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Zagreb
—  City  —
City of Zagreb
Grad Zagreb
View of Zagreb Landmarks.

Flag

Coat of arms
Location of Zagreb within Croatia
Coordinates: 45°49′0″N 15°59′0″E / 45.816667°N 15.983333°E / 45.816667; 15.983333
Country Croatia Croatia
County City of Zagreb
RC diocese 1094
Free royal city 1242
Unified 1850
Subdivisions 17 districts
70 settlements
Government
 - Type Mayor-Council
 - Mayor Milan Bandić
 - City Council
Area [1]
 - City 641.29 km2 (247.6 sq mi)
Elevation [2] 158 m (518 ft)
Highest elevation 1,035 m (3,396 ft)
Lowest elevation 122 m (400 ft)
Population (2008 estimate)[3]
 - City 804,200
 Density 1,203.9/km2 (3,118.1/sq mi)
 Urban 1,188,000
 - 2001 census 779,145
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 - Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code 10000
Area code 01
License plate ZG
Website zagreb.hr

Zagreb (Croatian pronunciation: [ˈzâːɡrɛb]) is the capital and the largest city of the Republic of Croatia. Zagreb is the cultural, scientific, economic and governmental center of Croatia.[4] According to the city government, the population of Zagreb in 2008 was 804,200[3] (approximately 1.2 million in the metropolitan area).[5] It is situated between the southern slopes of the Medvednica mountain and both northern and southern bank of the Sava river at an elevation of approximately 122 m (400 ft) above sea level.

Its favorable geographic position in the southwestern part of the Pannonian Basin, which extends to the Alpine, Dinaric, Adriatic and Pannonic regions, provides an excellent connection for traffic between Central Europe and the Adriatic Sea.

The transport connections, concentration of industry, scientific and research institutions and industrial tradition underlie its leading economic position in Croatia. Zagreb is the seat of the central government, administrative bodies and almost all government ministries.

Contents

Name origin

The Square of Ban Josip Jelačić
King Tomislav Square
Cathedral

The name Zagreb appears to have been recorded in 1094, although the origins of the name Zagreb are less clear. The Croatian word "zagrabiti" translates approximately to "scoop", which forms the basis of some legends. One Croat legend says that a Croat ban (viceroy) was leading his thirsty soldiers across a deserted region. He drove his sabre into the ground in frustration and water poured out so he ordered his soldiers to dig for water. The idea of digging or unearthing is supported by scientists who suggest that the settlement was established beyond a water-filled hole or graba and that the name derives from this.[6] Some suggests that the name derives from the term 'za breg' or beyond the hill. The hill may well have been the river bank of the River Sava, which is believed to have previously flowed closer to the city centre. From here, the words may have been fused into one word and, thus, the name Zagreb was born. According to another legend, a city ruler was thirsty and ordered a girl named Manda to take water from Lake Manduševac (nowadays a fountain), using the sentence: "Zagrabi, Mando!" which means, Scoop it, Manda! [7]. A less probable theory is that the name Zagreb is believed to be related to the Zagros mountains of Iran.[8]

Demographics

View of Zagreb
Zagreb daytime

Zagreb is the largest city in Croatia, and is the only Croatian city whose metropolitan population exceeds one million people. Most people live in the city proper. The official 2001 census counted 779,145[9] residents, although by 2006 that number had grown to 804,900, according to the city government estimates.[3] According to the 2001 census, there are 1,188,841 people in the Zagreb metropolitan area, which includes the smaller cities of Dugo Selo, Samobor, Velika Gorica, Zaprešić and Jastrebarsko. However, non-city-sanctioned 2007 estimates place this number around 1.1 million.[5] The majority of its citizens are Croats making up 92% of the city's population (2001 census). The same census records 60,066 residents belonging to ethnic minorities. Such ethnic minorities comprise: 18,811 Serbs (2.41%), 6,204 Bosniaks (0.80%), 8,030 Muslims by nationality (1.02%), 6,389 Albanians (0.83%), 3,225 Slovenes (0.41%), 3,946 Roma (0.55%), 2,131 Montenegrins (0.27%), 2,315 Macedonians (0.27%), together with other smaller minor ethnic communities.[9]

Climate

Mamutica - One of the biggest buildings by volume in Europe (over 5000 people live in it)

The climate of Zagreb is classified as oceanic (Cfb in Köppen climate classification system), near the boundary of humid continental. Zagreb has four separate seasons. Summers are hot, and winters are cold, without a discernible dry season. The average temperature in winter is 1 °C (34 °F) and the average temperature in summer is 20 °C (68 °F). Particularly, the end of May gets very warm with temperatures rising above 30 °C (86 °F). Snowfall is common in the winter months, from December to March, and rain and fog are common in fall (October to December).[10] Highest recorded temperature ever was 40.4 °C (104.7 °F) in July 1950,[11] and lowest was −27.3 °C (−17 °F) in February 1956[11]

Climate data for Zagreb
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 19.4
(67)
22
(72)
26
(79)
29.4
(85)
33.4
(92)
37.6
(100)
40.4
(105)
39.8
(104)
32.8
(91)
28.3
(83)
25.4
(78)
22.5
(73)
40.4
(105)
Average high °C (°F) 2.8
(37)
5
(41)
11.1
(52)
14.4
(58)
20
(68)
23.3
(74)
25.6
(78)
25
(77)
21.7
(71)
15
(59)
8.3
(47)
3.3
(38)
14.6
(58.3)
Average low °C (°F) -3.9
(25)
-2.8
(27)
1.1
(34)
5
(41)
8.9
(48)
12.8
(55)
14.4
(58)
13.9
(57)
10.6
(51)
6.1
(43)
1.7
(35)
-1.7
(29)
5.5
(41.9)
Record low °C (°F) -24.3
(-12)
-27.3
(-17)
-18.3
(-1)
-4.4
(24)
-1.8
(29)
2.5
(37)
5.4
(42)
3.7
(39)
-0.6
(31)
-5.6
(22)
-13.5
(8)
-19.8
(-4)
-27.3
(-17)
Precipitation mm (inches) 53.3
(2.1)
48.3
(1.9)
55.9
(2.2)
68.6
(2.7)
83.8
(3.3)
94
(3.7)
78.7
(3.1)
78.7
(3.1)
78.7
(3.1)
94
(3.7)
86.4
(3.4)
66
(2.6)
883.9
(34.8)
Avg. precipitation days 7 6 9 13 13 13 11 10 10 10 11 9 122
Source: [10] 2006-07-02
Source #2: [11] 2008-12-27

History

Burza square in 1930s

Zagreb is a city with a rich history, with Roman settlements such as Andautonia existing as early as 1st century AD.[12] The first recorded appearance of the name Zagreb is dated in 1094, at which time the city existed as two different city cores: smaller, eastern Kaptol, inhabited mainly by clergy and housing the Zagreb Cathedral, and larger, western Gradec, inhabited by other people, mainly farmers and merchants. Gradec and Zagreb were united in 1851 by ban Josip Jelačić, who was credited by naming the main city square, Ban Jelačić Square in his honour. During the former Yugoslavia, Zagreb remained an important economic node in the country, and was the second largest city. After the dissolution of Yugoslavia, Zagreb became the capital of Croatia.

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Early Zagreb

The history of Zagreb dates as far back as 1094 when the Hungarian King Ladislaus founded a diocese. Alongside the bishop's see the canonical settlement Kaptol developed north of the Cathedral, as did the fortified settlement Gradec on the neighboring hill. Today the latter is Zagreb's Upper Town (Gornji Grad) and is one of the best preserved urban nuclei in Croatia. Both settlements came under Tatar attack in 1242. As a sign of gratitude for offering him a safe haven from the Tatar the Croatian and Hungarian King Bela IV bestowed Gradec with a Golden Bull, which offered its citizens exemption from county rule and autonomy, as well as its own judicial system. According to legend, Bela left Gradec a cannon, under the condition that it be fired every day so that it did not rust. Since 1 January 1877 the cannon is fired from the Lotrščak Tower on Grič to mark midday.

Gradec - A old fortified town (part of the Upper Town)

Fighting ensued between the Zagreb diocese and the free sovereign town of Gradec for land and mills, sometimes also for political reasons. The term Zagreb was used for these two separate boroughs in the 16th century. Zagreb was then seen as the political center and the capital of Croatia and Slavonia. In 1850 the town was united under its first mayor - Janko Kamauf.[13]

17th and 18th century

It was not until the 17th century and Nikola Frankopan that Zagreb was chosen as the seat of the Croatian viceroys in 1621. At the invitation of the Croatian Parliament the Jesuits came to Zagreb and built the first grammar school, the St. Catherine's Church and monastery. In 1669 they founded a university where philosophy, theology and law were taught.

During the 17th and 18th centuries Zagreb was badly devastated by fire and the plague. In 1776 the royal council (government) moved from Varaždin to Zagreb and during the reign of Joseph II Zagreb became the headquarters of the Varaždin and Karlovac general command.[14]

19th to early 20th century

In the 19th century Zagreb was the center of the Croatian National Revival and saw the erection of important cultural and historic institutions.

The first railway line to connect Zagreb with Zidani Most and Sisak was opened in 1862 and in 1863 Zagreb received a gasworks. The Zagreb waterworks was opened in 1878 and the first horse-drawn tramcar was used in 1891. The construction of the railway lines enabled the old suburbs to merge gradually into Donji Grad, characterized by a regular block pattern that prevails in Central European cities. This bustling core hosts many imposing buildings, monuments, and parks as well as a multitude of museums, theaters and cinemas. An electric power plant was erected in 1907 and development flourished 1880–1914 after the earthquake in Zagreb when the town received the characteristic layout it has today.

The first half of the 20th century saw a large expansion of Zagreb. Before the World War I, the city expanded and neighborhoods like Stara Peščenica in the east and Črnomerec in the west were created. After the war, working-class quarters emerged between the railway and the Sava, whereas the construction of residential quarters on the hills of the southern slopes of Medvednica was completed between the two World Wars.

In the 1920s the population of Zagreb went up by 70 percent — the largest demographic boom in the history of Zagreb. In 1926 the first radio station in the region began broadcasting out of Zagreb, and in 1947 the Zagreb Fair was opened.[15]

Modern Zagreb

Modern Zagreb
Ban Jelačić square
View of Zagreb

The area between the railway and the Sava river witnessed a new construction boom after World War II. After the mid-1950s, construction of new residential areas south of the Sava river began, resulting in Novi Zagreb (Croatian for New Zagreb), originally called "Južni Zagreb" (Southern Zagreb).[16] The city also expanded westward and eastward, incorporating Dubrava, Podsused, Jarun, Blato, and other settlements. The cargo railway hub and the international airport Pleso were built south of the Sava river. The largest industrial zone (Žitnjak) in the southeastern part of the city represents an extension of the industrial zones on the eastern outskirts of the city, between Sava and the Prigorje region.

In 1987 Zagreb hosted the Summer Universiade.[17]

In 1991, it became the capital of the country following secession from Second Yugoslavia. During the 1991–1995 Croatian War of Independence, it was a scene of some sporadic fighting surrounding its JNA army barracks, but escaped major damage. In May 1995, it was targeted by Serb rocket artillery in two Zagreb rocket attacks that killed seven civilians.

Urbanized area connects Zagreb with the following surrounding districts: Sesvete, Zaprešić, Samobor, Dugo Selo and Velika Gorica; Sesvete was the first and the closest one to become a part of the agglomeration and is in fact already administratively included in the City of Zagreb.[citation needed]

Zrinjevac Park
Areal view of the Lower Town
Radićeva Street
King Tomislav Square
Bogović Street
Ilica Street - Main shopping street
Zagrebs Mosque
Zagreb Panorama from The Upper Town

Area and population development

Year Area
(km²)
Population
(inside city limits at that time)
Population
(inside today's city limits)
Notes
1368 2,810 from the household census
1742 5,600 from the household census
1805 7,706 population census without clergy and nobility
1850 16,036
1857 16,657 48,266
1869 19,857 54,761
1880 30,830 67,188
1890 3.33 40,268 82,848
1900 64.37 61,002 111,565
1910 64.37 79,038 136,351
1921 64.37 108,674 167,765
1931 64.37 185,581 258,024
1948 74.99 279,623 356,529
1953 235.74 350,829 393,919
1961 495.60 430,802 478,076
1971 497.95 602,205 629,896
1981 1,261.54 768,700 723,065
1991 1,715.55 933,914 777,826
2001 641.36 779,145 779,145
The data in column 3 refers to the population in the city borders as of the census in question. Column 4 is calculated for the territory now defined as the City of Zagreb (Narodne Novine 97/10).[18]

Economy

Most important branches of industry are: production of electric machines and devices, chemical, pharmaceutical, textile, food and drink processing. Zagreb is international trade and business center, and the transport crossroad of Central and East Europe.[19]

The city of Zagreb has the highest nominal gross domestic product per capita in Croatia ($ 19,132 in 2005, compared to the Croatian average of $ 10,431).[20] In 2004, the GDP in purchasing power parity was $ 28,261 ( 19,067).[21]

As of July 2008, the average monthly net salary in Zagreb was 6,228 kuna, about $1,356 (Croatian average is 5,234 kuna, about $1,140).[22] In 2006 the average unemployment rate in Zagreb was around 8.6%.[1]

34% of companies in Croatia have headquarters in Zagreb, and 38.4% of Croatian workforce works in Zagreb, including almost all banks, utility and public transport companies.

Companies in Zagreb create 52% of total turnover and 60% of total profit of Croatia in 2006 as well as 35% of Croatian export and 57% of Croatian Import.[21][23]

Cityscape

Petar Preradović Square

The most important historical high-rise constructions are Neboder on Ban Jelačić Square, Cibona Tower (1987) and Zagrepčanka (1976) on Savska Street, Mamutica in Travno (Novi Zagreb - istok district, built in 1974) and Zagreb TV Tower on Sljeme (built in 1973).

There have been many recent constructions in Zagreb, such as the Almeria Tower, Eurotower, HOTO Tower and Zagrebtower. Several new skyscrapers, such as Center Črnomerec, Sky Office Tower and the Tower 123 are planned for construction in 2008, along with proposed business districts in Kajzerica and Buzin, both in Novi Zagreb. There has recently been an announcement of high-rise development along the Jadranska Avenue, near Blato and Lanište, where the Zagreb Arena is being built.[24]

Due to a long-standing restriction that forbade construction of 10-story or higher buildings most of Zagreb's skyscrapers date from 70s and 80s and new apartment buildings on the outskirts of the city are usually 4-8 floors tall. Exceptions to the restriction have been made in recent years, such as permitting the construction of skyscrapers in Lanište or Kajzerica.[25]

Metropolitan administration

According to the Constitution, the city of Zagreb, as the capital of Croatia, has special status. As such, Zagreb performs self-governing public affairs of both city and county. The city administration bodies are the city assembly as the representative body and mayor and the city government as the executive body. The members of the city assembly are elected at direct elections. Prior to 2009 the mayor was elected by the city assembly. It was changed to direct election in 2009. They elect the mayor and members of the city government by majority vote. The city government has 11 members elected on mayor’s proposal by the city assembly by majority vote. The mayor is the head of city government and has two deputies. The city administrative bodies are composed of 12 city offices, 3 city bureaus and 3 city services. They are responsible to the mayor and the city government. Local government is organized in 17 city districts represented by City District Councils. Residents of districts elect members of councils.[26]

City districts

The city districts (Croatian: gradska četvrt) are:[27]

Croatia

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No. District Area (km²) Population (2001) Population density
1. Donji Grad 3.01 45,108 14,956.2
2. Gornji Grad - Medveščak 10.12 36,384 3,593.5
3. Trnje 7.37 45,267 6,146.2
4. Maksimir 14.35 49,750 3,467.1
5. Peščenica - Žitnjak 35.30 58,283 1,651.3
6. Novi Zagreb - istok 16.54 65,301 3,947.1
7. Novi Zagreb - zapad 62.59 48,981 782.5
8. Trešnjevka - sjever 5.83 55,358 9,498.6
9. Trešnjevka - jug 9.84 67,162 6,828.1
10. CČrnomerec 24.33 38,762 1,593.4
11. Gornja Dubrava 40.28 61,388 1,524.1
12. Donja Dubrava 10.82 35,944 3,321.1
13. Stenjevec 12.18 41,257 3,387.3
14. Podsused - Vrapče 36.05 42,360 1,175.1
15. Podsljeme 60.11 17,744 295.2
16. Sesvete 165.26 59,212 358.3
17. Brezovica 127.45 10,884 85.4
TOTAL 641.43 779,145 1,214.9


City government

The current mayor of Zagreb is Milan Bandić (elected with the support of SDP, but has since become an independent, losing membership in his party).

The city assembly is composed of 51 representatives. As of 2009 the member parties/lists are:

Elections

Transport

Highways

Petlja Držićeva Slavonska.jpg

Zagreb is the hub of five major Croatian highways. Until a few years ago all Croatian highways either started or ended in Zagreb.

The highway A6 was upgraded in October 2008 and leads from Zagreb to Rijeka, crossing 146.5 kilometers (91.0 mi) and forming a part of the Pan-European Corridor Vb. The upgraded coincided with the Mura Bridge opening on A4 and the completion of the Hungarian M7, which marked the opening of the first freeway corridor between Rijeka and Budapest.[28] The A1 starts at Lučko interchange and concurs with the A6 up to the Bosiljevo interchange, connecting Zagreb and Split (As of October 2008 Vrgorac). A further extension of the A1 up to Dubrovnik is under construction. Both highways are tolled.[29]

Highway A3 (formerly named Bratstvo i jedinstvo) was the showpiece of Croatia in the SFRY. It is the oldest Croatian highway. A3 forms a part of the Pan-European Corridor X. The highway starts at the Bregana border crossing, bypasses Zagreb forming the southern arch of the Zagreb bypass and ends at Lipovac near the Bajakovo border crossing. It continues in Southeast Europe in the direction of Near East. This highway is tolled except for the stretch between Bobovica and Ivanja Reka interchanges.[29]

Highway A2 is a part of the Corridor Xa.[30] It connects Zagreb and the frequently congested Macelj border crossing, forming a continuous highway-level link between Zagreb and Western Europe except for the Slovenian part, which is still just a primary route.[29][31] Forming a part of the Corridor Vb, highway A4 starts in Zagreb forming the northeastern wing of the Zagreb bypass and leads to Hungary until the Goričan border crossing. It is the least used highway around Zagreb.

The railway and the highway A3 along the Sava river that extend to Slavonia (towards Slavonski Brod, Vinkovci, Osijek and Vukovar) are some of the busiest traffic corridors in the country.[29][32] The railway running along the Sutla river and the A2 highway (Zagreb-Macelj) running through Zagorje, as well as traffic connections with the Pannonian region and Hungary (the Zagorje railroad, the roads and railway to Varaždin - Čakovec and Koprivnica) are linked with truck routes.[33] The southern railway connection to Split operates on a high-speed tilting trains line via the Lika region (renovated in 2004 to allow for a five-hour journey); a faster line along the Una river valley is currently in use only up to the border between Croatia and Bosnia and Herzegovina.[33][34]

Roads

Zagrebačka Avenue

The city has an avenue network with several main arteries up to ten lanes wide and Zagreb bypass, a congested four-lane highway encircling most of the city. There is much congestion in the city center during the rush hour and a daytime parking problem. Finding a parking space is supposed to be made somewhat easier by the construction of new underground multi-story parking lots (Importanne Center, Importanne Gallery, Lang Square, Tuškanac, Kvaternik Square, Klaić Street, etc.). The busiest roads are the main east-west artery, former Highway "Brotherhood and Unity", consisting of Ljubljanska Avenue, Zagrebačka Avenue and Slavonska Avenue; and the Vukovarska Avenue, the closest bypass of the city center. The avenues were supposed to alleviate traffic problem, but most of them are today gridlocked at rush hour and others, like Branimirova Avenue are gridlocked during the whole day.

Bridges

As of 2007, Zagreb has seven road traffic bridges across the river Sava, and they all span both the river and the levees, making them all by and large longer than 200 m (660 ft). In downstream order, these are:

Name (English) Name (Croatian) Year Finished Type of bridge Road that goes over Other Information
Podsused Bridge Podsusedski most 1982 Two-lane road bridge with a commuter train line (not yet completed) Franjo Tuđman Street Connects Zagreb to its close exurbs by old road to Samobor, the fastest route to Bestovje and Strmec.
Jankomir Bridge Jankomirski most 1958, 2006 (upgrade) Four lane road bridge Ljubljanska Avenue. Connects Ljubljanska Avenue to the Jankomir interchange and Zagreb bypass.
Adriatic Bridge Jadranski most 1981 Six lane road bridge (also carries tram tracks) Most famous bridge in Zagreb. The bridge spans from Savska Street in the north to the Western Rotary in the south.
Sava Bridge Savski most 1938 Pedestrian since the construction of the Adriatic Bridge The official name at the time of building was New Sava bridge, but it is the oldest still standing bridge over Sava. The bridge is known among experts due to some construction details.[35]
Liberty Bridge Most slobode 1959 Four lane road bridge Većeslav Holjevac Avenue It used to hold a pair of bus lanes, but due to the increasing individual traffic, those were converted to normal lanes.
Youth Bridge Most mladosti 1974 Six lane road bridge (also carries tram tracks) Marin Držić Avenue Connects eastern Novi Zagreb to the districts Trnje, Peščenica, Donja Dubrava and Maksimir.
Homeland Bridge Domovinski most 2007 Four-lane road bridge (also carries two bicycle and two pedestrian lanes) This bridge is the last bridge built on Sava to date; it links Peščenica via the Radnička street to the Zagreb bypass at Kosnica. It is planned to continue towards Zagreb Airport at Pleso and Velika Gorica, and on to state road D31 going to the south.

There are also two rail traffic bridges across Sava, one near Sava bridge and one near Mičevec, as well as two bridges that are part of Zagreb bypass, one near Zaprešić (west), and the other near Ivanja Reka (east).

Two additional bridges across the river Sava are proposed: Jarun Bridge and Bundek Bridge.

Public transportation

ZET TMK 2200 on Line 6
ZET bus on line 106

Public transportation in the city is organized in two layers: the inner parts of the city are mostly covered by trams and the outer suburbs are linked with buses. The public transportation company, ZET (Zagrebački električni tramvaj, Zagreb Electric Tram), operating trams, all inner bus lines, and the most of the suburban lines, is subsidized by the city council.

The funicular (uspinjača) in the historic part of the city is a tourist attraction. Taxis are readily available with the prices significantly higher than in other Croatian cities.

As of 1992, the state rail operator HŽ (Hrvatske željeznice, Croatian Railways) has been developing a network of suburban trains in metropolitan Zagreb area.

Tram network

Zagreb has an extensive tram network with 15 day and 4 night lines covering much of the inner- and middle-suburbs of the city. The first tram line was opened on September 5, 1891 and trams have been serving as a vital component of Zagreb mass transit ever since. Trams usually travel at speeds of 25–50 km/h (15-31 mph), but slow considerably during rush hour. The network is unique as it operates mostly at the curb.

An ambitious program is currently underway to replace old trams with the new and modern ones built mostly in Zagreb by companies Končar elektroindustrija and, to a lesser extent, by TŽV Gredelj. Dubbed "TMK 2200", 70 trams have been delivered in 2005–2007 period, and delivery of additional 70 trams is contracted and already started.[36]

Suburban rail network

In 2005, suburban rail services were increased to a 15-minute frequency serving the middle and outer suburbs of Zagreb, primarily in the east-west direction and to the southern districts. This has enhanced commuting opportunity.[37] A new link to the nearby town of Samobor has been announced and is due to start construction in 2009. This link will be standard-gauge and tie in with normal Croatian Railways operations (the previous narrow-gauge line to Samobor was closed in the 1970s).[38]

Air traffic

Zagreb Airport (IATA: ZAGICAO: LDZA), known as 'Pleso Airport' is the main Croatian international airport, a 20 km (12 mi) drive southeast of Zagreb in the suburb of Pleso. The airport is also the main Croatian airbase featuring helicopters, as well as military and freight transport aircraft. New terminal is planned for 2011 to replace the current inadequate building, with construction commencing in 2008.[39]

Zagreb also has a second, smaller airport, Lučko (ICAO: LDZL). It is home to sports airplanes and a Croatian special police unit, as well as being a military helicopter airbase. Lučko used to be the main airport of Zagreb from 1947 to 1959.[40]

A third, small grass airfield, Buševec, is located just outside Velika Gorica. It is primarily used for sports purposes.[41]

Education

There are 136 primary schools and 100 secondary schools including 30 gymnasiums.[42][43] There are 5 public higher education institution and 9 private professional higher education schools.[44]

University

Founded in 1669, the University of Zagreb is the oldest in Croatia and one of the largest and oldest universities in the Southeastern Europe. Ever since its foundation, the university has been continually growing and developing and now consists of 28 faculties, three art academies, the Teacher Academy and the Croatian Studies Center. More than 200,000 students have attained the Bachelor's degree at the university, which has also assigned 18,000 Master's and 8,000 Doctor's degrees.[45]

Cultural sites

Museums

Moderna galerija

Zagreb's numerous museums reflect the history, art and culture not only of Zagreb and Croatia, but also of Europe and the world. Around thirty collections in museums and galleries comprise more than 3.6 million various exhibits, excluding church and private collections.

Archeological Museum

The Archaeological Museum (19 Nikola Šubić Zrinski Square) collections, today consisting of nearly 400,000 varied artifacts and monuments, have been gathered over the years from many different sources. These holdings include evidence of Croatian presence in the area.[46] The most famous are the Egyptian collection, the Zagreb mummy and bandages with the oldest Etruscan inscription in the world (Liber Linteus Zagrabiensis), as well as the numismatic collection.

Croatian Natural History Museum

The Croatian Natural History Museum (1 Demetrova Street) holds one of the world's most important collection of Neanderthal remains found at one site.[47] These are the remains, stone weapons and tools of prehistoric Krapina man. The holdings of the Croatian Natural History Museum comprise more than 250,000 specimens distributed among various different collections.

Museum of Technology

The Museum of Technology (18 Savska Street) was founded in 1954 and it maintains the oldest preserved machine in the area, dating from 1830, which is still operational. The museum exhibits numerous historic aircraft, cars, machinery and equipment. There are some distinct sections in the museum: the Planetarium, the Apisarium, the Mine (model of mines for coal, iron and non-ferrous metals, about 300 m (980 ft) long), and the Nikola Tesla study.[48]

Museum of the City of Zagreb

The Museum of the City of Zagreb (20 Opatička Street) was established in 1907 by the Association of the Braća Hrvatskog Zmaja. It is located in a restored monumental complex (Popov toranj, the Observatory, Zakmardi Granary) of the former Convent of the Poor Clares, of 1650.[49] The Museum deals with topics from the cultural, artistic, economic and political history of the city spanning from Roman finds to the modern period. The holdings comprise 75,000 items arranged systematically into collections of artistic and mundane objects characteristic of the city and its history.

Arts and Crafts Museum

The Arts and Crafts Museum (10 Marshal Tito Square) was founded in 1880 with the intention of preserving the works of art and craft against the new predominance of industrial products. With its 160,000 exhibits, the Arts and Crafts Museum is a national-level museum for artistic production and the history of material culture in Croatia.[50]

Ethnographic Museum

The Ethnographic Museum (14 Ivan Mažuranić Square) was founded in 1919. It lies in the fine Secession building of the one-time Trades Hall of 1903. The ample holdings of about 80,000 items cover the ethnographic heritage of Croatia, classified in the three cultural zones: the Pannonian, Dinaric and Adriatic.[51]

Mimara Museum

Mimara Museum at night

The museum called the "Art Collection of Ante and Wiltrud Topić Mimara" or, for short, the Mimara Museum (5 Roosevelt Square), was founded with a donation from Ante "Mimara" Topić and opened to the public in 1987. It is located in a late 19th century neo-Renaissance palace.[52] The holdings comprise 3,750 works of art of various techniques and materials, and different cultures and civilizations.

Croatian Naïve Art Museum

The Croatian Naïve Art Museum (works by Croatian primitivists at 3 Ćirilometodska Street) is considered to be the first museum of naïve art in the world.[citation needed] The museum keeps works of Croatian naïve expression of the 20th century. It is located in the 18th century Raffay Palace in the Gornji Grad. The museum holdings consist of 1500 works of art - paintings, sculptures, drawings and prints, mainly by Croatians but also by other well-known world artists.[53] From time to time, the museum organizes topics and retrospective exhibitions by naïve artists, expert meetings and educational workshops and playrooms.

Museum of Contemporary Art

New building of the Museum of Contemporary Art

The Museum of Contemporary Art was founded in 1954 and a rich collection of Croatian and foreign contemporary visual art has been collected throughout the decades. The Museum (2 St. Catherine's Square) is located in a space within the Kulmer Palace in the Gornji Grad. The new Museum building in Novi Zagreb opened in 2009.[54]

Other museums and galleries

Zagreb's Meštrovićev Paviljon

Valuable historical collections are also found in the Croatian School Museum, the Croatian Hunting Museum, the Croatian Sports Museum, the Croatian Post and Telecommunications Museum, the HAZU (Croatian Academy of Sciences and Arts) Glyptotheque (collection of monuments), and the HAZU Graphics Cabinet.

The Strossmayer's Old Masters Gallery (11 Zrinski Square) offers permanent holdings presenting European paintings from the 14th to 19th centuries,[55] and the Ivan Meštrović Studio, (8 Mletačka Street) with sculptures, drawings, lithography portfolios and other items, was a donation of this great artist to his homeland The Museum and Gallery Center (4 Jesuit Square) introduces on various occasions the Croatian and foreign cultural and artistic heritage. The Art Pavilion (22 King Tomislav Square) by Viennese architects Hellmer and Fellmer who were the most famous designers of theaters in Central Europe is a neo-classical exhibition complex and one of the landmarks of the downtown. The exhibitions are also held in the impressive Meštrović building on Žrtava Fašizma Square — the Home of Croatian Fine Artists. The World Center "Wonder of Croatian Naïve Art" (12 Ban Jelačić Square) exhibits masterpieces of Croatian naïve art as well as the works of a new generation of artists. The Modern Gallery (1 Hebrangova Street) comprises all relevant fine artists of the 19th and 20th centuries.

Other cultural sites and events

There are about 20 permanent or seasonal theaters and stages. The Croatian National Theater in Zagreb was built in 1895 and opened by emperor Franz Joseph I of Austria. The most renowned concert hall is named "Vatroslav Lisinski", after the composer of the first Croatian opera was built in 1973.

Animafest, the World Festival of Animated Films, takes place every even-numbered year, and the Music Bienniale, the international festival of avant-garde music, every odd-numbered year. It also hosts the annual ZagrebDox documentary film festival. The Festival of the Zagreb Philharmonic and the flowers exhibition Floraart (end of May or beginning of June), the Old-timer Rally annual events. In the summer, theater performances and concerts, mostly in the Upper Town, are organized either indoors or outdoors. The stage on Opatovina hosts the Zagreb Histrionic Summer theater events.

Zagreb is also the host of Zagrebfest, the oldest Croatian pop-music festival, as well as of several traditional international sports events and tournaments. The Day of the City of Zagreb on November 16 is celebrated every year with special festivities, especially on the Jarun lake near the southwestern part of the city.

RFF is a new film festival, which will have its third edition this January. The RFF is organized and run by a group of young enthusiasts, who struggle to find some way of expressing themselves in "this cruel world".[citation needed]

Religious organizations

The Archdiocese of Zagreb is a metropolitan see of the Catholic Church in Croatia, serving as its religious center. The current Archbishop is Josip Cardinal Bozanić.Zagreb is also the Episcopal see of the Metropolitan of Zagreb, Ljubljana and all of Italy of the Serbian Orthodox Church. Islamic religious organization of Croatia has the see in Zagreb. Current president is Mufti Ševko Omerbašić. A mosque used to be located at the Žrtava Fašizma Square, but it was relocated to the neighborhood of Borovje in Peščenica.

Surroundings

The wider Zagreb area has been continuously inhabited since the prehistoric period, as witnessed by archaeological findings in the Veternica cave from the Paleolithic and excavation of the remains of the Roman Andautonia near the present village of Ščitarjevo.

The picturesque former villages on the slopes of Medvednica, Šestine, Gračani and Remete, maintain their rich traditions, including folk costumes, Šestine umbrellas, and gingerbread products.

The Medvednica Mountain (Croatian: Zagrebačka gora), with its highest peak Sljeme (1,035 m), provides a panoramic view of metropolitan Zagreb, the Sava and the Kupa valleys, and the region of Hrvatsko Zagorje. In mid-January 2005, Sljeme held its first World Ski Championship tournament.

From the summit, weather permitting, the vista reaches as far as Velebit Range along Croatia's rocky northern coast, as well as the snow-capped peaks of the towering Julian Alps in neighboring Slovenia. There are several lodging villages, offering accommodation and restaurants for hikers. Skiers visit Sljeme, which has four ski-runs, three ski-lifts and a chairlift.

The old Medvedgrad, a recently restored medieval burg built in the 13th century, represents a special attraction of Medvednica hill. It overlooks the western part of the city and also has the Shrine of the Homeland, a memorial with an eternal flame, where Croatia pays reverence to all its heroes fallen for homeland in its history, customarily on national holidays. Travel agencies organize guided excursions to the surroundings as well as sightseeing in Zagreb itself.

Tourism

Hotel Esplanade/Regent

Zagreb is an important tourist center, not only in terms of passengers travelling from Western and Central Europe to the Adriatic Sea, but also as a travel destination itself. Since the end of the war, it has attracted around half a million visitors annually, mainly from Austria, Germany and Italy. However, the city has even greater potential as many tourists that visit Croatia skip Zagreb in order to visit the beaches along the Croatian Adriatic coast and old historic Renaissance cities such as Dubrovnik, Split, and Zadar.

The historical part of the city to the north of Ban Jelačić Square is composed of the Gornji Grad and Kaptol, a medieval urban complex of churches, palaces, museums, galleries and government buildings that are popular with tourists on sightseeing tours. The historic district can be reached on foot, starting from Jelačić Square, the center of Zagreb, or by a funicular on nearby Tomićeva Street.

Souvenirs and gastronomy

Numerous shops, boutiques, store houses and shopping centers offer a variety of quality clothing. Zagreb's offerings include crystal, china and ceramics, wicker or straw baskets, and top-quality Croatian wines and gastronomic products.

Notable Zagreb souvenirs are the tie or cravat, an accessory named after Croats who wore characteristic scarves around their necks in the Thirty Years' War in the 17th century and the ball-point pen, a tool developed from the inventions by Slavoljub Eduard Penkala, an inventor and a citizen of Zagreb.

Many Zagreb restaurants offer various specialities of national and international cuisine. Domestic products which deserve to be tasted include turkey, duck or goose with mlinci (a kind of pasta), štrukli (cottage cheese strudel), sir i vrhnje (cottage cheese with cream), kremšnite (custard slices in flaky pastry), and orehnjača (traditional walnut roll).

Recreation and sports

Zagreb Arena night view
Sports and Recreational Center Šalata

There are several sports and recreational centers in Zagreb. Recreational Sports Center Jarun, situated on Jarun Lake in the southwest of the city, has fine shingle beaches, a world-class regatta course, a jogging lane around the lake, several restaurants, many night clubs and a discothèque. Its sports and recreation opportunities include swimming, sunbathing, waterskiing, angling and other water sports, but also beach volleyball, football, basketball, handball, table tennis, and minigolf.

Dom Sportova, a sport center in northern Trešnjevka features six halls. The largest two can accommodate 7,358[56] and 3,900 people, respectively. This center is used for basketball, handball, volleyball, hockey, gymnastics, tennis, and many others. It is also used for concerts.

Arena Zagreb is was finished in 2008. The handball arena has 15,024[57] seats and it hosted the 2009 World Men's Handball Championship. The Dražen Petrović Basketball Hall seats 5,400 people. Alongside the hall is the 94-meter (308 ft) high glass Cibona Tower. Sports Park Mladost, situated on the embankment of the Sava river, has an Olympic-size swimming pool, smaller indoor and outdoor swimming pools, a sunbathing terrace, 16 tennis courts as well as basketball, volleyball, handball, football and field hockey courts. A volleyball sports hall is within the park.

Sports and Recreational Center Šalata, located in Šalata, only a couple hundred meters from the Jelačić Square, is most attractive for tennis players. It comprises a big tennis court and eight smaller ones, two of which are covered by the so-called "balloon", and another two equipped with lights. The center also has swimming pools, basketball courts, football fields, a gym and fitness center, and a four-lane bowling alley. Outdoor ice skating is a popular winter recreation. There are also several fine restaurants within and near the center.

Maksimir Tennis Center, located in Ravnice east of downtown, consists of two sports blocks. The first comprises a tennis center situated in a large tennis hall with four courts.

There are 22 outdoor tennis courts with lights. The other block offers multipurpose sports facilities: apart from tennis courts, there are handball, basketball and indoor football grounds, as well as track and field facilities, a bocci ball alley and table tennis opportunities.

Recreational swimmers can enjoy a smaller-size indoor swimming pool in Daničićeva Street, and a newly opened indoor Olympic-size pool at Utrine sports center in Novi Zagreb. Skaters can skate in the skating rink on Trg Sportova (Sports Square) and on the lake Jarun Skaters' park. Hippodrome Zagreb offers recreational horseback riding opportunities, while horse races are held every weekend during the warmer p art of the year.

The 38,923[58]-seat Maksimir Stadium, last 10 years under renovation, is located in Maksimir in the northeastern part of the city. The stadium is part of the immense Svetice recreational and sports complex (ŠRC Svetice), south of the Maksimir Park. The complex covers an area of 276,440 m2 (68 acres). It is part of a significant Green Zone, which passes from Medvednica Mountains in the north toward the south. ŠRC Svetice, together with Maksimir Park, creates an ideal connection of areas which are assigned to sport, recreation and leisure.

The latest larger recreational facility is Bundek, a group of two small lakes near the Sava in Novi Zagreb, surrounded by a partly forested park. The location had been used prior to the 1970s, but then went to neglect until 2006 when it was renovated.

Zagreb events

Zagreb was, and is, the host of some of the most popular artists in music industry, such as Rolling Stones (1976. & 1998.), U2, Eric Clapton, Depeche Mode, Prodigy, Beyonce, Nick Cave, Manu Chao, Massive Attack, Metallica and many more. This is mostly recognized because of the cities location in central and eastern Europe, and it's good traffic relations with other neighbouring capital cities in that part of Europe. This is the effort of Zagreb community to increase the percentage of tourist visits during the summer time, as Croatia, in generally, is a popular destination for many people around the globe during the vacation period.

Notable sports clubs

Club Leagues Venue Established
NK Dinamo Croatian First Football League Maksimir Stadium 1945
NK Zagreb Croatian First Football League Stadium Kranjčevićeva 1903
NK Lokomotiva Croatian First Football League Kajzerica 1914
NK Hrvatski Dragovoljac Croatian Second Football League Siget 1975
KK Cibona Euroleague, NLB League (regional) and A1 Basketball League (national) Dražen Petrović Basketball Hall 1946
KK Zagreb NLB League (regional) and A1 Basketball League (national) Trnsko Gymnasium 1970
KK Cedevita A1 Basketball League Sutinska Vrela Gymnasium 1991
RK Zagreb Croatian First League of Handball Dom Športova 1922
HAVK Mladost Croatian First Water polo League PVC Mladost na Savi 1946
HAVK Mladost (rowing) Jarun 1912
AOK Mladost Croatian 1A Volleyball League Dom Odbojke 1945
HARK Mladost Interleague (regional) and Croatian Rugby League ŠRC Mladost 1954
HASTK Mladost 1945
Zagrebački plivački klub Bazen "Utrine" 1934
HAPK Mladost PVC Mladost 1945
VK Medveščak Croatian First Water polo League ŠRC Šalata 1946
Ski klub Zagreb Sljeme 1918
KHL Medveščak Erste Bank Eishockey Liga and Croatian Championship Dom Športova 1961

International relations

Satellite photo of Zagreb showing the Sava River and Medvednica mountain.

Twin towns — Sister cities

Zagreb is twinned with the following towns and cities:[59]

Partner cities

The city has partnership arrangements with:

See also

References

Bibliography

Notes

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  2. ^ (in Croatian and English) (PDF) Statistički ljetopis Grada Zagreba 2007.. 2007. ISSN 1330-3678. http://www1.zagreb.hr/zgstat/documents/Ljetopis%202007/STATISTICKI%20LJETOPIS%202007.pdf. Retrieved 2008-11-12. 
  3. ^ a b c (Croatian)"Vital Statistics in 2006", First Release (City of Zagreb, City Institute for Urban Planning, Statistics Department), 2007-10-26, http://www.zagreb.hr/UserDocsImages/Vitalna%20statistika%20u%202006..doc, retrieved 2008-08-29 
  4. ^ "The World According to GaWC 2008".
  5. ^ a b Sić, Miroslav (2007). "Spatial and functional changes in recent urban development of Zagreb" (PDF). Delo. http://www.ff.uni-lj.si/oddelki/geo/publikacije/dela/files/Dela_27/01_Sic.pdf. Retrieved 2008-11-06. 
  6. ^ "Zagreb's facts and details".
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  8. ^ "The Iranian origin of the Croats"
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  23. ^ (Croatian) "Economic Profile of Zagreb Chamber of Commerce". Croatian Chamber of Commerce, Zagreb Chamber of Commerce. http://www.zg.hgk.hr/pg006.html. Retrieved 2008-01-25. 
  24. ^ "Blato i Lanište postaju najsuvremeniji dio Zagreba?" (in Croatian). novi-zagreb.hr. 2008-03-28. http://www.novi-zagreb.hr/index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=1174. Retrieved 2008-07-27. 
  25. ^ "Na Laništu gradnja iznad 9 katova" (in Croatian). Javno.hr. 2007-06-21. http://www.javno.com/hr/zagreb/clanak.php?id=55540. Retrieved 2009-09-21. 
  26. ^ "About Zagreb Administration". http://www.zagreb.hr/Dokument.nsf/AboutZagreb?OpenPage. Retrieved 2006-07-02. 
  27. ^ "Zagreb population by city districts (Census 2001)". http://www.dzs.hr/default_e.htm. Retrieved 2006-07-02. 
  28. ^ "From Zagreb to Rijeka in an hour". Product of Croatia. 2008-10-22. http://www.product-of-croatia.com/vijest.php?broj=1499. Retrieved 2008-11-11. 
  29. ^ a b c d Croatian highway authorities
  30. ^ "South East Europe Core Regional Transport Network Development Plan". South-East Europe Transport Observatory. May 2006. http://www.seetoint.org/index.php?option=com_rubberdoc&view=doc&id=6&format=raw. Retrieved 2008-11-13. 
  31. ^ "Project appraisal document on a proposed loan to the Republic of Croatia" (PDF). The World Bank. 2000-09-27. http://siteresources.worldbank.org/INTCUSTOMPOLICYANDADMIN/Resources/615371-1115072495642/P070088_PAD.pdf. Retrieved 2008-11-13. 
  32. ^ "Zagreb Transportation". http://www.zagreb-life.com/travel/travel.php. Retrieved 2006-07-02. 
  33. ^ a b "Izvješće o mreži" (in Croatian). Croatian Railways. 2009. p. 67. http://www.hznet.hr/iSite3/lgs.axd?t=16&id=1713. Retrieved 2008-11-13. 
  34. ^ Pupačić, Tomislav (2004-09-20). "Nagibni vlakovi više nisu nagibni" (in Croatian). Vjesnik. http://ns1.vjesnik.com/html/2004/09/20/Clanak.asp?r=unu&c=1. Retrieved 2008-11-13. 
  35. ^ (Croatian) "Bridges across the Sava River in Zagreb". http://hrcak.srce.hr/index.php?show=toc&id_broj=903. Retrieved 2007-08-28. 
  36. ^ "Predstavljen 71. niskopodni tramvaj" (in Croatian). ZET. 2007-12-27. http://www.zet.hr/vijesti/novosti/predstavljen-71-niskopodni-tramvaj.aspx. Retrieved 2008-01-08. 
  37. ^ Vojković, Ana Marija (2008-08-01). "Zagreb kupuje 18 vlakova za brži prigradski promet" (in Croatian). 24 sata. http://www.24sata.hr/index.php?cmd=show_clanak&tekst_id=73771. Retrieved 2008-12-08. 
  38. ^ "Uskoro Samoborček i novi prigradski vlakovi" (in Croatian) (PDF, 134 KB). Zagrebački komunalni vjesnik (№ 362): 11. 2007-11-28. ISSN 1845-4968. http://193.198.60.202/komunalni/arhiva/362/str11.pdf. Retrieved 2008-07-31. 
  39. ^ "Zagreb International Airport terminal". http://www.zagreb-life.com/travel/travel.php. Retrieved 2006-07-02. 
  40. ^ "Zagreb Airport - History" (in Croatian). http://www.zagreb-airport.hr/hr/poslovne_1_3/index.aspx. Retrieved 2008-10-02. 
  41. ^ Kosović, Vedran (1999-10-10). "Usprkos teškoćama leti se dalje" (in Croatian). Vjesnik. http://www.vjesnik.com/Html/1999/10/10/Clanak.asp?r=zag&c=2. Retrieved 2008-07-31. 
  42. ^ "Primary schools". Republic of Croatia, Ministry of science, education and sports. http://public.mzos.hr/Default.aspx?sec=2236. Retrieved 2007-09-27. 
  43. ^ "Secondary schools". Republic of Croatia, Ministry of science, education and sports. http://public.mzos.hr/Default.aspx?sec=2252. Retrieved 2007-09-27. 
  44. ^ "Higher education institutions". Republic of Croatia, Ministry of science, education and sports. http://public.mzos.hr/Default.aspx?sec=2511. Retrieved 2007-09-03. 
  45. ^ "Zagreb in brief". City of Zagreb. http://www.zagreb.hr/default.aspx?id=1125. Retrieved 2008-11-11. 
  46. ^ "The History and Activities of the Archeological Museum". http://www.amz.hr/eng/page.asp?id=muzej&sub=2&url=povijest. Retrieved 2006-07-02. 
  47. ^ "Croatian Natural History Museum". http://www.zagreb-touristinfo.hr/?id=94&l=e&nav=nav5&solo=270. Retrieved 2006-07-02. 
  48. ^ "Tehnical Museum". http://www.zagreb-touristinfo.hr/?id=94&l=e&nav=nav5&solo=291. Retrieved 2006-07-02. 
  49. ^ "Museum of the City of Zagreb". http://www.zagreb-touristinfo.hr/?id=94&l=e&nav=nav5&solo=272. Retrieved 2006-07-02. 
  50. ^ "Arts and Crafts Museum". http://www.zagreb-touristinfo.hr/?id=94&l=e&nav=nav5&solo=278. Retrieved 2006-07-02. 
  51. ^ "Ethnographic Museum". http://www.zagreb-touristinfo.hr/?id=94&l=e&nav=nav5&solo=263. Retrieved 2006-07-02. 
  52. ^ "Mimara Museum". http://www.zagreb-touristinfo.hr/?id=94&l=e&nav=nav5&solo=275. Retrieved 2006-07-02. 
  53. ^ "Croatian Naïve Art Museum". http://www.zagreb-touristinfo.hr/?id=94&l=e&nav=nav5&solo=267. Retrieved 2006-07-02. 
  54. ^ "The Museum of Contemporary Art Zagreb". http://www.msu.hr/#/en/. Retrieved 2010-01-20. 
  55. ^ "About Strossmayer's Old Masters Gallery". http://www.mdc.hr/strossmayer/eng/povijest.html. Retrieved 2006-07-02. 
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External links


Travel guide

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From Wikitravel

Europe : Balkans : Croatia : Zagreb
Ban Jelačić Square
Ban Jelačić Square

Understand

Zagreb, the capital of Croatia, is a vibrant city of around a million people. The city boasts a charming medieval 'old city' with architecture and cobbled streets reminiscent of Vienna, Budapest, Prague and other Central-European capitals, though mixed with a strong Italian influence. In 2005 it was visited by over half a million tourists, mainly from Austria, Germany and Italy.

Get in

Taxi Transport services Whether you arrive in Zagreb by airplane or train and you need transportation to your final destination (hotel, apartment or private accommodation) you can use taxi service by calling 970. Taxi usually comes within 10 to 15 minutes from the call except in busy summer season where it depends on how much business they have. When calling taxi service from a cellular phone you need to dial city area code 01 (Croatia area codes). You can also book online your transportation which is great when you are in a hurry or have a larger number of people in need of transportation, or you just want everything organized in advance. See Zagreb airport transfer for transportation booking, tariffs and service details.

By plane

Zagreb International Airport [1] (IATA: ZAG) (ICAO: LDZA), is located 17km south-east from the city center in the district of Pleso.

Neighboring airports in Rijeka, Ljubljana, Graz, Klagenfurt and Trieste are serviced by low-cost carriers and are often a viable alternative to travelling directly to Zagreb. EasyJet [16] flies to Rijeka, Ljubljana and Ryan Air [17] flies to Pula,Graz and Klagenfurt.

There is a bus link between the airport (Zračna luka) and the bus station (Autobusni kolodvor) in Zagreb. A single (one-way) ticket costs 30 kuna (~ 4,2 Euro). The bus leaves the airport at 7AM and every thirty minutes between 8AM and 8PM. Between the last regular bus at 8PM and the first one at 7AM the next morning, there is a bus leaving for the bus station every time a Croatia Airlines plane lands.

The bus line between the bus station and the airport is slightly more complicated. Full details are available in English from [18]. The busses are located at the edge (facing city center) of the bus station. You'll see "croatia airlines" and "eurolines" written on that part of the building.

Glavni kolodvor - Zagreb's Main Railway Station
Glavni kolodvor - Zagreb's Main Railway Station

Zagreb is a railway hub which has direct services to major European cities such as Vienna (6 hours), Budapest, Zurich, Munich, Berlin, Salzburg, Venice, Ljubljana, Sarajevo, Thessalonika, Belgrade as well as domestic services to all major towns (except Dubrovnik). There is also an all-year-round overnight train (with sleeping compartments) between Zagreb and Split.

Rail travel times within Croatia have been made competitive with car travel in many instances with new 160kph “tilting trains” connecting Zagreb with Split and other major cities in Croatia such as Varaždin, Osijek and Požega. If you make a reservation early enough you can get a substantial discount.

Tourists coming from or going to neighbouring capitals should note the following EuroCity and InterCity railway lines:

Most services are operated by the Croatian Railways [19], whose schedules are also available on the internet in English.

By car

Almost all highways (autocesta) in Croatia start or end in Zagreb.

Travellers from Vienna can take the A2 highway upon entering Croatia.

Travellers from Budapest and Varaždin can use the A4. The Croatian part of the highway is finished, while the Hungarian portion is expected to be completed in 2007.

Travellers heading from Serbia, Bulgaria, Macedonia, Greece and Turkey can use the A3 highway to reach Zagreb.

Travellers heading from Ljubljana can use the A3. The Slovenian portion of the highway is still under construction and yet it is subjected to an exorbitant toll. Travellers going through or from Italy can bypass Slovenia using state route SS21 through Trieste, route E61 through Slovenia (in a bad shape) and A7 south to Rijeka, then Rijeka bypass, then A6 east to Bosiljevo and A1 northeast to Zagreb

Travellers heading from the Dalmatian coast or Montenegro can use the A1 highway (sometimes known as Jadransko-Jonska autocesta: Adriatic-Ionian highway). Those heading from Dubrovnik should note that the section between Ravča and Ploče is under construction and will be finished in 2009.

Those travelling to or from Rijeka and Istria can use the A6 - whose last two-lane part is due to be upgraded to four lanes in 2008 - then the A1.

To use highways in Croatia you must pay a toll either in Croatian national currency, the kuna, or in euros. One may also pay by credit card- American Express, Diners, Master Card, Maestro or Visa cards. A third option is to use the HAC Smart Card, which can reduce the cost of travelling on the Croatian highways by 10-25%. It is issued by Hrvatske Autoceste [20], but pays off only if travelling more than 500 km (that's a return trip Zagreb-Zadar or Zagreb-Serbia) or 250 km for a seasonal Smart Card (a return trip Zagreb-Rijeka or two return trips to Zagreb from Austrian border). You can find a toll calculator here (click Calculator on the left navigation bar).

By bus

The central bus station (Autobusni Kolodvor) is located to the south-east of the railway station - approximately 10 minutes walk, or 3 stops by tram (lines 2 and 6). Timetable information and prices can be found on the AKZ website [21].

Numerous Croatian and International coach operators maintain scheduled lines covering all major domestic and European cities, as far as London, Paris, Rotterdam and Amsterdam, numerous cities in Germany, Belgium, Switzerland, Italy, Slovakia, Czech Republic, Slovenia, Hungary, many destinations in Bosnia and Herzegovina, Serbia, Montenegro, and Macedonia.

Zagreb Tram
Zagreb Tram

Zagreb has a well-developed and efficient public transport system that consists of trams, buses and trains. The tram network (route map [22]) operates 24 hours a day - from 4AM to 12AM there are 15 "day-time lines" (tram lines 1-9, 11-15 and 17), and from 12AM to 4AM there are 4 "night" lines (tram lines 31-34) which cover most of the day-time lines on a reduced (around 30-40 minute) frequency. Occasionally, buses replace trams on night lines. Tram lines 3 and 8 do not operate Saturdays, Sundays and on public holidays. There are maps of the tram lines on almost every stop, so if you know the nearest stop to your destination you can simply figure out the shortest trip while you're at the stop.

The price of a single-ticket valid for 1.5 hours is 10 Kunas (~ 1.5€) only paid in local currency Kuna. There is also a 24 hours ticket (dnevna karta) available at 25 Kuna (~ 3.5 €). Buy a tram ticket (from the nearby TISAK stands located near each stop, or from the tram driver) and punch it (insert it) in the little orange machine once you enter to validate. If you plan on taking more than one ride on a tram during your stay in Zagreb, buy a daily ticket. If you're up to two tram stops from the Ban Jelačić Square (main city square) your ride will be free.

As for the buses, there are 113 day-time and 4 night lines. Buses cover the area outside the city center including neighboring towns that administratively belong to Zagreb county as well as some frequent inner-city routes. The buses use the same ticketing system as the trams.

A historic funicular (uspinjača in Croatian) railway (one of the steepest in the world) operates between the lower and upper towns. Valid monthly, daily as well as single tram/bus ticket can be used, otherwise there is a small fee for a ride.

Trains operated by Croatian Railways [23] (Hrvatske Željeznice) run every 15 minutes from east to west, connecting the suburbs of Zagreb with the central railway station. They are usually the quickest form of transport for those coming from the areas of Zagreb far from the railway station (Glavni kolodvor), or beyond the tram network.

Zagreb's taxis are plentiful, as they are among the most expensive in the world (due to the monopolistic position of the taxi drivers' union[24]. Starting rates as of June 2005 are fixed at 19 kn (~2,5 €), the price per kilometer is 7 kn/km (~0.95 €/km), waiting by the hour is 50 kn/h (~6,8 €/h) and an additional fee for luggage is charged (3 kn per piece (0,4 € per piece of luggage)). Bear in mind that all the rates go up 20% from 10 PM to 5 AM (Mon-Sat) and during Sundays and national holidays (the whole day). Taxis are readily available at the Pleso international airport and offer a ride to the city center at a fixed rate of 150 kn (~21 €). Taxis are obliged to have their taxi-meter on and you won't fare well if you try to bargain.

Zagreb Card

Travelers who are staying for several days should consider buying the Zagreb Card [25]. The card offers unlimited travel on public transport in Zagreb, discounts at virtually all of the city’s museums, reduced prices at many restaurants, shops, and service providers and many other concessions. It costs 90 kuna (approx. 12 euros) and is valid for 72 hours from the date and time entered on the card. Holders of the card also receive a special booklet with a list of all of the establishments and the discounts available to them. The card can be purchased at any of Zagreb's Tourist Information Centers and at the reception desks of the majority of Zagreb’s hotels.

See

The Upper and Lower Towns

Gornji grad, or the Upper Town and Donji grad or Lower Town are the cultural, religious and commercial hub of Zagreb. This is where most of the restaurants, bars and tourist sights are located. The Upper Town, which is the medieval core of the city, developed as two separate (and often warring) towns - Kaptol, the seat of the Bishop (where the imposing Cathedral now stands), and Gradec, the free town where tradesmen and artisans lived (proclaimed by King Bela of Hungary in the 12th century) merged in the 1770s to form the northern section of historic Zagreb. Following this, the city expanded south of today's Trg Bana Josipa Jelacica (Jelacic Square) to the railway station and the Sava River.

Mimara Museum, Westin Hotel and Cibona Tower
Mimara Museum, Westin Hotel and Cibona Tower
Archaeological Museum
Archaeological Museum
  • Muzej Mimara (Mimara Museum), Rooseveltov trg 5. Houses some 3,700 works of art donated by Ante Topić Mimara. The collection comprises more than 1,500 exhibits dating from the prehistoric period up to the 20th century. Some of the most famous exhibits include works by Lorenzetti, Raffaello, Giorgione, Veronese, Caravaggio, Canaletto, 60 paintings by the Dutch masters Rembrandt, Van Goyen, Ruisdael, 50 works by the Flemish masters Van der Weyden, Bosch, Rubens, Van Dyck, more than 30 by the Spanish masters Velasquez, Murillo, Goya, some 20 paintings by the German masters Holbein, Liebermann, Leibl, some 30 paintings by the English painters Gainsborough, Turner, Bonington and more than 120 paintings by the French masters Georges de la Tour, Boucher, Chardin, Delacroix, Corot, Manet, Renoir, Degas.
  • Arheološki muzej, (Archaeological Museum), Trg Nikole Šubića Zrinskog 19, [26]. Possesses over 400,000 objects, not all of them being exhibited. The holdings include evidence of Croatian presence in this area as well as rare samples which have made the museum known to the whole world. The most famous are the Egyptian collection, the Zagreb mummy and bandages with the oldest Etruscan inscription in the world (Liber Linteus Zagrabiensis), as well as the numismatic collection. A part of the museum is set aside for the collection of stone monuments dating back predominantly to the Roman period.
  • Muzej suvremene umjetnosti, (Museum of Contemporary Art), Katarinin Trg 2, [27]. Follows and presents contemporary trends in fine arts. Klovićevi dvori (Jezuitski trg 4) introduces Croatian and foreign cultural and artistic heritage. Umjetnički paviljon[28] (Art Pavilion), Trg Kralja Tomislava 22, by famous Viennese designers of theatres in Central Europe Hellmer and Fellmer is a neo-classical exhibition complex and one of the landmarks of the city center. The exhibitions are also held in the impressive Meštrović pavillion on Trg žrtava fašizma. Hrvatski muzej naivne umjetnosti[29] (Croatian Museum of Naïve Art), Sv. Ćirila i Metoda 3, houses more than one thousand works belonging to Croatian naïve art. The World Centre "Wonder of Croatian Naïve Art" (Trg Bana Jelačića 2) exhibits masterpieces of Croatian naïve art as well as the works of a new generation of artists. Moderna galerija (Modern Gallery) Hebrangova 1, comprises all relevant fine artists of the 19th and 20th centuries.

NOTE: Most museums and historical sights close at 1PM on Sundays and do not reopen until Tuesday.

Entrance to Mirogoj cemetery
Entrance to Mirogoj cemetery

Mirogoj is the central cemetery of Zagreb. It was opened in 1876 north of the city center. The mortuary, the impressive and picturesque arcades with the church of Christ the King (architect H. Bollé, 1883-1914) make it one of the most impressive cemeteries in the world. Here stand the tombs of notable personalities (including that of basketball hero Drazen Petrovic) who are relevant to Croatian history. To arrive from the central square, go to the near-by Cathedral and take bus number 106 (Kaptol - Mirogoj - Krematorij). The ride takes approximately 10 minutes. Note: Avoid going on the Croatian Day of the Dead (November 1st) as it may be difficult to catch a bus.

Medvedgrad

The imposing mountain overlooking Zagreb contains a preserved fortress (Medvednica) and fascinating views of the city. There is no public transport to Medvednica, but it is possible to walk downhill from the top of the mountain-gondola, and then continue your journey to the public bus system back into Zagreb. Being respectful in the fort is a good idea, since it is the site of the Altar of the Homeland memorial, dedicated to Croatian soldiers who died in the Homeland war.

  • Snow Queen Trophy: Ladies Night Slalom [30]: Zagreb is the only capital in the world that hosts a Ski World Cup race. The slalom event - known as the "Snow Queen Trophy" (Snjezna kraljica) - usually takes place in January. In 2008 it will be held in February. It is the most expensive race on the women's world cup tour and an exceptionally popular sporting event in Croatia that attracts a crowd of around 25 thousand people. As of 2007 best skiers in men's competition are also expected to compete on Mount Sljeme that overlooks the city. If you fail to secure your ticket, you can watch the whole event on a giant screen in the Ban Jelacic Square.
  • Walking Tour: Departs from the Tourist Information Office in Ban Jelacic Square at 10am, a two hour walking tour around the Upper Town takes in most of the main sights.
  • Zagreb DMC & PCO, +38520313555, [31]. Zagreb DMC & PCO Dubrovnik Travel offers a wide choice of group activities in Zagreb year round. Our professional team makes sure the event of your group is managed by the high standards of our leading professional team in Zagreb. Contact us at Croatia@DubrovnikTravel.com  edit
  • A ticket will cost you 20-30 HRK (3-4€)
  • About 30 HRK is the combined price of a medium popcorn and cola.
  • CineStar Zagreb, Branimirova 29; ticket reservation +385 1 46-86-600, [32]. A multiplex cinema (13 screens) in the vicinity of the Sheraton Hotel. The website is in Croatian, but can be understood using a Croatian-English online dictionary.
  • Movieplex, Nova Ves 11; +385 1 48 60 777, [33]. A multiplex cinema (5 screens) within the Kaptol Shopping Center situated to the north of the Cathedral.
  • Kino Europa, Varšavska 3. - this cinema is located in the city center.
  • Kino Zagreb, Trg Petra Preradovića 4; 062-100-100 (within Croatia).
  • Kino Croatia, Katančićeva 3; +385 1 48-13-711.
  • Kino Jadran, Ilica 42; 062-100-100 (within Croatia).
  • A1 (Iblerov trg bb - Importanne galerija; +385 1 46-19-133.
  • Kino Central, Petrinjska 4; 062-100-100 (within Croatia).
  • Kino Tuškanac, [34]. Showing more than just european filmography, alternative and older films, sometimes for free, usually costs about 10 HRK (1.5€)

Learn

The University of Zagreb combined with the Croatian Heritage Foundation Matica Hrvatska offers comprehensive Croatian language courses for foreigners. The courses occur in the fall and spring semesters along with an intensive one month course in July. All courses cost around 600 euro. More information can be found by visiting the University's website.

Many universities in Croatia accept a small group as international students every year, who stay in dorms and learn Croatian.

FER is a globally-appreciated university of mechanical and computer related learning. It accepts around ten international students a year.

Work

For creative types, Croatia is occupied by some street performers and many stands selling jewelery or other hand-crafted products, so the populace has an open mind to casually buying things from an interesting stand near the main square or dropping a few coins into a musician's case.

Buy

If you are looking for a souvenir, perhaps the best place to visit is the Turistički informativni centar located in the central square in Zagreb (Trg bana Josipa Jelačića 11). There you can find everything ranging from postcards and books to pottery and crystal. Also, check out the two shops on your right as you are walking from the central square to the Cathedral.

  • Millennium Radiceva 9 (upper left street from Jelacic square) There you can find pottery, crystal, costume jewelery, and other gifts.

For books, films and video games, the best shops are Algoritam (Gajeva 1) and Profil Megastore (Bogovićeva 7). The two shops are within 200 metres of each other. They also sell foreign magazines at very high prices.

Is it only a cake?!

Croaterra- an original Croatian treat. A cake that combines Croatia’s finest products with the harmonious flavors of Slavonia, the coast, Istria, the Dalmatian hinterland and the Velebit Mountains. All of the ingredients are organic, whole grain and of high quality. But Croaterra is not just healthy and delicious, it's also an exclusive product as it's packaged in a stylized earthenware container in a specially designed gift-box.

Natural cosmetics

Croatian natural cosmetics are as the title suggests - natural. Completely! The ingredients used (herbs, olive oil, etc.) are grown in Croatia. In comparison to some world famous beauty products, Croatian natural cosmetics present real value for the money. -Ulola offers: soaps, bath salts, body butters and more. It's all natural and comes in combinations like: orange and cinnamon, goats milk and almond oil, etc. www.ulola.com/flash.htm; -Elements offers: soaps, shower gels, body butter and more. Seaweed, olive oil, rosemary and lavender are some of their main ingredients. www.atea.hr/index.php; -Brac fini sapuni (Brac quality soaps) has a wide range of natural soaps, the lastest addition to their bath line is Aurum Croaticum made from virgin olive oil and thin leafs of 23 carat gold!!! www.bracfinisapuni.com/bfs_eng/index.html

Croatian designers

There are many Croatian designers and clothing specialists. I-gle Fashion Studio by two female designers Nataša Mihaljčišin i Martina Vrdoljak-Ranilović. Their clothing is sold in Harvey Nichols in Knightsbridge (London).; -Nebo ("Sky") is a fashion house that makes really nice, funky clothes and shoes.; -Nit ("Thread") is definitely not widely known even among Croats but is definitely worth visiting as they have some "funky and arty but serious" clothing items that are "value for money". - Etnobutik "Mara" designs by Vesna Milković sells clothing and accessories inscribed with "glagoljica" (glagolitic script; old Slavic alphabet).

Eat

Tobacco smoking is now banned in all enclosed public spaces, including restaurants and cafés.

  • Restaurant Kvatric, Maksimirska 9; ++ 385 1 2330 070, [35]. Croatian restaurant with very nice food for a reasonable price. Has a nice terrance in the back garden. Close to tramstop 'Kvaternikov Trg'.
  • Mali Medo, Tkalčićeva 36; +385 1 4929 613. Another traditional Croatian restaurant. Lively atmosphere, youthful clientele, and all very affordable (mains 20-40 kuna). Excellent ćevapčići and gulaš, not to mention superb beer.
  • Le Bistro, Mihanovićeva 1; ++ 385 1 45 66 666. A French restaurant within the Regent Esplanade Hotel
  • Ivica i Marica, Tkalčićeva 70, Tel: +385 1 481 7321 or +385 1 482 8999, [36]. Wonderful food made only from natural ingredients, many sourced locally. Open every day except Mon 12PM-11PM.
  • Pivnica Medvedgrad Samoborska cesta 217, Božidara Adžije 16, Tkalčićeva 36, [37]. Great food and beer for reasonable prices (10 HRK for 0.5l). Make sure to try 'čvarkuša' (4 HRK).
  • Srčeko, Vinogradska 135, ++ 385 1 373 10 07, [38]. M-Sa 12AM - 11PM, Su 12AM-6PM, a very romantic little restaurant.
  • Velika Klet obitelji Bunčić ++385 1/ 2781-132 | 01/ 2781-133 | fax: 01/ 2781-140. although technically not in Zagreb, but in Dugo Selo - a town 20 km far from Zagreb center, which is part of the metropolitan area - this is a very popular place that offers Croatian cuisine, live music on weekends, a stable, fish pond and basketball courtyard.
  • Takenoko, Nova Ves 11 (Centar Kaptol); ++ 385 1 48 60 530, [39]. Zagreb may not be synonymous with sushi restaurants, but this is one is superb. It is located in the Kaptol Centar Shopping Center. It is not cheap, but sushi they make is incredible.
  • Asia, A. Šenoe 1; ++ 385 1 48 41 218. Chinese restaurant open 12AM-12PM
  • Restaurant Suhina, Dr. F. Tuđmana 1, Orešje near the Podsused bridge, ++ 385 44 1 33 71 562. An old family-run restaurant on the old Samobor road that offers a variety of roasted food.
  • Panino, Nova Ves 11 (Centar Kaptol); ++ 385 1 46 69 013, [40]. Nice little restaurant with great service and wonderful food. If you are into French and Istrian style food you will probably love this place.
  • Mex Cantina, Savska cesta 154, +385 1 6192-156, [41]; Mexican food. Good service, great food, on Mondays (starting at 9PM) they offer live music by the best Croatian mariachi band, Los Caballeros.
  • Caramba, Frankopanska 6, Mexican food.
  • "Feniks" - mexican food, 5 minutes walk from the Zagreb's main square. Address: Jurisiceva 19. Tel: 01/481 44 11
  • Boban, Gajeva 9, Italian food.
  • Opium, Branimirova 29, Thai food.

Healthy

  • 100% juice bar, Tkalčićeva 5, down some stairs (look for the small sign)[42]. Pricey but a good place to get a healthy snack or fruit smoothie in the center of Zagreb.

Vegetarian

  • Nova, Ilica 72/1, [43]
  • Pyr, Teslina 13/1, [44]
  • Robin Food Catering, Derenčinova 1, [45]
  • VegeHop, Vlaška 79, [46]

Pizzerias

Despite pizza being a famous Italian dish, numerous people claim that in Zagreb you can eat pizzas which are better than in Italy! Here is only a small list of some pizza restaurants.

  • Stara Sava, Savska cesta 208, +385 1 3634-322. Close to "rotor" and Mladost sports center. Arguably the best pizzeria in Zagreb.
  • Karijola, Kranjčevićeva 7, ++ 385 1 3667-044.
  • Dvojka, Nova Ves 2, tel. +385 1 4817-462, +385 1 4666-111. On Kaptol close to Centar Kaptol
  • Mamma Mia, Ilica 63, tel. +385 1 4846-093
  • Colonia, Božidara Magovca 21, +385 1 6698-153. In New Zagreb, in "Mamutica".
  • Nocturno, Skalinska 4, +385 1 4813-394. On Kaptol, between Tkalčićeva street and Cathedral
  • Baschiera 2, Selska cesta 215, +385 1 3698-999. On the end of Savska street and beginning of "Horvaćanski zavoj"
  • Gigi, Petrovaradinska 39, +385 1 3885-092. Be sure to visit this pizzeria if you're going to the Jarun lake.
  • Šestica, Medulićeva 6, +385 1 4846-248, + 385 1 4846-562
  • Pivnica Medvedgrad (see at 'Eat')
  • Oliver Twist (Tkalčićeva) A choice of good Irish beer with a great atmosphere.
  • B.P. Club, Nikole Tesle 7, (+385-1) 481 44 44, [47]. Jazz and blues lovers should check it out. Open daily from 10 PM to 2AM.
  • The Jazz Club is a small club located in Gunduliceva street. Open daily, and has always jazz/blues/funk bands playing, very often from other countries.
  • Students with lower budget can have a great time in popular places like Melin (Tkalčićeva), Krivi put (Runjaninova) and Purgeraj (Park Ribnjak. Mostly rock, blues and alternative music. On happy hour you get two beer for a price of one)
  • SAX! - Klub hrvatskih glazbenika, Palmotićeva 22/2, (+385-1) 48 72 836, [48] is a great place to enjoy live music of a wide array of styles including blues, jazz, rock and pop.
  • The Best, Jarunska 5, +385 1 3011 943, [49] Largest club in Zagreb, out near the Jarun Lake complex. Mainly dance style music.
  • Hopdevil [50]. A new bar, featuring live music on Tuesdays and Thursdays, plus a DJ on Saturday nights, it has 101 different types of Belgian beer. The unique interior features a waterfall that runs along entire wall, and stone archways. The water from the waterfall flows beneath a glass floor, which you can sit on.
  • Aquarius, Aleja Matije Ljubeka bb (Jarun Lake), [51]-Saturday night is drum'n'bass & dancehall music,Friday is hip-hop/r'n'b night. Good concerts.
  • Boogaloo, Ulica Grada Vukovara 68, Tel: 385 1 6313 022. Good electronic music. A bit expensive but worth seeing. Bar, restaurant and disco.
  • Jabuka, Jabukovac 28 Tel: 01/48 34 397 Cult club for alternative,punk music,Bar cheap drinks opened on weekends,often concerts of alternative bands
  • Ravnice Youth Hostel [52] (I. Ravnice 38d).
  • Zagreb app's, [53]. Budget accommodation in Zagreb .
  • Hostel Lika [54] (Pašmanska 17). Small and cozy hostel a bit out of the city center. Beds starting at 100 HRK (around € 13,50) a night.
  • Fulir Hostel Zagreb [55] Fairly decent hostel
  • Dizzy Daisy Hostel Zagreb [56] Holiday hostel. Prices range from 100 to 150 HRK.
  • Apartment AS Zagreb [57] (Tel: +385 98 669 660) Two affordable and cozy apartments in a very quiet neighborhood Maksimir near city center
  • Hotel Central [58] (+385 1 48-41-122) 3-star hotel situated 150 meters from the railway station (Glavni kolodvor) (Branimirova 3). The hotel was refurbished in 1996.
  • Astoria Best Western Premier Hotel (+385 1 48-08-900) 3-star hotel in Petrinjska 71 not far from the central square of Ban Jelačić.
  • Hotel Dora [59] (+385 1 63-11-900) 3 star hotel behind the Lisinski Music Hall (south of the main railway station - Glavni kolodvor). The hotel's website is in Croatian
  • Hotel Golden Tulip Holiday [60] (+385 1 34-96-621) 3-star hotel situated at the western entrance to Zagreb not far from the Zagreb Fair.
  • Hotel I [61] (+385 1 65-42-238) 3-star hotel situated near the southern entrance into Zagreb (Remetinečka cesta 106). This hotel is located south of the Sava and in the vicinity of Zagreb Fair.
  • Hotel International [62] (+385 1 61-08-800) 3-star hotel located several hundred meters south of the central railway station (Miramarska 24).
  • Hotel Jadran[63] (+385 1 45-53-777) 3-star hotel (Vlaška 50) is situated in the city center some 500 meters east of the Cathedral. There is a big shopping center near-by - the Importanne Gallery.
  • Hotel Laguna [64] (+385 1 30-47-000) 3-star hotel (Kranjčevićeva 29) located near the Cibona Business Tower. The hotel's website offers information in Croatian.
  • Hotel Phoenix [65] (+385 1 20-06-333) 3-star hotel (Sesvetska cesta 29, 10 360 Sesvete) situated in an eastern suburb of Zagreb - Sesvete. It is located some 500 meters from the motorway on the main road that leads from Zagreb to Dugo Selo. The hotel's website contains more information in Croatian.
Palace Hotel
Palace Hotel
  • Hotel Palace [66] (+385 1 48-14-611) 4-star hotel located in the very heart of Zagreb on J.J. Strossmayer Square. It was built in the Secession style in 1891 and converted into a hotel in 1905. The Arts Pavillion is 50 metres away.
  • Hotel Dubrovnik [67] (+385 1 48-63-500) 4-star hotel (Gajeva 1) overlooking Zagreb's main square - Ban Jelačić Square.
  • Arcotel Allegra [68](+385 1 46-96-000) 4-star hotel (Branimirova 29) which is Zagreb's first "lifestyle" hotel. It is situated within five minute walking distance (300 meters) from the central railway station (Glavni kolodvor). All rooms are spacious and air-conditioned and feature mini bar, safe, internet connection, bigscreen TV and DVD player. A very cool touch are the free apples supplied in your room in a very funky holder !
  • Four Points by Sheraton Panorama Hotel Zagreb [69] (+385 1 36-58-333) 4-star hotel (Trg Kresimira Ćosića 9) is located in the business district of Zagreb some 2.5 kilometers away from the central railway station (Glavni kolodvor).
  • Hotel Aristos [70] (+385 1 66-95-900) 4-star hotel located in the vicinity of the Zagreb airport at the southern gates of Zagreb, in the Buzin commercial center (Cebini 33, Buzin, 10010 Zagreb)
  • Hotel As [71] (+385 1 46-09-111) 4-star hotel located in Zelengaj (Zelengaj 2A), some 2,5 kilometers to the north-west of the railway station (Glavni kolodvor). The hotel's website contains a map on how to get to the hotel.
  • Hotel Phoenix is at the east end of Zagreb, and has 50 modern styled rooms and a restaurant.
  • The Westin Zagreb [72] (+385 1 48-92-000). Luxury hotel (Kršnjavoga 1) next to the Mimara Museum and the Croatian National Theatre. The hotel was renovated in 2004. It features the legendary Heavenly Bed and Heavenly Shower and probably offers the best view in the city.
  • Sheraton Zagreb Hotel [73] (+385 1 45-53-535). Luxury hotel situated in Kneza Borne 2 that features air-conditioned rooms and suites with classic furniture and marbled bathrooms. It also includes King Tomislav Restaurant, Fontana Restaurant, Piano Bar, Café Imperial, 17 meeting rooms and an 800-square-meter Grand Ballroom.

Supreme Luxury

  • The Regent Esplanade Zagreb [74][75] (+385 1 45-66-666). Luxury hotel in the heart of Zagreb (Mihanovićeva 1, just across the central railway station) that offers everything that you would expect from one of the world's finest hotels. It was built in 1925 for passengers of the famous Orient Express train, which connected Paris and Istanbul. If you can, check the Emerald Ballroom with its soaring dome shaped roof. The hotel also includes the Zinfandel's Restaurant, Le Bistro and the Esplanade 1925, the hotel's lounge and cocktail bar.

Contact

Internet cafes:

  • Surf@ internet point [76], Tkalčićeva 13/2; located right in the heart of Zagreb. Wide range of computer services. It's not just a place for surfing the net or calling home, it's an art gallery and a BookCrossing Zone too. Open: Mon-Sat 09.30- 20.00h; Sun: 12.00-18.00h. Students: 25% discount (stays over 1h). Tel+385 1 481 3018.
  • Art Internet Caffee [77], Tkalčićeva 18, "Art" is an internet cafe bar, situated in the very center of Zagreb (Tkalčićeva 18), just a few steps from the Ban Jelačić square. In this modern and comfortable bar you can enjoy a fine selection of beverages as well as a large variety of computer services. Tel:+385 1 48 11 050. Open M-Su 08.00 - 23-00.
  • Aquarius net, Kralja Držislava 4.
  • Art Net Club, Preradovićeva 25.
  • KIC, Preradovićeva 5/1.
  • Klub SC,Savska 25.
  • Mama, Preradovićeva 18, is one of the coolest and cheapest cyber cafes in the city. They charge 10kn (1.36E) per hour or you can pay by the minute. Wireless connection, Skype, cool juices and coffee are available. The place is run by Multimedia institute [78], a nonprofit organization working in the fields of new media culture and digital technology, so there's chance of meeting some of the local and international cutting-edge artists or attending some interesting program.
  • MMC Zagreb [79], Gajeva 17, "MMC" is an internet point (Gaming & Surfing & Call & Fax), situated in the very center of Zagreb (Gajeva 17), just a few steps from the Ban Jelačić square. Tel:+385 1 48 72 671. Open Mon-Sun 09.00 - 23-00.
  • Sublink, Teslina 12.
  • Vip, Preradović square 5.
  • Vip, Ibler square.

Stay safe

Zagreb is a safe city, but just as anywhere else dark alleys, parks etc. should generally be avoided. The chance of getting in trouble is low, especially in the center where most of the hotels are located. Ribnjak Park, while generally viewed as dangerous is in fact only a meeting place of alternative youngsters. It is safe during daytime, but gang and subculture violence often erupts during night. Many youth gangs are based on nationalism, which means that they may behave hostilely towards obvious foreigners. One sign of nationalism is Doc Martens with gray laces. Novi Zagreb should also be avoided except in high-traffic areas such as near Zagrebački Velesajam or Avenue Mall; not because of crime, but because there are very few people in the streets and an unprepared traveler will have a hard time finding his way through the vast network of roads, sidewalks andpedestrian underpasses.

Also avoid clubs which play what is known in Croatia as "Turbo-folk" music. These clubs are often featured in the local newspapers as violence erupts in them quite easily.

Also, avoid strip clubs at all costs. They are often run by very shady characters, and often overcharge their guests. Recent cases include foreigners that were charged 2000 euros for a bottle of champagne. These clubs overcharge their customers to the extreme, and their bouncers will not have any mercy if you tell them you are unable to pay. You will soon find yourself in a local hospital. This not only applies to strip clubs in Zagreb, but also all over Croatia.

Cope

This section is for all those little items that people need to know when they're in a city. Where can you do laundry? Go to a gym? Get computers repaired? Anything that has to do with the practicalities of daily life should go here.

Shopping

There are many small grocery stores around Croatia such as Konzum and Diona. There you can buy most necessary foods, hygiene products and items like cigarettes and alcohol. If you have a more specific need (like appliances, cutlery) or wish to go bulk shopping then try one of the larger Konzums, Kaufland or Mercator. Bread in Croatia is sold unsliced and is generally inedible after the second day of life, so if you don't eat bread much then ask for half a loaf "pola". Most brands that you likely know from home, like Nutella or M&M's, can be found in the larger stores but are rather expensive. Trying a domestic alternative or knock-off is not a bad idea.

Zagreb also has designated areas, the singular being a "platz", where you can buy and barter for clothes and shoes as well as perfume, chocolate and souvenirs. Illegally imported cigarettes are also often sold for cheap there (because of high importation taxes).

Reading and Speaking

Many young Croatians learn some rudimentary English in school, and many older people know some.

  • Listening

The Croatian language has some variations in accent and a few dialects which can lead to confusion. However, generally most Croatians understand every version of a word.

  • Reading

These letters are read: š - "sh" č - "ch" ć - "ch", softened đ - "j" j - "y" nj - "ny" lj - "ly" ž - difficult to explain The letters q, w, x and y are not in the Croatian alphabet.

  • Canada, Prilaz Gjure Dezelica 4 10000 Zagreb, Croatia, (385) 1 488 1200 (, fax: (385) 1 488 1230), [80]. Monday to Thursday: 10:00 - 12:00 and 13:00 - 15:00 Friday: 10:00 - 13:00.  edit
  • United States, [81].  edit
  • United Kingdom, Ivana Lučića 4 10000 Zagreb Zagreb, (385)(1) 6009 100 (fax: (385)(1) 6009 111), [82]. Mon-Thurs: 0830-1700; Fri: 0830-1400.  edit
Samobor main square
Samobor main square

There are a number of interesting places in Zagreb's vicinity. Travelers should certainly check Samobor, which is a picturesque medieval town with well preserved old lore and long tourist tradition. The prevailing architecture is that of the Baroque period. The town is also reputed to be the place where the best "kremšnite" - one of Croatia's best known cakes - are made. Samobor is a short 20 minute drive from the Zagreb city center. You can get there by bus or take the A3 towards the Slovenian border (a train link will be reconnected to Samobor in 2010).

Another town, which travelers should check is Vrbovec east of Zagreb. Famous by own traditional festival of cooking of old specialities from the past "Kaj Su Jeli Nasi Stari?", Vrbovec is a born place of Ban Petar Zrinski, a Croatian hero from middle-age. For all who would like to meet with typical way of Croatian life, Vrbovec offers peaceful staying and feeling like at home. Well connected by the A4 highway, then by D28 expressway, it needs only 25 minutes by car, or 35 minutes by train from main train station in Zagreb, or 45 minutes by bus from main bus-station in Zagreb to reach Vrbovec. Once you come here, you'll feel like at your home.

You should also take time to have a walk through Maksimir. That's Zagreb's biggest park located at the east side of the town. You can have coffee at the "Vidikovac" or the "Swiss house" or you can visit the Zoo. To get to Maksimir you should take the tram No.7 if you are coming from the Central Bus Station or trams No.11 and 12 from the main square or the No.4 of your coming from the railway station.

Karlovac is located about 45 km southwest of Zagreb, at the junction of 4 rivers and is a stunning little town. The town plan is unique as the historic town center is in the shape of a 6-point star and was constructed in the 16th century as a fortification against the invading Turks double of the back cush pink centre pocket. There are a few museums and a fortress on Dubovac hill with great views of the town. Karlovac is also the home of Croatia's most famous beer factory, Karlovačko. Buses and trains depart frequently for the town, 50 minutes from Zagreb, and a trip by car on the A1/A6 takes only about 20 minutes from Jadranski Bridge. Great swimming in summer months in Karlovac rivers Korana [83] and near by Mrežnica [84] with rafting and kayaking.

Also worth a visit is Jarun Lake [85] (website only in Croatian). Jarun Lake is a recreational area based around a large lake where locals go to relax, exercise - and party! The centerpiece of the area is the actual lake itself, which is used for windsurfing and has a large rowing section with spectator stands. There are also shingle beaches surrounding the water, alongside which are several bars that get very busy during the weekends but are also nice for a sunny lunchtime snack. All the bars there are considered 'fancy' places and usually play commercial music.

You can get to Lake Jarun by catching Tram number 5 or 17 or, alternatively, a taxi or a car will take 10 minutes (traffic dependent) from the downtown.

This is a usable article. It has information for getting in as well as some complete entries for restaurants and hotels. An adventurous person could use this article, but please plunge forward and help it grow!

Wiktionary

Up to date as of January 15, 2010

Definition from Wiktionary, a free dictionary

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Wikipedia has an article on:

Wikipedia

Contents

English

Pronunciation

  • IPA: /zɑːɡrɛb/

Proper noun

Zagreb

  1. The capital city of Croatia.

Derived terms

Translations


Estonian

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Estonian Wikipedia has an article on:
Zagreb

Wikipedia et

Proper noun

Zagreb

  1. Zagreb (capital of Croatia)

French

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French Wikipedia has an article on:
Zagreb

Wikipedia fr

Proper noun

Zagreb

  1. Zagreb (capital of Croatia)

German

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German Wikipedia has an article on:
Zagreb

Wikipedia de

Proper noun

Zagreb n.

  1. Zagreb (capital of Croatia)

Serbo-Croatian

Wikipedia-logo.png
Bosnian Wikipedia has an article on:
Zagreb

Wikipedia bs

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Croatian Wikipedia has an article on:
Zagreb

Wikipedia hr

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Serbian Wikipedia has an article on:
Zagreb

Wikipedia sr

Wikipedia-logo.png
Serbo-Croatian Wikipedia has an article on:
Zagreb

Wikipedia sh

Pronunciation

  • IPA: /zǎːɡreb/

Proper noun

Zágreb m. (Cyrillic spelling За́греб)

  1. Zagreb (capital of Croatia)

Declension


Spanish

Proper noun

Zagreb m.

  1. Zagreb (Capital of Croatia)

Simple English

File:Zagreb trg bana Jelačić
Ban Jelačić Square
File:Zageb Croatian National
Croatian National Theater

Zagreb is the capital city and the largest city of the country of Croatia. It has a population of 973,667 people and its metropolitan area (Zagreb County, Krapina-Zagorje County and Sisak-Moslavina County) has a population of 1.6 million (2005).

Sister cities

Zagreb is officially twinned with the following towns and cities:[1]

References

Other websites

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