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Encyclopedia

Places of
articulation

Template:•Labial
Bilabial
Labial-velar
Labial-alveolar
Labiodental

Template:•Bidental

Template:•Coronal
Linguolabial
Interdental
Dental
Denti-alveolar
Alveolar
Apical
Laminal
Postalveolar
Alveolo-palatal
Retroflex

Template:•Dorsal
Palatal
Labial-palatal
Velar
Uvular
Uvular-epiglottal

Template:•Radical
Pharyngeal
Epiglotto-pharyngeal
Epiglottal

Template:•Glottal

This page contains phonetic information in IPA, which may not display correctly in some browsers. [Help]

In phonetics, a bilabial consonant is a consonant articulated with both lips. The bilabial consonants identified by the International Phonetic Alphabet (IPA) are:

IPA Description Example
Language Orthography IPA Meaning
bilabial nasal English man [mæn] man
voiceless bilabial plosive English spin [spɪn] spin
voiced bilabial plosive English bed [bɛd] bed
voiceless bilabial fricative Japanese 富士山 (fujisan) [ɸuʥisaɴ] Mount Fuji
voiced bilabial fricative Ewe ɛʋɛ [ɛ̀βɛ̀] Ewe
bilabial approximant Spanish lobo [loβ̞o] wolf
bilabial trill
bilabial click

Owere Igbo has a six-way contrast among bilabial plosives: [p pʰ ɓ̥ b b̤ ɓ]. Approximately 0.7% of the world's languages lack bilabial consonants at all; these include Tlingit, Chipewyan, Oneida, and Wichita [1].

See also

References

  1. ^ Maddieson, Ian. 2008. Absence of Common Consonants. In: Haspelmath, Martin & Dryer, Matthew S. & Gil, David & Comrie, Bernard (eds.) The World Atlas of Language Structures Online. Munich: Max Planck Digital Library, chapter 18. Available online at http://wals.info/feature/18. Accessed on 2008-09-15.
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Simple English

Bilabials or Bilabial consonants are a type of sound in the group of labial consonants that are made with both lips (bilabial) and by partially stopping the air coming from the mouth when the sound is pronounced (consonant).

There are eight bilabial consonants used in the International Phonetic Alphabet (IPA).

IPA Name Example
Language Word Word Sound in IPA Meaning
bilabial nasal English man [mæn] man
voiceless bilabial plosive English spin [spɪn] spin
voiced bilabial plosive English bed [bɛd] bed
voiceless bilabial fricative Japanese 富士山 (fujisan) [ɸuʑisaɴ] Mount Fuji
voiced bilabial fricative Ewe ɛʋɛ [ɛ̀βɛ̀] Ewe
bilabial approximant Spanish lobo [loβ̞o] wolf
bilabial trill
bilabial click Nǀu ʘoe [ʘoe] meat



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