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and sceptre, the symbol of the power of a king]]

A king is a head of state, who may or may not, depending on the style of government of a nation, exercise monarchal powers over a territory, usually called a kingdom or a realm. A king is the second highest sovereign title, only looking up to an emperor. The female equivalent of king is queen; although the term "queen" may refer to one ruling as a monarch in her own right, a queen regnant, or to the wife of a king, a queen consort. The husband of a queen regnant is sometimes styled the king consort but is more commonly styled the prince consort. A king or queen may wear a crown or carry other regalia (symbols of office).

Historically the term "king" has been used for the rulers of very small peoples and territories.Template:Fact Such a king (Sumerian lugal, Semitic sharrum, Latin rex, Greek basileus, Sanskrit raja, Germanic kuningaz) could be a tribal leader or chief, or the tyrant of a city state. Often, the king will not only have a political function, but the same time a religious one, acting as high priest or divine king.

Tribal leaders continue to be referred to as king also into the modern period, e.g. Maquinna, king of perhaps 2000 Nootka people in the early 20th century.

Female kings

In rare cases women have been crowned as kings instead of queens, such as Jadwiga of Poland.

See also


Wiktionary

Up to date as of January 15, 2010

Definition from Wiktionary, a free dictionary

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Wikipedia

See also King

Contents

English

The white and black kings (chess)
王將
A king piece in shogi. Sometimes just 王.
Most common English words: women « cried « general « #360: king » nature » answered » thousand

Etymology

From Old English cyning, from Germanic *kuningaz. Cognate with Dutch koning, German König, Swedish konung.

Pronunciation

Noun

Singular
king

Plural
kings

king (plural kings)

  1. A male monarch; member of a royal family who is the supreme ruler of his nation.
    Henry VIII was the king of England from 1509 to 1547.
  2. (idiomatic) A powerful or influential person.
    Howard Stern styled himself as the "king of all media".
  3. (chess) The principal playing piece in chess or variations of chess.
  4. A playing card with the image of a king on it.

Coordinate terms

Derived terms

Translations

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Help:How to check translations.

Verb

Infinitive
to king

Third person singular
kings

Simple past
kinged

Past participle
kinged

Present participle
kinging

to king (third-person singular simple present kings, present participle kinging, simple past and past participle kinged)

  1. (transitive) In checkers: to stack a checker on an opponent's piece that has successfully traversed the board to the opposite side. The piece so marked can then move forwards or backwards.

Translations

Anagrams

  • Anagrams of gikn
  • gink

Estonian

Noun

king

  1. shoe

Tok Pisin

Noun

king

  1. king

Simple English

File:Sceptre and Orb and Imperial Crown of
A crown and scepter are symbols of the power of a king

A king is a man who rules a country because of inheritance. A king usually comes to power when one of his parents dies. For much of history most countries were ruled in this way, especially in Europe. In some countries people chose a new king from other people to decide from.

The wife of a king is called a queen. A woman who becomes a ruler because of inheritance is also called a queen.

If a country has a king or a queen, that means it is a monarchy. A country which a king or queen rules is called a kingdom.

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