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Zesting an orange

Zest, also known as citrus peel, is a food ingredient that is prepared by scraping or cutting from the outer, colorful skin of citrus fruits such as lemon, orange, citron, and lime. Zest is used to add flavor ("zest") to foods.

In terms of fruit anatomy, zest is obtained from the flavedo (exocarp). The flavedo and white pith (albedo) of a citrus fruit together makes up its peel. The amounts of both flavedo and pith are variable among citrus fruits, and may be adjusted by the manner in which they are prepared. Citrus peel may be used fresh, dried, candied, or pickled in salt.

Contents

Preparation

Zesting a lime

To remove the zest from a fruit for culinary use, a zester, grater, vegetable peeler, paring knife, or even a surform tool is used to scrape or cut it from the fruit. Alternatively, the peel may be sliced, then excess pith cut away. To ensure zest is at it's finest, use the smallest part of the grater.

The white portion of the peel under the zest (pith, albedo or mesocarp) is unpleasantly bitter and generally avoided by limiting the peeling depth. The pith can be used for cooking.

When the entire thickness of the peel is candied, it is called succade. Succade may be prepared wet or dry.

Dried mandarin orange peel is a staple spice in Chinese cuisine. It is used in savoury soups and dishes such as steamed abalone.

Uses

Candied orange peels

Zest is often used to add flavor to different pastries and sweets, such as pies, e.g. lemon meringue pie, cakes, cookies, biscuits, puddings, confectionary, candy and chocolate. Even different dishes, marmalade, sauces, sorbets and salads can use zest.

Savoury dishes in which zest is an important ingredient include many rice dishes; also some notable meat dishes such as ossobuco alla milanese.

Zest is a key ingredient used to make a variety of sweet and sour condiments, including lemon pickle, lime chutney, and marmalade. Also in numerous lemon liqueurs and in liquors such as Licor de oro.

Zest is used in some cocktails not only for flavor and aroma but also for color as a garnish. For use as a cocktail garnish, zest is often cut in a long spiral called a twist. Cocktails featuring a twist include Dry Martini and Horse's Neck. For maximum flavor and aroma, as in mulled wine, zest is simply cut from the fruit with a knife.

Commercial uses

The flavedo is the source of citrus essential oils (orange oil, lemon oil, etc.), which are important flavorings. Lemon essential oil is the principal flavor ingredient in lemon drops.

References

External links

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