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Zaporizhia Automobile Building Plant
Type Public
Founded 1908
Headquarters Zaporizhia, Ukraine
Area served International
Industry automotive
Products Cars, vans, buses
Revenue 12.95 billion (UAH)
Net income 564 million (UAH)
Parent Ukrainian Automobile Corporation

ZAZ or Zaporizhia Automobile Building Plant (Ukrainian: ЗАЗ, Запорізький автомобілебудівельний завод) is the main automobile-manufacturer of Ukraine, based in the south-eastern city of Zaporizhia. It is also known for its former mother company name, AvtoZAZ. In the first half of 2008 ZAZ manufactured 153,407 cars and commercial vehicles, a 29% increase from the same period in 2007.[1]

Contents

History

ZAZ-965 Zaporozhets
ZAZ-968 Zaporozhets
ZAZ-968 M Zaporozhets
ZAZ-1102 Tavria
ZAZ-1103 Slavuta
ZAZ-11055 Tavria Pick-up

The company was established in 1960 as ZAZ (Zaporizkyi avtomobilnyi zavod) to produce the copy of Fiat 600—a car for the ordinary people. From 1975 to 2002, the factory was a part of AvtoZAZ holding, which was transformed into joint-stock company in 1990s.

The models named "Zaporozhets" were powered by an air-cooled rear mounted V4 engine made by MeMZ (based in neighboring Melitopol'). The body of earlier models 965 was similar to the Fiat 600. The redesigned 966 looked more like a NSU Prinz. Despite low reliability and prestige of those cars, they have shown an unbeaten accessibility and popularity among Soviets, becoming the "car for pensioners and intellectuals".

Newer front wheel drive cars are based on model 1102 Tavria (in production since 1980s) and are powered by a water cooled, front mounted MeMZ engine and fall into micro-class.

When AvtoZAZ-Daewoo joint venture with Daewoo Motors was formed in 1998, ZAZ was assigned to the new company as a 50% share on behalf of AvtoZAZ. Daewoo Motors made large investments and established the production of its own models, while keeping and modernizing the native ZAZ brand. CKD kits of Daewoo Lanos started assembling the same year; at the same time, CKD assembly of a number of older VAZ models started.

Following bankruptcy of Daewoo Motors in 2001, UkrAVTO corporation bought out AvtoZAZ holding in 2002. All of the AvtoZAZ manufacturing facilities (most notably, MeMZ and Illichivsk assembling plant) were reincorporated into ZAZ. The company even adopted a new logo. The Daewoo part in the joint venture was bought out by Swiss venture Hirsch & CIE in 2003.

Illichivsk facility (Illichivsk Automobile Parts Plant) is currently used for CKD-kit assembly of Chevrolet Aveo and Chevrolet Lacetti. An adapted version of the Lanos with a MeMZ engine, Daewoo Sens, was made since 2002. End of 2004 saw the beginning of full-scale production of completely domestic ZAZ Lanos T150, now that CKD kits of Lanos are no longer supplied. UkrAVTO has plans to transfer a transmission plant from the assets of FSO car factory to the ZAZ. It is also considering engine facilities of former Daewoo Motors subsidiary in India.

ZAZ and Polish Fabryka Samochodów Osobowych have a long history of partnership and now form a holding under their parent company UkrAVTO.

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ZAZ and its reputation

ZAZ's products were never held in high esteem by Soviet citizens. In fact, ZAZ's original mission was to create a "people's car", almost like Volkswagen's original mission. Yet most Soviet citizens preferred their Ladas to AvtoZAZ's products, such as the ZAZ Tavria.[1]

Models

Full-scale production

ZAZ Sens (Daewoo Sens)

Complete knock down (CKD) assembly

(performed at Illichivsk Automobile Parts Plant)

References


External links


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