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Zeus
The Jupiter de Smyrne, discovered in Smyrna in 1680[1]
The Jupiter de Smyrne, discovered in Smyrna in 1680[1]
King of the gods
God of the Sky and Thunder
Abode Mount Olympus
Symbol Thunderbolt, Eagle, Bull and Oak
Consort Hera
Parents Cronus and Rhea
Siblings Poseidon, Hades, Demeter, Hestia, Hera
Children Ares, Athena, Apollo, Artemis, Aphrodite, Dionysus, Hebe, Hermes, Heracles, Helen, Hephaestus, Perseus, Minos, the Muses
Mount Olympus
Roman equivalent Jupiter
.Zeus (pronounced /ˈz(j)uːs/; Ancient Greek: Ζεύς; Modern Greek: Δίας) is the King of the Gods, the ruler of Mount Olympus and the god of the sky and thunder in Greek mythology.^ Supreme ruler of the gods and lord of the sky.

^ Apollo took the infant with him to Olympus, before their father, the mighty ruler of gods and men.

^ The three ruled the earth and Olympus together, but Zeus was soon acknowledged as the supreme lord of gods and men.

His symbols are the thunderbolt, eagle, bull, and oak. In addition to his Indo-European inheritance, the classical "cloud-gatherer" also derives certain iconographic traits from the cultures of the Ancient Near East, such as the scepter. .Zeus is frequently depicted by Greek artists in one of two poses: standing, striding forward, with a thunderbolt leveled in his raised right hand, or seated in majesty.^ According to the Greek geographer Pausanias, Hera had at one time stormed out of her marriage to Zeus, and stayed on the island of Euboea.

^ Normally, ^T transposes the two charac- ters on either side of the cursor and moves the cursor forward one char- acter.
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^ A sanctuary in Oncion, there is a wooden image of her, depicted her, holding basket in her left hand and torch in her right.

.Zeus was the child of Cronus and Rhea, and the youngest of his siblings.^ Zeus was the youngest among his siblings.

^ When he reached adulthood, Zeus freed his siblings, when he caused Cronus to disgorge his children, after drinking emetic.

^ So Rhea tricked Cronus with the birth of Zeus by replacing him with a stone wrapped in baby comforters.
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.In most traditions he was married to Hera, although, at the oracle of Dodona, his consort was Dione: according to the Iliad, he is the father of Aphrodite by Dione.^ According to Homer, Aphrodite was known as the daughter of Zeus and Dione .

^ Some say he was father of Hephaestus , though most people accepted the stories that Hera bore Hephaestus by herself, without a father.

^ According to some writers, he was the father of Aphrodite by Dione , who was possibly daughter of Oceanus and Tethys.

He is known for his erotic escapades. .These resulted in many godly and heroic offspring, including Athena, Apollo and Artemis, Hermes, Persephone (by Demeter), Dionysus, Perseus, Heracles, Helen, Minos, and the Muses (by Mnemosyne); by Hera, he is usually said to have fathered Ares, Hebe and Hephaestus.^ By his sister and consort Hera , he was the father of Ares , Hebe and Eileithyia .

^ Zeus, Hera, Neptune, Demeter and Vesta, together with Zeus's children Apollo, Ares, Artemis, Athena, Hephaestus, Hermes, and Venus, comprised the membership of the high council of the Olympian gods known as the Pantheon.
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^ Ares was the brother of Hebe , Eileithyia and possibly of Hephaestus , though most writers say that Hephaestus was son of Hera, alone.

[2]
In Greek, the god's name is Ζεύς Zeús /zdeús/ or /dzeús/ (Modern Greek /'zefs/) in the nominative case and Διός Diós in the genitive case. His Roman counterpart was Jupiter and his Etruscan counterpart Tinia. In Hindu mythology his counterpart was Indra with ever common weapon as thunderbolt, which he could hold like a staff.

Contents

Cult of Zeus

Panhellenic cults of Zeus

.The major center where all Greeks converged to pay honor to their chief god was Olympia.^ To the ancient Greeks, he became the undisputed master of the universe, and as the god of light, he was the source of all heavenly manifestations.
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^ In Greek mythology, there are twelve chief gods, known as Olympians.

Their quadrennial festival featured the famous Games. .There was also an altar to Zeus made not of stone, but of ash, from the accumulated remains of many centuries' worth of animals sacrificed there.^ While many of these wire made, there are many buyers seeking these out of personal - nostalgia.
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^ As his bounty from man, Zeus decreed that a portion of each animal they sacrificed be given to him.
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^ There are too many other references to Zeus, to be listed here.

.Outside of the major inter-polis sanctuaries, there were no modes of worshipping Zeus precisely shared across the Greek world.^ Its precise effect depends on the major mode.
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^ There were many Dionysian cults and festivals established throughout the Greek world, as well as in Rome.

^ Currently there are only four major JOVE Manual for UNIX Users USD:17-3 modes: Fundamental, Text, Lisp and C. minor is a list of the minor modes that are turned on.
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.Most of the titles listed below, for instance, could be found at any number of Greek temples from Asia Minor to Sicily.^ The table below lists the major and minor modes that may show on the mode line near the bottom of the screen.

^ However, her enmity was turned towards most of the Greek leaders, when they failed to punish Ajax the Lesser for raping Cassandra in her temple.

Certain modes of ritual were held in common as well: sacrificing a white animal over a raised altar, for instance.
Colossal seated Marnas from Gaza portrayed in the style of Zeus. Marnas[3] was the chief divinity of Gaza. Roman period Istanbul Archaeology Museum)

History

.Zeus, poetically referred to by the vocative Zeu pater ("O, father Zeus"), is a continuation of *Di̯ēus, the Proto-Indo-European god of the daytime sky, also called *Dyeus ph2tēr ("Sky Father").^ Mars became the second most important god in the Roman pantheon, after his father Jupiter (Zeus).

^ However, many of the gods, particularly her father (Zeus), often ravished her beautiful companions.

^ Zeus is the youngest son of Cronus, ruler of the superhuman extradimensional race of Titans who took his fathers place as the Father God of his pantheon claiming the title "Ruler of Olympus".
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[4] .The god is known under this name in Sanskrit (cf.^ The third Dionysus is the commonly known wine god with the name Bacchus, who was the son of Zeus and Semele , a Theban princess and daughter of Cadmus.

^ The second Dionysus was the son of Zeus and Persephone ; clearly Diodorus had got this Dionysus from the Orphic myth, where the god was also known by another name, Zagreus.

Dyaus/Dyaus Pita), Latin (cf. Jupiter, from Iuppiter, deriving from the PIE vocative *dyeu-ph2tēr[5]), deriving from the basic form *dyeu- ("to shine", and in its many derivatives, "sky, heaven, god").[4] And in Germanic and Norse mythology (cf. *Tīwaz > OHG Ziu, ON Týr), together with Latin deus, dīvus and Dis(a variation of dīves[6]), from the related noun *deiwos.[6] .To the Greeks and Romans, the god of the sky was also the supreme god, whereas this function was filled out by Odin among the Germanic tribes.^ Supreme ruler of the gods and lord of the sky.

^ Apollo had probably started out as the god of healing, but as time passed, he inherited many of the attributes of the Greek god, such as the god of oracles and prophecy, of light and music.

^ He was the first Greek to wonder how everything had happened, the cause of the world, the seas and the sky, gods and humans, and to try to come up with an explanation.
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Accordingly, they did not identify Zeus/Jupiter with either Tyr or Odin, but with Thor (Þórr). .Zeus is the only deity in the Olympic pantheon whose name has such a transparent Indo-European etymology.^ Since Pro was the only one who knew the name of the child that would dethrone him, Prometheus could spill the beans to Zeus and he would be set free.
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[7]

Role and epithets

Zeus played a dominant role, presiding over the Greek Olympian pantheon. He fathered many of the heroes and was featured in many of their local cults. .Though the Homeric "cloud collector" was the god of the sky and thunder like his Near-Eastern counterparts, he was also the supreme cultural artifact; in some senses, he was the embodiment of Greek religious beliefs and the archetypal Greek deity.^ Supreme ruler of the gods and lord of the sky.

^ None of it has to make any sense, as long as it's got violence, sex, beautiful nymphs, men built like gods, gods built like men, lots of scheming and intrigue and the odd lesson learned.
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^ He was the first Greek to wonder how everything had happened, the cause of the world, the seas and the sky, gods and humans, and to try to come up with an explanation.
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Aside from local epithets that simply designated the deity to doing something random at some particular place, the epithets or titles applied to Zeus emphasized different aspects of his wide-ranging authority:
.
  • Zeus Olympios emphasized Zeus's kingship over both the gods in addition to his specific presence at the Panhellenic festival at Olympia.
  • A related title was Zeus Panhellenios ('Zeus of all the Hellenes'), to whom Aeacus' famous temple on Aegina was dedicated.
  • As Zeus Xenios, Zeus was the patron of hospitality and guests, ready to avenge any wrong done to a stranger.
  • As Zeus Horkios, he was the keeper of oaths.^ Aegina, daughter of the river god Asopus, was carried off by Zeus, who had taken the shape of an eagle, to the island then named Oenone but now called Aegina after her.
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    ^ To the Orphics, Dionysus was not only the god of wine and ecstasy but also a chthonic god of fertility and, in addition, a god of reincarnation and the last supreme ruler of the world, after Zeus.

    .Exposed liars were made to dedicate a statue to Zeus, often at the sanctuary of Olympia.
  • As Zeus Agoraeus, Zeus watched over business at the agora and punished dishonest traders.
  • As Zeus Aegiduchos or Aegiochos he was the bearer of the Aegis with which he strikes terror into the impious and his enemies.^ Either Dionysus or Zeus made her into an immortal goddess, and her name was changed to Thyone.

    ^ He went to Metis , who sent him on to Rhea so that Zeus could be made a cup-bearer to the unsuspecting Cronus.
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    [8][9][10] .Others derive this epithet from αίξ ("goat") and οχή and take it as an allusion to the legend of Zeus' suckling at the breast of Amalthea.^ The infant Zeus was hidden in a cave at either Mount Dicte or Mount Ida in Crete, where he was brought up by the mountain nymphs and fed by a goat named Amalthea.

    [11][12]
  • As Zeus Meilichios, "Easy-to-be-entreated", he subsumed an archaic chthonic daimon propitiated in Athens, Meilichios.
  • As Zeus Tallaios, or "Solar Zeus", he was worshiped in Crete.
Roman marble colossal head of Zeus, 2nd century AD (British Museum)[13]

Some local Zeus-cults

.In addition to the Panhellenic titles and conceptions listed above, local cults maintained their own idiosyncratic ideas about the king of gods and men.^ Face it, once he became king of the gods, just about everyone wanted to associate themselves with Zeus, and many women claimed to have nursed him.
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.With the epithet Zeus Aetnaeus he was worshiped on Mount Aetna, where there was a statue of him, and a local festival called the Aetnaea in his honor.^ At Mount Cithaeron, Zeus created a wooden statue of woman, which he clothed with the richest gown.

^ But having learned about the theft, Zeus had him nailed in Mount Caucasus, where every day an eagle swooped on him and devoured the lobes of his liver, which grew by night.
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^ Typhoon was buried under Mount Aetna in Sicily and there he lies to this day, belching fire, lava and smoke through the top of the mountain.
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[14] Other examples are listed below.

Cretan Zeus

.With one exception, Greeks were unanimous in recognizing the birthplace of Zeus as Crete.^ According to the Greek geographer Pausanias, Hera had at one time stormed out of her marriage to Zeus, and stayed on the island of Euboea.

.Minoan culture contributed many essentials of ancient Greek religion: "by a hundred channels the old civilization emptied itself into the new", Will Durant observed,[16] and Cretan Zeus retained his youthful Minoan features.^ If you have the same buffer in both windows, you must beware of trying to visit a different file in one of the windows with ^X-^V, because if you bring a new file into this buffer, it will replaced the old file in both windows.
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^ Zeus married the goddess Hera, however he engaged in many affairs with goddesses and also with mortal women both before and during the Heroic Age of ancient Greece.
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.The local child of the Great Mother, "a small and inferior deity who took the roles of son and consort",[17] whose Minoan name the Greeks Hellenized as Velchanos, was in time assumed as an epithet by Zeus, as transpired at many other sites, and he came to be venerated in Crete as Zeus Velchanos, the "boy-Zeus", often simply the Kouros.^ Hellen 1 named Hellenes those who were called Greeks.
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^ After Graecus were called Greeks those who followed Hellenic customs.
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^ Zeus married and impregnated her, but when he found out from Mother Earth that any son Metis produced would dethrone him, Zeus swallowed his wife.
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.In Crete, Zeus was worshipped at a number of caves at Knossos, Ida and Palaikastro.^ The infant Zeus was hidden in a cave at either Mount Dicte or Mount Ida in Crete, where he was brought up by the mountain nymphs and fed by a goat named Amalthea.

In the Hellenistic period a small sanctuary dedicated to Zeus Velchanos was founded at the Aghia Triada site of a long-ruined Minoan palace. Broadly contemporary coins from Phaistos show the form under which he was worshiped: a youth sits among the branches of a tree, with a cockerel on his knees.[18] On other Cretan coins Velchanos is represented as an eagle and in association with a goddess celebrating a mystic marriage.[19] Inscriptions at Gortyn and Lyttos record a Velchania festival, showing that Velchanios was still widely venerated in Hellenistic Crete.[20]
The stories of Minos and Epimenides suggest that these caves were once used for incubatory divination by kings and priests. The dramatic setting of Plato's Laws is along the pilgrimage-route to one such site, emphasizing archaic Cretan knowledge. On Crete, Zeus was represented in art as a long-haired youth rather than a mature adult, and hymned as ho megas kouros "the great youth". Ivory statuettes of the "Divine Boy" were unearthed near the Labyrinth at Knossos]] by Sir Arthur Evans.[21] With the Kouretes, a band of ecstatic armed dancers, he presided over the rigorous military-athletic training and secret rites of the Cretan paideia.
.The myth of the death of Cretan Zeus, localised in numerous mountain sites though only mentioned in a comparatively late source, Callimachus,[22] together with the assertion of Antoninus Liberalis that a fire shone forth annually from the birth-cave the infant shared with a mythic swarm of bees, suggests that Velchanos had been an annual vegetative spirit.^ This bizarre behaviour, however, enraged his wife Rhea 1 , who being pregnant with Zeus, went to Crete and gave him birth in a cave of Dicte.
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[23] .The Hellenistic writer Euhemerus apparently proposed a theory that Zeus had actually been a great king of Crete and that posthumously his glory had slowly turned him into a deity.^ But before Zeus smartened up, he embarked on a journey of frenzied debauch that eventually turned his fellow Olympians against him.
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^ Out of gratitude Zeus also turned one of Amy's horns into the Cornucopia ("horn of plenty") which was always filled with whatever goodies its possessor wished.
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^ Face it, once he became king of the gods, just about everyone wanted to associate themselves with Zeus, and many women claimed to have nursed him.
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The works of Euhemerus himself have not survived, but Christian patristic writers took up the suggestion with enthusiasm.

Zeus Lykaios in Arcadia

.The epithet Lykaios ("wolf-Zeus") is assumed by Zeus only in connection with the archaic festival of the Lykaia on the slopes of Mount Lykaion ("Wolf Mountain"), the tallest peak in rustic Arcadia; Zeus had only a formal connection[24] with the rituals and myths of this primitive rite of passage with an ancient threat of cannibalism and the possibility of a werewolf transformation for the ephebes who were the participants.^ Since Pro was the only one who knew the name of the child that would dethrone him, Prometheus could spill the beans to Zeus and he would be set free.
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^ Zeus, who did not wished to be detected by Hera transformed her into a bear, but Hera told Artemis to shoot the wild beast.
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^ Zeus transformed Lycaon 2 into a wolf, or blasted him and his sons with a thunderbolt.
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[25] .Near the ancient ash-heap where the sacrifices took place[26] was a forbidden precinct in which, allegedly, no shadows were ever cast.^ She took the baby to Lyctos on the island of Crete and hid him in Dicte's cave, where the ash nymph Adrasteia and her sister Ide were placed in charge of his care.
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[27] .According to Plato (Republic 565d-e), a particular clan would gather on the mountain to make a sacrifice every nine years to Zeus Lykaios, and a single morsel of human entrails would be intermingled with the animal's.^ A festival, held in his honour every nine years in Thebes, commemorated this event.

^ Finally Zeus ruled that Persephone would spend two-thirds of a year with her mother on earth, while the rest in the Underworld with her husband.

^ Noooo...High atop the mountain, the bound Prometheus was tormented every day by an eagle sent by Zeus, that would feast on his liver.
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.Whoever ate the human flesh was said to turn into a wolf, and could only regain human form if he did not eat again of human flesh until the next nine-year cycle had ended.^ The agony of hunger caused Erysichthon, in the end, eat himself to death, quite literally – Erysichthon started eating his own flesh.

There were games associated with the Lykaia, removed in the fourth century to the first urbanization of Arcadia, Megalopolis; there the major temple was dedicated to Zeus Lykaios.
Apollo, too had an archaic wolf-form, Apollo Lycaeus, worshipped in Athens at the Lykeion, or Lyceum, which was made memorable as the site where Aristotle walked and taught.

Subterranean Zeus

.Although etymology indicates that Zeus was originally a sky god, many Greek cities honored a local Zeus who lived underground.^ The third Dionysus is the commonly known wine god with the name Bacchus, who was the son of Zeus and Semele , a Theban princess and daughter of Cadmus.

^ Face it, once he became king of the gods, just about everyone wanted to associate themselves with Zeus, and many women claimed to have nursed him.
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^ As a result of this pledge, the Olympian gods had to lessen their contact with Earth, although Zeus's offspring Hercules and Venus have spent periods living among Earth human beings in recent years.
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Athenians and Sicilians honored Zeus Meilichios ("kindly" or "honeyed") while other cities had Zeus Chthonios ("earthy"), Katachthonios ("under-the-earth") and Plousios ("wealth-bringing"). These deities might be represented as snakes or in human form in visual art, or, for emphasis as both together in one image. .They also received offerings of black animal victims sacrificed into sunken pits, as did chthonic deities like Persephone and Demeter, and also the heroes at their tombs.^ They changed themselves into animals and ran and hid by the Pyramids down in Egypt.
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^ As his bounty from man, Zeus decreed that a portion of each animal they sacrificed be given to him.
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^ He was also said to be worshipped in Scythia where they sacrificed men and animals to a sword.

.Olympian gods, by contrast, usually received white victims sacrificed upon raised altars.^ Thereafter only fat and bones were burned to the gods upon their altars, men kept the good meat for themselves.
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In some cases, cities were not entirely sure whether the daimon to whom they sacrificed was a hero or an underground Zeus. Thus the shrine at Lebadaea in Boeotia might belong to the hero Trophonius or to Zeus Trephonius ("the nurturing"), depending on whether you believe Pausanias, or Strabo. The hero Amphiaraus was honored as Zeus Amphiaraus at Oropus outside of Thebes, and the Spartans even had a shrine to Zeus Agamemnon.

Oracles of Zeus

.Although most oracle sites were usually dedicated to Apollo, the heroes, or various goddesses like Themis, a few oracular sites were dedicated to Zeus.^ Most of the time, output from com- mands like these is only desired for a short period of time, usually just long enough to glance at it.
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The Oracle at Dodona

The cult of Zeus at Dodona in Epirus, where there is evidence of religious activity from the second millennium BC onward, centered on a sacred oak. .When the Odyssey was composed (circa 750 BC), divination was done there by barefoot priests called Selloi, who lay on the ground and observed the rustling of the leaves and branches (Odyssey 14.326-7).^ There was a small procession where a boy walked with a priest and one of his nearest relatives, who carried an olive branch, bearing laurel flowers and bronze balls.

By the time Herodotus wrote about Dodona, female priestesses called peleiades ("doves") had replaced the male priests.
.Zeus' consort at Dodona was not Hera, but the goddess Dione — whose name is a feminine form of "Zeus". Her status as a titaness suggests to some that she may have been a more powerful pre-Hellenic deity, and perhaps the original occupant of the oracle.^ Twin brother of the goddess Artemis (Diana), Apollo was the son of Zeus and the Titaness, Leto , daughter of the titans, Coeüs (Coeus) and Phoebe.

^ Some statues depicted her with more than two breasts, suggesting that she was goddess of fertility and sexuality, like at Ephesus (see Artemis of Ephesus ).

^ There was a six-foot wooden statue of her as the Washing Goddess, but it was sometimes mistaken for the Titaness Themis .

Roman cast terracotta of ram-horned Jupiter Ammon, 1st century AD (Museo Barracco, Rome

The Oracle at Siwa

.The oracle of Ammon at the oasis of Siwa in the Western Desert of Egypt did not lie within the bounds of the Greek world before Alexander's day, but it already loomed large in the Greek mind during the archaic era: Herodotus mentions consultations with Zeus Ammon in his account of the Persian War.^ During the Trojan War, he favoured the Greeks.

^ So during the Trojan War , Poseidon sided with the Greeks, though he saved a Trojan hero, Aeneas , son of the goddess Aphrodite and Anchises.

^ Did I mention that a couple of Titans refused to take part in the fight against Zeus?
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Zeus Ammon was especially favored at Sparta, where a temple to him existed by the time of the Peloponnesian War[28]
After Alexander made a trek into the desert to consult the oracle at Siwa, the figure arose of a Libyan Sibyl.

Zeus and foreign gods

.Zeus was equivalent to the Roman god Jupiter and associated in the syncretic classical imagination (see interpretatio graeca) with various other deities, such as the Egyptian Ammon and the Etruscan Tinia.^ An alternate future of the 24th century has been glimpsed in which Zeus and the other Olympian gods, except for Hercules, leave Olympus for another plane of existence.
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^ Mars became the second most important god in the Roman pantheon, after his father Jupiter (Zeus).

^ When Christianity finally replaced the worship of the Olympian gods in the Roman Empire, Zeus decided that the time had come for the Olympians to break most of their ties with Earth.
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.He (along with Dionysus) absorbed the role of the chief Phrygian god Sabazios in the syncretic deity known in Rome as Sabazius.^ In Greek mythology, there are twelve chief gods, known as Olympians.

Zeus in myth

The Chariot of Zeus, from an 1879 Stories from the Greek Tragedians by Alfred Church

Birth

.Cronus sired several children by Rhea: Hestia, Demeter, Hera, Hades, and Poseidon, but swallowed them all as soon as they were born, since he had learned from Gaia and Uranus that he was destined to be overcome by his own son as he had overthrown his own father— an oracle that Zeus was to hear and avert.^ No sooner were Hestia, Demeter, Hera, Hades and Poseidon born, but they found themselves trapped within father Cronus.
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^ Six of them were children of Cronus and Rhea .

^ Demeter was a daughter of Cronus and Rhea .

.But when Zeus was about to be born, Rhea sought Gaia to devise a plan to save him, so that Cronus would get his retribution for his acts against Uranus and his own children.^ Zeus married and impregnated her, but when he found out from Mother Earth that any son Metis produced would dethrone him, Zeus swallowed his wife.
  • Zeus, King of the Gods 28 January 2010 1:12 UTC www.thanasis.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Let's just say that when he was small, Gaia would tie a pork chop around his neck just so that Cerberus , the three-headed dog, would play with him...
  • Zeus, King of the Gods 28 January 2010 1:12 UTC www.thanasis.com [Source type: Original source]

^ So Rhea tricked Cronus with the birth of Zeus by replacing him with a stone wrapped in baby comforters.
  • Zeus, King of the Gods 28 January 2010 1:12 UTC www.thanasis.com [Source type: Original source]

.Rhea gave birth to Zeus in Crete, handing Cronus a rock wrapped in swaddling clothes, which he promptly swallowed.^ Zeus raped his mother (Rhea/Demeter), and she gave birth to Persephone.

^ He escaped from being swallowed by his father, because his mother Rhea gave Cronus a stone wrapped in swaddling cloth to devour.

^ When Zeus raped his mother Rhea/Demeter, she gave birth to Persephone .

Infancy

.Rhea hid Zeus in a cave on Mount Ida in Crete.^ Rhea gave the infant Zeus to the safekeeping of Gaea, who hid the baby in the cave of Dicte on Aegean Hill on the isle of Crete, where he was tended by various minor goddesses.
  • Zeus (comic book character) - comicvine.com 28 January 2010 1:12 UTC www.comicvine.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The infant Zeus was hidden in a cave at either Mount Dicte or Mount Ida in Crete, where he was brought up by the mountain nymphs and fed by a goat named Amalthea.

^ She took the baby to Lyctos on the island of Crete and hid him in Dicte's cave, where the ash nymph Adrasteia and her sister Ide were placed in charge of his care.
  • Zeus, King of the Gods 28 January 2010 1:12 UTC www.thanasis.com [Source type: Original source]

According to varying versions of the story:
.
  1. He was then raised by Gaia.
  2. He was raised by a goat named Amalthea, while a company of Kouretes— soldiers, or smaller gods— danced, shouted and clashed their spears against their shields so that Cronus would not hear the baby's cry.^ To drown out the infant's crying, the Curetes danced about, clashing loudly their spears against their shields.

    ^ The infant Zeus was hidden in a cave at either Mount Dicte or Mount Ida in Crete, where he was brought up by the mountain nymphs and fed by a goat named Amalthea.

    (See cornucopia.)
  3. He was raised by a nymph named Adamanthea. .Since Cronus ruled over the Earth, the heavens and the sea, she hid him by dangling him on a rope from a tree so he was suspended between earth, sea and sky and thus, invisible to his father.
  4. He was raised by a nymph named Cynosura.^ Cronus overthrew his father's rule by fatally wounding him.
    • Zeus (comic book character) - comicvine.com 28 January 2010 1:12 UTC www.comicvine.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Cronus and Rhea were the offspring of the sky god Uranus and the primeval Earth goddess Gaea .
    • Zeus (comic book character) - comicvine.com 28 January 2010 1:12 UTC www.comicvine.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ She was one of the children swallowed by her father Cronus, to prevent the younger gods from overthrowing him.

    In gratitude, Zeus placed her among the stars.
  5. He was raised by Melissa, who nursed him with goat's-milk and honey.
  6. He was raised by a shepherd family under the promise that their sheep would be saved from wolves.
Laurel-wreathed head of Zeus on a gold stater, Lampsacus, c 360-340 BC (Cabinet des Médailles)

Zeus becomes king of the gods

.After reaching manhood, Zeus forced Cronus to disgorge first the stone (which was set down at Pytho under the glens of Parnassus to be a sign to mortal men, the Omphalos) then his siblings in reverse order of swallowing.^ When he reached adulthood, Zeus freed his siblings, when he caused Cronus to disgorge his children, after drinking emetic.

^ He escaped from being swallowed by his father, because his mother Rhea gave Cronus a stone wrapped in swaddling cloth to devour.

^ So, in a way, she was both first-born (from Rhea) and last-born (disgorged from Cronus).

.In some versions, Metis gave Cronus an emetic to force him to disgorge the babies, or Zeus cut Cronus' stomach open.^ Zeus married and impregnated her, but when he found out from Mother Earth that any son Metis produced would dethrone him, Zeus swallowed his wife.
  • Zeus, King of the Gods 28 January 2010 1:12 UTC www.thanasis.com [Source type: Original source]

^ After Zeus' marriages with Metis and Themis, he decided to marry his sister, but Hera repulsed him.

^ When he reached adulthood, Zeus freed his siblings, when he caused Cronus to disgorge his children, after drinking emetic.

.Then Zeus released the brothers of Cronus, the Gigantes, the Hecatonchires and the Cyclopes, from their dungeon in Tartarus, killing their guard, Campe.^ After aiding his brother Zeus, when they overthrew Cronus, and sent the other Titans to Tartarus, he received the sea as his domain.

^ With Metis' help, Zeus laced one of Cronus' cups with a drug that made him regurgitate his swallowed children, the five brothers and sisters of Zeus.
  • Zeus, King of the Gods 28 January 2010 1:12 UTC www.thanasis.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Aided by his brothers, Poseidon and Hades , he overthrew his father Cronus as king of the gods, and imprisoned him and the other male Titans who opposed him in Tartarus.

.As a token of their appreciation, the Cyclopes gave him thunder and the thunderbolt, or lightning, which had previously been hidden by Gaia.^ The Cies and E-Cats were held in Tartarus where Cronus had imprisoned them, and they were so grateful to be freed that they gave Zeus thunder and lightning as a reward for releasing them.
  • Zeus, King of the Gods 28 January 2010 1:12 UTC www.thanasis.com [Source type: Original source]

^ He was also the most powerful of the gods, because he wielded the thunderbolts, which the Cyclopes had created for him in the war against the Titans.

^ As Typhoon tore up huge Mount Aetna to hurl, Zeus used the thunder and lightning given him by the Cyclopes.
  • Zeus, King of the Gods 28 January 2010 1:12 UTC www.thanasis.com [Source type: Original source]

.Together, Zeus and his brothers and sisters, along with the Gigantes, Hecatonchires and Cyclopes overthrew Cronus and the other Titans, in the combat called the Titanomachy.^ Zeus also freed the three one-eyed giants called Cyclopes and the three hundred-handed giants called Hekatonchieres, all six of whom Cronus had imprisoned there for fear they would help overthrow him.
  • Zeus (comic book character) - comicvine.com 28 January 2010 1:12 UTC www.comicvine.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Twin brother of the goddess Artemis (Diana), Apollo was the son of Zeus and the Titaness, Leto , daughter of the titans, Coeüs (Coeus) and Phoebe.

^ Cronus was the ruler of the superhuman extra dimensional race called the Titans, he was married to the Titaness Rhea .
  • Zeus (comic book character) - comicvine.com 28 January 2010 1:12 UTC www.comicvine.com [Source type: Original source]

The defeated Titans were then cast into a shadowy underworld region known as Tartarus. .Atlas, one of the titans that fought against Zeus, was punished by having to hold up the sky.^ Atlas is holding up the sky, not the whole world.
  • Zeus, King of the Gods 28 January 2010 1:12 UTC www.thanasis.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Zeus punished Apollo , where he was to work for one-year for a mortal, named Admetus , king of Pherae.

^ And Sisyphus is ever since being punished in the Underworld for having disclosed Zeus' secret concerning the abduction of Aegina.
  • Zeus - Greek Mythology Link 20 September 2009 14:16 UTC homepage.mac.com [Source type: Original source]

.After the battle with the Titans, Zeus shared the world with his elder brothers, Poseidon and Hades, by drawing lots: Zeus got the sky and air, Poseidon the waters, and Hades the world of the dead (the underworld).^ Twin brother of the goddess Artemis (Diana), Apollo was the son of Zeus and the Titaness, Leto , daughter of the titans, Coeüs (Coeus) and Phoebe.

^ Later, Zeus would raped his own daughter, so that Persephone gave birth to the elder Dionysus, otherwise known as Zagreus, but the Titans killed the infant (Dionysus).

^ After the war against the Titans, Hestia managed to persuade her brothers, Poseidon and Hades , and her nephew, Apollo , of her wish to remain a virgin.

.The ancient Earth, Gaia, could not be claimed; she was left to all three, each according to their capabilities, which explains why Poseidon was the "earth-shaker" (the god of earthquakes) and Hades claimed the humans that died.^ The three ruled the earth and Olympus together, but Zeus was soon acknowledged as the supreme lord of gods and men.

^ According to some sources, Athena, not Poseidon, taught mankind the art of horsemanship, though Poseidon was a god of horses.

^ Aided by his brothers, Poseidon and Hades , he overthrew his father Cronus as king of the gods, and imprisoned him and the other male Titans who opposed him in Tartarus.

(See also: Penthus)
.Gaia resented the way Zeus had treated the Titans, because they were her children.^ In Lisp mode, the charac- ters Tab and ) are treated specially, similar to the way they are treated in C mode.
  • ITCWeb: u003a.jove.ref 25 September 2009 14:21 UTC www.itc.virginia.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ This happened because Gaia was vexed after the OLYMPIANS had defeated the TITANS .
  • Zeus - Greek Mythology Link 20 September 2009 14:16 UTC homepage.mac.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Limitations of Non-Interactive Processes The reason these are called non-interactive processes is that you can't type any input to them; you can't interact with them; they can't ask you questions because there is no way for you to answer.
  • ITCWeb: u003a.jove.ref 25 September 2009 14:21 UTC www.itc.virginia.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Soon after taking the throne as king of the gods, Zeus had to fight some of Gaia's other children, the monsters Typhon and Echidna.^ The three ruled the earth and Olympus together, but Zeus was soon acknowledged as the supreme lord of gods and men.

^ An alternate future of the 24th century has been glimpsed in which Zeus and the other Olympian gods, except for Hercules, leave Olympus for another plane of existence.
  • Zeus (comic book character) - comicvine.com 28 January 2010 1:12 UTC www.comicvine.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Like the other younger Olympian gods, Hermes had many children from many mistresses.

He vanquished Typhon and trapped him under a mountain, but left Echidna and her children alive.

Zeus and Hera

.Zeus was brother and consort of Hera.^ Other possible children of Zeus and Hera were Tyche and Enyo, since Enyo often accompanied "her brother" Ares to war.

^ Zeus was the brother of Hestia , Poseidon , Hades , Demeter and Hera .

.By Hera, Zeus sired Ares, Hebe and Hephaestus, though some accounts say that Hera produced these offspring alone.^ Ares was the brother of Hebe , Eileithyia and possibly of Hephaestus , though most writers say that Hephaestus was son of Hera, alone.

^ Some say that Hephaestus was son of Zeus and Hera, but a more popular myth says that he was the son of Hera alone.

^ Some say that Hephaestus was the son of Zeus and Hera.

Some also include Eileithyia and Eris as their daughters. .The conquests of Zeus among nymphs and the mythic mortal progenitors of Hellenic dynasties are famous.^ Like his brother Zeus, he had numerous affairs with nymphs and mortals.

.Olympian mythography even credits him with unions with Leto, Demeter, Dione and Maia.^ The reason he wasn't seen as an Olympian was that Hades seldom left his Underworld domain, so his sister, Demeter, was Olympian instead of him.

Among mortals were Semele, Io, Europa and Leda. .(For more details, see below).^ See Athena or the House of Athens for more detail.

^ See the next-error and previous-error commands for more detailed information.
  • ITCWeb: u003a.jove.ref 25 September 2009 14:21 UTC www.itc.virginia.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Many myths render Hera as jealous of his amorous conquests and a consistent enemy of Zeus' mistresses and their children by him. For a time, a nymph named Echo had the job of distracting Hera from his affairs by incessantly talking: when Hera discovered the deception, she cursed Echo to repeat the words of others.
.Hera is also represented as having despised Ganymede, a Trojan boy whom he brought into Olympus to be cup-bearer to the gods as well as his lover.^ Today Zeus remains the ruler of the Olympian gods and of Olympus itself, as well as a staunch ally of the Asgardians.
  • Zeus (comic book character) - comicvine.com 28 January 2010 1:12 UTC www.comicvine.com [Source type: Original source]

^ As the metal-smith of the gods, he made many pieces of armour and weapons for the gods as well as building their beautiful palaces in Olympus.

^ In the end, she not only reconciled with Heracles, when the hero became a god and lived in Olympus; Hera also allowed Heracles to marry her own daughter, Hebe , goddess of youth.

Consorts and children

*The .Greeks variously claimed that the Fates were the daughters of Zeus and the Titaness Themis or of primordial beings like Nyx, Chaos or Anake.^ Twin brother of the goddess Artemis (Diana), Apollo was the son of Zeus and the Titaness, Leto , daughter of the titans, Coeüs (Coeus) and Phoebe.

^ Some authors, like Homer and Apollodorus, say that Aphrodite was the daughter of Zeus and the obscure goddess Dione .

^ Artemis was daughter of Zeus and the Titaness, Leto , offspring of the Titans, Coeüs (Coeus) and Phoebe .

† He is described as being "Earth-born" and was gestated buried beneath the ground; this is Gaia's domain, though she had no direct involvement in his birth or development. .Other versions of his parentage include a version of the former excluding Poseidon and one with solely Poseidon and Euryale as his parents.^ Poseidon was the one who brought charges against him, while the other ten gods were his judges.

Zeus miscellany

.
  • Zeus turned Pandareus to stone for stealing the golden dog which had guarded him as an infant in the holy Dictaeon Cave of Crete.
  • Zeus killed Salmoneus with a thunderbolt for attempting to impersonate him, riding around in a bronze chariot and loudly imitating thunder.
  • Zeus turned Periphas into an eagle after his death, as a reward for being righteous and just.
  • At the marriage of Zeus and Hera, a nymph named Chelone refused to attend.^ The infant Zeus was hidden in a cave at either Mount Dicte or Mount Ida in Crete, where he was brought up by the mountain nymphs and fed by a goat named Amalthea.

    ^ Later, Zeus would raped his own daughter, so that Persephone gave birth to the elder Dionysus, otherwise known as Zagreus, but the Titans killed the infant (Dionysus).

    ^ After Zeus' marriages with Metis and Themis, he decided to marry his sister, but Hera repulsed him.

    .Zeus transformed her into a tortoise (chelone in Greek).
  • Zeus, with Hera, turned King Haemus and Queen Rhodope into mountains (the Balkan mountains, or Stara Planina, and Rhodope mountains, respectively) for their vanity.
  • Zeus condemned Tantalus to eternal torture in Tartarus for trying to trick the gods into eating the flesh of his butchered son.
  • Zeus condemned Ixion to be tied to a fiery wheel for eternity as punishment for attempting to violate Hera.
  • Zeus sunk the Telchines beneath the sea for blighting the earth with their fell magics.
  • Zeus blinded the seer Phineus and sent the Harpies to plague him as punishment for revealing the secrets of the gods.
  • Zeus rewarded Tiresias with a life three times the norm as reward for ruling in his favour when he and Hera contested which of the sexes gained the most pleasure from the act of love.
  • Zeus punished Hera by having her hung upside down from the sky when she attempted to drown Heracles in a storm.
  • Of all the children Zeus spawned, Heracles was often described as his favorite.^ As to the younger deities, most or all of them were children of Zeus.

    ^ Ares was a son of Zeus and Hera, and was known as the Roman god, Mars .

    ^ Aphrodite rewarded Poseidon, by sleeping with the sea god, whence she became mother of Eryx.

    .Indeed, Heracles was often called by various gods and people as "the favorite son of Zeus", Zeus and Heracles were very close and in one story, where a tribe of earth-born Giants threatened Olympus and the Oracle at Delphi decreed that only the combined efforts of a lone god and mortal could stop the creature, Zeus chose Heracles to fight by his side.^ From the earth, an earth-born creature was born, named Erichthonius .

    ^ Zeus punished Apollo , where he was to work for one-year for a mortal, named Admetus , king of Pherae.

    ^ No one, god or mortal, could play the lyre better than Apollo could.

    They proceeded to defeat the monsters.
  • Athena has at times been called his favorite daughter[30] and adviser.[31]
  • .
  • His sacred bird was the golden eagle, which he kept by his side at all times.^ The olive tree was sacred to her, and her sacred animals were horses, sea eagles, cocks and serpents, but her favourite bird was the owl.

    .Like him, the eagle was a symbol of strength, courage, and justice.
  • His favourite tree was the oak, symbol of strength.^ His favourite animal was the eagle , symbolising kingly power; his favourite tree was the oak, symbol of strength.

    ^ The olive tree was sacred to her, and her sacred animals were horses, sea eagles, cocks and serpents, but her favourite bird was the owl.

    Olive trees were also sacred to him.
  • Zelus, Nike, Cratos and Bia were Zeus' retinue.
  • Zeus condemned Prometheus to having his liver eaten by a giant eagle for giving the Flames of Olympus to the mortals.

In philosophy

In Neoplatonism, Zeus' relation to the gods familiar from mythology is taught as the Demiurge or Divine Mind. Specifically within Plotinus' work the Enneads[32] and the Platonic Theology of Proclus.

Other names/epithets

  • Zeus Hospites- as a protector of guests
  • Zeus Philoxenon- as a protector of foreigners
  • Olumpios- the Olympian
  • Astrapios- literally, "the lightninger"
  • Brontios- the Thunderer
  • Meilichios - his chthonic aspect
  • Kasios - the Zeus of Mount Kasios in Syria.

Argive genealogy in Greek mythology

Argive genealogy in Greek mythology
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Uranus
 
Gaia
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Cronus
 
Rhea
 
Oceanus
 
Tethys
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Memphis
 
 
Libya
 
Poseidon
 
 
 
Nilus
 
Inachus
 
Melia
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Belus
 
Agenor
 
 
 
Telephassa
 
 
Phoroneus
 
Io
 
Zeus
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Cadmus
 
Cilix
 
Europa
 
Phoenix
 
Achiroe
 
 
 
Epaphus
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Harmonia
 
 
Danaus
 
Aegyptus
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Polydorus
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Agave
 
 
Hypermnestra
 
Lynceus
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Autonoë
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Ino
 
 
 
 
Abas
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Semele
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Proetus
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

See also

References

  • Burkert, Walter, (1977) 1985. Greek Religion, especially section III.ii.1 (Harvard University Press)
  • Cook, Arthur Bernard, Zeus: A Study in Ancient Religion, (3 volume set), (1914–1925). New York, Bibilo & Tannen: 1964.
    • Volume 1: Zeus, God of the Bright Sky, Biblo-Moser, June 1, 1964, ISBN 0-8196-0148-9 (reprint)
    • Volume 2: Zeus, God of the Dark Sky (Thunder and Lightning), Biblo-Moser, June 1, 1964, ISBN 0-8196-0156-X
    • Volume 3: Zeus, God of the Dark Sky (earthquakes, clouds, wind, dew, rain, meteorites)
  • Druon, Maurice, The Memoirs of Zeus, 1964, Charles Scribner's and Sons. (tr. Humphrey Hare)
  • Farnell, Lewis Richard, Cults of the Greek States 5 vols. Oxford; Clarendon 1896–1909. Still the standard reference.
  • Farnell, Lewis Richard, Greek Hero Cults and Ideas of Immortality, 1921.
  • Graves, Robert; The Greek Myths, Penguin Books Ltd. (1960 edition)
  • Mitford,William, The History of Greece, 1784. Cf. v.1, Chapter II, Religion of the Early Greeks
  • Moore, Clifford H., The Religious Thought of the Greeks, 1916.
  • Nilsson, Martin P., Greek Popular Religion, 1940.
  • Nilsson, Martin P., History of Greek Religion, 1949.
  • Rohde, Erwin, Psyche: The Cult of Souls and Belief in Immortality among the Greeks, 1925.
  • Smith, William, Dictionary of Greek and Roman Biography and Mythology, 1870, [1], William Smith, Dictionary: "Zeus" [2]
Footnotes
  1. ^ The sculpture was presented to Louis XIV as Aesculapius but restored as Zeus, ca. 1686, by Pierre Granier, who added the upraised right arm brandishing the thunderbolt. Marble, middle 2nd century CE. Formerly in the north allée of the Tapis vert, in the garden of Versailles, now conserved in the Louvre Museum (official on-line catalog)
  2. ^ Hamilton, Edith (1942). Mythology (1998 ed.). New York: Back Bay Books. pp. 467. ISBN 978-0-316-34114-1. 
  3. ^ Catholic Encyclopedia > Gaza ; Johannes Hahn: Gewalt und religiöser Konflikt ; The Holy Land and the Bible
  4. ^ a b "American Heritage Dictionary: Zeus". http://www.bartleby.com/61/25/Z0012500.html. Retrieved 2006-07-03. 
  5. ^ "Online Etymology Dictionary: Jupiter". http://www.etymonline.com/index.php?term=Jupiter. Retrieved 2006-07-03. 
  6. ^ a b "American Heritage Dictionary: dyeu". http://www.bartleby.com/61/roots/IE117.html. Retrieved 2006-07-03. 
  7. ^ Burkert (1985). Greek Religion. pp. 321. 
  8. ^ Homer, Iliad i. 202, ii. 157, 375, &c.
  9. ^ Pindar, Isthmian Odes iv. 99
  10. ^ Hyginus, Poetical Astronomy ii. 13
  11. ^ Spanh. ad Callim. hymn. in Jov, 49
  12. ^ Schmitz, Leonhard (1867), "Aegiduchos", in Smith, William, Dictionary of Greek and Roman Biography and Mythology, 1, Boston, pp. 26, http://www.ancientlibrary.com/smith-bio/0035.html 
  13. ^ The bust below the base of the neck is eighteenth century. The head, which is roughly worked at back and must have occupied a niche, was found at Hadrian's Villa, Tivoli and donated to the British Museum by John Thomas Barber Beaumont in 1836. BM 1516. (British Museum, A Catalogue of Sculpture in the Department of Greek and Roman Antiquities, 1904).
  14. ^ Schol. ad Pind. Ol. vi. 162
  15. ^ Hes. ap. Schol. ad Apollon. Rhod. ii. 297
  16. ^ Durant, The Life of Greece (The Story of Civilization Part II, New York: Simon & Schuster) 1939:23.
  17. ^ Rodney Castleden, Minoans: Life in Bronze-Age Crete, "The Minoan belief-system" (Routledge) 1990:125
  18. ^ Pointed out by Bernard Clive Dietrich, The Origins of Greek Religion (de Gruyter) 1973:15.
  19. ^ A.B. Cook, Zeus (Cambridge University Press0 1914, I, figs 397, 398.
  20. ^ Dietrich 1973, noting Martin P. Nilsson, Minoan-Mycenaean Religion, and Its Survival in Greek Religion 1950:551 and notes.
  21. ^ "Professor Stylianos Alxiou reminds us that there were other divine boys who survived from the religion of the pre-Hellenic period — Linos, Plutos and Dionysos — so not all the young male deities we see depicted in Minoan works of art are necessarily Velchanos" (Castleden 1990:125
  22. ^ Richard Wyatt Hutchinson, Prehistoric Crete, (Harmondsworth: Penguin) 1968:204, mentions that there is no classical reference to the death of Zeus (noted by Dietrich 1973:16 note 78).
  23. ^ "This annually reborn god of vegetation also experienced the other parts of the vegetation cycle: holy marriage and annual death when he was thought to disappear from the earth" (Dietrich 1973:15).
  24. ^ In the founding myth of Lycaon's banquet for the gods that included the flesh of a human sacrifice, perhaps one of his sons, Nyctimus or ArcasZeus overturned the table and struck the house of Lyceus with a thunderbolt; his patronage at the Lykaia can have been little more than a formula.
  25. ^ A morphological connection to lyke "brightness" may be merely fortuitous.
  26. ^ Modern archaeologists have found no trace of human remains among the sacrificial detritus, Walter Burkert, "Lykaia and Lykaion", Homo Necans, tr. by Peter Bing (University of California) 1983, p. 90.
  27. ^ Pausanias 8.38.
  28. ^ Pausanias 3.18.
  29. ^ Hyginus, Fabulae 155
  30. ^ Hamilton, Edith (1969). "The Gods". Mythology. pp. 29. 
  31. ^ Brandenberg, Aliki (1994). The Greek Gods and Goddesses of Olympus. pp. 30. 
  32. ^ In Fourth Tractate 'Problems of the Soul' The Demiurge is identified as Zeus.10."When under the name of Zeus we are considering the Demiurge we must leave out all notions of stage and progress, and recognize one unchanging and timeless life."

External links


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Wiktionary

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Definition from Wiktionary, a free dictionary

Contents

English

A restored marble and bronze statue of Zeus at the Hermitage Museum

Etymology

.From Ancient Greek Ζεύς (Zeus).^ Ancient Greek & Roman Gods for Kids - Zeus/Jupiter .
  • Ancient Greek & Roman Gods for Kids - Zeus/Jupiter 20 September 2009 14:16 UTC greece.mrdonn.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Zeus - Ancient Greek God Login .

^ Zeus, Eros, Zeus Sculpture, Zeus Plaque, Greek God, Greek Mythology, Ancient Greek Art, Greek Sculpture, Greek Statue .
  • Zeus, Eros, Zeus Sculpture, Zeus Plaque, Greek God, Greek Mythology, Ancient Greek Art, Greek Sculpture, Greek Statue 28 January 2010 1:12 UTC www.ancientsculpturegallery.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Pronunciation

Proper noun

Singular
Zeus
Plural
-
Zeus
  1. (Greek mythology) Supreme ruler of all Greek gods, husband to Hera.

Translations

External links

Anagrams

  • Anagrams of esuz
  • Suez

French

Proper noun

Zeus m.
  1. Zeus (god)

Anagrams

  • Anagrams of esuz
  • suez

Portuguese

Proper noun

Zeus m.
  1. Zeus (mythology).

Related terms


Wikispecies

Up to date as of January 23, 2010

From Wikispecies

Zeus may mean:


Citable sentences

Up to date as of December 05, 2010

Here are sentences from other pages on Zeus, which are similar to those in the above article.








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