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Zacatecas
Estado Libre y Soberano
de Zacatecas
—  State  —

Flag

Coat of arms
Motto: Labor Vincit Omnia
Location within Mexico
Country  Mexico
Capital Zacatecas
Municipalities 58
Largest City Fresnillo
Admission December 23, 1823[1]
Order 10th
Government
 - Governor Amalia García Medina
(PRD)
 - Federal Deputies PRD: 4
PAN: 1
 - Federal Senators PRD: 2
PAN: 1
Area
Ranked 10th
 - Total 73,252 km2 (28,282.8 sq mi)
Elevation 2,347 m (7,700 ft)
Population (2005)
 - Total 1,367,692 (Ranked 25th)
 - Demonym Zacatecano
Time zone CST (UTC-6)
 - Summer (DST) CDT (UTC-5)
HDI (2004) 0.7563 - medium
Ranked 26th
ISO 3166-2 MX-ZAC
Postal abbr. Zac.

Zacatecas state of Mexico is located in the northern region and it is bounded to the northwest by Durango, to the north by Coahuila, to the east by San Luis Potosí, to the south by Aguascalientes and Guanajuato and to the southwest by Jalisco and Nayarit. The state is best known for its rich deposits of silver ore, its colonial architecture and its importance during the revolution. Zacatecas has 58 municipalities and the main economic activities are mining, agriculture and tourism. The state shares its name with its capital and chief center of population, the city of Zacatecas, Zacatecas.

Contents

Etymology and founding

"Zacatecas" is the Nahuatl-derived name for one of the indigenous peoples who inhabited the region before the arrival of the Spanish. The name ultimately derives from the Nahuatl word for a type of grass common in the region, zacatl. The region where this grass grew was originally called Zacatlan, and its inhabitants, Zacateca, pluralized in Mexican Spanish to Zacatecas.

Besides the Zacatecas, the Caxcan, Guachichil, and Tepehuan were also reported by the Spanish to be inhabiting the region which comprises the modern state of Zacatecas.

On September 8, 1546, with the discovery of its mines, the present city of Zacatecas was founded. It was originally baptized "Minas de los Zacatecas" or "Mines of the Zacatecas". Its rich mineral wealth gave the Spanish Crown a great amount of income (the silver mines in Zacatecas and Potosi, Bolivia, were the Spanish crown's largest sources of income during colonialism), which gave the city of Zacatecas the title of "Ciudad de Nuestra Señora de los Zacatecas".

Geography

Zacatecas is located in the great central plateau of Mexico, with an average elevation of about 7,700 feet (2,300 m). The state is somewhat mountainous, being traversed in the west by lateral ranges of the Sierra Madre Occidental, and by numerous isolated ranges in other parts – Mazapil, Norillos, Guadalupe and others. There are no large rivers, only the small head-streams of the Aguanaval in the north, and of the Guazamota, Bolaños and Juchipila in the west, the last three being tributaries of the Rio Grande de Santiago. The climate is dry and mostly falls in the semi-arid steppe type, although moisture from the Pacific does influence the state in Summer, particularly western sections.

Seventy five percent of the entity has a dry and semi dry climate with a temperature of about 18 degrees Celsius and annual precipitation of 800mm. In some areas in the south area of the state, the influence of the Occidental Sierra Madre results in a pleasant sub humid climate with annual precipitation of higher than 1,000mm.

Ecology

Nopal in Santa Lucia, Zacatecas

There are forest of pines and evergreens in the sierras; in the valleys and plains there is a great abundance of mesquite, maguey, cactus, agave, pastures, huisache, and many other semi-desertic plants. An interesting tree that occurs in Zacatecas is the Elephant tree, Bursera microphylla.[2]

In the sierras there are many wild boar, white-tailed deer and hares; in the valleys and plains it is common to find coyote, badgers, quails and ducks.

History

After Miguel Hidalgo issued his call to rebellion against colonial authorities in 1810, his insurgent followers marched through Zacatecas; they would return the following year, during a hasty retreat into the northern deserts after being routed by a Royalist army near Mexico City. Mexico gained independence in 1821, and Zacatecas was incorporated as a federal state three years later. Zacatecas was far removed from the capital, and the local mining barons sought to preserve their autonomy. During the civil wars between federalists and centrals in the first decade of the republic, Zacatecas and its lucrative mines were Federalist strongholds. In May 1835, the citizens of Zacatecas joined the other northern Mexican states by revolting against Antonio López de Santa Anna, who had suspended the federalist constitution and established a dictatorship the previous year. Except for Texas, Santa Anna crushed most of these rebellions, rewarding his soldiers with two days of pillage in Zacatecas, in which up to 2,000 people died. Santa Anna detached the prosperous city of Aguascalientes from Zacatecas and made it the capital of a separate state (reputedly, as a reward for a kiss from the beautiful wife of a local politician). The state was a battleground in the War of Reform, and Zacatecas, Zacatecas changed hands several times until, finally, in 1859 being captured by Liberal Gen. Jesus Gonzalez Ortega, who expelled most of the cities' clergy. During the War of the French Intervention, French soldiers briefly occupied the city.

In 1884, the Mexico Central Railway linked Zacatecas with Mexico City and Ciudad Juarez. Due to its location between northern and central Mexico, Zacatecas was a major beneficiary of newfound stability and economic modernization that came during the reign of Porfirio Diaz. With Mexico's second largest mint and many of its largest silver mines, Zacatecas played an important role in Mexico's economic growth. Its strategic and economic importance made it an important front in the Mexican Revolution. The Toma de Zacatecas by Pancho Villa's Division del Norte in July 1914 was the decisive battle of the Constitutionalist rebellion against the counter-revolution of Gen. Victoriano Huerta.

Economy

The agricultural products are cereals, sugar and maguey, the first being dependent on the rainfall, often failing altogether, the second on irrigation in the lower valleys, and the latter doing best in a dry climate on a calcareous soil with water not far beneath the surface. There is also a considerable production of peaches, apricots and grapes, the last being made into wine. A few cattle are raised, and considerable attention is given to the rearing of sheep, goats and swine. A natural product is guayule, a shrub from which rubber is extracted.

The chief industry of Zacatecas, however, is mining for silver, gold, mercury, copper, iron, zinc, lead, bismuth, antimony and salt. Its mineral wealth was discovered soon after the conquest, and some of its mines are among the most famous of Mexico, dating from 1546. One of the most productive of its silver mines, the Alvarado, has records which show a production of nearly $800,000,000 in silver between 1548 and 1867.

The state is traversed by the Mexican Central and the Mexican National railways. Its manufactures are limited chiefly to the reduction of mineral ores, the extraction of rubber from guayule, the making of sugar, rum, mezcal, pulque, woollen and cotton fabrics, and some minor industries of the capital.

Demographics

Population of Zacetecas.

The state of Zacatecas has a population of 1,441,734 inhabitants. It has more than tripled in a century, in 1900 its population was 462,190. In the year 2008, Zacatecas had the smallest indigenous population percentage-wise in Mexico: 0.3%. Only the state of Aguascalientes has a smaller number of indigenous people, numbering 3,472; Zacatecas has 4,039 indigenous people.[3][4] It is estimated that half of the people from Zacatecas do not reside in the state. The biggest concentration of Zacatecanos outside Mexico is in the United States, with a population of approximately 800,000-1,000,000, almost as many people as in the state itself. Most are concentrated in cities such as, Chicago, Denver, Dallas, Houston, Los Angeles and Phoenix. In fact, there are more Zacatecanos living in the Los Angeles area than in the city of Zacatecas itself.

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Cities

The largest city in terms of population in the state of Zacatecas is Fresnillo, with a population of 183,236 (2005). It is followed by the state capital of Zacatecas with a population of 118,562 (2005). Next is Sombrerete with 61,652.

Tourist destinations

The state has touristic cities like: Zacatecas, and Sombrerete. Near Sombrerete there is a small town called La Noria, it is small but on July 27 they have a big festival celebrating the saint "San Pantaleón". There are other places like Jerez, or others such as Sierra de Organos, Sierra de Cardos, and Altavista.

  • Zacatecas: The colonial center of this city is a UNESCO World Heritage site and features elaborately decorated buildings, cobblestone streets, and wrought-iron lanterns.
  • Sombrerete: Colonial city established in 1555 as a village, actually is a small city, is the fifth most important in the state, and considered the second most beautiful city in the state. The city features old and beautiful churches built in the New Spain Era, with decorated, old buildings. The municipality has touristic forests, and Sierra de Organos, world famous for filming of western movies.
  • Jerez de Garcia Salinas: A city near the capital city of Zacatecas (Zacatecas City), has colonial buildings and the Santuario and Parroquial Churches, made known internationally by Lopez Velarde, a writer born in that city. It also has beautiful colonial buildings some of which are now lighted at night. Jérez was designated as a "Pueblo Mágico" in 2007 because of its customs, traditions, cuisine and its people. More than 20 years in the past (1988) it had already been designated as a National Monument.

Government

The current governor of Zacatecas is Amalia García Medina (PRD) who will end her 6 year term in 2010 after winning the election of 2004. She became the first female governor on September 12, 2004. The state is represented by three representatives in the Mexican senate: Mejía Haro Antonio (PRD), Tomás Torres Mercado (PRD) and José Isabel Trejo Reyes (PAN). Zacatecas also has 9 representatives in the Mexican Chamber of Deputies: 9 of the Party of the Democratic Revolution, 3 of the National Action Party and 1 of the Ecologist Green Party.

Municipalities

Zacatecas is subdivided into 58 municipalities (municipios). Mazapil by far is the largest municipality in the state, occupying about 16% of the area of the state. The Municipality of Momax is the smallest one in area with only 164.538 km².

Major communities

See also List of towns in Zacatecas

Notable natives and residents

Notes

References

External links

Coordinates: 23°17′34″N 102°42′02″W / 23.29278°N 102.70056°W / 23.29278; -102.70056


Travel guide

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From Wikitravel

Zacatecas is a city in the Bajio in Mexico.

Cathedral in Zacatecas
Cathedral in Zacatecas
  • By plane You can take a direct flight to the Zacatecas International Airport (ZCL) from Mexico City, Guadalajara, Monterrey, Durango, Morelia, and Tijuana. Direct flights also exist to the U.S. cities of Los Angeles, Chicago, Denver, and Houston. Once at the airport just take a 20 min. taxi ride to downtown.
  • By bus Most major cities offer direct buses to Zacatecas, especially those cities located in Northern Mexico. If you are traveling by bus from Southern Mexico you may have to make a connection in Mexico City.
  • From Abroad Arrive to Mexico City International Airport, then you can either take a bus or jump on another plane.

Get around

Walking is probably the best way to get around the Centro Historico (Historic Downtown) which is relatively small. It will allow you to see the city at your own pace. Note that the elevation of the Centro is about 8000 feet (2400 meters) while surrounding portions of the city are much higher. Be sure that you are acclimated to the altitude.

If you get tired, take a taxi cab. They are moderately priced and available all over the city. Just make sure you ask in advance to the taxi driver how much he will charge you(Cuanto cuesta ir a 'Insert place'?). As most prices in Mexico, taxi fares are open to negotiation and asking in advance should give you a better negotiating position.

There is also the Maxibus and Tren Zacatecano which will drive you around the city to show you the interesting sites. Both cost 40 pesos for adults and 30 for reductions, last about 45 minutes and leave from the Plaza de Armas.

See

Historic Downtown

Nearly all of the city center buildings are nineteenth century or older; the topography and irregular street pattern (most streets are too steep and narrow for vehicles; many have steps in them) almost make one think of a medieval city like Toledo, Spain. The city, built on the site where silver was discovered in the 1530s, is crammed into a narrow canyon, with houses and churches perched on its nearly vertical walls.

The whole town is a museum; there are three seventeenth or eighteenth century ex-monasteries near the center, several other churches from the colonial era scattered here and there, and at least half a dozen other museums, nearly all worth visiting. Houses and streets, all of which built in colonial times are worth seeing on their own.

  • Cathedral: It is one of the most beautiful examples of Churrigueresque arquitecture in Mexico. It is an elaborately carved red-stone (cantera) structure that was built between 1730 and 1760. It is flanked by two towers with an exuberant ornamentation and has a notable facade that was richly sculpted but its once decorated interior was looted during the civil wars of the 19th and 20th centuries. Its coupula was reconstructed in 1836 and imitates that one of the church of Nuestra Señora de Loreto in Mexico City.
  • Church of Santo Domingo: Almost in front of the cathedral, on one of the corners of the Plaza de Armas, the Veyna alley lies, leading to the church of Santo Domingo that was built by the jesuits between 1746 and 1749 and has a beautiful Baroque facade. Splendid gold wood-carved altarpieces, all of them churrigueresque, and Francisco Antonio Vallejo paintings (XVIII) that represent scenes of The Passion can be found inside.
  • Exconvento de San Augustín is a former monastery from the XVII century. The main church is now used for conferences and cultural events; the monastery still houses the bishop's offices.
  • School of La Compañía de Jesus: It shows a richly sculpted facade; the cloister is surrounded by halls whose vaults are decorated with cherubim.
  • Church of San Agustin: It has a plateresque facade decorated with a bas-relief.
  • Parish of La Virgen del Patrocinio: It lies at the summit of a hill (Cerro de la Bufa). It was built in 1728.
  • El Cubo aqueduct: It runs through the city. It was constructed more than 250 years ago.
  • Antigua Plaza de Toros San Pedro: This former bull ring, adjacent to the Aqueduct has been converted into a luxury hotel. Enjoy a walk around the ring, and if you feel like splurging a bit enjoy lunch or dinner at the Hotel's restaurant, which has a commanding view of the ring.
  • Palacio de Gobierno and Plaza de Armas The square beside the Cathedral, interesting murals inside the Government Buildings.
  • Santo Domingo Church Located parallel to the Cathedral, Jesuit church.
  • Casa de Moneda
  • Palacio Legislativo Beside the ex-convento de San Agustín, formerly a church, now houses the state legislature.
  • Teatro Calderón Beside the Mercado González Ortega. Impressive facade.
  • Mercado González Ortega Nice, small market selling artesanship and other goods.
  • Jardín Juárez Beautiful small park beside a lovely square. Beside the University Museum.
  • Alameda Another garden, on the way back from La Mina de Edén, beside it is la Jardín de la Madre.
  • Templo de Fátima Impressive neo-gothic temple located on a hill above the Parque General Enrique Estrada
  • Parque General Enrique Estrada Beautiful park beside the aquaduct and the Templo de Fátima. Contains a beautiful fountain, a band stand and a number of places to sit and relax or have an enjoyable stroll.
  • Callejón de Alcaicería de Gómez Alley leading to Avenida Hidalgo from the Museum of Abstract Art.
  • Museo Rafael Coronel Set in a partially restored convent dating back to the 16th-17th centuries, this museum houses a large and diverse collection of masks drawn from several regions of Mexico and from other cultures around the world. Masks from different regions and eras are grouped together by themes and uses, including masks used in Carnival and in religious pageants, such as those commemorating the Reconquista. Particularly interesting is the alternate incorporation and subversion of pre-Hispanic symbols.

The Diablo room is not to be missed. Portions of the convent grounds that could not be restored have been converted into a garden, with crumbling walls, standing arches and greenery.

  • Museo Pedro Coronel located next to the "Santo Domingo" church, it houses a colonial-era library and a large eclectic collection of European, African, American, and Mexican art.
  • Museo Jose Alfaro Siqueiroz
  • Museo Francisco Goitia
  • Museo Huichol is a small museum located across the street from San Augustín and exhibits crafts and other artifacts belonging to the Huichol culture, whose members still maintain a pre-Columbian lifestyle in the mountains between Zacatecas and Nayarit.
  • Museo de la Toma de Zacatecas Located a top of La Bufa, it houses weapons, documents, photos, and other artifacts relating to this decisive battle of the Mexican Revolution of 1910.

La Bufa

The Cerro de la Bufa, a mountain with a very distinctive shape, is in the center of the city and, along the cathedral, is recognized as the city's most recognizable landmark. The best way to get to the top is using the Teleferico (Cable Car) which takes you from from the Cerro del Grillo (Criket’s Hill) to the top of La Bufa. Once at the top of la Bufa don’t forget to visit:

  • The Museum of La Toma de Zacatecas (The fall of Zacatecas), displaying weapons, artifacts, pictures, and documents of this battle which took place during the Mexican Revolution.
  • From El Mirador you can enjoy probably some of the best views the city has to offer.
  • The Statues of Pancho Villa and his Liutenants. (You'll see them)
  • The Capilla de Nuestra Señora del Patrocinio (Chapel of our Lady of el Patrocinio), the city’s patron.
  • If you are a little of an outdoorsy type you can hike to the summit of la Bufa which is indicated by the very large cross. It is not too hard to get to it if you find the right way (ask a local), but don't try this alone.
  • Rotonda de los Hombres y Mujeres Ilustres (Mausoleum of the illustrious Men and Women). Nothing very exciting about this structure unless you are extremely interested in researching the history of the city, but since you are up there why not spend a few minutes here?.
  • Monasterio de Guadalupe Five miles away, in Guadalupe, Zacatecas, is the again-active Franciscan monastery from which missionaries were sent out to christianize the inhabitants of Texas, New Mexico, and California--it is the mother of the Spanish missions in the U.S. Much of the old monastery is a museum of colonial religious art, paintings by Indians trained in the European tradition. The paintings are amazing, and the architecture of the cloisters, the church and the Capilla de Napoli is unforgettable.
  • Museo de Zoquite 8 Miles south.
  • Ex-Hacienda de Trancoso 12 Miles south
  • La Quemada 34 Miles south [1]://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/La_Quemada La Quemada]
  • Take the teleférico (cable car) to or from La Bufa, passing high above the city center.
  • Visit the no longer active silver mine El Edén to see how the mountain under the city was hollowed out by hand over a period of three hundred years (most of the rock was carried up in baskets on the miners' backs, as they climbed out on ropes). It also has a nightclub and although not many locals frequent the spot, it is fun to go once just to experience the world's only nightclub inside a mine.
  • Rent a car and go to La Quemada and/or Chalchihuites to see ruins of cities hundreds of years old.
  • Join locals in a "Callejoneada"',a walking party around daowntown's distictive "callejones" (narrow streets or alleys) complete with live music and a donkey loaded with free Mezcal. Ussually everybody is welcomed to join and most likely you won't be the only tourist joining the entourage.
  • Take a number 2 bus for a scenic view of the city from the heights where the poor live (before the automobile the rich preferred not to climb mountains to get to their houses).
  • Visit Centro Platero Zacatecano to see the silver-processing hacienda, where mercury-based enrichment (developed in Zacatecas and adopted throughout the world) was used for more than a century to get metallic silver from ore. The State of Zacatecas today still mines about half the world's silver, though the mines under the city are abandoned because of the danger of using explosives in an urban area. To get there take the "Lopez Mateos Boulevard" from downtown south towards Guadalupe, take the "Bernardez" exit, turn Right into Avenida Mexico, and then left at the Security gate (The former hacienda is within a gated community, no worries, they let anyone in). An easier option would be to take a cab.=)
  • Silver
  • Pitiado-A local craft in which leather artifacts are beautifully hand-embroidered in complicated designs using pita thread.
  • Assorted Mexican Candy.
  • Local artifacts - in the Mercado González Ortega, there is a shop that sells native Huichol artifacts, some of which can be relatively hard to find elsewhere. Apart from that, the usual things you find in tourist shops.
  • Los Dorados (Plaza 450, opposite to the arcs) is one of the best spots for enjoying a traditional dinner. Expect a little wait as the place is popular and small.
  • Café Neveria Acrópolis (Av. Hidalgo and Rinconada de Catedral, just across the way from the Cathedral in the Centro Historico) is a good bet for tourists who want a conventional breakfast, if you can find a seat. Back in the days it used to be a hotspot for dignitaries, celebrities and artists visiting the city, evidence of whose passage line the walls. The Italian-style coffee is quite nice, and the huevos rancheros come recommended.

Image:Acropolis CM.jpg

  • La Cuija One of the oldest more formal restaurants is in the basement of the same Mercado building as the Acrópolis. (By the way, Zacatecanos usually eat their principal meal around four o'clock in the afternoon; if a restaurant looks deserted at U.S. mealtimes, it may still be very popular.)
  • Mi Pueblito is a nice traditional Mexican restaurant near the Cathedral and recommended by locals. It is located inside of a shopping plaza just to the northeast of a Mercado building.
  • El Barretero is away from the center (on the other side of the railroad), but has excellent food and usually live music (strings, piano, Mexican popular music, not mariachi). Try the cabrito (baby goat).
  • El Botarel
  • Hacienda Del Cobre (House of the Coopper Kettle) Traditional Mexican fare. Serves fantastic molcajete, a type of stew made of a variety of ingredients such as chilles, chicken, pork, steak, avocados, cheese. Served in a HOT from the fire molcajete bowl(mortar)
  • Las Costillas de Sancho (The Ribs of Sancho) Serves Beef bibs and great steaks. Relaxing atmosphere with well stocked central bar. English menus are available by request.

Image:Las Costillas de Sancho CM.jpg

  • Vips Mexican version of "Denny's". Owned by the Walmart company. Serves excellent American style breakfest as well as Tex-Mex versions of tradtional Mexican dishes. English menus are available by request.
  • Quinta Real Resturant Restaurant is located inside the "Quinta Real" hotel which is the old bullring of San Pedro. This is one of the must luxurious locations in all of Zacatecas, located just off the old aquifer and across from the dancing waters of the botanic gardens. The menu is well thought out and execution of the kitchen staffs is superb. The hotel and restaurant reflect the greatness and warm hospitality of the city of Zacatecas. The restaurant is on the balcony of the Rotation of the bullring, which has been turned into a beautiful colonial patio. Stone pavement and adorned style with abundant flowers combine with a perfect meal to make this is one of the most charming and romantic restaurants of the city. English menus are available by request.Image:Quinta Real CM.jpg
  • La Traviata Italian Restaurant. Nice change of pace, good Italian fare in the heart of the shopping district.

Image:La Traviata.jpg

Drink

Mezcal (Tequila is a variety of Mezcal). Zacatecano and Huitzila are some traditional local brands. Avoid anything that doesn't say 100% agave (Note for Gringos: that includes Cuervo Gold).

  • Hostal Villa Colonial " The family-run Hostel Villa Colonial located on Calle 1 de mayo behind the Cathedral is the best value in town. It is in a beautiful colonial building and the large rooftop terrace has a breathtaking view of the cathedral. Although a hostel, it also has private rooms which also have a beautiful view. The owners provide excellent advice and really know the town. Kitchen use. Internet 15 Pesos/h. Dorms from 90 Pesos.
  • Hostal Don David just around the corner of Hostel Villa Colonial, Calle del Obrador 204, phone (9200)9224859 Rigoberto o Violeta, is a bit less comfortable. Dorms from 90 Pesos. Internet 7 Pesos/h.
  • Hotel La Central Right beside the central bus station, handy if you don't want to go further for a room. Internet available. Rooms are 380 pesos.
  • Juvenil Villa Deportiva (1 & 2) Zacatecas has two institutional style youth hostels. Both have about 100 beds and cater to youth groups, although anyone is welcome to stay. Cost is ~$2USD/night.
  • Quinta Real For something a little more upscale, try the Quinta Real, which previously was the town's plaza de toros before it was turned into a luxury inn.
  • Maria Benita comfortable but not expensive, is the María Benita, Ave. Lopez Velarde, midway between downtown and the university campus. If you get a street-side room you may see parades, protests, and other local activities from your window.

Get out

Day-trip places include the Convent of Guadalupe, La Quemada, Fresnillo, Juchilpila canyon amongst others.

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1911 encyclopedia

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From LoveToKnow 1911

There is more than one meaning of Zacatecas discussed in the 1911 Encyclopedia. We are planning to let all links go to the correct meaning directly, but for now you will have to search it out from the list below by yourself. If you want to change the link that led you here yourself, it would be appreciated.


Wiktionary

Up to date as of January 15, 2010

Definition from Wiktionary, a free dictionary

Contents

English

Map of Mexico highlighting Zacatecas

Etymology

Nahuatl zacatēcah (people of the place of grass), from zacatl (grass).

Proper noun

Singular
Zacatecas

Plural
-

Zacatecas

  1. A state of Mexico.

Translations

See also


Spanish

Etymology

Nahuatl zacatēcah (people of the place of grass), from zacatl (grass).

Proper noun

Zacatecas m.

  1. A state of Mexico.

Related terms

See also

  • Wikipedia-logo.png Zacatecas on the Spanish Wikipedia.es.Wikipedia

Simple English

State of Zacatecas
File:Flag of
Flag
File:Coat of arms of
Coat of arms
Location within Mexico
Country
Capital Zacatecas
Municipalities 58
Largest City Zacatecas
Government
 - Governor Miguel Alonso Reyes
(PRI)
 - Federal Deputies PRD: 4
PAN: 1
 - Federal Senators PRD: 2
PAN: 1
Area
Ranked 10th
 - Total 73,252 km2 (28,282.8 sq mi)
Elevation 2,347 m (7,700 ft)
Population (2005)
 - Total 1,367,692 (Ranked 25th)
Time zone CST (UTC-6)
 - Summer (DST) CDT (UTC-5)
HDI (2004) 0.7563 - medium
Ranked 26th
ISO 3166-2 MX-ZAC
Postal abbr. Zac.

Zacatecas is a state in central Mexico. About 1,360,000 people live there. The capital is also called Zacatecas.


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