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cleave: Wikis

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Encyclopedia

Cleave could refer to:

  • Cleave, an Austrian alternative rock band.
  • Cleave, a Japanese hardcore punk band.
  • Cleave, (v.), to adhere or to split.
  • Thomas L. Cleave, a surgeon captain

Wiktionary

Up to date as of January 15, 2010

Definition from Wiktionary, a free dictionary

Contents

English

Etymology 1

From the strong Old English verb clēofan (to split, to separate), from Proto-Germanic *kleubanan, from Proto-Indo-European root *gleubh- (to cut, to slice). Cognates include dialectal German klieben.

Verb

Infinitive
to cleave

Third person singular
cleaves

Simple past
cleft, clove, or in UK: cleaved, or obsolete clave

Past participle
cleft, cloven, or in UK: cleaved

Present participle
cleaving

to cleave (third-person singular simple present cleaves, present participle cleaving, simple past cleft, clove, or in UK: cleaved, or obsolete clave, past participle cleft, cloven, or in UK: cleaved)

  1. (transitive) To split or sever something or as if with a sharp instrument.
  2. (transitive, mineralogy) To break a single crystal (such as a gemstone or semiconductor wafer) along one of its more symmetrical crystallographic planes (often by impact), forming facets on the resulting pieces.
  3. (transitive) To make or accomplish by or as if by cutting: cleave a path through the ice.
  4. (transitive) To pierce or penetrate.
    The wings cleaved the foggy air.
  5. (transitive, chemistry) To split (a complex molecule) into simpler molecules.
  6. (intransitive, mineralogy) Of a crystal, to split along a natural plane of division.
Translations

Noun

Singular
cleave

Plural
cleaves

cleave (plural cleaves)

  1. (technology) Flat, smooth surface produced by cleavage, or any similar surface produced by similar techniques, as in glass.
Related terms
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Etymology 2

From Old English cleofian, from West Germanic *klibajanan, from Proto-Indo-European root *gloi- (to stick). Cognates include German kleben (ankleben, bekleben).

Verb

Infinitive
to cleave

Third person singular
cleaves

Simple past
cleaved

Past participle
cleaved

Present participle
cleaving

to cleave (third-person singular simple present cleaves, present participle cleaving, simple past and past participle cleaved)

  1. (intransitive) To cling, adhere or stick fast to something; used with to or unto.
  2. (intransitive) To be faithful.
    To cleave to one’s principles.
Quotations

References

  • cleave in The Century Dictionary, The Century Co., New York, 1911
  • cleave in Webster’s Revised Unabridged Dictionary, G. & C. Merriam, 1913

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