hun: Wikis


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Wiktionary

Up to date as of January 15, 2010

Definition from Wiktionary, a free dictionary

Contents

English

Noun

Singular
hun

Plural
uncountable

hun (uncountable)

  1. (slang) Affectionate abbreviation of honey.
  2. A grey partridge.

Breton

Noun

hun

  1. Sleep

Danish

Noun

hun c. (singular definite hunnen, plural indefinite hunner)

  1. female, she
  2. hen (female bird)

Inflection

Pronoun

hun (accussative and dative hende, genitive hendes)

  1. (personal) she

Dutch

Pronunciation

Pronoun

hun (personal)

  1. The dative case of the third-person plural personal pronoun: them, to them.
  2. (proscribed) The accusative case of the third-person plural personal pronoun: them.
  3. (proscribed, dialectical) The nominative case of the third-person plural personal pronoun: they.

hun (dependent possessive) (independent possessive hunne)

  1. The third-person plural possessive pronoun: their.

Usage notes

The artificially created distinction between hen (for the accusative) and hun was invented by the seventeenth century scholar Christiaen van Heule, to make Dutch look more like Latin. In practice, many speakers have trouble remembering when to use the one or the other, since this distinction is not made in any other person. Thus it is common to hear sentences like:

  • Hij heeft hun verraden. (“He has betrayed them.”)
  • Ze zijn met hun uitgegaan. (“They have gone out with them.”)

The inverse is also common:

  • Ik heb het hen gegeven. (“I have given it to them.”)

In an attempt to circumvent this problem, the nominative case can be used for both:

  • Hij heeft ze verraden.
  • Ze zijn met ze uitgegaan.
  • Ik heb het ze gegeven.

The use of hun for the nominative case, however, is more locally restrained and still widely considered incorrect, mainly in written Dutch.

For more information, see the article in the Dutch Wikipedia.

Related terms


Hungarian

Pronunciation

Adjective

hun (not comparable)

  1. of or pertaining to Huns

Conjunction

hun

  1. (regional) where (regional variant of hol)

Noun

hun (plural hunok)

  1. A Hun

Declension


Korean

Noun

hun (, hangeul , hanja )

  1. Teaching, instruction, guidance.
  2. The semantic part of the eumhun pairs, which explicates a hanja or Han ideogram or translates it into an easier or native Korean term. Note the delicate difference from the Japanese counterpart, kun pairing with on. The other, phonetic part, eum, is indeed a corrupt or localized version of the actual reading of a Chinese word.

Usage notes

  • The common order is hun and eum (in contrast to eumhun), e.g., "하늘 텬" ("haneul tyeon", i.e., "sky tyeon") for .
  • The Chinese reading tyeon, corrupted in itself and isolated from Chinese contexts, is marked by great ambiguity. Thus, the hun often serves as a qualifier.

Antonyms

Related terms


Malay

Noun

hun

  1. A unit of weight equal to one hundredth of a tahil.

Mandarin

Pinyin syllable

hun

  1. A transliteration of any of a number of Chinese characters properly represented as having one of four tones, hūn, hún, hǔn or hùn.

Usage notes

English transcriptions of Chinese speech often fail to distinguish between the critical tonal differences employed in the Chinese language, using words such as this one without the appropriate indication of tone.


Norwegian

Pronoun

hun

  1. she

Tetum

Noun

hun

  1. A bottom or base
  2. A beginning
  3. An origin







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