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IPA – number 114
IPA – text m
IPA – image [[File:|{{{imagesize}}}]]
Entity m
X-SAMPA m
Kirshenbaum m
Sound sample

The bilabial nasal is a type of consonantal sound used in almost all spoken languages. The symbol in the International Phonetic Alphabet that represents this sound is m, and the equivalent X-SAMPA symbol is m. The bilabial nasal occurs in English, and it is the sound represented by "m" in map and rum.

It occurs nearly universally, and few languages (e.g., Mohawk) are known to lack this sound.

Contents

Features

Features of the bilabial nasal:

Occurrence

Language Word IPA Meaning Notes
ArabicStandard[1] مطابخ [mɑˈtˤɑːbiχ]'kitchens' See Arabic phonology
Armenian իմ [im]'my'
Catalan[2] immens [imˈmɛns] 'huge' See Catalan phonology
Chinese Mandarin 母親/mǔqīn [mu˨˩ tɕʰin˥] 'mother' See Standard Mandarin
Czech m [mʊʃ] 'man' See Czech phonology
Dutch[3] mond [mɔnt] 'mouth' See Dutch phonology
English him [hɪm] 'him' See English phonology
Filipino manok [maˈnok] 'rooster' See Filipino phonology
Finnish minä [ˈminæ] 'I' See Finnish phonology
French[4] manger [mɑ̃ʒe] 'to eat' See French phonology
Georgian[5] სა [ˈsɑmi]'three'
German rühmen [ˈʁyːmən] 'to praise' See German phonology
Greek μάζα [ˈmaza] 'clump' See Modern Greek phonology
Hawaiian[6] maka [maka] 'eye' See Hawaiian phonology
Hindi मकान [məkaːn] 'house' See Hindi-Urdu phonology
Hungarian ma [mɒ] 'today' See Hungarian phonology
Indonesian[7] masuk [ˈmasuʔ] 'enter'
Italian[8] mamma [ˈmamma] 'mamma' See Italian phonology
Japanese[9] 乾杯/kampai [kampai] 'a toast' See Japanese phonology
Korean 엄마/eomma[ʌmma] 'mommy' See Korean phonology
Malayalam[10] ? [kəmmi] 'shortage'
Maltese ilma [ilma] 'water'
Norwegian mamma [ˈmɑmːɑ] 'mom' See Norwegian phonology
Pirahã baíxi [ˈmàí̯ʔì]'parent' allophone of /b/
Polish[11] masa [ˈmasa] 'mass' See Polish phonology
Portuguese[12] mato [ˈmatu] 'I kill' See Portuguese phonology
Russian[13] муж [muʂ] 'husband' Contrasts with palatalized version. See Russian phonology
Serbian милина/milina [milina] 'enjoyment'
Slovak m [mʊʃ] 'man'
Spanish[14] grumete [gɾuˈme̞te̞] 'cabin boy' See Spanish phonology
Swahili miti [ˈmiti] 'trees'
Swedish mask [mask] 'worm' See Swedish phonology
Tsez мец [mɛ̝t͡s] 'language, tongue'
Turkish benim [benim] 'mine' See Turkish phonology
Uyghur men [mɛn] 'I'
Vietnamese me [mɛ] 'mom; tamarind'See Vietnamese phonology
Zapotec Tilquiapan[15] man [maŋ] 'animal'

See also

  • List of phonetics topics

References

Bibliography

  • Carbonell, Joan F.; Llisterri, Joaquim (1992), "Catalan", Journal of the International Phonetic Association 22 (1-2): 53-56 
  • Cruz-Ferreira, Madalena (1995), "European Portuguese", Journal of the International Phonetic Association 25 (2): 90-94 
  • Fougeron, Cecile; Smith, Caroline L (1993), "Illustrations of the IPA:French", Journal of the International Phonetic Association 23 (2): 73-76 
  • Gussenhoven, Carlos (1992), "Dutch", Journal of the International Phonetic Association 22 (2): 45-47 
  • Jassem, Wiktor (2003), "Polish", Journal of the International Phonetic Association 33 (1): 103-107 
  • Ladefoged, Peter (2005). Vowels and Consonants (Second ed.). Blackwell. 
  • Martínez-Celdrán, Eugenio; Fernández-Planas, Ana Ma.; Carrera-Sabaté, Josefina (2003), "Castilian Spanish", Journal of the International Phonetic Association 33 (2): 255-259 
  • Merrill, Elizabeth (2008), "Tilquipan Zapotec", Journal of the International Phonetic Association 38 (1): 107-114 
  • Okada, Hideo (1991), "Phonetic Representation:Japanese", Journal of the International Phonetic Association 21 (2): 94-97 
  • Padgett, Jaye (2003), "Contrast and Post-Velar Fronting in Russian", Natural Language & Linguistic Theory 21 (1): 39-87 
  • Rogers, Derek; d'Arcangeli, Luciana (2004), "Italian", Journal of the International Phonetic Association 34 (1): 117-121 
  • Shosted, Ryan K.; Vakhtang, Chikovani (2006), "Standard Georgian", Journal of the International Phonetic Association 36 (2): 255-264 
  • Soderberg, Craig D.; Olson, Kenneth S. (2008), "Illustrations of the IPA:Indonesian", Journal of the International Phonetic Association 38 (2): 209-213 
  • Thelwall, Robin (1990), "Illustrations of the IPA: Arabic", Journal of the International Phonetic Association 20 (2): 37-41 

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