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[[File:|thumb|Detail of painting The Muses Urania and Calliope by Simon Vouet, in which she is holding a copy of the Odyssey]]

In Greek mythology, Calliope (Greek: Καλλιόπη, Kalliope, "beautiful-voiced", pronounced in English /kə'laɪəpi/ ka-LIE-oh-pee) was the muse of heroic poetry,[1] daughter of Zeus and Mnemosyne, and is now best known as Homer's muse, the inspiration for the Iliad and the Odyssey.

One account says Calliope was the lover of the war god Ares, and bore him several sons: Mygdon, Edonus, Biston, and Odomas - respectively the founders of the Macedonian and Thracian tribes known as the Mygdones, Edones, Bistones and Odomantes.

Calliope also had two famous sons, Orpheus and Linus, by either Apollo or the king Oeagrus of Thrace. She was the oldest and wisest of the Muses, as well as the most assertive.

Calliope is always seen with a writing tablet in her hand. At times, she is depicted as carrying a roll of paper or a book or as wearing a gold crown.

References

  1. Lempriere, D.D., 1788. A Classical Dictionary. London: Milner and Sowerby. pp. 132

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Wiktionary

Up to date as of January 15, 2010

Definition from Wiktionary, a free dictionary

WOTD - 12 July 2007    
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See also Calliope

Contents

English

A calliope mounted in a wagon

Etymology

From the Ancient Greek Καλλιόπη (Kalliopē) "Calliope, the muse of poetry" < καλός (kalos) "beautiful" + ὄψ (ops) "voice"

Pronunciation

Noun

Singular
calliope

Plural
calliopes

calliope (plural calliopes)

  1. A musical organ, consisting of steam whistles played with a keyboard. Often used with merry-go-rounds.

See also

Translations


Italian

Noun

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Calliope

Wikipedia it

calliope f. (plural calliopi)

  1. Siberian rubythroat (Luscinia caliope)

Simple English

Redirecting to Muse








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