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Nawab Yousaf Aziz Magsi was a prominent Baloch leader from the present day Balochistan province of Pakistan. He hailed from the Magsi tribe headquartered in Jhal Magsi, the ancestral home of the Magsi tribe. Nawab was his title which stands for Ruling Prince/Chief of tribe inter-changeably. He was born in 1908 in Jhal Magsi. His father, Kaiser Khan Magsi was the Nawab of the Magsi Tribe.

Contents

Education

Mir Yousaf Khan obtained his eductaion at home. Because he was quick on picking new concepts and ideas therefore he was able to master Arabic, Farsi and Urdu within a few years. Then he was taught English by a private tutor for two years.

Exile

In 1922, because of some family problems Yousaf Magsi's father Nawab Kaiser Khan and Yousaf himself had to go into exile in Multan. Yousaf Khan stayed in exile in Multan until 1929.

Balochistan's Lament

Mir Yousaf Ali Khan was quite impressed by the revolutionary atmosphere of Punjab and was drawn towards Congress' struggle for independence from British Rule. He was filled with a desire to launch a similar struggle in Balochistan. His first step in this regard was an article he wrote titled "Balochistan Kee Faryaad" or "Balochistan's Lament" which was published in a weekly newspaper, Hamdard, on November 17th,1929. As a result of this article, a special Jirga held in Kalat on July 17th 1930 sentenced Mir Yousaf Ali Khan to one year solitary confinement in Zehri and an eleven thousand ruppee fine.

Anjuman-i-Ithihaad i Balochaan

During the proceedings of the above mentioned Jirga, Mir Yousaf Ali Khan was held in Mastung Jail. While he was in jail, the members of a clandestine political party (Anjuman-i-Ithihaad i Balochaan) who were also deeply impressed by the struggle of the Congress contacted Yousaf Ali Khan. They also helped him a lot during his solitary confinement. In 1931, after completing his sentence, Mir Yousaf Ali Khan came to Quetta where along with Mir Abdul Aziz Kurd, Nawabzada Mir Abdul Rehman Bugti, Mohammad Hussain Unqa, Malik Faiz Mohammad Yousafzai and others he officially announced the Anjuman-i-Ithihaad i Balochaan as a political party. Mir Abdul Aziz Kurd was elected as the General Secretary of the party while Mir Yousaf Ali Khan became its President. The Prime Minister of Kalat issued the orders to arrest Yousaf Ali Khan once again but he somehow got to know about the plan to arrest him before hand so he went and took refuge in Jacobabad from where he started his famous Magsi Agitation.

Controversy Over Khan of Kalat

After the death of the Khan of Kalat, Mir Mehmood Khan II, the Prime Ministerof Kalat, Sir Shams Shah lobbied Mehmood Khan II's son Mir Mohammad Anwar Khan to the throne while on the other side, Mehmood Khan's brother Mir Azam Khan claimed to be the rightful heir to the throne of Kalat. Anjuman-i-Ithihaad i Balochaan announced their support for Mir Azam Khan and successfully launched a struggle to appoint him the Khan of Kalat. After Mir Azam Khan became the Khan, Sir Shams Shah was sacked from his position as The Prime Minister of Kalat.

Nawab Yousaf Ali Khan Magsi

In 1932 Mir Yousal Ali Khan's elder brother, Sardar Gul Mohammad Khan Magsi (who had become the Nawab of the Magsi Tribe after Kaiser Khan was impeached and in his place Yousaf Ali Khan was elected as the chief of the tribe.

Return From Europe

In 1934 Nawab Yousaf Ali Khan went to Europe and stayed there for eight or nine months. On his return to Balochistan on January 31st 1935 he restarted his struggle with great vigour and zeal.

1935 Earthquake and Death

On May 31st 1935 Quetta was hit with a devastating earthquake which claimed thousands of lives. Among the casualties was also Nawab Yousaf Aziz Khan Magsi.

See also

References

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