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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

—  Prefecture-level city  —
Guangdong Province
Chinese transcription(s)
 - Chinese 湛江
 - Pinyin Zhànjiāng
Zhanjiang is highlighted on this map
Zhanjiang is located in China
Zhanjiang is highlighted on this map
Coordinates: 21°12′N 110°24′E / 21.2°N 110.4°E / 21.2; 110.4
Country China
Province Guangdong
City seat Chikan District
 - CPC Party Chief Chen Yaoguang (陈耀光)
 - Mayor Ruan Risheng (阮日生)
 - Total 12,490 km2 (4,822.4 sq mi)
Population (2008)
 - Total 6,902,400
 - Density 552.6/km2 (1,431.3/sq mi)
Time zone China Standard (UTC+8)
Postal code 524000
Area code(s) 759
Major Nationalities Han
County-level divisions 9
License Plate Prefix 粤G

Zhanjiang (湛江; French Fort-Bayard) is a prefecture-level city in Guangdong province, in southeast China.



Zhanjiang has direct juridiction over 9 county-level divisions:

  • Chikan District (赤坎区; pinyin: Chìkǎn Qū) - includes the northern part of downtown Zhanjiang
  • Mazhang District (麻章区; pinyin: Mázhāng Qū)
  • Potou District (坡头区; pinyin: Pōtóu Qū)
  • Xiashan District (霞山区; pinyin: Xiáshān Qū) - includes the southern part of downtown Zhanjiang
  • Leizhou City (雷州市; pinyin: Léizhōu Shì)
  • Lianjiang City (廉江市; pinyin: Liánjiāng Shì)
  • Wuchuan City (吴川市; pinyin: Wúchuān Shì)
  • Suixi County (遂溪县; pinyin: Suíxī Xiàn)
  • Xuwen County (徐闻县; pinyin: Xúwén Xiàn)


Zhanjiang is located to the southwest of the city of Guangzhou on an inlet of the South China Sea. It is located on the eastern coast of the Leizhou Peninsula. The dialect of Leizhou is not Cantonese (Yue) but a dialect of Min Nan.


During the Qin Dynasty (221BC-206BC), the area of today's Zhanjiang belonged to Xiang Shire and the central government of the Han Dynasty (206BC-220AD) set Xuwen County administering the whole Leizhou Peninsular. It was one of the earliest departure points on the Marine Silk Road. The population spiked during the Tang (618-907) and Song (960-1279) dynasties.

The region was still a small fishing port when it was occupied by the French in 1898. The next year, the French forced the Chinese to lease Zhanjiang to them for 99 years as the territory of Kwang-Chou-Wan. The French wanted to develop the port, which they called Fort Bayard, to serve southern China, in parts of which France had exclusive rights to railway and mineral development. Their efforts, however, were hindered by the poverty of the surrounding land. The French retained control of the region until 1943, when the Japanese occupied the area during World War II. At the end of the war the region returned briefly under French rule before being formally returned to China in 1946 by the general De Gaulle, then French head of state.

Following the establishment of the People’s Republic in 1949, Zhanjiang developed new importance. In 1955 a rail link was built to Litang in Guangxi province, where it joined the Hunan-Guangxi rail system. Since then, Zhanjiang has developed into a major modern port serving southern China, usable by ships of up to 50,000 tons. In 1984 Zhanjiang was designated one of the “open” cities of China, where the central government invited foreign investment; this spurred the city’s further industrial development. It has shipyards and engineering works; automobile, electrical-appliance, and textile plants; and sugar refineries, flour and rice mills, and chemical works. In the early 1990s a new rail line was completed, linking Zhanjiang with Guangzhou , the provincial capital. The line was later extended to Hai’an, at the southernmost tip of Leizhou Peninsula, where trains could be transported by ferry across the Hainan Strait to Haikou.

Until the introduction of Pinyin spelling, it was often known in the west as "Tsamkong" due to the Cantonese pronunciation of the name.


Chinese Navy Sea Fleet in Zhanjiang


Zhanjiang City, the most important resource is the resource port. Zhanjiang Port 241 kilometers long coastline, is the world's first port of 4 times the port of Rotterdam. Zhanjiang Port is the one of the eight major ports, the annual throughput of more than 2,600 million tons. After the founding of New China's first self-designed and built the world's rare in modern deep water port.

It is a seaport and trade center having many varied industries, including shipyards, textile plants, and sugar refining.



Zhanjiang agricultural performance in 2007 is the most prominent sugarcane production: in 2006 9,135,500 tons, 1,000 million tons in 2007.


Industrial economy to make a breakthrough, a marked increase in the number of units. Zhanjiang in 2007 of all industrial output value of 112.134 billion yuan, up 17.1 percent, a growth rate of nearly 4-year high of 15.3 billion net increase over the previous year. In 2007 the city's industrial enterprises above designated size reached 714, 71 more than last year, industrial output value of over a hundred million of the 132 enterprises.


Zhanjiang in 2007 total retail sales of social consumer goods 38.216 billion yuan, an increase of 19.5%, the growth rate of nearly 12 years since a new high.

Port of Zhanjiang

Port of Zhanjiang is located in the southernmost tip of mainland China's Zhanjiang City, Guangdong Province, the east port of the South China Sea, south of Hainan Island, the north west Bay, north the Southwest. People's Republic of China after the establishment of their own design and construction of the first modern port, China and Southeast Asia, Australia, European countries bordering the Indian Ocean and the shortest journey between the port's foreign trade.


Zhanjiang, a well-known tourist attractions, "Zhanjiang Eight," as follows:

  1. East Island
  2. Huguangyan National Geopark
  3. View of the sea promenade
  4. Park Jin-inch
  5. Lighthouse
  6. Hot for the Botanic Gardens in South Asia
  7. South Isles
  8. Zhanjiang Port

Major theme attractions

  • South Park
  • North Park
  • Hoi Tin Park
  • Southern tropical garden
  • Sino-Australian Friendship Garden
  • Jin Sha Wan Park
  • Golden Bay promenade Guanhai
  • Zhanjiang Waterfront Park
  • Park fishing port
  • Xia Lake Park
  • Green River Wetland Park

French architectural monuments

  • French minister to the Department of the Guangzhou Bay
  • France, the Police Department, Guangzhou Bay
  • Victor Catholic Church
  • Calyon site
  • Gospel
  • Guangzhou Bay Chamber of Commerce Center

In addition the sea and the sky dragon, Zhanjiang Mangrove National Nature Reserve, Cape Reservoir is well-known tourist attractions, distinctive.

See also

International relations

Twin towns — Sister cities

Zhanjiang is twinned with:

External links

Travel guide

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From Wikitravel

Zhanjiang (湛江; Zhàn​jiāng​) is a city on the western coast of Guangdong Province in China.


Zhanjiang was a small fishing port when it was under French occupation in the early 20th century - named Fort Bayard - and some old colonial buildings still survive. Now it is a rapidly developing modern city. Although many people in Zhanjiang speak Mandarin (Putonghua), the native language for most locals is Cantonese and some even speak a different regional dialect (Leizhouhua).

Get in

Zhanjiang is at the base of the Leizhou peninsula that points toward the island province Hainan. Travellers often pass through Zhanjiang en route to Hainan. There are trains and buses to and from nearby mainland cities and boats to Haikou, capital of Hainan. The boat is an hour bus ride away from Zhanjiang.

There are three train stations and a small airport that service Zhanjiang. Buses also run daily to most nearby cities.

A bus runs daily from Zhanjiang to Hong Kong (8 hours) via Shenzhen and tickets are ¥280 at the travel agency's office in Chikan District.

Get around

Zhanjiang is almost like two cities combined. The northern half (Chikan and Mazhang Districts) and the southern (Xiashan District) are separated by a less developed corridor.

The main bus routes (2,11,12,22) travel from the northern districts to Xiashan and back. Smaller buses and other routes can allow you to explore more areas of the individual districts.

Taxis in Zhanjiang are fairly cheap, starting at ¥5. Afterwards the fare increases by ¥2 per kilometer. Please note that there is an additional ¥1 fuel surcharge that will be added onto your final fare.

  • Haibin Park (海滨公园), Xiashan District (You can easily get to the park on a number 2 bus). A famous waterfront park.  edit
  • Cunjin Park (寸金公园), Chikan District (Runs adjacent to Cunjin Bridge, which marks the historical boundary between the French treaty port and China).  edit
  • Dragon Boat Festival (端午节). The fifth day of the fifth month according to the lunar calendar. A large international boat race.  edit
  • Huguangyan Park, (About 30 minutes from Zhanjiang). The center piece to this UNESCO Geo Park is a large Maar Lake. Adults ¥50.  edit
  • Movie theaters, Xiashan District. There are a few movie theaters Admission is usually around ¥25.  edit
  • Bowling alley, Xiashan District.  edit
  • Haibin Hotel and Hotsprings, Xiashan District. Admission includes a dinner buffet and an evening to enjoy the various hotsprings and pools.  edit
  • Body Sculpture Fitness Club, (behind Chikan Nursery). For those looking to exercise, this gym recently moved to a new location and upgraded most of its equipment. Three month memberships cost ¥288.  edit
  • Trust Mart, (In Shimao Shopping Complex in the center of Chikan District). A large supermarket with a number of things to buy. Also found in the same building are Pizza Hut, KFC and Macau Street Food City.  edit
  • Wal-Mart, Xiashan District. Has a few imported items not found at other locations and also regularly has fresh milk.  edit
  • Export Market, (On the outskirts of Xiashan District). A clothing and fabric market with goods that are produced in China for export. You can sometimes find name-brand clothing items for cheap prices here.  edit


Local specialties include seafood, sugarcane and beer chicken.

  • Inner Mongolia Dumpling Restaurant, (In 100 names village (百姓村)). If you would like dumplings or to sample a different variety of Chinese cuisine, this restaurant serves excellent food at inexpensive prices.  edit
  • Steakking Kitchen Production, (In the new Wal-Mart Plaza in Chikan District). An upscale restaurant. The menu includes fairly authentic western food and an excellent Japanese sushi selection. Included in the price of your meal is a free trip to the salad bar.  edit
  • Macau Street Food City, (Locations in both Chikan (Shimao Plaza) and Xiashan (Wal-Mart Plaza)). This restaurant is very foreigner friendly and offers tons of dishes to choose from.  edit


Zhanjiang has a small bar street (酒吧街) in Xiashan District. Unfortunately, most places do not serve cocktails or shots, but instead tend to sell liquor by the bottle. Beers in the bar also tend to be about three to four times more expensive than on the street.

Some western-style restaurants such as Steakking Kitchen Production and the West Coast Coffeehouse (西海安) do sell mixed drinks and shots.

Also, Wal-Mart has the best selection of spirits for sell if you would like to make your own drinks.

  • Crowne Plaza, (In the Xiashan District). The only five-star hotel in Zhanjiang. Hosts a buffet dinner with both western and oriental dishes. All you can eat food and beer for ¥100 per person.  edit
  • Donghai Island, the fourth largest island in China, is about 1.5 hours drive from Zhanjiang and is popular for its beaches. Buses leave regularly from the Xiashan District.
  • There are almost hourly buses to Guangzhou, the provincial capital. Buses also leave four times a day for Zhuhai, where you can easily cross into Macau.
  • There is a train to Hainan Island that originates in Beijing and will take you from Zhanjiang to either Haikou or Sanya. It is about eight hours to Sanya, the southernmost Chinese city.
  • There are also regular trains to Guilin in neighboring Guangxi province. The ride takes about eight hours.
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