Zanthoxylum: Wikis


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Z. piperitum foliage
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Rosids
Order: Sapindales
Family: Rutaceae
Subfamily: Toddalioideae
Genus: Zanthoxylum

About 250, see text.


Fagara L.
Ochroxylum Schreb.
Xanthoxylum Mill.[1]

Leafless Z. simulans showing its knobbed bark

Zanthoxylum (from the Greek ξανθὸν ξύλον, "yellow wood") is a genus of about 250 species of deciduous and evergreen trees and shrubs in the citrus or rue family, Rutaceae, native to warm temperate and subtropical areas worldwide. Common names include Prickly-ash and Hercules' Club.

The fruit of several species are used to make the spice Sichuan pepper. They are also used as bonsai trees.


Selected species

Culinary use

A spice called teppal or tirphal (Zanthoxylum rhetsa) is used in the Indian states of Maharashtra, Karnataka, and Goa, by a very small community called Konkanis (they speak a language called Konkani), an official language of Goa and spoken in many parts of these three states. Teppal is a fruit which grows in bunches like grapes on trees full of thorns. The fresh fruits are parrot green in color and are used as a flavouring agent in many curries made with a paste of coconut, chilis, and other spices. The fruit is seasonal and available during the monsoon period. When dried, the flesh of the fruit hardens, turns a brownish black color and opens up to show the black seeds within. The seeds are discarded and the dried fruit is stored in containers for use around the year. Mostly used in fish preparations and a few vegetarian dishes, with the coconut masala, this spice has a very strong woody aroma and is discarded at the time of eating the curry. This tree is also called jummn kayee or gamathe haralu in Kannada and koili kaya in Malayalam.


Zanthoxylum species are used as food plants by the larvae of some Lepidoptera species including The Engrailed.

Notes & References

External links


Up to date as of January 23, 2010

From Wikispecies


Classification System: APG II (down to family level)

Main Page
Cladus: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiospermae
Cladus: Eudicots
Cladus: core eudicots
Cladus: Rosids
Cladus: Eurosids II
Ordo: Sapindales
Familia: Rutaceae
Subfamilia: Rutoideae
Genus: Zanthoxylum
Species: Z. acanthopodium - Z. ailanthoides - Z. americanum - Z. armatum - Z. bungeanum - Z. clava-herculis - Z. coco - Z. coreanum - Z. dipetalum - Z. fagara - Z. flavum - Z. hawaiiense - Z. hyemale - Z. martinicense - Z. molle - Z. myriacanthum - Z. naranjillo - Z. nitidum - Z. ovalifolium - Z. oxyphyllum - Z. panamense - Z. parvum - Z. pilosulum - Z. piperitum - Z. rhetsa - Z. schinifolium - Z. simulans - Z. stenophyllum - Z. thomasianum - Z. zanthoxyloides


Zanthoxylum L.

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