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Ypati
Υπάτη
YpatiCentre.jpg
Location
Ypati is located in Greece
Ypati
Coordinates 38°52′N 22°14′E / 38.867°N 22.233°E / 38.867; 22.233Coordinates: 38°52′N 22°14′E / 38.867°N 22.233°E / 38.867; 22.233
Government
Country: Greece
Periphery: Central Greece
Prefecture: Phthiotis
Population statistics (as of 2001[1])
City
 - Population: 6,855
 - Area: 263 km2 (102 sq mi)
 - Density: 26 /km2 (68 /sq mi)
Other
Time zone: EET/EEST (UTC+2/3)
Auto: ΜΙ

Ypati (Greek: Υπάτη) is a village and a municipality in Phthiotis, Greece. Its 2002 population was 6,855 for the municipality. It was once known as Neopatras or Hypate and was the capital of the Duchy of Neopatria in the Late Middle Ages.

Contents

Nearest places

  • Argyrochori, northeast
  • Kapnochori, west

Municipal districts

  • Argyrochori
  • Dafni
  • Kastanea (Kastanea, Kapnochori)
  • Kompotades
  • Ladikou
  • Loutra Ypatis (Loutra Ypatis, Varka, Magoula, Nea Ypati)
  • Lychno (Lychno, Alonia)
  • Mexiates
  • Mesochori Ypatis
  • Neochori Ypatis
  • Peristeri
  • Pyrgos
  • Rodonia (Rodonia, Karya)
  • Syka Ypatis
  • Vasiliki
  • Ypati (Ypati, Amalota)

Population

Year Village Municipal district Municipality
1991 - 929 6,795
2001 724 849 6,855

Geography

Ypati is around 30 km west of Thermopylae and north of the Oiti mountains and Xerisa river, it is also 25 km west of Lamia south of the GR-38 (Lamia - Karpenissi - Agrinio), around 230 km NNW of Athens and about 50 km east of Karpenissi, it overlooks the Spercheios to the north. The geography includes forests and grasslands to the south in higher elevations. Neighbouring municipalities includes Sperchiada, Makrakomi, Lianokladio, Lamia, Gorgopotamos, Pavliani and Kallieis, the Fokida prefecture is bounded to the south. Around 3 km northwest is the famous springs which dates to the ancient times. It is around a few kilometres from the mountains.

History

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Ancient era

Hypatē (Ὑπάτη) or Hypata (Ancient Greek: Ὕπατα). Its origin of the name comes from a word hypo Oita (ὑπὸ Οἴτα meaning near the Oita [Mountains]). Hypata was run by the Aeneans in 410 BC and was in the south of the Thessalian district of Phthiotis. It later founded Amphictyon and Amphela. Herodotus mentioned a nearby spting. The city was invaded by the Celts in 376 BC, in the Second Macedonian War, it was a village of the Aetolian League, after it became a city of the Roman province of Achaea. Its archaeological findings from that time dates back to around the 2nd century.

Byzantine, Medieval and Ottoman eras

It first built a church around 66 AD. The Byzantine historian Procopius with the emperor Justinian I . Around the 9th century, the city renamed itself to Neai Patrai (Ancient Greek: Νέαι Πάτραι New Patras or Neopatras). The city was later ruled by the Frankish, Catalans and Serbians. It fell to the Ottomans in 1393 and became Patracık or Patraztiki (Little Patras).

Revolutionary period

In the Greek revolution, Ypati (Patratziki) suffered three battles. It was also a mountain area with klephts:

  • The battle on April 18, 1821, the Turkish besieged Ypati during the revolution under Mitsos Kondogiannis, Dyovounitis, Diakos and Bakogiannis. Its city's garrison besieged the area. The Turkish Army responded and fell again
  • The battle on May 1821, the Greek commander Gouras, Skaltsodimos and Safakas Ypati battled against Turkish troops from Livadeia and the Greeks lost.
  • The battle on April 2, 1822, with the leader Alexandros Ypsilantis with the field commander Kondogiannis, Panourgias, Skaltsas and Sgakas took over the city, 1,500 Turkish and Albanian troops arrived from the mountain. For several days, encountered each other for the control of the mountain. The Greeks finally took over the area, the Turkish headed for Lamia and later lost the battle.

Ypati finally joined Greece in 1830 and revived its ancient name. The municipality of Ypati was founded on January 10, 1834.

Modern era

After World War II and Greek Civil War, its buildings were rebuilt. Its population suffered one of the greatest loss in the country, it lost by around two thirds between 1981 and 1991, though its loss slowly declined between 1991 and 2001.

External links

Northwest: Makrakomi
Ypati East: Lamia
South: Kallieis Southeast: Gorgopotamos

References

  1. ^ "Δείτε τη Διοικητική Διαίρεση" (in Greek). Hellenic Interior Ministry. www.ypes.gr. http://www.ypes.gr/UserFiles/f0ff9297-f516-40ff-a70e-eca84e2ec9b9/D_diairesi.xls. Retrieved 2009-09-09.  

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