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Zittau
Zittau Town Hall
Zittau Town Hall
Coat of arms of Zittau
Zittau is located in Germany
Zittau
Coordinates 50¬į53‚Ä≤46‚Ä≥N 14¬į48‚Ä≤26‚Ä≥EÔĽŅ / ÔĽŅ50.89611¬įN 14.80722¬įEÔĽŅ / 50.89611; 14.80722
Administration
Country Germany
State Saxony
Admin. region Dresden
District Görlitz
Mayor Arnd Voigt
Basic statistics
Area 66.74 km2 (25.77 sq mi)
Elevation 242 m  (794 ft)
Population 29,898  (30 November 2006)
 - Density 448 /km2 (1,160 /sq mi)
Other information
Time zone CET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)
Licence plate GR
Postal code 02763
Area code 03583
Website www.zittau.de
Location of the town of Zittau within Görlitz district
Map

Zittau (Czech: ŇĹitava, Polish: ŇĽytawa, Upper Sorbian: ŇĹitawa) is a city in the south east of the Free State of Saxony, Germany, close to the border tripoint of Germany, Poland, and the Czech Republic. As of 2007, there are 29,361 people in the city. It is part of the G√∂rlitz district.

The inner city of Zittau still shows its original beauty with many houses out of several areas of German architecture. There is the famous town hall in an Italian style, the church of St. John and the stables (Salzhaus) with its medieval heritage. This multistoried building is one of the oldest of its kind in Germany.

Contents

History

Zittau in 1744.

Zittau was one of the six members of the Six-City League of Upper Lusatia. At that time the city got a special title - it was called "Die Reiche" ("the Rich") according to its proportion of well-to-do citizens.

During the Counterreformation and after 1620 after the battle at Weisser Berg (White Mountain) a large number of Protestant refugees from Bohemia (böhmische Exulanten) came to Zittau, where the Protestant Saxon rulers took them in. Many of them went on and found refuge in surrounding villages, in Dresden and in Berlin in Brandenburg. Primarily due to near-complete war destruction during the Seven Years' War the once superior well-to do situation is only reflected in few extraordinary buildings and the rich cemeteries of the city.

One of the most important trading goods of this early age in the 16th century was beer. Later in the 18th and 19th century textiles became important too, a tradition common in the region of Upper-Lusatia. During World War II, a labour camp was located in the city. It provided forced labour for Schoenmann Werke, an aircraft parts manufacturer.[1]

After the reunification in 1990 most of the big textile-enterprises that survived the time of the GDR nearly without any changes and any further investment closed down in just a few years. The city lost most of its economical strength. In addition, lignite surface mining was discontinued on the outskirts of the city in the foothills of the Zittau Mountains, while it still goes on across the border in Poland. This, however, has saved parts of the city from sure destruction, yet primarily now dormant military garrisons and schools. The city is also disadvantaged by the cheaper labour from neighbouring countries.

Main sights

Culture

There are roughly 3,500 students studying at the Zittau/Görlitz University of Applied Sciences and at the independent International Graduate School, Germany's smallest university catering to students from nearby Poland and the Czech Republic.

Transportation

Because of its missing link to good infrastructure the city still suffers, but a direct connection to the nearest motorway between Bautzen and Görlitz is planned.

Former Border crossings

The Czech-German-Polish tripoint near Zittau, looking into Germany from the Czech Republic.

Zittau is located near the tripoint where the Czech Republic, Germany and Poland meet and there are several border checkpoints between the three countries. Immigration and customs checks have however been removed since December 21, 2007 when all three have acceded to the Schengen Area.

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Germany-Czech Republic

  • Hartau-Hradek: Located in the village of Hartau south of Zittau, this crossing is only for pedestrians.
The former checkpoint on Chopinstrasse between Germany and Poland.

Germany-Poland

  • Zittau Chopinstrasse-Sieniawka: This crossing consists of a vehicular bridge over the Lausitzer Neisse River which forms the border between Germany and Poland in the east of Zittau. The Polish town after the crossing is Sieniawka.
  • Zittau Friedenstrasse-Porajow: Also consisting of a vehicular bridge over the Lausiter Neisse River south of Zittau. The Polish village after the border is Poraj√≥w. This crossing is used for those proceeding to the Czech Republic via the Czech-Polish border crossing south of Porajow. The Czech border crossing is located at Hr√°dek nad Nisou.
  • Zittau Lusatiaweg-Porajow: this formerly closed bridge was opened for pedestrians in December 2007.

Zittau is the only city along the Oder-Neisse line where six existing border bridges connecting Germany and Poland are still closed although both countries are members of the Schengen area.

References

  1. ^ Edward Victor.Alphabetical List of Camps, Subcamps and Other Camps.www.edwardvictor.com/Holocaust/List %20 of %20 camps. htm

1911 encyclopedia

Up to date as of January 14, 2010
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From LoveToKnow 1911

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Simple English

Zittau

Zittau
Coordinates 50¬į53‚Ä≤46‚Ä≥N 14¬į48‚Ä≤26‚Ä≥E / 50.89611¬įN 14.80722¬įE / 50.89611; 14.80722
Administration
Country Germany
State Saxony
Admin. region Dresden
District Görlitz Rural District
Mayor Arnd Voigt (Freie B√ľrger)
Basic statistics
Area 66.74 km2 (25.77 sq mi)
Elevation 242 m  (794 ft)
Population 28,638  (31 December 2008)
 - Density 429 /km2 (1,111 /sq mi)
Other information
Time zone CET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)
Licence plate ZI
Postal code 02763
Area code 03583
Website www.zittau.de

Zittau (Czech ŇĹitava, Polish ŇĽytawa) is a city in the southeast of the Free State of Saxony, Germany. It is close to the border triangle between Germany, Poland and the Czech Republic. It is part of the G√∂rlitz rural district.


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