Zingiberaceae: Wikis

  
  

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Ginger family
Red Torch (Etlingera elatior)
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Monocots
(unranked): Commelinids
Order: Zingiberales
Family: Zingiberaceae
Type genus
Zingiber
Boehm.
Subdivisions

see text

Globba inflorescence.
Zingiber Beehive

Zingiberaceae, or the Ginger family, is a family of flowering plants consisting of aromatic perennial herbs with creeping horizontal or tuberous rhizomes, comprising ca. 52 genera and more than 1300 species, distributed throughout tropical Africa, Asia, and the Americas.

Many species are important ornamental plants, spices, or medicinal plants. Ornamental genera include the shell gingers (Alpinia), Siam or summer tulip (Curcuma alismatifolia), Globba, ginger lily (Hedychium), Kaempferia, torch-ginger Nicolaia, Renealmia, and ginger (Zingiber). Spices include ginger (Zingiber), galangal or Thai ginger (Alpinia galanga and others), melegueta pepper (Aframomum melegueta), myoga (Zingiber mioga), turmeric (Curcuma), cardamom (Amomum, Elettaria).

Contents

Characteristics

Members of the family are small to large herbaceous plants with distichous leaves with basal sheaths that overlap to form a pseudostem. The plants are either self-supporting or epiphytic. Flowers are hermaphroditic, usually strongly zygomorphic, in determinate cymose inflorescences, and subtended by conspicuous, spirally arranged bracts. The perianth is comprised of two whorls, a fused tubular calyx, and a tubular corolla with one lobe larger than the other two. Flowers typically have two of their stamenoids (sterile stamens) fused to form a petaloid lip, and have only one fertile stamen. The ovary is inferior and topped by two nectaries, the stigma is funnel-shaped.

Some genera yield essential oils used in the perfume industry (Alpinia, Hedychium).

Distribution

The Zingiberaceae have a pantropical distribution—found in the tropics of Africa, Asia and the Americas, with its greatest diversity in Southeast Asia.

Taxonomy

  • Subfamily Siphonochiloideae
    • Tribe Siphonochileae
      • Siphonochilus
  • Subfamily Tamijioideae
    • Tribe Tamijieae
      • Tamijia
  • Subfamily Alpinioideae
    • Tribe Alpinieae
      • Aframomum - Grains of Paradise
      • Alpinia - Galangal
      • Amomum
      • Aulotandra
      • Cyphostigma
      • Elettaria - Cardamom
      • Elettariopsis
      • Etlingera
      • Geocharis
      • Geostachys
      • Hornstedtia
      • Leptosolena
      • Paramomum
      • Plagiostachys
      • Renealmia
      • Siliquamomum (Incertae Sedis)
      • Vanoverberghia
    • Tribe Riedelieae
      • Burbidgea
      • Pleuranthodium
      • Riedelia
      • Siamanthus
  • Subfamily Zingiberoideae
    • Tribe Zingibereae
      • Boesenbergia
      • Camptandra
      • Caulokaempferia (Incertae Sedis)
      • Cautleya
      • Cornukaempferia
      • Curcuma - Turmeric
      • Curcumorpha
      • Distichochlamys
      • Haniffia
      • Haplochorema
      • Hedychium
      • Hitchenia
      • Kaempferia
      • Laosanthus
      • Nanochilus
      • Paracautleya
      • Parakaempferia
      • Pommereschea
      • Pyrgophyllum
      • Rhynchanthus
      • Roscoea
      • Scaphochlamys
      • Smithatris
      • Stadiochilus
      • Stahlianthus
      • Zingiber - Ginger
    • Tribe Globbeae
      • Gagnepainia
      • Globba
      • Hemiorchis

Intergeneric hybrid

References

See also


Wiktionary

Up to date as of January 15, 2010

Definition from Wiktionary, a free dictionary

Translingual

Proper noun

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Wikipedia

Zingiberaceae

  1. a taxonomic family, within order Zingiberales - very many plants related to ginger
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Wikispecies

See also


Wikispecies

Up to date as of January 23, 2010

From Wikispecies

Taxonavigation

Classification System: APG II (down to family level)

Main Page
Cladus: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiospermae
Cladus: Monocots
Cladus: Commelinids
Ordo: Zingiberales
Familia: Zingiberaceae
Subfamiliae: Alpinioideae - Siphonochiloideae - Tamijioideae - Zingiberoideae


Genera: Aframomum  - Alpinia  - Amomum  - Aulotandra  - Boesenbergia  - Burbidgea  - Camptandra  - Caulokaempferia  - Cautleya  - Curcuma  - Curcumorpha  - Cyphostigma  - Elettaria  - Elettariopsis  - Etlingera  - Gagnepainia  - Geocharis  - Geostachys  - Globba  - Haniffia  - Haplochorema  - Hedychium  - Hemiorchis  - Hitchenia  - Hornstedtia  - Kaempferia  - Leptosolena  - Mantisia  - Nanochilus  - Paracautleya  - Parakaempferia  - Plagiostachys  - Pleuranthodium  - Pommereschea  - Pyrgophyllum  - Renealmia  - Rhynchanthus  - Riedelia  - Roscoea  - Scaphochlamys  - Siliquamomum  - Siphonochilus  - Siphonochilus  - Stadiochilus  - Stahlianthus  - Vanoverberghia  - Zingiber

Name

Zingiberaceae Martynov

Synonyms

  • Alpiniaceae
  • Amomaceae

References

Wikimedia Commons For more multimedia, look at Zingiberaceae on Wikimedia Commons.

Simple English

Ginger family
File:Tropical plant
Red Torch (Etlingera elatior)
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked) Monocots
(unranked) Commelinids
Order: Zingiberales
Family: Zingiberaceae
Type genus
Zingiber
Boehm.
Subdivisions

See text

Zingiberaceae, or the Ginger family, is a family of flowering plants consisting of aromatic perennial herbs with creeping horizontal or tuberous rhizomes, comprising ca. 52 genera and more than 1300 species, distributed throughout tropical Africa, Asia, and the Americas.








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