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Basic Latin alphabet
 AaBbCcDd 
EeFfGgHhIiJj
KkLlMmNnOoPp
QqRrSsTtUuVv
 WwXxYyZz 

I is the ninth letter of the basic modern Latin alphabet. Its English name (pronounced /aɪ/) is spelled i.

Contents

History

Egyptian hieroglyph ˁ Proto-Semitic Y Phoenician Y Etruscan I Greek Iota Old Turkic ı/i
D36

In Semitic, the letter Yôdh was probably originally a pictogram for an arm with hand, derived from a similar hieroglyph that had the value of a voiced pharyngeal fricative (/ʕ/) in Egyptian, but was reassigned to /j/ (as in English "yes") by Semites, because their word for "arm" began with that sound. This letter could also be used for the vowel sound /i/, mainly in foreign words.

The Greeks adopted a form of this Phoenician yodh as their letter iota (Ι, ι). It stood for the vowel /i/, the same as in the Old Italic alphabet. In Latin (as in Modern Greek), it was also used for the consonant sound of /j/. The modern letter J was originally a variation of this letter, and both were interchangeably used for both the vowel and the consonant, only coming to be differentiated in the 16th century.

In modern English, I represents different sounds, mainly a "long" diphthong /aɪ/, that developed from Middle English /iː/ after the Great Vowel Shift of the 15th century, as well as the "short", open /ɪ/ as in "bill". The dot over the lowercase 'i' is sometimes called a tittle. In the Turkish alphabet, dotted and dotless I are considered separate letters and both have uppercase (I, İ) and lowercase (ı, i) forms.

Codes for computing

Alternative representations of I
NATO phonetic Morse code
India ··
Signal flag Flag semaphore Braille

In Unicode, the capital I is codepoint U+0049 and the lower case i is U+0069.

The ASCII code for capital I is 73 and for lowercase i is 105; or in binary 01001001 and 01101001, respectively.

The EBCDIC code for capital I is 201 and for lowercase i is 137.

The numeric character references in HTML and XML are "I" and "i" for upper and lower case, respectively.

See also

References

The Basic modern Latin alphabet
Aa Bb Cc Dd Ee Ff Gg Hh Ii Jj Kk Ll Mm Nn Oo Pp Qq Rr Ss Tt Uu Vv Ww Xx Yy Zz
Letter I with diacritics
ÍíÌìĬĭÎîǏǐÏïḮḯĨĩĮįĪīỈỉȈȉȊȋỊịḬḭƗɨİi
Two-letter combinations
IaIbIcIdIeIfIgIhIiIjIkIlImInIoIpIqIrIsItIuIvIwIxIyIz
IAIBICIDIEIFIGIHIIIJIKILIMINIOIPIQIRISITIUIVIWIXIYIZ
Letter-digit & Digit-letter combinations
   I0I1I2I3I4I5I6I7I8I9    0I1I2I3I4I5I6I7I8I9I   

history palaeography derivations diacritics punctuation numerals Unicode list of letters ISO/IEC 646


Wiktionary

Up to date as of January 15, 2010

Definition from Wiktionary, a free dictionary

The Universal Character Set
Letter i.svg
Unicode name LATIN SMALL LETTER I
Basic Latin U+0069

Contents

Translingual

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Wikipedia

Etymology 1

The approximate form of I from which Latin lower case i derived Lower case variation of upper case I, from Ancient Greek letter Ι (I), Iota).

Letter

i lower case (upper case I)

  1. The ninth letter of the basic modern Latin alphabet.

i lower case (upper case İ)

  1. The letter i with a dot above, in both the upper case and the lower case versions.

See also

Derived symbols

Similar and related symbols

Etymology 2

  • (mathematics, imaginary number): abbreviation of imaginary
  • (computer programming, generic index): abbreviation of index

Symbol

i

  1. (mathematics, often in italics or bold) The unit imaginary number that is the square root of -1. Graphically, i is shown on the vertical (y-axis) plane.
  2. (engineering, often in bold) The current flow in a circuit in amperes.
  3. (programming) A common variable name representing a generic index, especially in loops.
  4. (phonetics) used in the International Phonetic Alphabet and in several romanization systems to represent a high tense front unrounded vowel (IPA: /i/), such as the sound of i in Spanish and Italian mi and in English machine.
Synonyms
  • (mathematics, imaginary number that is the positive square root of -1): j
  • (computer programming, common variable name representing a generic index): j

Etymology 3

Lower case form of upper case roman numeral I, apparently derived from the shape of a notch scored across a tally stick.

Alternative forms

Cardinal number

i (lower case Roman numeral, upper case I)

  1. cardinal number one.

See also

See also

Other representations of I:


English

Pronunciation

Etymology 1

From from Latin i, minuscule of I

Letter

i (lower case, upper case I, plural Is, is, I’s, i’s)

  1. The ninth letter of the English alphabet. See main entry at I.
Usage notes

The English letter i represents many different sounds, often the diphthong /aɪ/ (from Middle English /iː/), as in the pronoun I, or /ɪ/ as in bit.

Noun

Singular
i

Plural
ies

i (plural ies)

  1. The name of the letter I.
    • the position of an i-dot (the dot of an i)
    • i-mutation, i-umlaut
Translations

Etymology 2

From Old English ic.

Pronoun

i

  1. Obsolete spelling of I.
Usage notes
  • The use of this spelling is coming back into use in instant messaging.

Bosnian

Conjunction

i

  1. and

Catalan

Etymology 1

Noun

i f. (plural is)

  1. The Latin letter I (lowercase i).
Derived terms

Etymology 2

From Latin et (and).

Conjunction

i

  1. and; used to connect two similar words, phrases, sentences, etc.; as well as; together with; in addition to.
    Hi ha moltes colomes i teuladins — There are many pigeons and sparrows.
    Ella escriu els articles i ell els il·lustra amb els seus dibuixos — She writes the articles and he illustrates them with his drawings.
Derived terms

Cornish

Pronoun

i

  1. they

Croatian

Conjunction

i

  1. and

Czech

Pronunciation

Conjunction

i

  1. and (also)

Danish

Preposition

i

  1. in, inside.

Dutch

Pronunciation

  • (letter name): IPA: /i/

Letter

i (lower case, upper case I)

  1. The ninth letter of the Dutch alphabet.

See also

  • Previous letter: h
  • Next letter: j

Esperanto

Pronunciation

  • (letter name): IPA: /i/
  • (phoneme): IPA: /i/

Letter

i (lower case, upper case I)

  1. The twelfth letter of the Esperanto alphabet.

See also

  • Previous letter: ĥ
  • Next letter: j

Noun

i (plural i-oj, accusative singular i-on, accusative plural i-ojn)

  1. The name of the letter I/i.

Irish

Etymology

From Old Irish i < Proto-Celtic *eni (cf. Welsh yn) < Proto-Indo-European *en (cf. English in, Latin in, Greek ἐν).

Pronunciation

Preposition

i

  1. in

Inflection

Person Normal Emphatic
1st person sing. ionam ionamsa
2d person sing. ionat ionatsa
3d sing. masc. ann annsan
3d sing. fem. inti intise
1st person pl. ionainn ionainne
2d person pl. ionaibh ionaibhse
3d person pl. iontu iontusan

Usage notes

Triggers eclipsis of a following consonant.

Alternative forms

  • in (used before vowels in place of eclipsis; also used before bhur ("your (pl.)") and before foreign words that resist mutation)

Combined with definite article:

Combined with third person possessive:


Italian

Etymology 1

Reduced form of gli.[1]

Article

i m. pl.

  1. the (see the usage notes)
Usage notes
  • i is used before masculine plural words beginning with a single consonant other than x or z, or the plural noun dei; gli is used before masculine plural words beginning with a vowel, x, z, gn, or multiple consonants including pn, ps, and s+consonant, and before the plural noun dei.

See also

Etymology 2

Noun

i f. or m. inv.

  1. I or i, the letter I or i
Derived terms

References

  • Notes:
  1. ^ Patota, Giuseppe (2002). Lineamenti di grammatica storica dell'italiano (in Italian), p. 126, Bologna: il Mulino. ISBN 88-15-08638-2.

Japanese

Romaji

i (hiragana )

  1. : stomach
  2. : position
  3. : well
  4. : hiragana letter i
  5. : katakana letter i

Ladino

Etymology

From Latin et > Old Spanish e

Conjunction

i

  1. and
  2. too

Latin

Verb

ī

  1. go! walk!; second-person singular active imperative of .

Lojban

Particle

i

  1. Separates sentences.
  2. Separates clauses in a sentence, when combined with a conjunction of selma'o ja, joi, or bi'i or a preposition or tense marker followed by bo.

Norwegian

Preposition

i

  1. (Location) in, inside of
    Ligge i sengen — Laying in bed.
    Oppe i fjellene — Up in the mountains.
  2. (Duration of time) for, in, during
    Møtet varte (i) to timer — The meeting lasted (lit. went during) two hours.
    Han var utenlands i mange år — He lived abroad for many years.
    I høst, i vår, i dag, i går — In autumn, in spring, today, yesterday
  3. (Condition, state) in
    Være i fred — To be in peace.
    Være i god stand — To be in shape (physically fit).
    Leve i fattigdom — To live in poverty.
  4. (Means, method) in
    Betale i gull — To pay in gold.
    Gjøre noe i all hast — To do something urgently (lit. in all haste)
    i hemmelighet — in secret
  5. Pertaining to, in reference to
    I deg har jeg en sann venn — In you I have a true friend.

Old French

Adverb

i

  1. there

Descendants

  • French: y

Polish

Pronunciation

Conjunction

i

  1. and
    Adam i Ewa tylko zjedli jabłko — Adam and Eve only ate an apple.
    Patrzę na nią i oczom nie wierzę — I look at her and can't believe my eyes.

Romanian

Pronunciation

Letter

i (lowercase, capital I)

  1. The eleventh letter of the Romanian alphabet generally representing the phoneme /i/. Preceded by h and followed by î.

Usage notes

See I for notes on pronunciation.


Scots

Pronunciation

Preposition

i

  1. in

Scottish Gaelic

Pronoun

i

  1. she
  2. her
  3. (referring to a feminine noun) it

Related terms

  • ise (emphatic)

See also


Serbian

Pronunciation

Letter

i (lower case, upper case I)

  1. The 13th letter of the Serbian Latin alphabet.

See also

  • Previous letter: h
  • Next letter: j

Conjunction

i (Cyrillic spelling и)

  1. and

Sirionó

Noun

i

  1. water

Slovak

Conjunction

i

  1. and
  2. as well as

Spanish

Etymology 1

Letter

i (lower case, upper case I)

  1. The tenth letter of the Spanish alphabet.

Noun

i f. (plural is)

Singular
i f.

Plural
is f.

  1. Name of the letter I.

Etymology 2

Alternative forms

  • (modern)y

Conjunction

i

  1. (archaic) and

Swedish

Pronunciation

Adverb

i (verb particle)

  1. used to signify that an action is done with intensity

Derived terms

Preposition

i

  1. in; located inside
  2. in; specifies a place, a region or a country
    Kim bor i Stockholm, som ligger i Sverige.
    Kim lives in Stockholm which lies in Sweden.
  3. (about time) to; before a full hour
    Klockan tjugo i elva gick slutligen jag hem.
    At twenty to eleven I finally went home.
  4. (in various constructions) specifies a time already past
    i måndags
    last Monday
    i julas
    last Christmas

Derived terms

time already past
  • i morse
  • i måndags (or other week day in genitive)
  • i julas / i pingstas / i påskas / i midsomras
  • i vintras / i våras / i somras / i höstas

Usage notes

In definition 4, (specifies a time already past) it will, if followed by certain expressions for time, such as names of weekdays, seasons, certain holidays (e.g. jul, midsommar, påsk, pingst but not e.g. nyår, which is never even used with "i", but "förra" (previous) or "senaste"/"sista" (latest/last)) cause the word for the time end in an extra -(a)s. (The -a- is omitted in case of weekdays.) Thus måndag, but i måndags, and jul, but i julas.

See also


Tok Pisin

Particle

i

  1. Separates the subject of a sentence from the predicate, used when the subject is em, ol, or a noun.

Tupinambá

Pronoun

i

  1. He, she, it, they (with descriptive verbs)
    i porang (he/she/it is / they are beautiful)
  2. Him, her, it, them (with transitive verbs)
    a-i-kuab (i know him/her/it/them)
  3. His, her, its, their (with nouns)
    i py (his/her/its/their foot/feet)
  4. Him, her, it, them (before postpositions)
    i xupé (to him/her/it/them)

Volapük

Adverb

i

  1. also
  2. too

Welsh

Pronoun

i

  1. I, me.

See also

Preposition

i

  1. to, for.
    Mae'r jem i Siân - The jewel's for Siân.
  2. that
    Maen nhw'n dweud iddi hi yfed gormod o gwrw - They say that she drank too much beer
Singular Plural
First person i mi, i fi i ni
Second person i ti i chi
Third person iddo fe
iddi hi
iddyn nhw

See also

Usage notes

  • i is used to mean 'that' with verbs originally in the preterite past tense. The subject moves to the front of the subordinate clause, directly following i, and the verb changes back to its verbnoun (infinitive) form.

Simple English

The Latin alphabet
Aa Bb Cc Dd
Ee Ff Gg Hh Ii Jj
Kk Ll Mm Nn Oo Pp
Qq Rr Ss Tt Uu Vv
Ww Xx Yy Zz

I is the ninth (number 9) letter in the English alphabet.

In English, I is a pronoun which means "me".

Meanings for I








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