Zhengzhou: Wikis

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Zhengzhou
郑州
—  Prefecture-level city  —
郑州市
Zhengzhou City
Location in Henan
Zhengzhou is located in China
Zhengzhou
Location in Henan
Coordinates: 34°45′37″N 113°38′31″E / 34.76028°N 113.64194°E / 34.76028; 113.64194Coordinates: 34°45′37″N 113°38′31″E / 34.76028°N 113.64194°E / 34.76028; 113.64194
Country  China
Province Henan
City seat Zhongyuan
Subdivisions
Government
 - Mayor Zhao Jiancai
Area
 - Prefecture-level city 7,446.2 km2 (2,875 sq mi)
 - Urban 1,010.3 km2 (390.1 sq mi)
Population (2007)
 - Prefecture-level city 7,356,000
 - Density 987.9/km2 (2,558.6/sq mi)
 - Urban 4,508,000
 - Urban Density 4,462/km2 (11,556.6/sq mi)
Time zone UTC (UTC+8)
Postal code 450000
Area code(s) 371
Website http://www.zhengzhou.gov.cn/

Zhengzhou (simplified Chinese: 郑州traditional Chinese: 鄭州pinyin: Zhèngzhōu; Postal map spelling: Chengchow), formerly called Zheng County (Chinese: 郑县; pinyin: Zhèng Xiàn), is a prefecture-level city, and the capital of Henan province, People's Republic of China.

Contents

History

The Shang Dynasty established Aodu (隞都) or Bodu (亳都) in Zhengzhou (see also: History of China). The pre-historical city had been long lost even before the time of the First Emperor of China. Since 1950 archaeological finds have shown that there were Neolithic settlements in the area and that the Shang Bronze Age culture, which flourished there from about 1500 BC, was centered on a walled city. Outside this city, in addition to remains of large public buildings, a complex of small settlements has been discovered. The site is generally identified with the Shang capital of Ao. It is preserved in the Shang Dynasty Ruins monument in Guanchen District. The Shang, who continually moved their capital, left Ao, perhaps in the 13th century BC. The site, nevertheless, remained occupied; Zhou (post-1050 BC) tombs have also been discovered. Traditionally it is held that in the Western Zhou period (1111–771 BC) it became the fief of a family named Guan. From this derives the name borne by the county (xian) since the late 6th century BC — Guancheng (City of the Guan). The city first became the seat of a prefectural administration in AD 587, when it was named Guanzhou. In 605 it was first called Zhengzhou — a name by which it has been known virtually ever since.

The name of Zhengzhou came from the Sui Dynasty (AD 581), even though it was located in Chenggao, another town. The government moved to the contemporary city during the Tang Dynasty. It achieved its greatest importance under the Sui (AD 581–618), Tang (618–907), and early Song (960–1127) dynasties, when it was the terminus of the New Bian Canal, which joined the Yellow River to the northwest. There, at a place called Heyin, a vast granary complex was established to supply the capitals at Luoyang and Chang'an to the west and the frontier armies to the north. In the Song period, however, the transfer of the capital eastward to Kaifeng robbed Zhengzhou of much of its importance. It was a capital during the five dynasties of Xia, Shang, Guan, Zheng, and Han, and a prefecture during the eight dynasties of Sui, Tang, Five Dynasties, Song, Jin, Yuan, Ming, and Qing.

In 1903 the BeijingHankou railway arrived at Zhengzhou, and in 1909 the first stage of the Longhai Railway gave it an east–west link to Kaifeng and Luoyang; it later was extended eastward to the coast at Lianyungang, Jiangsu Province, and westward to Xi'an (Chang'an), Shaanxi Province, as well as to western Shaanxi. Zhengzhou thus became a major rail junction and a regional center for cotton, grain, [Peanut|peanuts], and other agricultural produce. Early in 1923 a workers' strike began in Zhengzhou and spread along the rail line before it was suppressed; a 14-story double tower in the center of the city commemorates the strike. In 1938, during the war with Japan, the retreating Chinese Nationalist Army blew up the dikes retaining the Yellow River about 32 km northeast of the town, flooding a vast area. At about the same time, in their drive to relocate industry in the interior far from the invading Japanese, the Chinese transferred all the local plants to the west.

When the Communist government came to power in 1949, Zhengzhou was a commercial and administrative center, but it had virtually no industry. Because it was the center of a densely populated cotton-growing district, it was developed into an industrial city, with industry concentrated on the west side so that the prevailing northeast winds would blow fumes away from the city. There are cotton-textile plants, spinning mills, textile-machinery works, flour mills, tobacco and cigarette factories, and various food-processing plants; coal is mined nearby.

Zhengzhou also has a locomotive and rolling-stock repair plant, a tractor-assembly plant, and a thermal generating station. The city's industrial growth has resulted in a large increase in the population, coming predominantly from industrial workers from the north. Trees have been planted throughout the city's more than 23 km² area, holding down the sand that formerly blew in thick gusts through the city. A water diversion project and pumping station, built in 1972, has provided irrigation for the surrounding countryside. The city has an agricultural university.

Administration

Subdivisions of Zhengzhou

The prefecture-level city of Zhengzhou administers 12 county-level divisions, including 6 districts, 5 county-level cities and 1 county.

Geography

Located just north of the province's center and south of the Yellow River, Zhengzhou borders Luoyang to the west, Jiaozuo to the northwest, Xinxiang to the northeast, Kaifeng to the east, Xuchang to the southeast, and Pingdingshan to the southwest. It is geographically the center city of China.

Zhengzhou is situated to the south of the Yellow River where its valley broadens into the great plain and at the eastern extremity of the Xionger Mountains. Zhengzhou is at the crossing point of the north–south route skirting the Taihang Mountains and the mountains of western Henan and the east–west route along the southern bank of the Yellow River.

Close to the Yellow River to the north, bordering the Songshan Mountain to the west, and adjacent to the Huanghuai Plains to the southeast, Zhengzhou is in the region of 34°16'~34°58N and 112°42'~114°14'E, covering a total area of 7446.2 square kilometers , including city area of 1013.3 square kilometers and built area in central city area of 147.7 square kilometers.

The land descends from west to east. Its west is characterized by mountains & hills whereas the east is mostly of plains. Located in medium latitude zone Zhengzhou has a temperate semi-moisture continental monsoon climate ,cold in winter and hot in summer, centralized dryness and wetness, and warm in spring and cool in autumn with four clearly-defined seasons. An annual average temperature stands at 14.4 ℃, but highest temperature at an average of 27.3℃ in July and coldest at an average 0.2℃ in January. Annual rainfall stands at 640.9 mm, frost-free period 220 days, and annual sunshine time about 2400 hours. There are 35 big and small rivers and streams, which belong to the two big water systems of the Yellow River and Huaihe River, respectively. The section of the Yellow River flowing through Zhengzhou extends 150.4 kilometers.

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Climate

Zhengzhou experiences a humid subtropical climate (Köppen climate classification Cwa).

Weather data for Zhengzhou
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 6
(42.1)
8
(46.0)
14
(57.6)
21
(70.3)
27
(81.3)
32
(89.6)
32
(89.8)
31
(87.4)
26
(79.3)
21
(70.3)
14
(57.2)
8
(45.7)
20
(68)
Average low °C (°F) -5
(23.7)
-3
(27.5)
3
(36.7)
9
(48.4)
15
(58.3)
20
(67.6)
23
(73.0)
22
(71.1)
16
(60.8)
10
(49.8)
3
(37.6)
-3
(27.0)
9
(48.4)
Precipitation mm (inches) 7.6
(.3)
12.7
(.5)
25.4
(1)
48.3
(1.9)
53.3
(2.1)
61
(2.4)
147.3
(5.8)
116.8
(4.6)
88.9
(3.5)
45.7
(1.8)
25.4
(1.0)
10.2
(.4)
642.6
(25.3)
Source: [1] 2009-08-17

Culture and tourism

As an ancient Chinese capital and a traditional trading center, Zhengzhou maintains abundant cultural heritage that reflects its glorious history as well as the culture of Henan Province. Zhengzhou Confucius Temple, initially built in the Eastern Han Dynasty 1900 years ago, is one of the oldest Confucius Temples in China. Other important architectural heritage in the city includes the Remains of the Shang Dynasty, Town God Temple, and Erqi Memorial Tower. There are the remains of the Shang Dynasty capital city (3,600 years ago) in Zhengzhou's east side located around Shangcheng lu (商城路).

While it is not a tourist city, it is an example of a remarkably fast-changing city in China (without minor tourism clutter). The best known tourist attraction is the Shaolin Temple (少林寺), which is more than 50 miles southwest of downtown Zhengzhou. The Shaolin Temple is not only known as one of China's important Buddhist shrines, but also as the ancient center of Chinese kung-fu. When the temple was built in 495, the temple was originally designed to house Batuo, a celebrated Indian monk, who, after many years of spreading Buddhism, was later known as Fo Tuo, or Grand Monk. In 537, another famous Indian monk, named Boddhidharma, settled in the temple. According to legend, he created a primitive bare-hand combat routine called “xingyi boxing” after he had sat meditating in a cave for nine years. That started the kung-fu tradition at the temple.

Zhengzhou's most notable cultural institution is the Henan Museum (河南省博物院), one of China's most important museums. The provincial museum in particular requires at least a half day visit to do justice to the many impressive exhibits, which range from prehistoric times, including dinosaur bones, up through the Qing Dynasty. The admission price was 20 yuan, but has now been made free of charge.

Zhengzhou Zoo (动物园, Dong Wu Yuan) is located on Hua Yuan Lu (花园路). The newly built Zhengzhou Botanic Garden is at the western edge of Zhengzhou city.

There are large water, light and music shows on display in Zheng Dong Xin Qu (New Eastern District) during the weekend at 8.30 pm in the summer and 8:00 pm during the winter months. The show is about 25 minutes long and is free of charge. People would have to arrive before 8.00 for a seat. The show times can change from 8:00 and 8:30 without warning.

Other famous attractions of Zhengzhou include the Song Mountain(Song Shan, now is a World Geopark recognised by UNESCO), Yellow River and the birth place of Huangdi(黄帝)(recognized as the ancestor of Chinese people).

Gallery

Economy

Zhengzhou, along with Xi'an, Chengdu, Chongqing and Wuhan, is one of the most important cities in inland China. It's the second largest city in central China (including provinces of Henan, Shanxi, Anhui, Hubei, Hunan and Jiangxi). It is the economic center of Henan Province and the surrounding areas such as southeast Shanxi Province and southwest Shandong Province. Due to its strategic location in one of the most populous areas in the world (nearly 100 million people in Henan Province alone) and in China's railway, road and aviation transport networks, Zhengzhou is increasingly attracting domestic and international investment as well as migrants from other areas, transforming the city into one of the largest economic centers in China. GDP per capita of Zhengzhou was RMB40,398 in 2008.

Agriculture

By the end of 2006, Zhengzhou had a total population of over 7 million, of which 2.88 million lived in rural areas.[2] Its main products include apples, paulownia, tobacco, maize, cotton, and wheat. In addition, Zhengzhou also produces Yellow River carp, Zhengzhou watermelons, Xinzheng jujube, [Xingyang] dried persimmons, Guangwu Pomegranate and Zhongmu garlic, all of which are specialties that are rarely found outside the region.

Mining

Zhengzhou and the surrounding area have large reserves of coal and other minerals. Coal mining and electricity generation are traditionally important in the local economy.

Manufacturing

Zhengzhou has been one of the major industrial cities in The People's Republic of China since 1949. The city's staple industry is textiles. Others manufactured items include tractors, locomotives, cigarettes, fertilizer, processed meats, agricultural machinery, and electrical equipment. Some high-tech companies in new material, electronics and biotechnology are also growing rapidly during the recently years, especially in the high-tech industrial park in the northwest of the city.

Service

The service industry of Zhengzhou include retail, wholesale, hospitality, finance, exhibition, transport and delivery, tourism, education, etc. Zhengzhou is famous for its shopping. Because of its transport advantage, consumers can shop for many products at competitive prices in Zhengzhou. With a number of domestic and international institutions having regional offices in the city, Zhengzhou is becoming the financial center in central China. Zhengzhou Commodity Exchange (ZCE) is one of the only three future exchanges (inc. Shanghai Future Exchange and Dalian Commodity Exchange) in China and is becoming an important global player specialised in agricultural future exchange. Equipped with newly built facilities such as Zhengzhou International Conference and Exhibition Center, it is also one of the most important exhibition city in the country, hosting various influential exhibition and conference events all year round. Third party logistics (3PL) in Zhengzhou has also been experiencing industrial boom during the past few years. As a transit and tourist center of Henan Province and central China, Zhengzhou is the center of Henan cuisine and also has many restaurants of all different cuisines from other parts of the country and the world.

Famous Companies

  • Yutong, China's largest bus producer.
  • Shaolin Bus, a famous small-to-medium-sized bus producer.[3]
  • Zhengzhou Nissan, a subsidiary of Dongfeng Nissan, specialized in SUV and pick-up manufacture.
  • Sanquan, one of China's largest fast frozen food producers.
  • Synear, one of China's largest fast frozen food producers.
  • Dennis, a regional retail chain.
  • Jianyeor Henan Construction, a famous real estate developer which owns a famous soccer club of China Super League.

Economic Development Zones

Zhengdong CBD

The Zhengdong New Area (simplified Chinese: 郑东新区) also known as Zhengzhou Eastern New District, similar to Binhai New Area in Tianjin and Hengqin New Area in Zhuhai, is just one of dozens of major economic zones that are currently developing in various regions of China.[4]

In a great measure taken by Henan Province and Zhengzhou City to establish and develop Zhengdong New District, Mr. Kisho Kurokawa, a Japanese world-renowned planner and architect, was appointed to design the overall planning scheme for Zhengdong New District. He brought in advanced ideas including ecological city, co-existing city, metabolic city and ring city ideas. The scheme won the "Prominent Award for City Planning Design" at the first session of Annual Meeting of the World Architects Alliance in 2002.

Zhengdong New District, located at the eastern Putian district clusters in the overall planned Zhengzhou City and approved by the State Council, stretches from the State Highway 107 in the west to the Jing-Zhu Expressway in the east, from Zhengzhou Airport Expressway in the south to the Lian-Huo Expressway in the north. Zhengdong New District is the key project of Henan Province. Its total planned area is 105 square kilometers and short-term planned construction area is 45 square kilometers.

The plan of Zhengdong New District adopts the concept of district cluster development to divide the urban structure into Central Business District (CBD), Longhu Lake District, Commercial Residential & Logistic District and Economic & Technological Development Area, etc. Each district cluster, linked by mutual connections of ring highways, has commercial, service and administrative centers alongside. The CBD mainly focuses on the functions of finance, office, business and residence, with the planned area of about 6 square kilometers of artificial lake (Longhu Lake) in the northwest surrounded by a low-rise residential district; the secondary CBD center, situated on the byland extending to Longhu Lake, is designed for tourism and residence; with high-rise residential district on its both sides, an urban commercial and cultural center axis line connects the CBD and secondary CBD center; logistics areas are mainly concentrated in the V-shaped industrial belt; in addition, the massive planned ecological green land circles the river, lake, expressway, ring-way and main road. The conceptual idea of Zhengdong New District pictures a historical cultural and ecological development axis line with a southwest-northeast trend, encompassing Erqi Square, historical sites in the Shang Dynasty, provincial and municipal administrative working areas, the CBD, the secondary CBD center, Longhu Lake and the principal rivers of the Jinshui River and the Xiong'er River. Zhengdong New District exerts its function as an urban hub, and thus works out a scheme of sustainable urban development with Chinese characteristics for Zhengzhou's far-reaching construction.

At present, the plan for the starting area has been put into construction: infrastructure such as roads in the district are basically completed, requisition and transfer of land for construction is on the way, many items in the CBD such as International Conference & Exhibition Center and Broadcasting & TV Center have started construction, and preparation of Henan Art Center, Higher Learning Institute Parks and Scientific and Technological City are on the way. The Administrative Committee of Zhengdong New District is making full efforts to promote the construction of the projects in the starting area to realize the short-term objective of "establishing the image in three years and forming the scale in five years".

Currently, a six-star hotel in the CBD is being built. When finished, the hotel building, with a height of 280 meters, will become the tallest building in Zhengzhou.

ZhengDong CBD also holds China's largest wetland filtration system for water.

Transport

Train

Zhengzhou, where the Longhai railway (east-west) meets the Jingguang railway (north-south), is a major railway hub in China. Nearly all trains on routes to Beijing, Shanghai and Xi'an pass through Zhengzhou. It is officially recognized as one of the eight major railway centers by the Ministry of Railway of China. Zhengzhou is easy to reach from Beijing (between 5–8 hours) and Shanghai (6–14 hours) by train. Further travelling to Xi'an (8 hours, no fast train) is also possible. A tourist-friendly train leaves for Xi'An every morning.

In the new national high-speed railway network under construction, two most important lines -- Jingguang (Beijing to Guangzhou), Xulan (Xuzhou to Lanzhou, extended to Shanghai and Urumuqi) intersect in Zhengzhou, which guarantees the city a strategic transport advantage for the future. When completed, the high-speed railway network will provide fast train service from the city to Beijing, Shanghai, Nanjing, Xi'an and Wuhan at a speed of 350 km/h. The new high-speed railway station (the New Zhengzhou Station), as one of the largest in Asia, is under construction in Zhengdong New Area.

Proposed high-speed railway connections between Zhengzhou and Chongqing, Jinan, Hefei and Taiyuan are under discussion.

Highways

The surrounding area of Zhengzhou, along with Yangtze Delta (Shanghai), Pearl River Delta (Hong Kong-Guangzhou) and Beijing Metropolitan area, has the highest highway density in China. Zhengzhou is the center of Henan highway network that provides roughly one hour road trip to the surrounding cities of Kaifeng, Xinxiang, Xuchang, Jiaozuo and Luoyang. Other major cities within the province can be reached in 3 hours. National highway network also links Zhengzhou to all major cities in China.

Taxi

The base taxi fare starts at 6 yuan. Every additional kilometer (past the initial 2 kilometers included in the base fare) costs 1.5 yuan with rates starting at 8 yuan after 10pm. There are now a few newer taxis operating that have higher starting rates of up to 10 yuan (usually based from the airport).

Bus

The city has a well-developed public transportation system and you can get most places by bus for 1yuan (or 2yuan for some of the newer air-conditioned buses). Bus passes can be purchased to eliminate the hassle of always needing to carry exact change.

The first project of Zhengzhou Bus Rapid Transit (BRT) System was completed in 2009, which provides a 30 km long circle line (B1) along the Second Ring Road in the city. The BRT B1 buses run on exclusive lanes at both clockwise and anti-clockwise directions. There are branch BRT routes (B11 to B19) linking B1 route and other important part of the city.

Air

Zhengzhou International Airport

Zhengzhou Xinzheng International Airport is recognized as one of the eight major gateway airports by the Civil Aviation Administration of China. It is 37 km southeast of the city centre. An airport shuttle bus runs between the airport and the Civil Aviation Hotel 民航大酒店 (Mín Háng dà jiǔ diàn) on 金水路 (Jīnshuĭ Lù) in the heart of Zhengzhou. It costs 15 yuan per person to ride the shuttle in either direction. A taxi from the airport will cost about 140 yuan, while a taxi to the airport will cost about 90 yuan. There will also be an extra 10 yuan toll fee for the taxi using the airport expressway.

On February 8, 2009, the direct air route between Zhengzhou and Taipei was launched at Zhengzhou Xinzheng International Airport. The Zhengzhou-Taipei flight was operated by Shenzhen Airlines[5].

Zhengzhou Xinzheng International Airport is also a focus city of China Southern Airline and Shenzhen Airlines

Subway

The plan of "Zhengzhou Subway line No. 1" as well as "Zhengzhou Subway line No. 2", recently have been approved by National Development and Reform Commission (NDRC) in Feb. 2009[6]. Zhengzhou Subway, will be a rapid transit rail network that serves both the urban and suburban districts of Zhengzhou municipality. As planned, those two projects will start from 2009 and will be finished in 2013 and 2015 respectively[7]. Also as referenced in the long term plan, there are another 4 lines pending approval[8], Line 3 and Line 4 will be under construction during 2015-2020 and will be in operation by 2020, project on Line 5 and Line 6 will begin since 2020[9].

Accommodation

There are several styles of accommodation in Zhengzhou, from 5 star luxury style hotels to hostels. A few of the hotels are: Holiday Inn Express, Sofitel, Golden Palace Hotel, Pearl Hotel, Yuda Palace, Crowne Plaza, and the Hotel Home. The majority of the hotels are near the central business district or the rail station.

Colleges and universities

Public

Military

  • Information Engineering University of People's Liberation Army (解放军信息工程大学)

Private

Notable people

Politics

List of mayors (incomplete):

  1. Song Zhihe (宋致和): October 1948-August 1955
  2. Hu Shujian (胡树俭): June 1983-February 1991
  3. Zhang Shiying (张世英): February 1991-June 1993
  4. Song Tianbao (朱天宝): June 1993-November 1996
  5. Chen Yichu (陈义初): November 1996-February 2003
  6. Wang Wenchao (王文超): February 2003-February 2006
  7. Zhao Jiancai (赵建才): February 2006- (incumbent)

List of the CPC Party Chiefs of Zhengzhou:

  1. Gu Jingsheng (谷景生): October 1948-December 1948
  2. Wu Defeng (吴德蜂): December 1948-June 1949
  3. Zhao Wucheng (赵武成): June 1949 - April 1953
  4. Song Zhihe (宋致和): April 1953-August 1956
  5. Wang Lizhi (王黎之): August 1956-January 1968
  6. Wang Hui (王辉): March 1971-January 1974
  7. Zhang Junqing (张俊卿): January 1974-December 1977
  8. Yu Yichuan (于一川): December 1977-December 1979
  9. Li Baoguang (李保光): December 1979-May 1983
  10. Jiang Jinfei (蒋靳非): May 1983-September 1984
  11. Yao Minxue (姚敏学): September 1984-August 1987
  12. Cao Lei (曹磊): August 1987-July 1990
  13. Song Guochen (宋国臣): July 1990-May 1992
  14. Zhang Deguang (张德广): May 1992-December 1995
  15. Wang Youjie (王有杰): December 1995-June 2001
  16. Li Ke (李克): June 2001-

International relations

Zhengzhou view from space

Twin towns — Sister cities

Zhengzhou is twinned with:

International

Domestic

See also

Notes

External links


Travel guide

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From Wikitravel

Zhengzhou (郑州; Zhèngzhōu) is a city on the south bank of Yellow River (Huang He) in China. It is the capital of Henan Province.

Understand

The name Zhengzhou comes from a city in the Sui Dyansty, but its actual location was in modern day Chenggao. During the Tang Dyansty, the name switched here. The area remained an unimportant backwater until it was selected for development by the Chinese Government after 1949. Strategically located in the center of the country, Zhengzhou is now a major transportation hub and rapidly growing city. To travelers, Zhengzhou is a convenient start point to explore a series of Chinese cultural sites, like Kaifeng, Luoyang and Shaolin temple.

Get in

By plane

The airport is about 30 km outside of town. A public bus runs from the airport to the Aviation Hotel on Jin Shui Road. It costs ¥25.

By train

Zhengzhou is China's biggest train hub; you can get here from nearly every major metropolitian area in China. There are several arrivals each day from Beijing (about 11 hours), Guangzhou (about 18 hours), Xi'an (about 5 hours) and Shanghai (about 14 hours). Trains arrive from other places less often. The Hanoi to Beijing train also stops here.

By bus

Across from the train station, you will find a long-distance bus station. Buses arrive regularly from almost anywhere in Henan province. Buses may be less comfortable than the trains, but are cheaper and you do not have to push and shove your way in and out of the train. You are guaranteed a seat but sometimes buses wait to fill up, rather than leaving at a set time, and be aware that long-distance buses may be sleepers rather than seated if the trip is very long.

Get around

The city's focal point is Erqi (February 7) Square (二七广场). This large public square comes alive at night, when an entire market fills the space with vendors and locals hanging out. From the square, several main streets fan out to different areas of the city.

Since Zhengzhou was handpicked to serve as a transportation hub - and does not have a very long history as a large city - the urban planning is more noticeable here than in other places of China. This means there is plenty of green space, tree-lined streets and logical arrangment to the city.

Zhengzhou is relatively spread out, but most sites are accessible by public bus, which costs ¥1 or ¥2 per ride - depending on whether or not there is air-conditioning, those with A/C being more expensive but usually less crowded.

Taxi fares begin at ¥6 in the day, ¥7 in the evening, and ¥8 late at night, with each kilometer after the second costing ¥1.5. All taxis are metered, and the drivers rarely, if ever, try to cheat foreigners.

  • Erqi (February 7) Memorial Tower. Museum inside a rather garish double pagoda that looms over February 7 Square. Inside there are exhibits explaining the city's development.  edit
  • Shang Dynasty Wall. You can see remants of the wall in the east side of town. Be warned: these mounds are not terribly impressive.  edit
  • Shaolin Temple (少林寺; Shàolínsì), (In Song Mountains, about two hours from Zhengzhou, buses leave opposite the train station every 20-30 minutes all morning. Many of the bus tickets are actually tours, that may spend most of the day at auxilary sites or eating lunch instead of the Shaolin complex, these tours do not include entrance fees, try to make sure you are going on a direct bus, or hire a van, if you want to see it on your own). Famous for its connection to Shaolin Kung Fu.  edit
  • Henan Provincial Museum, Nongye Road (农业路; Nóngyèlù) (In the north part of the city). This monolithic pyramid-shaped museum is worth a visit. Learn about ancient civilizations in the area (most of which were not based in Zhengzhou, but nearby cities such as Kaifeng and Luoyang), and even see a dinosaur bone or two in the area. The museum is one of the three key museums in China along with one in Beijing. If you are into modern art, this is not the place for you. It generally has acceptable squat toilets on the first floor. There is an English audio tour you can rent, and there are cheapish lockers to store your stuff. Come to see old pottery from the Song dynasty, old bells, bronzes, things like that, but anything more recent does not have English captions. Across the street is a coffee house that makes ok tea and coffee for about ¥30 and has comfortable chairs. Free.  edit
  • Henan Museum of Science and Technology. Fascinating insight into Chinese children's education. Play on crumbling science exhibits, gawk at the garish space tributes and meet local families. ¥5.  edit
  • Yellow River Scenic Area, (Take a bus from Zhengzhou Railway Station). 8AM-6PM. Scenic area consisting of five scenic spots, Five Dragons Peak, Camel Mountain Range, Yueshan Temple, Stone Figures, and the Ancient City of Liubang and Xiangyu. ¥30.  edit
  • Zhengzhou Zoo. More depressing than it is impressive in any way. Some of their imported animals include turkeys and coyotes which might be interesting for a local but hardly for a foreigner. If you generally enjoy zoos, you may very well walk away sad at how the animals are cared for, or not in this case.  edit
  • Renmin Park (人民公园; Rénmíngōngyuán), Erqi Road. Has a theme park inside with a quaint Ferris Wheel that is worth riding, if only to forget, for a moment, that you are in Zhengzhou.  edit
  • Century Park (Shirchiquanleyuan), (20-30 minutes away from the Erqi square). Another park worth going to. It is quite a huge amusement park.  edit

Do

There's not a lot to do in Zhengzhou. A possible evening in Zhengzhou might involve eating at a Sichuan restaurant, getting yourself a bottle of whisky, getting crazy, and finishing off the evening at a 24-hour hot pot restaurant.

  • Museum Area. One thing worth knowing about is that the museum area is also the area of the 2 branches of government - federal and communist - so the area is much nicer. We are talking trees and some flowers along with a more neighborhood feel that might remind you of Shanghai. Do not expect wild nightclubs, but it is a more pleasant place to be if you are looking for a walk. Erqilou is fine, but a bit dirty, so see this other side of Zhengzhou if you get a chance. Also, some nice places to eat are in this area.  edit

Buy

Large department stores and international brands tend to be concentrated around Erqi (February 7) Square. The two major department stores are Kingbird (金博大) and Beijing Hualien (北京华联), which are next to each other. Both stores have supermarkets in their basements.

Some of the most interesting gifts can be purchased at the city's antique market. Most of the shop owners will have a calculator handy so you can bargain by typing in prices. Consider that you got a good deal if you pay half of what they originally quoted. The people are friendly but many of the shops sell fake antiques made to look old. Nevertheless there are interesting items that will decorate your walls or look great on a stand back at home. You can even impress your friends by telling them you bought them an antique from China.

Some of the small shops sell real antiquities. You'll know when you're buying one because the prices will rise dramatically from about ¥100 or less for fake goods to well over ¥5,000 for the real deal.

If you are a collector, China will not let foreigners take antiques out of the country that are over 200 years old or possibly even more recent items depending on their cultural value.

Make sure you know where your wallet is at all times. There are some unsavory characters in the markets. This is, in fact, true of Zhengzhou in general, which has a reputation for pickpockets. Buses are especially risky. Keep your wallet in your front pocket.

Eat

Zhengzhou has a diverse array of fine Chinese cuisine. Its location at China's center means you can find almost any type of Chinese food here. The city is big enough to have a scattering of cosmopolitian restaurants, and while there are a number of fake Korean, Japanese, and Western options about, you will do best to stick with Chinese food.

Budget

There is the usual assortment of dumpling shops and noodle joints on every street and back alley.

There is a good number of Sichuan restaurants, which makes sense considering the proximity to the Province of Spice.

You should not miss a special breakfast in Zhengzhou (hulatang), it is a special soup, a little spicy. You better go to Shuhelu where you will find the best hulatang in town.

Noodles, especially the mutton noodle (羊肉烩面; yangrouhuimian) and beef noodle (牛肉拉面; niuroulamian) are must-eat in Zhengzhou. There are three good yangrouhuimian restaurants with many locations, ask a taxi driver to take you the nearest one, and you will tast the best delicilous huimian in zhengzhou:

  • Xiaoji (萧记).  edit
  • Heji (合记).  edit
  • Jufengyuan (聚丰园).  edit

Other cheap eating places include:

  • Night market in Erqi (Feburary 7) Square. A good place for a snack and scenery.  edit

Mid range

Chinese

Some of the finest Chinese restaurants are located on Jingsan Road (经三路). To find these restaurants, ask a taxi driver to take you to Xiaonanguo Restaurant and just look around. You will find a number of options about:

  • Xiaonanguo (小南国), 经三路北16号. Excellent restaurant featuring regional dishes from all over China.  edit

Other Asian

Korean:

  • Tudali, (Near the corner of Wenhua Road and Huanghe Road). Korean-style eating and drinking establishment. If you have an affinity for soju, this is the place for you.  edit

Muslim halal food is available all throughout Zhengzhou, with the banner on the entrance board saying Mata'am al muslimeen(food of the muslims) in Arabic. The food tastes delicious. Once you go and eat at these restaurants you just feel like coming back again, especially those yangrou chuars (lamb kababs) taste yummy:

  • Muslim Restaurant, Erqi Square (Near the mosque and Beijing Hualian Mall).  edit

Western

  • Crowne Plaza. A good place for Western cuisin with an Italian restaurant and a Western-style pub. It offers a buffet during dinner including Brazillian Rodizio and a desert bar. There is also a smattering of pizza and pasta joints called Cappucino around the city.  edit
  • New Island Coffee. Serves a plethora of dishes including Waffles and fajita style meat plate alongside a smattering of coffee and deserts and has several locations throughout Zhengzhou.  edit
  • Cibo Coffee, Jinsan Road. Among the best Western restaurants in the city. You can order Chinese food by the plate or commonly high quality Western food in set meals of many courses. Each plate is a small portion but overall the set meals are a great deal, for ¥75-200 you get many plates of very good food.  edit

Drink

If you are interested in getting connected with foreigners living in Zhengzhou, try to find Hank. Hank is a Zhengzhou native who speaks excellent English, knows every episode of South Park by heart, and is the portal to all things remotely interesting going on in the city.

There are bars around the city, but the best area for drinking is around the tree-lined Weiyi Road:

  • Target Pub, On the southernmost block of Jingliu Road (经六路) near the corner of Weiyi Road (伟一路). Ex-pat favorite. Lao Wang, who speaks great English, is the proprietor of this laid-back reggae-style pub.  edit

Other areas:

  • Western Pub, Nongye Road (To the right of the Henan Provincial Museum). For an unusual drinking experience, consider this pub, located in a bunker-like concrete building. This place features a cabaret-style show with a mix of song, dance, and jokes. Unless you understand Chinese, it will be mostly incomprehensible, yet the experience will give you insight into Chinese drinking culture. The place is noisy, smoky, crowded, and occasionally bizarre. You can order half-a-dozen or so bottles of beer by the bucket. Try to get there early, around 7PM, as the show ends around 10 or 11PM. This building also houses one of Zhengzhou's movie theaters.  edit

Sleep

Budget

Zhengzhou is not a major backpacker stop, so there are few cheap lodgings in the city. That said, there are some hotels that offer real value for money if you are more than two people. As with most Chinese cities, there are several a bit run down hotels to be found near the train station. These might be your cheapest options. Most likely English is not spoken but you can get a room for ¥50 or even cheaper if there are two people splitting a bill for a double room. Bargain, especially if you are staying more than one night.

  • Home Inn, Jiefang Road (解放路) (short walk from Erqi Square), [1]. This is your best bet on a budget hotel. It is a relatively new chain with several locations around town. This listing is the most centrally located. Another good location is on Zhengyi Steet (政一街) near Jinshui Road (金水路). The rooms are super-clean with tile and laminate floors and a fresh coat of paint. Complimentary high-speed Internet hookups are installed in all the rooms. A standard going for around ¥180, breakfast buffet for ¥10.  edit
  • White Dove Hotel (郑州白鸽宾馆), 中原区中原西路183号, +86 371 67621616 (fax: +86 371 65319618). Discounted rates for doubles start just above ¥100.  edit
  • Home Hotel. Chain of business hotels scattered about the city. Their rooms are clean and have a style that invokes a SoHo loft more than a Chinese hotel.  edit
  • Jinjiang Inn, 92 Hongqilu. Double rooms have one large and one standard bed. There is another branch on 46 Zhonghanghailu. ¥138-159.  edit
  • Guangzhou Hotel, Erqi Road (Near the corner of Jinshui Road). Caters toward business travelers. Doubles start at around ¥240 with a discount.  edit
  • Erqi Hotel, (Right in the main square). This hotel might be a little loud at night. Full service rooms are about ¥250, budget rooms with shared bathroom for ¥150 (can be hard to get).  edit
  • Londoo Hotel, Erqi Street (Close to Erqi Square). Massive Chinese-style business hotel with well-worn carpets and paper-thin walls, but otherwise functional. A discounted standard room goes for ¥190.  edit

Get out

Henan awaits:

  • Kaifeng is a laid-back town about 90 minutes to the east of Zhengzhou. Enjoy ancient temples and an escape from Chinese skyscrapers. Kaifeng was the capital of several dyansties before it slid into irrelavence the last 200 years.
  • Another great city nearby by is Luoyang, home to the Longmen Grottoes. The city itself is worth a look, with an interesting old section and easy walking downtown. It's about three hours by bus, which leave Zhengzhou every hour or so. An express - the "elephant bus" or kuai che - costs ¥40.
Routes through Zhengzhou
BeijingXinxiang  N noframe S  WuhanChangsha
XianLuoyang  W noframe E  KaifengXuzhou
This is a usable article. It has information for getting in as well as some complete entries for restaurants and hotels. An adventurous person could use this article, but please plunge forward and help it grow!

Wiktionary

Up to date as of January 15, 2010

Definition from Wiktionary, a free dictionary

Contents

English

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Wikipedia

Noun

Singular
Zhengzhou

Plural
-

Zhengzhou

  1. A prefecture-level city in central China; capital of Henan Province.

Pronunciation

  • IPA: /ˈdʒœŋˈdʒoʊ/

Translations


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