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Zdzisław Broński (nom de guerre "Uskok" (Jumper)) (born December 24, 1912 in Stary Radzic, died May 21, 1949, in Nowogród) - was a reserve officer of the Polish Army, member of ZWZ and the Home Army, one of the partisan leaders of the anti-communist underground Freedom and Independence, WiN, in the Lublin region.

Hieronim Dekutowski "Zapora" (on the left) and Zdzisław Broński "Uskok"


World War II

He took part in the Polish defensive war in 1939, fighting against Nazi Germany. He was captured and sent to a POW camp from which he escaped, most likely in November 1940. After coming back to his home region he joined a small resistance group Polska Organizacja Zbrojna (Armed Polish Organization) which later became part of the Polish Home Army (AK). He was made the commander of a 35 men platoon in the sub-region of Stary Radzic, AK Region "Lubartów", in the Inspectorate of Lublin.

A monument to Hieronim Dekutowski, Zdzisław Broński and their soldiers, at the foot of the Lublin Castle

In the underground

At the end of 1943, after a series of arrests of local underground anti-Nazi activists, threatened with arrest himself Broński organized a partisan group and "went to the forest". In May 1944 it was formally made into a flying column of the 8th Regiment of Infantry of AK Legions. Originally the column numbered 40 partisans but in the next few months it grew in numbers. During this time, the regiment stationed in the forests around Zawieprzyce, Kozłowiec and Parczew. Also in May he was promoted to lieutenant. In June his unit was made part of the 27 Volhynian Infantry Division.

On the 16th of July, the division, for which Broński's unit served in the role of scouts, found themselves surrounded by German forces, in a large scale anti-partisan action. As a result the partisans had to quickly move to the region of Czemierniki forests.

During Operation Tempest, the Broński unit took part in the fighting as the 3rd Company of the IV Battalion of the 8th Regiment "Lublin".

Back in the underground

After the Red Army entered Poland, Zdzisław managed to evade arrest (for being a former AK member). He disbanded his unit and initially declared his willingness to join the Soviet controlled People's Army of Poland. However, when he learned that he was sought after by communist authorities he went back underground. From August 1944 he served as first second in command, and then the commander of the I AK Region "Lubartów". In Winter of 1945, based on the unit that he had under German occupation, he recreated his flying column of several dozen men, which became part of the "Freedom and Independence" (WiN) organization. On June 1, 1945 he was promoted to the rank of lieutenant.

On May 25, 1946, the new inspector of the Win Inspectorate "Lublin" Franciszek Abraszewski ("Boruta") made Broński the commander of the Operational Region Lubartów. As a result, all the partisan groups and squads operating in the region now came under Broński's command, and he himself came under the direct command of Major Hieronim Dekutowski ("Zapora"). In October 1946, Uskok's group took control of Łęczna, capturing the local headquarters of the milicja (MO), and in December, together with the unit of Leon Taraszkiewicz ("Jastrząb" (Hawk)), in a reprisal action, his unit took part in pacification of the village of Rozkopaczew where several buildings were burned.

At one point one of the sub-commanders in Broński's group was Józef Franczak who later would become the last of the "Cursed soldiers" to remain in the underground, fighting communist authorities until 1963.[1]


He was a recipient of the Cross of Virtuti Militari.


  1. ^ Sławomir Poleszak, "Ostatni Niezlomni" (The Last Unbroken), Rzeczpospolita, 17-12-2007, [1]


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