site of a major naval facility used by the United States and Japanese forces. During World War Two, it was spared the heavy bombing which was the fate of many other Japanese cities, as the US military had already chosen it as a post-war base location. Yokosuka city is on the coast and near to sea. The population is about 42,0000 in Yokosuka city .There is a Naval Base, so many people come from America. The city's famous foods are Beigun curry and radish. It's called Miura daikon. Moreover, it is famous because there are quite a lot of slopes. Yokosuka is also the home city of previous Prime Minister Junichiro Koizumi.

Get in

By plane

From Narita Airport, both the Keisei/Keihin Kyuko Line and Yokosuka JR Line have trains leaving from the basement of both Terminals No. 1 & No. 2. Some JR trains go direct to Yokosuka; reserved seats, food & beverage service & restrooms available. The Narita Express to Shinagawa requires a transfer to the Keikyu Line (2 hours; ¥3930 [¥3310 JR fare + ¥620 Keikyu fare]). With the Japan Rail Pass it costs only ¥620 for the Keikyu line.

From Haneda Airport, take the Keikyu line and change trains at Keikyu-Kamata station (50 minutes; ¥790). A few Keikyu trains continue on to Yokosuka; these services reverse direction at Keikyu-Kamata and are joined to another train at Kawasaki.

By train

The fastest Keikyu trains (the Limited Express "green trains" - referring to the color of the sign on the train, not of the train itself) make the run to Yokosuka-Chuo (横須賀中央) in 43 minutes from Shinagawa station (¥620). Many trains from the Toei Asakusa subway line continue on to the Keikyu Line. The ride takes about one hour from Nihombashi (日本橋) station (¥900).

The slower JR Yokosuka Line, on the lower level of Tokyo Station, takes you to JR Yokosuka Station (75 minutes; ¥1050) which is about 2 1/2 kilometers northwest of the more centrally-located Yokosuka-Chuo Keikyu station. If you wish to use JR, be sure to take any train bound for Yokosuka or Kurihama (and note that the front 4 cars of the train are removed at Zushi when Yokosuka-bound).

Get around

By Bus

Buses run often & until about 11:30 PM; they are very safe, clean & modern; many bus routes go either to and/or from train stations to connect the transportation network. They cost about ¥170-¥300 on average.

At train stations, there will be a master bus map in front of bus stops showing the different routes with bus numbers. This bus number will only stop at one of several bus stops in front of the station or near the station. Each stop has a large sign that lists all the buses & schedules for that stop.

Along the road, bus stops are usually spaced out several blocks apart & are denoted by a white round sign or 4-sided square sign, sometimes lit. Bus drivers are very conscientious to look and stop for passengers waiting. The bus stops will be announced along the route and show on an electronic display. Passengers push the "stop" button located at every seat to indicate their stop.

Get on at the door halfway down the bus & get off at the front door. It's easiest to pay with Pasmo/Suica contactless smart cards, but if using cash, take the small-white ticket from the dispenser as you enter, paying the amount displayed on the price screen which corresponds to the number on your ticket. Place the white ticket and change in the same slot on top of machine next to driver). Buses will make change for 1000 yen notes & 100 yen coins. Bus drivers will often help you make the change.

By taxi

Taxis are plentiful and very clean. ¥710 for the first two kilometers (and additional ¥300 charge for telephone pick-up requests). There is also a higher charge for nighttime taxi rides. There are taxi stands at all train stations and other strategic area. Taxis with red LED lit sign on dash are available and can be flagged (though may not stop if near a taxi stand). Taxis with yellow placard on front grill have permit to enter base & many drivers at JR station will ask foreigners (if going to) "base-u?" to ensure a permitted cab is used. Sample costs for longer trips: to Kurihama or Uraga about ¥4,000.

  • Travelers won't be able to see much of Yokosuka Naval Base, headquarters of the U.S. Navy's Seventh Fleet, but sailors based there are a common sight around the city, and certainly add to its atmosphere. Once a year, the base hosts a "Friendship Day", allowing Japanese nationals to tour the base. Also, we can go on the Naval Base, when an event takes place. Example, fire works display or halloween party. There is American McDonald's, so we are able to experience a variety of foods.
  • The Battleship Mikasa (戦艦三笠) was Admiral Togo's flagship in the Russo-Japanese war (1904-1905), and in the Battle of Tsushima it led to the annihilation of Russian forces. Entry costs 500 yen; English signage is present, but English-speaking staff is hit or miss. The surrounding Mikasa park is free, and features a recurring fountain show.
  • The Perry Landing Park (ペリー上陸記念公園) marks the place where U.S. Navy Commodore Matthew C. Perry landed from his squadron of "black ships", forcing the Tokugawa Shogunate to sign a treaty of peace and friendship with the United States, thus opening the country to the world after 250 years of isolation. The park is located in Kurihama (久里浜), a few stops away by either the Keikyu or JR train line.
  • Also in Kurihama is Kurihama Flower World or Kurihama Hana-no-Kuni (くりはま花の国). This park is renowned for its 1 million blooming poppies from Mid-May to Mid-June, and beautiful cosmos flowers from September-mid October. It also has a nice herb garden and children's play area with a large Godzilla slide. Area map from Kurihama station
  • Yokosuka Research Park, 3-4 Hikari-no-Oka (shuttle bus from Keikyu's YRP Nobi station), [2]. Not exactly a tourist attraction, this vast research complex is devoted to telecommunications in all shapes and sizes. You won't be able to see much if you show up unannounced, but symposia and meetings are held here regularly and usually include guided tours with companies showing off their latest and greatest.
  • Sarushima (Monkey) Island (ferry from Mikasa Park) - old fortress and nature preserve in Tokyo Bay. There is a valuable uninhabited

island. It is used for free activity. Especially, it is used as sea bathing and a barbecue place in summer. This island discovered ancient things.

  • Downtown's "Blue Street" between the Navy base and Yokosuka-Chuo station - see sculptures honoring Yokosuka as one of the country's gateways to jazz music as well as local street musicians and dancers.
  • Anjinzuka Park is the scenic hilltop park where Williamm Adams (the inspiration for the Richard Chamberlain character in Shogun) and wife Oyuki are buried. It is called Miura anjin The park 10,000 cherry trees make this the best blossom viewing in Yokosuka. Park also has a scenic overlooking north. Park is 1 mile from Anjinzuka Station or Hemi Station on the Keikyu Line.
  • Dobuita Street is located at Sioiri station. There are a lot of foreigners and many variety of shop. Especially, the famous one is a Yokosuka jacket. It is called Suka-jyan it's famous product.

Do

Visit the Earthquake Awareness and Preparation Center, located near Yokosuka city hall. Visitors must sit through a Japanese language video presentation, but then can experience a strong earthquake in controlled surroundings, learn how to avoid injury, put out fires, and escape a smoky building. Visitors receive an English-language mock newspaper page outlining how their quick actions saved lives.

Attend a minor-league baseball game in the summer or fall. The Shonan Searex play at Yokosuka Stadium, the ticket cost is 1000Y. The stadium is a 10 minute walk from Oppama Station on the Keikyu line.Shonan Searex

  • Saikaya Department Store - Traditional department store spanning two blocks, between Yokosuka-Chuo station and the Navy base.
  • Daiei Shopper's Plaza - On the waterfront adjacent to the Navy base and JR station; 5 floors, including a cinema, supermarket, food court and restaurants. It crowds with families on holidays.
  • Mikasa Mall - An open-air mall on "Blue Street" between the Navy base and Yokosuka-Chuo station.
  • Avenue 580 - On "Blue Street" between the Navy base and Yokosuka-Chuo station.
  • More's City - Immediately adjacent to Yokosuka-Chuo station. Two floors of restaurants with a great view of the harbor, and a basement floor with food hall and small supermarket. There are many clothes shop. In addition, the amusement places are equipped too.

Eat

Yokosuka claims to be the place of origin of the quintessentially Japanese dish curry rice, and it seems everywhere you turn there's a sign for "Navy curry" (海軍カレー kaigun karee). It's not idle boasting, though, as the dish is believed to have been introduced in the late 19th century by British sailors who regularly ate the easily-preserved meal. Recently a popular feature in many restaurants is the "Yokosuka burger", based on an American Navy recipe.

Food halls are under the Saikaya department store, More's City shopping plaza, and Avenue 580 shopping arcade. Saikaya and More's also feature floors of restaurants, as does the Daiei Shopper's Plaza on the waterfront.

  • Bueno, More's 1F (under Starbucks). Designed by famous prize-winner at designer's week 2001 Tokyo. Very nice food and wine, English menu available. Relaxing atmosphere, English-speaking staff.
  • Bay Leaf, tel. 046-821-1922, [3]. Indian restaurant with English speaking staff. Prices are very cheap. It is the legendary first Indian restaurant in Yokosuka.
  • Kapuri Tyouza, tel. 046-822-8558,

[4]. More's 9F Itarian restaurant. There are many pizza, salad, and dessert. It is the best restaurant for having a party.

Drink

Yokosuka's best-known bar district is The Honch, directly across the street from the CFAY Naval Base and a popular haunt of American sailors stationed nearby. The Honch encompasses parts of Honcho 1-chome, 2-chome and 3-chome and runs parallel to Route 16 from Chūō-o-dori ("Blue Street" in sailor slang, due to the blue-painted asphalt) all the way to Shiori-eki, basically covering the entire commercial district between Yokosuka Chūō and Shioiri stations.

The Honch is home to dozens of different bars, eateries and nightclubs. Most take both US dollars and Japanese yen, but use a 1:100 exchange rate (1 US cent = 1 Japanese yen). These establishments range from traditional Japanese-style bars to American-oriented hang-outs, catering primarily to American sailors. Additionally, there are several "buy-me-a-drink" bars located in the area, typically staffed by Filipina women. There are also a number of "Japanese only" bars in the area.

  • The Morrigans. A popular and relatively genuine Irish bar. Frequented mainly by US Navy, but also local Japanese, drinks are reasonably priced, there is a food menu and English is spoken. It is located across from the US Navy base and slightly to the left, on Route 16.
  • Budweisser Karaoke Pub & Restaurant . A famous karaoke bar for sailors and civilians. The bar is always visited by music lovers - enjoy the night singing, watching videos, play darts, slot-machines, and dine-in and try their famous western, italian, chinese, japanese and Philippine dishes like crispy pata, lechon kawali, sinigang, lumpiang shanghai, and many more. Their variety of salads and buffalo wings are superb. The bar is located at the Honch.
  • Dynamic Karaoke Bar . A newly opened karaoke bar at the back of Seiyu Dept. store. The bar is good for private parties and just hanging out and relaxing. They have their latin nights and hiphop nights. The bar is often played by today's big hit music.
  • Jammins . Popular rock bar located on the Honch. Bar adheres to a strictly all rock policy. There are frequent live band performances from all over Yokosuka and sailors from the US Naval Base.
  • The Central (also known as Centrazzo), modern business hotel behind Keikyu Yokosuka Chuo station. Known for its small rooms. Tel 046-827-1111
  • Hotel Goddess Located near the CFAY Yokosuka Naval Base from main gate. A legendary love hotel used frequently by sailors and their companions for the evening. Easily spotted by the large replica of the Statue of Liberty on its roof, and the Irish bar "The Morrigans" on the ground floor.
  • The Harbour Inn Near Keikyu Shiori station; pleasant older rooms, good rates. Tel 046-822-0001
  • Mercure Hotel Yokosuka, [5]. This hotel is directly across from the Daiei mall. You can take the skybridge from the mall directly to the front entrance. This hotel is under brand new management, It use to be the old "Trinity" hotel. The staff is exceptionally courteous and speek pretty good english. The rooms are massive compared to other hotels in the area. Tel : (+81)46/8211111
  • Hotel New Yokosuka, [6]. A large, newer hotel a couple blocks across the street from the CFAY Yokosuka Naval Base main gate. Caters to foreigners (and sometimes referred to as "Little America"). All front desk staff speak English. Handsome bar and lobby. Tel 046-820-1111
  • The Palace Hotel, on Wakamachicho Street, a few blocks from Yokosuka Chuo station; cash only.
  • Hotel Rich[7]. Owned & operated by the Yokosuka Hotel across the street, this is formerly a "love hotel" so each room is different; one room has kareoke machine. Tel 046-525-1111.
  • Sagami A mile from Yokosuka Chuo station; older, small hotel. Tel 046-825-1222
  • Yokosuka Hotel, [8], [9]. An older, but well-kept hotel at the end of Yonegahama Street. Tel 046-525-1111
  • Nokogiriyama — Famous cliffs with a large, outdoor stone Buddha; take the Tokyo Bay Ferry from Kurihama across to Chiba
  • The beach towns of Zushi & Hayama are nearby.
  • Kamakura is only 20 minutes, 210 Yen, from Yokosuka Station (JR line).
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