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This is a Korean name; the family name is Yoon.
Yoon Bong-Gil
Korean name
Hangul 윤봉길
Hanja 尹奉吉
Revised Romanization Yun Bong-gil
McCune–Reischauer Yun Pong-gil

Yoon Bong-Gil (21 June 1908, Yesan, Korea - 19 December 1932 Kanazawa, Japan) was a Korean independence activist and assassin[1][2] who worked against Japan during Japan's rule over Korea (1910–1945). Yoon participated in an assassination attempt of several Japanese leaders.

On 29 April 1932, he carried out a bombing attack using a bomb disguised as a water bottle at a Japanese army celebration of Emperor Hirohito's birthday in Shanghai. The bombing killed Yoshinori Shirakawa, a general of the Imperial Japanese Army, and Kawabata Sadaji (河端貞次?), a Government Chancellor of Japanese residents in Shanghai. It also seriously injured Kenkichi Ueda, Division 9 commander of the Japanese Imperial Army, Kuramatsu Murai (村井倉松?), Japanese Consul-General in Shanghai, and Shigemitsu Mamoru, Japanese Envoy in Shanghai.

Yoon was arrested at the scene and convicted by the Japanese military court in Shanghai on 25 May. He was transferred to Osaka prison on 18 November, and executed in Kanazawa on 18 December. He was buried in Nodayama graveyard.

In May 1946, his remains were excavated by Korean residents in Japan, transferred to Seoul and given funeral rites. He was then reburied in the Korean National Cemetery. In 1962, the government of South Korea's Second Republic praised his bombing attack, and posthumously bestowed the Republic of Korea Cordon (Grand Cordon) of the Order of Liberation Merit on him.

Chiang Kai-shek quoted "A young Korean patriot has accomplished something tens of thousands of Chinese soldiers could not do."[3]

See also


  1. ^ "Ahn Gong-geun Designated as 'Independence Activist of July'". KBS. 2008-07-03. Retrieved 2008-08-24. "In 1931, he co-founded the Society for Korean Patriots with Kim Gu, and the following year led a number of independence movements with other activists including Yoon Bong-gil. Ahn Gong-geun died on May 30, 1939." 
  2. ^ Christopher Carpenter (2005-04-03). "Scenes of Korea's Suffering Under Japan". Ohmynews. Retrieved 2008-08-24. "Three photos show the capture and death of independence leader Yoon Bong Gil. Yoon is led away by Japanese soldiers and then put to death by a firing squad. This exhibit is at Woninjae subway station, Incheon, until April 16." 
  3. ^ (Korean) 100년 만에 우리 앞에 다가온 윤봉길...

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