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SFR Yugoslav Navy
JRM-yugoslav navy.gif

Emblem of the SFR Yugoslav Navy
Active 1945–1992
Country  Yugoslavia
Size about 1.840 personnel
32 ships
Part of Yugoslav People's Army
H/Q Split
Anniversaries 10 September
Engagements Siege of Dubrovnik
Disbanded Breakup of Yugoslavia (1991)
Commanders
Last commander Vice Admiral Miodrag Jokić
Insignia
Naval Ensign Naval Ensign of SFR Yugoslavia.svg
Naval Jack Naval Jack of SFR Yugoslavia.svg

In 1990 the Yugoslav navy (Jugoslavenska ratna mornarica) had 10,000 sailors (4,400 conscripts), including 2,300 in twenty-five coastal artillery batteries and 900 marines in one light naval infantry brigade. This was essentially a coastal defense force with the mission of preventing enemy landings along the Yugoslavia's rugged 4,000- kilometer shoreline or coastal islands, and contesting an enemy blockade or control of the strategic Strait of Otranto. Its capabilities were limited by a lack of operational time at sea and infrequent live firing exercises.

Contents

History

Yugoslav Navy VPB Destroyer "Split".
Submarine P-802 "Sava" introduced in JRM fleet 1952.

The Partisans had operated many small boats in raids harassing Italian convoys in the Adriatic Sea during World War II. After the war, the navy operated numerous German and Italian submarines, destroyers, minesweepers, and tank-landing craft captured during the war or received as war reparations. The United States provided eight torpedo boats in the late 1940s, but most of those units were soon obsolete. The navy was upgraded in the 1960s when it acquired ten Osa-I class missile boats and four Shershen class torpedo boats from the Soviet Union. The Soviets granted a license to build eleven additional Shershen units in Yugoslav shipyards developed for this purpose.

In 1980 and 1982, the navy took delivery of two Soviet Koni-class frigates. In 1988 it completed two additional units under license. The Koni frigates were armed with four Soviet SS-N-2B surface-to-surface missile launchers, twin SA-N-4 surface-to-air missiles, and antisubmarine rocket launchers. The Yugoslav navy developed its own submarine-building capability during the 1960s. In 1990 the main combat units of the submarine service were three Heroj class patrol submarines armed with 533 mm torpedoes. Two smaller Sava class units entered service in the late 1970s. Two Sutjeska class submarines had been relegated mainly to training missions by 1990. At that time the navy had apparently shifted to construction of versatile midget submarines. Four Una-class midgets and four Mala-class swimmer delivery vehicles were in service in the late 1980s. They were built for use by underwater demolition teams and special forces. The Una-class boats carried five crewmen, eight combat swimmers, four Mala vehicles, and limpet mines. The Mala vehicles in turn carried two swimmers and 250 kilograms of mines.

The navy operated ten Osa I-class and six Rade Koncar-class missile boats. The Osa I boats were armed with four SS-N-2A surface-to-surface missile launchers. In 1990 domestic Kobra boats were scheduled to begin replacing the Osa I boats. The Kobra was to be armed with four SS-N-2C launchers or eight Swedish RBS-15 antiship missile launchers. Armed with two SS-N-2B launchers, the Koncar-class boats were modeled after the Swedish Spica class. The navy's fifteen Topcider-class torpedo boats included four former Soviet Shershen-class and eleven Yugoslavbuilt units.

Patrol boats were operated primarily for antisubmarine warfare. The inventory included three Mornar-class corvettes with antisubmarine rocket launchers and depth charges. The Mornar class was based on a French design from the mid-1950s. Seventeen Mirna inshore patrol boats and thirteen older Kraljevica submarine chasers also were available.

The navy's mine warfare and countermeasures capabilities were considered adequate in 1990. It operated four Vukov Klanac-class coastal minehunters built on a French design, four British Ham-class inshore minesweepers, and six 117-class inshore minesweepers built in domestic shipyards. Larger numbers of older and less capable minesweepers were mainly used in riverine operations. Other older units were used as dedicated minelayers. The navy used amphibious landing craft in support of army operations in the area of the Danube, Sava, and Drava rivers. They included both tank and assault landing craft. In 1990 there were four 501-class, ten 211-class, and twenty-five 601-class landing craft in service. Most of them were also capable of laying mines in rivers and coastal areas.

The coastal artillery batteries had both surface-to-surface missiles and guns. They operated the Soviet-designed SS-C-3 and a truck-mounted, Yugoslav-produced Brom antiship missile. The latter was essentially a Yugoslav variant of the Soviet SS-N-2. Coastal guns included over 400 88 mm, 122 mm, 130 mm, and 152 mm artillery pieces obtained from the Soviet Union, the United States, postwar Germany, and Yugoslav manufacturers.

Organisation

Yugoslav Navy frigate RF-33 „Kotor“.

Minor surface combatants operated by the navy included nearly eighty frigates, corvettes, submarines, minesweepers, and missile, torpedo, and patrol boats in the Adriatic Fleet. The entire coast of Yugoslavia was part of the naval region headquartered at Split. The naval region was divided into three smaller naval districts and a riverine flotilla with major bases located at Split, Sibenik, Pula, Ploče and Kotor on the Adriatic and Novi Sad on the Danube. The fleet was organized into missile, torpedo, and patrol boat brigades, a submarine division, and minesweeper flotillas. The naval order of battle included four frigates, three corvettes, five patrol submarines, fifty-eight missile, torpedo, and patrol boats, and twenty-eight minesweepers. Navy had a support of one air force antisubmarine warfare helicopter squadron was based at Divulje on the Adriatic for coastal operations. It employed Soviet Ka-25, Ka-28, and Mi-8 helicopters, and domestic Gazelle helicopters. Some air force fighter and reconnaissance squadrons supported naval operations.

The 12th Naval Infantry Brigade (Mornaricka Pesaddijska Brigada) were the marines of the Yugoslav Navy until 4 February 2003 when it became part the Navy of the State Union of Serbia and Montenegro. The 12th Naval Infantry Brigade was headquartered in the 8th Naval Sector at Split but was later moved near Kotor, a coastal town in Montenegro. A small detchament was located at Novi Sad on the Danube. The brigade consisted of 900 to 2000 men in two or three battalions. As a multi-ethnic unit, the brigade was broken up during the Breakup of Yugoslavia, and it saw little action. The largest remnant eventually moved to Montenegro.

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Equipment gallery

Equipment

Sea Fleet

Large Patrol Vessel VPBR-31 "Split"
Large Patrol Vessel VPBR-33 "Kotor"

Frigates:

  • Koni class  Soviet Union
    • RF-31 „Split“ (since 1993 „Beograd“) – Currently awaiting sale at Tivat Arsenal, Montenegro, Split was withdrawn from operational use by VCSG in 2005.
    • RF-32 „Koper“ (since 1993 „Podgorica“) – Currently at Tivat Arsenal, Koper was withdrawn from operational use by Yugoslavia Navy (RMVJ) in 1995. Cannibalized in 2007 and sold to „Yugoimportu SDPR“ for further cannibalization.
  • Kotor class  Yugoslavia
    • RF-33 „Kotor“ – Currently at Tivat Arsenal, Kotor was withdrawn from operational use by Montenegro Navy (MCG) in 2006. There is a possibility of it returning as fleet component by end of 2008.
    • RF-34 „Pula“ - Currently in operational use by MCG.

Submarines:

  • Post-war submarines
    • P-801 „Tara“ - Ex „Nebojša“, only Yugoslav Royal Navy submarine that have surive Nazi attacks. Withdrawn form service in the 1980 bu JRM.  United Kingdom
    • P-802 „Sava“ - Withdrawn form service in the 1968 bu JRM.
    • P-901 „Mališan“ - Withdrawn form service in the 1959 bu JRM. Flag of Italy (1861-1946) crowned.svg Italy
JRM submarine P-832 "Drava"
Yugoslav Navy P-822 "Junak" (Hero) submarine.
  • Sutjeska class  Yugoslavia
    • P-811 „Sutjeska“ - Withdrawn form service in the 1980 bu JRM.
    • P-812 „Neretva“ - Withdrawn form service in the 1981 bu JRM.
  • Heroj class  Yugoslavia
    • P-821 „Heroj“ – Currently for sale at Tivat Arsenal, Montenegro. Heavy maintenance stopped during 2004, withdrawn from operational use.
    • P-822 „Junak“ – Cut as reclaimed iron at Tivat Arsenal, was withdrawn from operational use by RMVJ mid-90s.
    • P-823 „Uskok“ – Sold and cut as reclaimed iron to Izmir, Turkey, in 2007. Uskok, was withdrawn from operational use by RMVJ in 1998.
  • Sava class  Yugoslavia
    • P-831 „Sava“ – Currently awaiting sale at Tivat Arsenal, was withdrawn from operational use by VSCG in 2004.
    • P-832 „Drava“ – Currently awaiting sale at Tivat Arsenal. Heavy maintenance stopped during 1996, withdrawn from operational use by VSCG.
  • Una class  Yugoslavia
    • P-911 „Tisa“ – Conserved and currently awaiting sale at Tivat Arsenal. Tisa, was withdrawn from operational use by RMVJ in 1997.
    • P-912 „Una“ – Conserved and currently awaiting sale at Tivat Arsenal. Una, was withdrawn from operational use by RMVJ in 1997.
    • P-913 „Zeta“ – Currently awaiting sale at Tivat Arsenal, was withdrawn from operational use by MVSCG in 2005.
    • P-914 „Soča“ – Remained in Croatia during events of 1991. Heavy maintenance and modernization completed in 1996. In operational use by Croatian Navy (RM Hrvatske) as P-01 „Velebit“ until 2004, when withdrawn from operational use. Currently awaiting sale at the Naval Base „Lora“ in Split, Croatia.
    • P-915 „Vardar“ – Currently awaiting sale at Tivat Arsenal. Heavy maintenance stopped in 2003, withdrawn from operational use by MVSCG.
    • P-916 „Vrbas“ – Currently awaiting sale at Tivat Arsenal. Vrbas, was withdrawn from operational use by MVSCG in 2005.

Guided Missile Gunboats:

Yugoslav Navy guided missile gunboat RTOP-406 „Ante Banina“.
  • Končar class  Yugoslavia
    • RTOP-401 „Rade Končar“ – Currently awaiting sale in Bar, Montenegro; was withdrawn from operational use by MCG in 2006.
    • RTOP-402 „Vlado Ćetković“ – Remained in Croatia during events of 1991. Introduced in operational use by Croatian Navy (HRM) as RTOP-21 „ Šibenik“. Located in Naval Base „Lora“, Split, Croatia.
    • RTOP-403 „Ramiz Sadiku“ – Partially cut, currently awaiting sale at Tivat Arsenal. Heavy maintenance stopped mid-1990s. RTOP-403, was withdrawn from operational use by RMVJ in 2007.
    • RTOP-404 „Hasan Zahirović-Laca“ – Currently awaiting sale in Bar, Montenegro. RTOP-404, was withdrawn from operational use by MCG in 2006.
    • RTOP-405 „Jordan Nikolov – Orce“ – Currently awaiting sale in Bar, Montenegro. RTOP-405, was withdrawn from operational use by MCG.
    • RTOP-406 „Ante Banina“ – Currently awaiting sale in Bar, Montenegro. RTOP-406, was withdrawn from operational use by MCG.

Fast Missile Boats:

Yugoslav Navy Osa I Missile Boats.
  • Osa class  Soviet Union
    • RČ-301 „Mitar Acev“ – Withrawn from operational use by Yugoslav Navy (JRM). Sunk mid-1990s as live ammunition target practice by Croatian Navy.
    • RČ-302 „Vlado Bagat“ – Withrawn from operational use by RMVJ in the mid-1990s. Faith unknown?
    • RČ-303 „Petar Drapšin“ - Withrawn from operational use by RMVJ in the mid-1990s. Faith unknown?
    • RČ-304 „Stjepan Filipović-Stevo“ – Withrawn from operational use by RMVJ in the mid-1990s. Sold to Egypt, modernised at Arsenal Tivat, Montenegro. In operational use by Egyptian Navy since 2007, serial „647“.
    • RČ-305 „Žikica Jovanović-Španac“- Withrawn from operational use by RMVJ in the mid-1990s. Sold to Egypt, modernised at Arsenal Tivat, Montenegro. In operational use by Egyptian Navy since 2007, serial „649“.
    • RČ-306 „Nikola Martinović“ - Withrawn from operational use by RMVJ in the mid-1990s. Sold to Egypt, modernised at Arsenal Tivat, Montenegro. In operational use by Egyptian Navy since 2007, serial „651“
    • RČ-307 „Josip Mažar –Šoša“ - Withrawn from operational use by RMVJ in the mid-1990s. Sold to Egypt, modernised at Arsenal Tivat, Montenegro. In operational use by Egyptian Navy since 2007, serial „653“
    • RČ-308 „Karlo Rojc“ - Withrawn from operational use by RMVJ in the mid-1990s. Sold to Egypt, modernised at Arsenal Tivat, Montenegro. In operational use by Egyptian Navy since 2007, serial „655“
    • RČ-309 „Franc Rozman-Stane“ - Withrawn from operational use by RMVJ in the mid-1990s. Faith unknown?
    • RČ-310 „Velimir Škorpik“ – Remained in Croatia during events of 1991. Introduced in operational use by Croatian Navy until 2008, as a fast patrol boat-minelayer OBM-41 „Dubrovnik“. Faith unknown? [1]
Yugoslav Navy (JRM) Adriatic PČ-135 Patrol Boat.

Patrol boats:

  • C-80 class  Yugoslavia
    • PČ-132 „Kalnik“
    • PČ-133 „Velebit“
    • PČ-134 „Romanija“
    • PČ-135 „Triglav“
    • PČ-136 „Lovčen“
  • Mirna class  Yugoslavia
    • PČ-171 „Biokovo“ - Remained in Croatia during events of 1991. Introduced in operational use by Croatian Navy (HRM) as OB-61 „Novigrad“. Located in Naval Base „Lora“, Split, Croatia.
    • PČ-172 „Pohorje“ - In Montenegro, used for tourists.
    • PČ-173 „Koprivnik“ - In Montenegro, used for tourists.
    • PČ-174 „Učka“ - In service with Montenegro police
    • PČ-175 „Grmeč“ - Evacuated to Montenegro during the 1991. In 2007 sold to privat owner from Croatia.
      SFR Yugoslav Navy stately yacht "Galeb". Used by Marshal Tito on his foreign trips and to entertain many famous people.
    • PČ-176 „Mukos“ - It was heavily damaged by Croatian paramilitary forces in the 1991 around Split and abandoned by JRM. Later it was taken out from the sea, repaired and put back in operational use by HRM as OB-62 „Šolta“.
    • PČ-177 „Fruška gora“ - In Montenegro, used for tourists.
    • PČ-178 „Kosmaj“ - In service with Montenegro police
    • PČ-179 „Zelengora“ - Evacuated to Montenegro during the 1991. In 2007 sold to privat owner from Croatia.
    • PČ-180 „Cer“ - Remained in Croatia during events of 1991. Introduced in operational use by HRM as OB-63 „Cavtat“. Located in Naval Base „Lora“, Split, Croatia.
    • PČ-181 „Durmitor“ - Remained in Croatia during events of 1991. Introduced in operational use by HRM as OB-64 „Hrvatska Kostajnica“. Located in Naval Base „Lora“, Split, Croatia.

School ship:

River Fleet

Command ship

Station for degauss

Yugoslav River Fleet Neštin

River minesweepers

  • 307 class
    • RML-307
    • RML-308
    • RML-309
    • RML-310

River patrol boats

  • 21 class  Yugoslavia
    • ČMP-21
    • ČMP-22
    • ČMP-23
    • ČMP-24

Assault boats

See also

References


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