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Up to date as of January 15, 2010

Definition from Wiktionary, a free dictionary


Old English


Proto-Germanic *and-, anþ(a)-, representive a combining form of and (and). Cognate with Middle Dutch ont- (Dutch ont-), Old High German ant- (German ant-, ent-), Old Norse and- (Swedish an-), Gothic 𐌰𐌽𐌳-.


  • IPA: /ˈɑnd/
  • This prefix was usually stresssed; when unstressed, it weakened to an-, on-, also a-.



  1. forming compounds words with the sense "against, opposing"; opposition
    andsaca (opponent, adversary)
  2. in return, back
    andswaru "answer, reply"
  3. facing, toward; completely, fully
    andweard "present time"
    andlang "entire, continuous"
    andweorc (substance, matter, cause); andleofen, andleofa (nourishment, sustenance)
  4. without

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