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Encyclopedia

IPA – number 116
IPA – text n
IPA – image [[File:|{{{imagesize}}}]]
Entity n
X-SAMPA n
Kirshenbaum n
Sound sample

The alveolar nasal is a type of consonantal sound used in numerous spoken languages. The symbol in the International Phonetic Alphabet that represents dental, alveolar, and postalveolar nasals is n, and the equivalent X-SAMPA symbol is n.

There are few languages that lack this sound but have an m sound (e.g., Samoan). There are some languages (e.g., Rotokas) that lack both m and n.

Contents

Features

Features of the alveolar nasal:

Occurrence

Language Word IPA Meaning Notes
Catalan[1] innecessari [innəsəˈsaɾi] 'unnecessary' See Catalan phonology
Chinese Mandarin /nán [nan˧˥] 'difficult' See Standard Mandarin
Czech na [na] 'on' See Czech phonology
Dutch[2] nacht [nɑxt] 'night' See Dutch phonology
English nice [naɪs] 'nice' See English phonology
Finnish annan [ɑnːɑn] 'I give' See Finnish phonology
Georgian[3] კა [ˈkʼɑni]'skin'
German Lanze [ˈlant͡sə] 'lance' See German phonology
Greek νάμα [ˈnama] 'communion wine' See Modern Greek phonology
Hawaiian[4] naka [naka] 'to shake' See Hawaiian phonology
Hindi नया [nəjaː] 'new'
Hungarian nagyi [nɒɟi] 'grandma' See Hungarian phonology
Italian[5] nano [ˈnano] 'dwarf' See Italian phonology
Japanese[6] 反対/hantai [hantai] 'opposite' See Japanese phonology
Korean /na [na] 'I' See Korean phonology
Malayalam[7] ? [kənni] 'first'
Maltese lenbuba [lenbu'ba] 'truncheon'
NgweMmockngie dialect [nøɣə̀] 'sun'
Norwegian mann [mɑnː] 'man' See Norwegian phonology
Pirahã gíxai [níˈʔàì̯]'you'
Slovak na [na] 'on'
Spanish[8] nada [ˈnað̞a] 'nothing' See Spanish phonology
Tamil[9] நாடு [naːɽɯ] 'country' See Tamil phonology
Tsez лъоIно [ˈɬo̞ˤno̞] 'three'
Turkish neden [ned̪en] 'reason' See Turkish phonology
Vietnamese ne [nɛ] 'drive sidewards'See Vietnamese phonology
Zapotec Tilquiapan[10] nanɨɨ [nanɨˀɨ] 'lady' contrasts with a fortis alveolar nasal that is not represented in the orthography.

See also

  • List of phonetic topics

References

Bibliography

  • Carbonell, Joan F.; Llisterri, Joaquim (1992), "Catalan", Journal of the International Phonetic Association 22 (1-2): 53–56, doi:10.1017/S0025100300004618 
  • Cruz-Ferreira, Madalena (1995), "European Portuguese", Journal of the International Phonetic Association 25 (2): 90–94, doi:10.1017/S0025100300005223 
  • Gussenhoven, Carlos (1992), "Dutch", Journal of the International Phonetic Association 22 (2): 45–47, doi:10.1017/S002510030000459X 
  • Keane, Elinor (2004), "Tamil", Journal of the International Phonetic Association 34 (1): 111–116, doi:10.1017/S0025100304001549 
  • Ladefoged, Peter (2005). Vowels and Consonants (Second ed.). Blackwell. 
  • Martínez-Celdrán, Eugenio; Fernández-Planas, Ana Ma.; Carrera-Sabaté, Josefina (2003), "Castilian Spanish", Journal of the International Phonetic Association 33 (2): 255–259, doi:10.1017/S0025100303001373 
  • Merrill, Elizabeth (2008), "Tilquipan Zapotec", Journal of the International Phonetic Association 38 (1): 107-114 
  • Okada, Hideo (1991), "Phonetic Representation:Japanese", Journal of the International Phonetic Association 21 (2): 94–97 
  • Rogers, Derek; d'Arcangeli, Luciana (2004), "Italian", Journal of the International Phonetic Association 34 (1): 117–121, doi:10.1017/S0025100304001628 
  • Shosted, Ryan K.; Vakhtang, Chikovani (2006), "Standard Georgian", Journal of the International Phonetic Association 36 (2): 255–264, doi:10.1017/S0025100306002659 

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