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Town of Yucca Valley
—  Town  —
Location in San Bernardino County and the state of California
Coordinates: 34°7′34″N 116°24′59″W / 34.12611°N 116.41639°W / 34.12611; -116.41639Coordinates: 34°7′34″N 116°24′59″W / 34.12611°N 116.41639°W / 34.12611; -116.41639
Country United States
State California
County San Bernardino
Area
 - Total 40 sq mi (103.7 km2)
 - Land 40 sq mi (103.7 km2)
 - Water 0 sq mi (0 km2)
Elevation 3,369 ft (1,027 m)
Population (2000)
 - Total 16,865
 Density 421.6/sq mi (162.6/km2)
Time zone PST (UTC-8)
 - Summer (DST) PDT (UTC-7)
ZIP codes 92284-92286
Area code(s) 760
FIPS code 06-87056
GNIS feature ID 1667939
Yucca Valley's West End

Yucca Valley is an incorporated town located in San Bernardino County, California, United States. The population was 16,865 at the 2000 census. However, the town's highway sign lists the current population at 25,500. Yucca Valley lies 17 miles (27 km) west of Twentynine Palms, 37 miles (60 km) north of Palm Springs, 89 miles (143 km) south of Barstow via State Route 247, 45 miles (72 km) southeast of Lucerne Valley and 55 miles (89 km) east of San Bernardino.

Bordered in the west by the San Bernardino Mountains and in the south by the Joshua Tree National Park, the Yucca Valley community is located in the Mojave Desert at 3,300 feet (1,000 m) above sea level.

Contents

Government

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Local

Yucca Valley is governed by a town council whose mayor as of 2009 is Frank Luckino. Other Town Council members are Chad Mayes, Bill Neeb, Lori Herbel and George Huntington. Yucca Valley contracts its police and public safety services from the San Bernardino County Sheriff's Department. Fire suppression and ambulance services are provided by the San Bernardino County Fire Department.

State and federal

In the state legislature Yucca Valley is located in the 31st Senate District, represented by Republican Robert Dutton, and in the 65th Assembly District, represented by Republican Paul Cook. Federally, Yucca Valley is located in California's 41st congressional district, which has a Cook PVI of R +9[1] and is represented by Republican Jerry Lewis.

Education

Public education in Yucca Valley is under the administration of the Morongo Unified School District. Yucca Valley has 3 neighborhood elementary schools—Onaga Elementary, Yucca Mesa Elementary (K-8) and Yucca Valley Elementary; one middle school—La Contenta Middle School; and two high schools--Yucca Valley High School and Sky Continuation High School. Private schools in Yucca Valley include Our Lady of the Desert, a Christian school for K-12; Joshua Springs Christian School, non-denominational affiliation for PK-12; Grace Christian School, Brethren affiliation for K-12; Hi-Desert SDA Elementary, a 1-6, Seventh Day Adventist affiliation school; and Yucca Valley Christian School, affiliated with The Assembly of God, for PK-12. Adult tutoring is also available in Yucca Valley, with tutoring information available at the Yucca Valley Public Library.

Transportation

Yucca Valley has three major means of access; State Route 62 (Twentynine Palms Highway) runs east-west and is the main thoroughfare through town. State Route 247 (Old Woman Springs Road) begins in Yucca Valley and extends north through Barstow. Interstate access is southwest 17 miles (27 km) to I-10 or northwest approximately 55 miles (89 km) to I-15. The Basin Transit Authority (MBTA)[2] serves the area with scheduled bus service around town and to the lower desert.[3]

Geography and terrain

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 40.0 square miles (103.7 km²). 40.0 square miles (103.7 km²) of it is land and none of it is covered in water. Yucca Valley is located north of the Joshua Tree National Park, while the little San Bernardino Mountains and many hills cover a large percentage of city area.

The "high desert" community has an elevation (city hall) at 3,224 feet (983 m) above sea level. Snowfall occurs almost annually whenever the snow level drops to elevations under 4,000 feet (1,200 m). The area's terrain is prone to wildfires (such as the Pioneertown fire in July 2006), resulting from plant growth during the rainy seasons and flash floods. The plants in the city and among the chaparral in the mountains outside of San Bernardino National Forest wilt and perish from the summer heat, providing ample fuel during a fire.

Geology

Yucca Valley has experienced high levels of seismic activity. Fault lines criss-cross the city and the Morongo basin.

History

In 1992, three large earthquakes occurred near the city, the magnitude 6.1 Joshua Tree earthquake on April 22, and on June 28 the 7.3 Landers and 6.5 Big Bear earthquakes.

The 7.1 magnitude Hector Mine earthquake on October 16 1999 had an epicenter 30 miles (48 km) north of town.

On July 11, 2006, a wildfire started by lightning raced through neighboring Pioneertown. The blaze, named the Sawtooth Complex fire, also burned into Yucca Valley and nearby Morongo Valley.

Demographics

As of the census[4] of 2000, there were 16,865 people, 6,949 households, and 4,489 families residing in the town. The population density was 421.3 people per square mile (162.7/km²). There were 7,952 housing units at an average density of 198.7/sq mi (76.7/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 87.26% White, 2.25% African American, 1.35% Native American, 1.29% Asian, 0.30% Pacific Islander, 4.58% from other races, and 2.98% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 11.40% of the population.

There were 6,949 households out of which 27.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 47.1% were married couples living together, 13.0% had a female householder with no husband present, and 35.4% were non-families. 30.0% of all households were made up of individuals and 16.5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.38 and the average family size was 2.94.

In the town 25.1% of the population was under the age of 18, 7.1% from 18 to 24, 22.6% from 25 to 44, 22.4% from 45 to 64, and 22.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The average number in the US over 65 was 12.4%.[5] The median age was 42 years, at a time when the average age in the US was 35.3.[5] For every 100 females there were 90.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 85.1 males.

Economy

Personal income

The median income for a household in the town was $30,420, and the median income for a family was $36,650. Males had a median income of $35,037 versus $25,234 for females. The per capita income for the town was $16,020, lower than most of Southern California. About 16.2% of families and 19.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 27.3% of those under age 18 and 9.3% of those age 65 or over.

Tourism

Amenities include a bowling alley, movie theater, various retail stores and an "Old Town" area.

On Grubstakes Day, held the day before Memorial Day, there is a parade.

The Desert Christ Park sculpture garden is located here.

References

  1. ^ "Will Gerrymandered Districts Stem the Wave of Voter Unrest?". Campaign Legal Center Blog. http://www.clcblog.org/blog_item-85.html. Retrieved 2008-02-10. 
  2. ^ Morongo Morongo Basin Transit Authority
  3. ^ Yucca Valley.org
  4. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. http://factfinder.census.gov. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  5. ^ a b "Yucca Valley, California Census and Community Profile" (in English). 2009-11-17. http://www.americantowns.com/ca/yuccavalley-information. 

External links


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