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Zanthoxylum fagara
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Rosids
Order: Sapindales
Family: Rutaceae
Genus: Zanthoxylum
Species: Z. fagara
Binomial name
Zanthoxylum fagara
(L.) Sarg., 1890
Synonyms

Schinus fagara L.[1]

Zanthoxylum fagara is a species of flowering plant in the citrus family, Rutaceae that is native to southern Florida and Texas in the United States, Mexico, Central America, the Caribbean, and South America as far south as Paraguay.[1] Common names include Lime Prickly-ash, Wild Lime, Colima, Una de Gato, and Corriosa.[2] The specific name, fagara, means "cursed tree" in Latin and refers to the sharp spines on its trunk.[3]

It is a spreading shrub or small tree growing to 7 m (23 ft) tall. The trunk is generally rough with gray bark and grows to about 0.25 m (0.82 ft) in diameter. The irregularly-shaped branches contain hooked spines with pinnate 5 cm (2.0 in) leaves.[4] The leaves and bark can be crushed to make a bitter-tasting condiment, and much of the tree smells similar to citrus.[2] Lime Prickly-ash has a high drought tolerance and grows best in full sun, but it can also survive as an understory shrub. It provides significant food and cover for native wildlife and the leaves host the larvae of many butterflies, such as the Giant swallowtail (Papilio cresphontes).[5]

References

External links

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Wikispecies

Up to date as of January 23, 2010

From Wikispecies

Taxonavigation

Classification System: APG II (down to family level)

Main Page
Cladus: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiospermae
Cladus: Eudicots
Cladus: core eudicots
Cladus: Rosids
Cladus: Eurosids II
Ordo: Sapindales
Familia: Rutaceae
Subfamilia: Rutoideae
Genus: Zanthoxylum
Species: Zanthoxylum fagara

Name

Zanthoxylum fagara

References

  • USDA, ARS, National Genetic Resources Program. Germplasm Resources Information Network - (GRIN) [Data from 07-Oct-06]. 417586

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