The Full Wiki

archipelago: Wikis


Encyclopedia

For other uses, see Archipelago (disambiguation)

]]

An archipelago (pronounced /ɑrkɨˈpɛləɡoʊ/) is a chain or cluster of islands that are formed tectonically. The word archipelago literally means "chief sea", from Italian arcipelago (artʃiˈpelaɡo), derived ultimately from Greek arkhon (arkhi-) ("leader") and pelagos ("sea"). In Italian, possibly following a tradition of antiquity, the Archipelago (Greek: Αρχιπέλαγος) was the proper name for the Aegean Sea and, later, usage shifted to refer to the Aegean Islands (since the sea is remarkable for its large number of islands). It is now used to generally refer to any island group or, sometimes, to a sea containing a large number of scattered islands like the Aegean Sea.[1]

Contents

Types of archipelagos

Archipelagos are usually found in the open sea; less commonly, a large land mass may neighbour them. For example, Scotland has more than 700 islands surrounding its mainland. Archipelagos are often volcanic, forming along island arcs generated by subduction zones or hotspots, but there are many other processes involved in their construction, including erosion, deposition, and land elevation.

The five largest modern countries that are mainly archipelagos are Japan, the Philippines, New Zealand, the United Kingdom and Indonesia (the world's largest archipelagic state according to the CIA World Factbook).[2]

The largest archipelago in the world by size is Indonesia.The archipelago with most islands is the Archipelago Sea in Finland, but these islands are generally small.

See also

[[Image:|32x28px]] Geography portal

]]

References

  1. ^ "Archipelago". Farlex, Inc.. 2008. Archived from the original on 2008. http://www.thefreedictionary.com/archipelago. Retrieved on 2008-10-02. 
  2. ^ "Indonesia". The World Factbook. Central Intelligence Agency. 2008-12-04. https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/ID.html. Retrieved on 2008-12-07. 

External links




Wiktionary

Up to date as of January 15, 2010

Definition from Wiktionary, a free dictionary

Contents

English

An archipelago from above.

Etymology

From Italian arcipelago "Aegean Sea" < Greek άρχι- archi "leading" + Greek πέλαγος pelagos "sea"

Pronunciation

Noun

Wikipedia-logo.png
Wikipedia has an article on:

Wikipedia

Singular
archipelago

Plural
archipelagos or archipelagoes

archipelago (plural archipelagos or archipelagoes)

  1. A group of islands.
  2. Something scattered around like an archipelago.
    The Gulag Archipelago

Translations

Related terms


Simple English

An archipelago (pronounced /ɑrkəˈpɛləgoʊ/) is a chain or group of islands. The word archipelago means "chief sea", from Greek arkhon (arkhi-) ("leader") and pelagos ("sea").

Types of archipelagos

Archipelagos are usually found in the open sea; less commonly, a big land mass may neighbor them, an example being Scotland which has more than 700 islands surrounding the mainland. Archipelagoes are often volcanic, forming along mid-ocean ridges or hotspots, but there are many other processes involved in their construction, including erosion, deposition, and land elevation.

The four biggest countries that are mainly archipelagos are Japan, the Philippines, the United Kingdom and Indonesia (the world's biggest archipelagic country according to the CIA World Factbook) [1].

The biggest archipelago in the world by size is in Northern Canada, the Canadian Arctic Archipelago, which is in the Arctic Ocean.


Citable sentences

Up to date as of December 22, 2010

Here are sentences from other pages on Archipelago, which are similar to those in the above article.








Got something to say? Make a comment.
Your name
Your email address
Message