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Zaječar
Зајечар
—  City  —

Coat of arms
Location of Zaječar within Serbia
Coordinates: 43°55′N 22°18′E / 43.917°N 22.3°E / 43.917; 22.3
Country Serbia
District Zaječar
Settlements 42
Government
 - Mayor Boško Ničić (LS)
Area [1]
 - Municipality 1,069 km2 (412.7 sq mi)
Population (2002 census)[2]
 - Total 49,491
 - Municipality 75,969
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 - Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code 19000
Area code +381 19
Car plates ZA
Website www.zajecar.info

Zaječar (Serbian Cyrillic: Зајечар, Bulgarian: Зайчар, Zaychar, Romanian: Zaiciar) is a city and municipality in the eastern part of the Republic of Serbia. The town has a population of 49,700 people, and its coordinates are 43.91° North, 22.30° East. It is the administrative center of the Zaječar District of Serbia and a main town in the Timočka Krajina region.

Contents

Name

In Serbian, the town is known as Zaječar (Зајечар), and in Vlach/Romanian as Zăiicer (archaic name) / Zăiceri / Zăicear.

The origin of the name is from the Torlak dialect name for "hare" = zajec / зајец (in all other Serbian dialects it is zec / зец, while in Bulgarian it is "zayak"). It means "the man who breeds and keeps hares".

Folk etymology in Vlach, a language of a local minority, gives "Zāiicer" as meaning the "Gods are asking (for sacrifice)", but this is clearly not the origin of the city name, as such convoluted syntagms never are.

History

Zaječar was first mentioned in Turkish defter in 1466. At the time, there were only eight families living there. A Roman imperial palace Felix Romuliana dating from the third century AD is located nearby.

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Roman Emperors

Three Roman Emperors were born in the municipality of Zaječar:

Gamzigrad-Romuliana - UNESCO World Heritage 2007

The Late Roman fortified palace compound and memorial complex of Gamzigrad-Romuliana at the outskirts of Zaječar was commissioned by Emperor Caius Valerius Galerius Maximianus, in the late 3rd and early 4th century.

Felix Romuliana

It was known as Felix Romuliana, named after the Emperor's mother Romula. The site consists of fortifications, the palace in the north-western part of the complex, basilicas, temples, hot baths, memorial complex, and a tetrapylon. The site offers a unique testimony of the Roman building tradition marked by the ideology of the period of the Second Tetrachy.

The group of buildings is also unique in its intertwining of ceremonial and memorial functions. The relation between two spatial ensembles in this site is stressed by the tetrapylon which is placed on the crossroads between the worldly fortification and palace on the one side and the other-worldly mausoleums and consecration monuments on the other.

Demographics

Park and monument

Ethnic groups in the municipality

In 2002 census, the population of city of Zaječar numbered 75,969 people, and was composed of:

In 2008(estimate), the municipality of Zaječar had a population of 76,000 people, and the town of Zajecar over 50,000. The city has grown quickly in the last five years, and has an urban area of over 50km².

Population through history

1948. 11861

1953. 14489

1961. 18690

1971. 27599

1981. 36958

1991. 39958

2002. 49491

2008. 55798 (estimate)

Settlements with the absolute Serb ethnic majority are Zaječar, Borovac, Brusnik, Veliki Izvor, Veliki Jasenovac, Vražogrnac, Vratarnica, Vrbica, Gamzigrad, Gornja Bela Reka, Gradskovo, Grlište, Grljan, Zagrađe, Zvezdan, Jelašnica, Klenovac, Koprivnica, Lasovo, Lenovac, Leskovac, Lubnica, Mali Izvor, Marinovac, Metriš, Nikoličevo, Ošljane, Planinica, Prlita, Rgotina, Salaš, Selačka, Tabakovac, Trnavac, Halovo, Čokonjar and Šljivar.

Settlements with the absolute Romanian(Vlach) ethnic majority are Dubočane, Mala Jasikova and Šipikovo.

Mixed settlements with relative Serb ethnic majority are Velika Jasikova and Mali Jasenovac.

Mixed settlement with relative Romanian(Vlach) ethnic majority is Glogovica.

City

City of Zaječar include following settlements:

  • Zaječar
  • Borovac
  • Brusnik
  • Velika Jasikova
  • Veliki Izvor
  • Veliki Jasenovac
  • Vražogrnac
  • Vrbica
  • Gamzigrad
  • Glogovica
  • Gornja Bela Reka
  • Gradskovo
  • Grlište
  • Grljan
  • Dubočane
  • Zagrađe
  • Zvezdan
  • Jelašnica
  • Klenovac
  • Koprivnica
  • Lasovo
  • Lenovac
  • Leskovac
  • Lubnica
  • Mala Jasikova
  • Mali Izvor
  • Mali Jasenovac
  • Marinovac
  • Metriš
  • Nikoličevo
  • Planinica
  • Prlita
  • Rgotina
  • Salaš
  • Selačka
  • Tabakovac
  • Trnavac
  • Halovo
  • Čokonjar
  • Šipikovo
  • Šljivar

Ethnic groups in the town

In 2002 census, the population of the Zaječar town numbered 49,491 people, and was composed of:

  • Serbs = 48,631
  • Roma = 233
  • Yugoslavs = 219
  • Romanians(Vlachs) = 159
  • Macedonians = 111
  • others

Education

Elementary schools

OS "Desanka Maksimovic"; OS "Ljuba Nesic"; OS "Djura Jaksic"; OS "Ljubica Radosavljevic Nada"; OS "Hajduk Veljko"; OS "Vladislav Petkovic Dis"; OS "Vuk Karadzic"; OS "Jeremija Ilić Jegor"; OS "Dositej Obradovic"; OS "15.maj"; OS "Jovan Jovanovic Zmaj".

High schools

Gymnasium (since 1836); Medical Assistant/Nurse high school; Technical high school; Business Assistant and Accountancy high school; Machine technician high school.

University education

The city is the seat place of "Megatrend" university Faculty of Management; Business School of Management.

Sport

  • Host of 2006 Serbian triathlon championship

The city has two sport-recreation centers, "Popova plaža" and "Kraljevica", while a third, "Kotlujevac", is under reconstruction.

Gitarijada

Gitarijada (Serbian Cyrillic: Гитаријада, trans. Guitar fest) is a musical festival held in Zaječar, Serbia in order to promote demo bands. Held since 1966, Gitarijada is one of the longest lasting festivals in Serbia and in South Eastern Europe and the largest festival of young bands in South Eastern Europe[1].

The Festival of Art Zalet (ex The Alternative Cultural Festival)

The Festival of Art ZALET organizes manifestations, such as exhibitions, concerts, literary evenings and experimental theater, with innovative and progressive aspects of artistic expressions: performance, art comics, low - video, video-art, conceptual art, the synthesis of fine and conceptual arts. http://www.zalet.org

International relations

Twin towns — sister cities

Zaječar is twinned with:

See also

External links

Notes

  1. ^ "Municipalities of Serbia, 2006". Statistical Office of the Republic of Serbia. http://webrzs.statserb.sr.gov.yu/axd/Zip/OG2006webE.zip. 
  2. ^ (in Serbian) Popis stanovništva, domaćinstava i Stanova 2002. Knjiga 1: Nacionalna ili etnička pripadnost po naseljima. Statistical Office of the Republic of Serbia. 2003. ISBN 86-84443-00-09. 
  3. ^ http://www.romanialibera.ro/a103742/romanii-din-valea-timocului-recunoscuti-drept-minoritate-nationala.html
  4. ^ http://www.romaniuitati.eu/content/view/104/45/
  5. ^ http://www.timoc.org/54_Bor_12092005/BROSURA.pdf

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